Died on August 28

388 Magnus Maximus Western Roman Emperor from 383 to 388.
430 Augustine of Hippo an early Christian theologian and philosopher whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy. He was the bishop of Hippo Regius , located in Numidia. He is viewed as one of the most important Church Fathers in the Western Christianity for his writings in the Patristic Era. Among his most important works are City of God and Confessions
632 Fatimah a daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and Khadijah, wife of Ali and mother of Hasan and Hussein, and one of the members of Ahl al-Bayt. She became the object of great veneration by all Muslims, because she lived closest to her father and supported him in his difficulties, because of the historical importance of her husband and her two sons, and because she is the only member of Muhammad's family that gave him descendants, numerously spread through the Islamic world and known as Fatimid
770 Empress Kōken the 46th and the 48th monarch of Japan , according to the traditional order of succession. Empress Kōken first reigned from 749 to 758, then, following the Fujiwara no Nakamaro Rebellion, she reascended the throne as Empress Shōtoku from 765 until her death in 770
876 Louis the German a grandson of Charlemagne and the third son of the succeeding Frankish Emperor Louis the Pious and his first wife, Ermengarde of Hesbaye.
1026 Richard II Duke of Normandy the eldest son and heir of Richard I the Fearless and Gunnora. He was a Norman nobleman of the House of Normandy
1055 Emperor Xingzong of Liao an emperor of the Liao Dynasty. He reigned from June 25, 1031 to August 28, 1055
1341 Leo IV King of Armenia the last Hethumid king of Cilicia, ruling from 1320 until his death. He was the son of Oshin of Armenia and Isabel of Korikos, and came to the throne on the death of his father. His name is sometimes spelled as Leo or Leon
1481 Afonso V of Portugal King of Portugal and the Algarves. His sobriquet refers to his conquests in Northern Africa
1528 Pedro Navarro Count of Oliveto a Spanish military engineer and general who participated in the War of the League of Cambrai. At the Battle of Ravenna in 1512 he commanded the Spanish and Papal infantry, but was captured by the French. In the service of Francis I of France, he would supervise the French crossing of the Alps before the Battle of Novara in 1513
1540 Federico II Gonzaga Duke of Mantua the ruler of the Italian city of Mantua from 1519 until his death. He was also Marquis of Montferrat from 1536
1573 Azai Nagamasa a daimyo during the Sengoku period of Japan. His clan, the Asai, were located in northern Ōmi Province, east of Lake Biwa. He was both the brother-in-law of Oda Nobunaga, starting in 1564, and one of Nobunaga's enemies from 1570-1573. Nagamasa and his clan were destroyed by Oda Nobunaga in August 1573. Major battles of Asai Nagamasa include the battle of Anegawa in 1570 and the many sieges of Odani castle between 1570 and 1573
1609 Francis Vere an English soldier, famed for his military career in the Low Countries.
1618 Albert Frederick Duke of Prussia Duke of Prussia from 1568 until his death. He was a son of Albert of Prussia and Anna Marie of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He was the second and last Prussian duke of the Ansbach branch of the Hohenzollern family
1626 Isabella of Savoy a daughter of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy and Catherine Michelle of Spain. Her maternal grandparents where Philip II of Spain and Elisabeth of Valois, her paternal grandparents were Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy and Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry. She was the Hereditary Princess of Modena, dying before her husband succeeded to the Duchy of Modena in 1628
1628 Edmund Arrowsmith one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales of the Roman Catholic Church. The main source of information on St Edmund is a contemporary account written by an eyewitness and published a short time after his death. This document, conforming to the ancient style of the "Acts of martyrs" includes the story of the execution of another 17th-century Recusant martyr, Richard Herst
1640 Rafajil Korsak the Metropolitan of Kiev, Galicia and Russia of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church from 1637 to his death in 1640.
1645 Hugo Grotius a jurist in the Dutch Republic. With Francisco de Vitoria and Alberico Gentili he laid the foundations for international law, based on natural law. He was also a philosopher, theologian, Christian apologist, playwright, historiographer, poet, statesman and diplomat
1648 Charles Lucas an English soldier, a Royalist commander in the English Civil War.
1654 Axel Oxenstierna a Swedish statesman. He became a member of the Swedish Privy Council in 1609 and served as Lord High Chancellor of Sweden from 1612 until his death. He was a confidant of first Gustavus Adolphus and then Queen Christina
1665 Elisabetta Sirani an Italian Baroque painter who died in still-unexplained circumstances at the early age of 27.
1676 Margravine Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg a Duchess consort of Courland. She was politically active during her tenure as duchess consort
1677 Wallerant Vaillant a painter of the Dutch Golden Age and one of the first artists to use the mezzotint technique, which he probably helped to develop.
1678 John Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton an English royalist soldier. From 1648 he was closely associated with James, Duke of York, and rose to prominence, fortune and fame. He and Sir George Carteret were the founders of the U.S. state of New Jersey
1680 Charles I Louis Elector Palatine the second son of German king Frederick V of the Palatinate, the "Winter King" of Bohemia, and his wife, Princess Elizabeth, daughter of King James I of England.
