Died on August 29

886 Basil I a Byzantine Emperor who reigned from 867 to 886. Born a simple peasant in the Byzantine theme of Macedonia, he rose in the Imperial court, and usurped the Imperial throne from Emperor Michael III. Despite his humble origins, he showed great ability in running the affairs of state, leading to a revival of Imperial power and a renaissance of Byzantine art. He was perceived by the Byzantines as one of their greatest emperors, and the dynasty he founded, the Macedonian , ruled over what is regarded as the most glorious and prosperous era of the Byzantine Empire
979 Abu Taghlib the third Hamdanid ruler of the Emirate of Mosul, encompassing most of the Jazira.
993 William I of Provence Count of Provence from 968 to his abdication. In 975 or 979, he took the title of marchio or margrave. He is often considered the founder of the county of Provence. He and his elder brother Rotbold II were sons of Boso II of Arles and Constance of Viennois, daughter of Charles-Constantine. They both carried the title of comes or count concurrently, but it is unknown if they were joint-counts of the whole of Provence or if the region was divided. His brother never bore any other title than count so long as William lived, so the latter seems to have attained a certain supremacy
1093 Hugh I Duke of Burgundy duke of Burgundy between 1076 and 1079. Hugh was son of Henry of Burgundy and grandson of duke Robert He inherited Burgundy from his grandfather, following the premature death of Henry, but abdicated shortly afterwards to his brother Eudes He briefly fought the Moors in the Iberian Peninsula with Sancho of Aragón. Hugh retired to a monastery, took vows as a monk and later became abbot of the Benedictine Abbey of Cluny. He married Sybil of Nevers, who died in 1078, but had no known descendants
1123 Eystein I of Norway King of Norway from 1103 to 1123 together with his brothers Sigurd the Crusader and Olaf Magnusson, although since Olaf died before adulthood, only Eystein and Sigurd were effective rulers of the country.
1135 Al-Mustarshid the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1118 to 1135.
1159 Bertha of Sulzbach the first wife and Empress of Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Comnenus.
1259 Bronislava of Poland a Polish nun of the Premonstratensian Order. She is beatified in the Roman Catholic Church
1287 Thomas de Clare Lord of Thomond a Hiberno-Norman peer and soldier. He was the second son of Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester and his wife Maud de Lacy, Countess of Gloucester. On 26 January 1276 he was granted the lordship of Thomond by Edward I of England; he spent the next eight years attempting to conquer it from the O'Brien dynasty, kings of Thomond
1298 Eleanor of England Countess of Bar an English princess, the eldest surviving daughter of King Edward I of England and his first wife, Queen Eleanor of Castile.
1315 Charles of Taranto the eldest son of Philip I, Prince of Taranto and titular Latin Emperor of Constantinople, and his wife, Thamar Angelina Komnene, daughter of the Despot of Epirus, Nikephoros I Komnenos Doukas.
1315 Peter Tempesta the Count of Eboli from 1306. He was the eighth son of Charles II of Naples and Mary of Hungary. His sobriquet came from his stormy temperament
1395 Albert III Duke of Austria Duke of Austria from 1365 until his death.
1435 Paul of Burgos a Spanish Jew who converted to Christianity, and became an archbishop, lord chancellor, and exegete. He is known also as Pablo de Santa Maria, Paul de Santa Maria, and Pauli episcopi Burgensis. His original name was Solomon ha-Levi
1442 John VI Duke of Brittany duke of Brittany, Count of Montfort, and titular earl of Richmond, from 1399 to his death. He was son of Duke John V and Joan of Navarre
1499 Alesso Baldovinetti an Italian early Renaissance painter.
1523 Ulrich von Hutten a German scholar, poet and reformer. He was an outspoken critic of the Roman Catholic Church and a bridge between the Renaissance humanists and the Lutheran Reformation. He was a leader of the Imperial Knights of the Holy Roman Empire
1526 Louis II of Hungary King of Hungary, Croatia and King of Bohemia from 1516 to 1526. He was killed during the Battle of Mohács fighting the Ottomans
1526 Pál Tomori a Catholic monk and archbishop of Kalocsa, Hungary. He defeated an Ottoman army near Sremska Mitrovica in 1523
1542 Cristóvão da Gama a Portuguese military commander who led a Portuguese army of 400 musketeers on a crusade in Ethiopia and Somalia against the far larger Somali Muslim army of Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi aided by the Ottoman Empire. He was victorious against larger forces in four battles, but was seriously wounded in his last battle, after which he was captured and eventually executed. Sir Richard Burton, in his First Footsteps in East Africa, referred to him as "the most chivalrous soldier of a chivalrous age."
