Born on August 29

1116 Philip of France (1116–1131) the King of France from 1129, co-ruling with his father, Louis His mother was Louis VI's second wife, Adelaide of Maurienne.
1347 John Hastings 2nd Earl of Pembroke an English nobleman and soldier who also held the title Baron Abergavenny. He was born in Sutton Valence, the posthumous son of Laurence Hastings, 1st Earl of Pembroke, and Agnes Mortimer
1434 Janus Pannonius a Croat-Hungarian Latinist, poet, diplomat and Bishop of Pécs. He was the most significant poet of the Renaissance in the Kingdom of Hungary and one of the better-known figures of Humanist poetry in Europe
1504 Elisabeth of Brandenburg-Küstrin a princess of Brandenburg-Küstrin and margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach and Brandenburg-Kulmbach by marriage.
1619 Jean-Baptiste Colbert a French politician who served as the Minister of Finances of France from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV. His relentless hard work and thrift made him an esteemed minister. He achieved a reputation for his work of improving the state of French manufacturing and bringing the economy back from the brink of bankruptcy. Historians note that, despite Colbert's efforts, France actually became increasingly impoverished because of the King's excessive spending on wars. Colbert worked to create a favourable balance of trade and increase France's colonial holdings
1628 John Granville 1st Earl of Bath an English Royalist soldier and statesman during the Civil War who played a major role in the 1660 Restoration of the Monarchy and was later appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He was the first in his family to adopt the modernised spelling as Granville of their ancient surname Grenville, which emphasised their ancient 11th century origin from the Normandy manor of Granville, Manche
1631 Henry Noris an Italian church historian, theologian and Cardinal, of Irish ancestry.
1632 John Locke an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and known as the "Father of Classical Liberalism". Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Sir Francis Bacon, he is equally important to social contract theory. His work greatly affected the development of epistemology and political philosophy. His writings influenced Voltaire and Rousseau, many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, as well as the American revolutionaries. His contributions to classical republicanism and liberal theory are reflected in the United States Declaration of Independence
1662 Sebastiano Mocenigo doge of Venice from 1722 to 1732.
1669 John Anstis an English officer of arms and antiquarian. He rose to the highest heraldic office in England and became Garter King of Arms in 1718 after years of political manoeuvring
1691 Richard Challoner an English Roman Catholic bishop, a leading figure of English Catholicism during the greater part of the 18th century. He is perhaps most famous for his revision of the Douay Rheims translation of the Bible
1708 Olof von Dalin a Swedish nobleman, poet, historian and courtier. He was an influential literary figure of the Swedish Enlightenment
1709 Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset a French poet and dramatist, best known for his poem Vert-Vert.
1714 Princess Friederike Luise of Prussia a daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover and Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach.
1724 Giovanni Battista Casti an Italian poet, satirist, and author of comic opera librettos, born in Acquapendente. He entered the priesthood after studying at the seminary of Montefiascone and became a canon in the cathedral of his native place, but gave up his chance of church preferment to satisfy his restless spirit by visiting most of the capitals of Europe. In 1784, after the death of Metastasio , he failed to be appointed Poeta Cesario, or poet laureate of Austria, and he left Austria in 1796. He spent the rest of his life in Paris, where he died in 1803. Casti is best known as the author of the Novelle galanti, and of Gli Animali parlanti, a poetical allegory, over which he spent eight years , which excited so much interest that it was translated into French, German and Spanish, and into English, in S. Rose's Court and Parliament of Beasts. Written during the time of the Revolution in France, it was intended to exhibit the feelings and hopes of the people and the defects and absurdities of various political systems. Some of Goya's print series The Disasters of War drew from the Spanish translation of 1813. The Novelle Galanti is a series of poetical tales, in the ottava rima metre largely used by Italian poets for that class of compositions. One merit of these poems is in the harmony and purity of the style, and the liveliness and sarcastic power of many passages
1725 Charles Townshend a British politician. He was born at his family's seat of Raynham Hall in Norfolk, England, the second son of Charles Townshend, 3rd Viscount Townshend, and Audrey , daughter and heiress of Edward Harrison of Ball's Park, near Hertford, a lady who rivalled her son in brilliancy of wit and frankness of expression. At the Dutch university, where he matriculated on 27 October 1745, he associated with a small knot of English youths, afterwards well known in various circles of life, among whom were Dowdeswell, Wilkes, the witty and unprincipled reformer, and Alexander Carlyle, the genial Scotsman, who devotes some of the pages of his Autobiography to chronicling their sayings and their doings
1726 William Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal a member of the House of Hesse and Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal from 1770 until his death.
1728 Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony a daughter of King Augustus III of Poland and his wife Maria Josepha of Austria who became Electress of Bavaria.
1737 John Hunter (Royal Navy officer) an officer of the Royal Navy, who succeeded Arthur Phillip as the second governor of New South Wales, Australia and served as such from 1795 to 1800.
1738 Aleijadinho a Colonial Brazil-born sculptor and architect, noted for his works on and in various churches of Brazil.
