Died on August 27

542 Caesarius of Arles the foremost ecclesiastic of his generation in Gaul. William Klingshirn’s study of Caesarius depicts that Caesarius had the reputation of a "popular preacher of great fervour and enduring influence." In all the Christian West, only Gregory the Great and Gregory of Tours overshadow him
827 Pope Eugene II Pope from 11 May 824 to his death in 827. A native of Rome, he was chosen to succeed Paschal Another candidate, Zinzinnus, was proposed by the plebeian faction, and the presence of Lothair I, son of the Frankish emperor Louis the Pious, was necessary in order to maintain the authority of the new pope. Lothair took advantage of this opportunity to redress many abuses in the papal administration, to vest the election of the pope in the nobles, and to confirm the statute that no pope should be consecrated until his election had the approval of the Frankish emperor
1101 Guilliaume de Montfort a French bishop, most notably the Bishop of Paris from 1095 to 1101.
1146 Eric III of Denmark the King of Denmark from 1137 until 1146. He was the grandson of Eric I of Denmark and the nephew of Eric II of Denmark, whom he succeeded on the throne. He abdicated in 1146, as the first and only Danish monarch to do His succession led to a period of civil war between Sweyn III, Canute V, and Valdemar I
1208 Irene Angelina a Byzantine princess member of the Angelos dynasty and by her two marriages Queen of Sicily in 1193 and Queen of Germany from 1198 to 1208.
1312 Arthur II Duke of Brittany Duke of Brittany from 1305 to his death. He was the first son of John II and Beatrice, daughter of Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence
1394 Emperor Chōkei the 98th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from 1368 through 1383. His personal name was Yutanari
1450 Reginald West 6th Baron De La Warr the second son of Thomas West, 1st Baron West and Joan La Warre , widow of Ralph de Wilington of Sandhurst, Gloucestershire, and daughter of Roger La Warr, 3rd Baron De La Warr , by his second wife, Eleanor Mowbray, daughter of John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray. He had an elder brother, Thomas West, 2nd Baron West, a younger brother, John, and a sister Joan, who married firstly Richard Delabere and secondly William Catesby. He inherited the title of Baron West when his brother Thomas West, 2nd Baron West, was accidentally killed at sea on 29 or 30 September 1416, and the title Baron De La Warr in 1427 at the death of his uncle, Thomas la Warr, 5th Baron De La Warr
1521 Josquin des Prez a Franco-Flemish composer of the Renaissance. His original name is sometimes given as Josquin Lebloitte and his later name is given under a wide variety of spellings in French, Italian, and Latin, including Josquinus Pratensis and Jodocus a Prato. His motet Illibata Dei virgo nutrix includes an acrostic of his name, where he spelled it "Josquin des Prez". He was the most famous European composer between Guillaume Dufay and Palestrina, and is usually considered to be the central figure of the Franco-Flemish School. Josquin is widely considered by music scholars to be the first master of the high Renaissance style of polyphonic vocal music that was emerging during his lifetime
1523 Domenico Grimani an Italian nobleman, theologian and cardinal. Like most noble churchman of his era Grimani was an ecclesiastical pluralist, holding numerous posts and benefices. Desiderius Erasmus dedicated to Grimani his Musica
1545 Piotr Gamrat Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland.
1574 Bartolomeo Eustachi one of the founders of the science of human anatomy.
1576 Titian an Italian painter, the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school. He was born in Pieve di Cadore, near Belluno. During his lifetime he was often called da Cadore, taken from the place of his birth
1590 Pope Sixtus V Pope from 24 April 1585 to his death in 1590. To date, he is the last pontiff to take the pontifical name of "Sixtus" upon his election
1597 Won Gyun a Korean general and admiral during the Joseon Dynasty. He is best known for his campaigns against Japanese during Hideyoshi's invasions of Korea. Won was a member of Wonju Won family, which was well known for its members' military accomplishments. He was born in 1540 near Pyeongtaek and demonstrated his skill as warrior at a young age. He was qualified as a military officer and was first assigned to the northern border to defend against the Jurchens, who frequently raided Korean villages. Won led many successful campaigns with Yi Il and Yi Sun-sin against the Jurchens. After considerable accomplishments on the northern frontier, he was promoted to admiral in 1592 and sent to the southern coast of Gyeongsang Province to command the province's Western Fleet, along with Yi Sun-sin, who became admiral before Won and took command of Jeolla Province's Eastern Fleet. At the time, Won and Yi were cavalry leaders who had no experience with naval warfare
1611 Tomás Luis de Victoria the most famous composer in 16th-century Spain, and was one of the most important composers of the Counter-Reformation, along with Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina and Orlando di Lasso. Victoria was not only a composer, but also an accomplished organist and singer as well as a Catholic priest. However, he preferred the life of a composer to that of a performer. He is sometimes known as the "Spanish Palestrina" because he may have been taught by Palestrina
1627 Francesco Maria del Monte an Italian Cardinal, diplomat and connoisseur of the arts. His fame today rests on his early patronage of the important Baroque master Caravaggio, and on his art collection which provides provenance for many important works of the period
1635 Lope de Vega a Spanish playwright and poet. He was one of the key figures in the Spanish Golden Century of Baroque literature. His reputation in the world of Spanish literature is second only to that of Cervantes, while the sheer volume of his literary output is unequalled, making him one of the most prolific authors in the history of literature
1647 Pietro Novelli an Italian painter of the Baroque period, active mainly in Palermo. Also known as il Monrealese or Pietro "Malta" Novelli to distinguish him from his father, Pietro Antonio Novelli. He was also nicknamed by contemporaries as the Raphael of Sicily