1543 Maria of Jülich-Berg born in Jülich, the daughter of Wilhelm IV, Duke of Jülich-Berg and Sibylle of Brandenburg.
1602 Sebastian Klonowic a Polish poet and composer.
1629 Pietro Bernini an Italian sculptor. He was the father of one of the most famous artists of Baroque, Gian Lorenzo Bernini
1657 John Lilburne an English political Leveller before, during and after the English Civil Wars 1642–1650. He coined the term "freeborn rights", defining them as rights with which every human being is born, as opposed to rights bestowed by government or human law. In his early life he was a Puritan, though towards the end of his life he became a Quaker. His works have been cited in opinions by the United States Supreme Court
1661 Louis Couperin a French Baroque composer and performer. He was born in Chaumes-en-Brie and moved to Paris in 1650–1651 with the help of Jacques Champion de Chambonnières. Couperin worked as organist of the Church of Gervais in Paris and as musician at the court. He quickly became one of the most prominent Parisian musicians, establishing himself as a harpsichordist, organist, and violist, but his career was cut short by his early death at the age of thirty-five
1712 Gregory King an English genealogist, engraver and statistician.
1727 Anna Leszczyńska (1660–1727) a Polish noble lady and the mother of King of Poland Stanisław I Leszczyński.
1738 Landgravine Charlotte of Hesse-Homburg a German noblewoman member of the House of Hesse and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.
1738 Georg Reutter an Austrian organist, theorbo player and composer.
1749 Matthias Bel a Slovak Lutheran pastor and polymath from the Kingdom of Hungary. He is also known as the Great Ornament of Hungary. He described himself as "lingua Sla-vus, natione Hungarus, eruditione Germanus"
1762 Stanisław Poniatowski (1676–1762) a Polish-Lithuanian military commander, diplomat, and noble. Throughout his career, Poniatowski served in various military offices, and was a general in both the Swedish and Polish-Lithuanian militaries. He also held numerous civil positions, including those of podstoli of Lithuania and Grand Treasurer of the Lithuanian army in 1722, voivode of the Masovian Voivodeship in 1731, regimentarz of the Crown Army in 1728, and castellan of Kraków in 1752. Throughout his lifetime, he served in many starost positions
1763 Karl August Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont and Commander of the Dutch forces in the War of Austrian Succession.
1769 Edmond Hoyle a writer best known for his works on the rules and play of card games. The phrase "according to Hoyle" came into the language as a reflection of his generally perceived authority on the subject; since that time, use of the phrase has expanded into general use in situations in which a speaker wishes to indicate an appeal to a putative authority
1780 Jacques-Germain Soufflot a French architect in the international circle that introduced neoclassicism. His most famous work is the Panthéon in Paris, built from 1755 onwards, originally as a church dedicated to Saint Genevieve
1782 Richard Kempenfelt a British rear-admiral who gained a reputation as a naval innovator. He is best known for his victory against the French at the Second Battle of Ushant and for his death when the HMS Royal George accidentally sank at Portsmouth the following year
1790 Louis Günther II Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt the ruling prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1767 until his death.
1797 Joseph Wright of Derby None
1799 Pope Pius VI born Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi, reigned from 15 February 1775 to his death in 1799.
1816 Johann Hieronymus Schröter a German astronomer.
1821 Horace Coignet a French amateur violinist, singer and composer. He was active in Lyons as a pattern-designer and dealer in embroidered goods, as an official clerk and as musical director of the city from 1794. He became the music instructor to the Duchesse d'Aumont in Paris , and later returned to Lyons where he served on the directorial board of the conservatory. He was known as a gifted violinist, and composed harpsichord pieces, romances, a set of Trois duos concertants de violon et fugues, a revolutionary hymn for the Rousseau celebration at Lyons and some theatrical music His most notable work the music for Jean-Jacques Rousseau's 1762 short play Pygmalion, first performed in Lyon in 1770 was a success and soon became known throughout Europe
1843 Ludwig Lewin Jacobson a Danish surgeon.
1844 Edmund Ignatius Rice a Roman Catholic missionary and educationalist. Edmund was the founder of two religious institutes of religious brothers: the Congregation of Christian Brothers and the Presentation Brothers
1848 Xavier Hommaire de Hell a French geographer, engineer and traveller who carried out research in Turkey, southern Russia and Persia.
1856 Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck a British writer in the anti-slavery movement.
1861 Franz Joseph Glæser a Czech/Danish composer.
1865 Robert Remak a Polish/German embryologist, physiologist, and neurologist, born in Posen, Prussia. Remak obtained his medical degree from Friedrich Wilhelm University in Berlin in 1838 specializing in neurology. He is best known for reducing Karl Ernst von Baer's four germ layers to three: the ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. He also discovered unmyelinated nerve fibres and the nerve cells in the heart sometimes called Remak's ganglia. He studied under Johannes Muller at the University of Berlin
1866 Tokugawa Iemochi the 14th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, who held office from 1858 to 1866. During his reign there was much internal turmoil as a result of Japan's first major contact with the United States, which occurred under Commodore Perry in 1853 and 1854, and of the subsequent "re-opening" of Japan to western nations. Iemochi's reign also saw a weakening of the shogunate
1868 Christian Friedrich Schönbein best known for inventing the fuel cell and his discoveries of guncotton and ozone.
1873 Hermann Hankel a German mathematician who was born in Halle, Germany and died in Schramberg , Imperial Germany.
1875 Pecija a Serb hajduk and rebel leader in two uprisings against the Ottoman Empire in the Bosanska Krajina region, one in 1858, and one in 1875.