1749 Gilbert Blane a Scottish physician who instituted health reform in the Royal Navy.
1755 Jan Henryk Dąbrowski a Polish general, widely respected after his death for his patriotic attitude, and described as a national hero.
1756 Count Heinrich von Bellegarde born in Saxony, later joined the Austrian army, became a general officer, and fought in the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. He became a Generalfeldmarschall and statesman
1756 Jan Śniadecki a Polish mathematician, philosopher and astronomer at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries.
1769 Ivan Kotliarevsky a Ukrainian writer, poet and playwright, social activist, regarded as the pioneer of modern Ukrainian literature. Kotlyarevsky was a veteran of the Russo-Turkish War
1769 Rose Philippine Duchesne R.S.C.J. was a French Religious Sister and educator. Along with the foundress, Madeleine-Sophie Barat, she was a prominent early member of the Religious Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, and founded the congregation's first communities in the United States. She spent the last half of her life teaching and serving the people of the Midwestern United States, then the western frontier of the nation
1770 Louis William Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg from 1829 until his death.
1773 Aimé Bonpland a French explorer and botanist.
1777 Hyacinth (Bichurin) one of the founding fathers of Sinology. He was born to a family of Chuvash priests and studied in the Kazan seminary
1780 Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres a French Neoclassical painter. Although he considered himself to be a painter of history in the tradition of Nicolas Poussin and Jacques-Louis David, by the end of his life it was Ingres's portraits, both painted and drawn, that were recognized as his greatest legacy
1780 Richard Rush United States Attorney General under James Madison and United States Secretary of the Treasury under John Quincy Adams as well as John Quincy Adams' running mate when he ran for re-election on the National Republican ticket in 1828. Rush also served as United States minister to England and France at various times
1790 Leopold Grand Duke of Baden I, Grand Duke of Baden succeeded in 1830 as the fourth Grand Duke of Baden.
1790 Sergei Petrovich Troubetzkoy one of the organizers of the Decembrist movement. Close to Nikita Mikhailovich Muravyov in his views, he was declared the group's leader on the eve of the December 26 uprising in 1825 but failed to appear, and instead sought refuge in the Austrian embassy
1792 Charles Grandison Finney an American Presbyterian minister and leader in the Second Great Awakening in the United States. He has been called The Father of Modern Revivalism. Finney was best known as an innovative revivalist during the period 1825–35 in upstate New York and Manhattan, an opponent of Old School Presbyterian theology, an advocate of Christian perfectionism, and a religious writer
1794 Léon Cogniet a French historical and portrait painter.
1805 Frederick Denison Maurice John Frederick Denison Maurice, often known as D. Maurice , was an English theologian, religious author, and prominent Christian Socialist
1808 Franz Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch a German economist. He was responsible for the organizing of the world's first credit unions
1809 Ramón Torres Méndez a Colombian painter and lithographer considered one of the most prolific and important costumbrismo artists of the 19th Century in Colombia, best known for his genre works into everyday Colombian life documenting the costumes, occupations, and pastimes of the common people of his time.
1809 Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. an American physician, poet, professor, lecturer, and author based in Boston. A member of the Fireside Poets, his peers acclaimed him as one of the best writers of the day. His most famous prose works are the "Breakfast-Table" series, which began with The Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table. He was also an important medical reformer
1810 Juan Bautista Alberdi an Argentine political theorist and diplomat. Although he lived most of his life in exile in Montevideo and Chile, he influenced the content of the Constitution of Argentina of 1853
1813 Henry Bergh passed into law by the New York State Legislature. Bergh also prompted the formation, in 1874, of the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
1815 Isaac Lawrence Milliken served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois from 1854 to 1855. He was a member of the Democratic Party
1820 Rosalie von Rauch a German noblewoman and since 1853, Countess of Hohenau.
1820 Mirko Petrović-Njegoš a Montenegrin soldier, diplomat and poet, belonging to the House of Petrović-Njegoš. He was given the title of Grand Duke of Grahovo
1821 Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet born at Meylan, Isère.
1826 Émile Lévy a French genre and portrait painter.
1831 Juan Santamaría a Costa Rican soldier, officially recognized as the national hero of his country. A national holiday in Costa Rica, Juan Santamaría Day, is held every April 11 to commemorate his death
1834 Hermann Sprengel a German chemist who discovered the explosive nature of picric acid in 1873, patented safety explosives and invented the mercurial air pump.
1840 Pavel Brullov a Russian landscape painter and professor of architecture.
1842 Alfred Shaw an eminent Victorian cricketer and rugby footballer, who bowled the first ball in Test cricket and was the first to take five wickets in a Test innings. He who organised the first British Isles rugby tour to Australasia in 1888. He made two trips to North America and four to Australia, captaining the English cricket team in four Test matches on the all-professional tour of Australia in 1881/82, where his side lost and drew two each. He was also, along with James Lillywhite and Arthur Shrewsbury, co-promoter of the tour