1689 Claude-Jean Allouez a Jesuit missionary and French explorer of North America.
1693 Johann Christoph Bach (1645–93) a German musician of the Baroque period.
1696 Hans Adam von Schöning a Generalfeldmarschall in the service of Brandenburg-Prussia and the Electorate of Saxony.
1756 Silvio Valenti Gonzaga an Italian nobleman and Catholic priest.
1757 David Hartley (philosopher) an English philosopher and founder of the Associationist school of psychology.
1767 Giacomo Ceruti an Italian late Baroque painter, active in Northern Italy in Milan, Brescia, and Venice. He acquired the nickname Pitocchetto for his many paintings of peasants dressed in rags
1784 Junípero Serra a Spanish Franciscan friar who founded a mission in Baja California and the first nine of 21 Spanish missions in California from San Diego to San Francisco, which at the time were in Alta California of the Las Californias Province in New Spain. He began in San Diego on July 16, 1769, and established his headquarters near Monterey, California, at Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo
1793 Adam Philippe Comte de Custine a French general, who was an officer in the Royalist army of Louis XV's. When the French Revolution began he joined the Revolutionary army as a brigadier-general, but resigned his commission when elected states-general. He rejoined the army in 1791 as a lieutenant-general and proved to be modestly successful in that role. However when he failed to relieve Condé-sur-l'Escaut he was found guilty of treason and executed
1805 Alexander Carlyle a Scottish church leader, and autobiographer.
1811 John Leyden a Scottish orientalist.
1818 Jean Baptiste Point du Sable regarded as the first permanent resident of what became Chicago, Illinois. Little is known of his life prior to the 1770s. In 1779, he was living on the site of present-day Michigan City, Indiana, when he was arrested by the British military on suspicion of being an American sympathizer in the American Revolutionary War. In the early 1780s he worked for the British lieutenant-governor of Michilimackinac on an estate at what is now the city of Clair, Michigan, before moving to settle at the mouth of the Chicago River. He is first recorded living in Chicago in early 1790, having apparently become established sometime earlier. He sold his property in Chicago in 1800 and moved to Charles, Missouri, where he died on August 28, 1818
1820 Andrew Ellicott a U.S. surveyor who helped map many of the territories west of the Appalachians, surveyed the boundaries of the District of Columbia, continued and completed Pierre Charles L'Enfant's work on the plan for Washington, D.C., and served as a teacher in survey methods for Meriwether Lewis.
1839 William Smith (geologist) an English geologist, credited with creating the first nationwide geological map. He is known as the "Father of English Geology" for collating the geological history of England and Wales into a single record, although recognition was very slow in coming. At the time his map was first published he was overlooked by the scientific community; his relatively humble education and family connections preventing him from mixing easily in learned society. Consequently his work was plagiarised, he was financially ruined, and he spent time in debtors' prison. It was only much later in his life that Smith received recognition for his accomplishments
1842 Peter Fendi an Austrian court painter, portrait and genre painter, engraver, and lithographer. He was one of the leading artists of the Biedermeier period
1854 Stephen Geary a British architect and entrepreneur.
1854 Joaquina Vedruna de Mas a Catalonian nun, founder of the Carmelite Sisters of the Charity. She was born into a noble family. In 1799, she married the lawyer and landowner Teodoro de Mas , with whom she had nine children. Her husband died in 1816 and she moved with her children to their estate in Vic. Here, she began her charitable activities with the sick and young women. Her spiritual director, the Capuchin Esteban de Olot, suggested she establish an apostolic congregation devoted to education and charity. The bishop of Vic, Pablo Jesús Corcuera, told her the institute should be of Carmelite inspiration. The same bishop wrote the rule on 6 February 1826, and 20 days later she and another 8 women professed their vows. Within the next few years, Joaquina's Carmelites founded several houses in Catalonia. During the First Carlist War , she had to flee from Spain because she had founded a hospital in the Carlist town of Berga that was threatened by the fighting. As a result, she went to Roussillon, France, where she stayed from 1836 to 1842
1859 Leigh Hunt an English critic, essayist, poet, and writer.
1859 Abd al-Rahman of Morocco Not to be confused with Abd al-Rahman I.
1861 William Lyon Mackenzie a Scottish-born Canadian and American journalist and politician. He was the first mayor of Toronto, Upper Canada and was a leader during the 1837 Upper Canada Rebellion. He was also a member of the Orange Order in Canada
1862 Albrecht Adam a German painter of battles and horses.
1863 Eilhard Mitscherlich perhaps best remembered today for his law of isomorphism , which states that compounds crystallizing together probably have similar structures and compositions. This relationship was used by Berzelius in early attempts to assign relative masses to the elements
1867 Carl Joseph Anton Mittermaier a German jurist.
1868 Antoine Clot a French physician known as Clot Bey while practicing in Egypt.
1874 Johan Georg Schwartze a Dutch painter. Schwartze is also the father of painter Therese Schwartze. He was born and died in Amsterdam. He was a painter of portraits and historical themes
1877 Marie-Azélie Guérin Martin a French laywoman and the mother of Saint Thérèse de Lisieux. Her husband was Blessed Louis Martin