1649 Catherine of Brandenburg ruler of Transylvania between 1629 and 1630.
1651 Jacob Adriaensz Backer a Dutch Golden Age painter. He produced about 140 paintings in twenty years, including portraits, religious subjects, and mythological paintings. In his style he was influenced by Wybrand de Geest, Rubens and Abraham Bloemaert. He is also noted for his drawings of male and female nudes
1664 Cornelis Pietersz Bega a Dutch Golden Age painter and engraver.
1664 Francisco de Zurbarán a Spanish painter. He is known primarily for his religious paintings depicting monks, nuns, and martyrs, and for his still-lifes. Zurbarán gained the nickname Spanish Caravaggio, owing to the forceful, realistic use of chiaroscuro in which he excelled
1681 William Christoph Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg the second Landgraf of Hesse-Homburg during 1648-1669.
1727 Aert de Gelder a Dutch painter.
1748 James Thomson (poet) a Scottish and British poet and playwright, known for his masterpiece The Seasons and the lyrics of "Rule, Britannia!".
1758 Barbara of Portugal an Infanta of Portugal and later Queen of Spain as wife of Ferdinand VI of Spain.
1773 Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz a Prussian soldier and one of the greatest German cavalry generals.
1828 Eise Eisinga a Dutch amateur astronomer who built the Eise Eisinga Planetarium in his house in Franeker, Netherlands. The orrery still exists and is the oldest functioning planetarium in the world
1830 Louis Philippe comte de Ségur a French diplomat and historian.
1834 Elisa Radziwill a member of Polish-Lithuanian high nobility of royal ancestry who was the desired bride of the Prince who later became Wilhelm I, German Emperor.
1841 Ignaz von Seyfried an Austrian musician, conductor and composer. He was born and died in Vienna. According to a statement in his handwritten memoirs he was a pupil of both Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Johann Albrechtsberger. He published Albrechtsberger's complete written works after his death. His own pupils included Franz von Suppé, Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst, Antonio Casimir Cartellieri, Joseph Fischhof and Eduard Marxsen
1846 Gottfried Wilhelm Fink a German composer, music theorist, poet, and a Protestant clergyman.
1847 Isaac Jacob Schmidt an Orientalist specializing in Mongolian and Tibetan. Schmidt was a Moravian missionary to the Kalmyks and devoted much of his labours to Bible translation
1851 Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha a prince of the house of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and a general of cavalry in the Austrian Imperial and Royal Army during the Napoleonic Wars.
1853 Alexander Abercromby (British Army officer) a senior British Army officer during the Napoleonic Wars. He also served for a short time as a Member of Parliament for Clackmannanshire
1857 Rufus Wilmot Griswold an American anthologist, editor, poet, and critic. Born in Vermont, Griswold left home when he was 15 years old. He worked as a journalist, editor, and critic in Philadelphia, New York City, and elsewhere. He built up a strong literary reputation, in part due to his 1842 collection The Poets and Poetry of America. This anthology, the most comprehensive of its time, included what he deemed the best examples of American poetry. He produced revised versions and similar anthologies for the remainder of his life, although many of the poets he promoted have since faded into obscurity. Many writers hoped to have their work included in one of these editions, although they commented harshly on Griswold's abrasive character. Griswold was married three times: his first wife died young, his second marriage ended in a public and controversial divorce, and his third wife left him after the previous divorce was almost repealed
1863 Aizawa Seishisai a Japanese nationalist thinker of the Mito school during the late shogunate period.
1864 Pavel Liprandi a Russian soldier who took part in the Crimean War.
1865 George Brown (British Army officer) a British soldier notable for commands in the Peninsular War and the Crimean War.
1865 Thomas Chandler Haliburton a politician, judge, and author who lived in the British Colony of Nova Scotia. He was the first international best-selling author from what is now Canada and played a significant role in the history of Nova Scotia prior to its entry into Confederation
1869 Rebecca Gratz a preeminent Jewish American educator and philanthropist.
1871 William Whiting Boardman a politician and United States Representative from Connecticut.
1872 Václav Treitz a Czech pathologist who was a native of Hostomice, Bohemia.
1875 Vasily Kurochkin a Russian satirical poet, journalist and translator.
1875 William Chapman Ralston a San Francisco, California businessman and financier, and was the founder of the Bank of California.
1876 Eugène Fromentin a French painter and writer.
1879 Rowland Hill an English teacher, inventor and social reformer. He campaigned for a comprehensive reform of the postal system, based on the concept of Uniform Penny Post and his solution of prepayment, facilitating the safe, speedy and cheap transfer of letters. Hill later served as a government postal official, and he is usually credited with originating the basic concepts of the modern postal service, including the invention of the postage stamp
1879 Henriette Nissen-Saloman a Swedish opera singer and singing pedagogue.
1880 Johannes von Hanstein a German botanist who was a native of Potsdam.