Died on August 3

226 Julia Maesa a Roman citizen and daughter of Gaius Julius Bassianus, priest of the sun god Heliogabalus, the patron god of Emesa in the Roman province of Syria. Grandmother of both the Roman emperors Elagabalus and Alexander Severus, she figured prominently in the ascension of each to the title at the age of fourteen
979 Thietmar Margrave of Meissen the Margrave of Meissen from 970 until his death. Thietmar was the eldest of three brothers, all sons of Hidda, sister of Gero the Great, and Count Christian of Thuringia. His brothers were Gero, Archbishop of Cologne, and Odo I, Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark
1003 At-Ta'i the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 974 to 991. Very little is known about his personal and official life. During his Caliphate, Syria was torn by contending factions — Fatimid, Turkish, and Carmathian; while the Buwayhid dynasty was split up into parties that were fighting among themselves. To top this all off, the Byzantine Emperor John Tzimisces stormed the east in a victorious campaign in 975. After holding the office for seventeen years, al-Ta'i was deposed in 991 by the Buwayhid emir Baha' al-Dawla
1159 Waltheof of Melrose a 12th-century English abbot and saint. He was the son of Simon I of St Liz, 1st Earl of Northampton and Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon, thus stepson to David I of Scotland, and the grandson of Waltheof, Earl of Northampton
1231 Richard le Grant Archbishop of Canterbury from 1229 to 1231.
1270 John Tristan Count of Valois a French prince of the Capetian dynasty. He was jure uxoris Count of Nevers from 1265 to 1270, Count of Auxerre and Tonnerre and also Count of Valois and Crépy
1460 James II of Scotland the son of James I and Joan Beaufort. Nothing is known of his early life, but by his first birthday his twin and only brother, Alexander, who was also the older twin, had died, thus making James the heir apparent and Duke of Rothesay. Curiously enough, James held no other titles while Duke of Rothesay. On 21 February 1437, James I was assassinated and the six-year-old Duke of Rothesay immediately succeeded him as James II
1530 Philibert of Chalon the last prince of Orange from the house of Chalon.
1530 Francesco Ferruccio an Italian captain from Florence who fought in the Italian Wars.
1546 Étienne Dolet a French scholar, translator and printer. Dolet was a controversial figure throughout his lifetime. His scientific scholarship aroused many suspicions concerning his religious views. After being imprisoned several times, he was eventually arrested and burned with his books on orders of the theological faculty of the Sorbonne
1546 Antonio da Sangallo the Younger an Italian architect active during the Renaissance.
1604 Bernardino de Mendoza a Spanish military commander, a diplomat and a writer on military history and politics.
1614 François de Bourbon Prince of Conti the third son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, a junior line of the House of Bourbon, and his first wife Eléanor de Roucy de Roye. He was given the title of Marquis of Conti and between 1581 and 1597 was elevated to the rank of a prince. The title of Prince of Conti was honorary and did not carry any territorial jurisdiction
1621 Anna Juliana Gonzaga an Archduchess of Austria who became a Religious Sister of the Servite Order after the death of her husband, the Archduke Ferdinand II of Austria. The cause for her canonization was opened but to date has not advanced
1621 Guillaume du Vair a French author and lawyer.
1625 Ludovico Bertonio an Italian Jesuit missionary to South America.
1712 Joshua Barnes an English scholar. His work Gerania; a New Discovery of a Little Sort of People, anciently discoursed of, called Pygmies was an Utopian romance
1716 Sebastián Durón a Spanish composer.
1720 Anthonie Heinsius a Dutch statesman who served as Grand Pensionary of Holland from 1689 to his death in 1720.
1721 Grinling Gibbons a Dutch-British sculptor and wood carver known for his work in England, including St Paul's Cathedral, Blenheim Palace and Hampton Court Palace. He was born and educated in Holland of English parents, his father being a merchant. He is widely regarded as the finest wood carver working in England, and the only one whose name is widely known among the general public. Most of his work is in lime wood, especially decorative Baroque garlands made up of still-life elements at about life size, made to frame mirrors and decorate the walls of churches and palaces, but he also produced furniture and small relief plaques with figurative scenes. He also worked in stone, mostly for churches. By the time he was established he led a large workshop, and the extent to which his personal hand appears in later work varies
1761 Johann Matthias Gesner a German classical scholar and schoolmaster.
1768 Thomas Secker born at Sibthorpe, Nottinghamshire.
1770 Guillaume-François Rouelle a French chemist and apothecary. In 1754 he introduced the concept of a base into chemistry, as a substance which reacts with an acid to give it solid form
1773 Stanisław Konarski a Polish pedagogue, educational reformer, political writer, poet, dramatist, Piarist monk and precursor of the Enlightenment in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1780 Étienne Bonnot de Condillac a French philosopher and epistemologist, who studied in such areas as psychology and the philosophy of the mind.
1783 James Price (chemist) an English chemist and alchemist who claimed to be able to turn mercury into silver or gold. When challenged to perform the conversion in front of credible witnesses for a second time, he instead committed suicide by drinking prussic acid
1784 Giovanni Battista Martini O.F.M. Conv. , also known as Padre Martini, or Giambattista Martini, was an Italian Conventual Franciscan friar, who was a leading musician and composer of the period
1792 Richard Arkwright an inventor and a leading entrepreneur during the early Industrial Revolution. Although the patents were eventually overturned, he is credited with inventing the spinning frame, which, following the transition to water power, was renamed the water frame. He also patented a rotary carding engine that transformed raw cotton into cotton lap
1797 Jeffery Amherst 1st Baron Amherst Field Marshal Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst KCB served as an officer in the British Army and as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces.
1799 Hendrik Kobell an 18th-century landscape and marine painter, etcher, draftsman and watercolorist from the Northern Netherlands.
1800 Friedrich Gilly a German architect and the son of the architect David Gilly.
1800 Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch a German composer and harpsichordist.
1802 Prince Henry of Prussia (1726–1802) a Prince of Prussia. He also served as a general and statesman, and, in 1786, was suggested as a candidate for a monarch for the United States
1805 Christopher Anstey an English writer and poet.
1806 Michel Adanson a French naturalist of Scottish descent.
1819 Simon Knéfacz a Hungarian monk and Burgenland Croatian writer.
1824 Joseph Barss a sea captain of the schooner Liverpool Packet and was one of the most successful privateers on the North American Atlantic coast during the War of 1812.
1825 Ambrogio Minoja a classical composer from Italy, born in Ospedaletto Lodigiano, in the territory of Lodi, in the region of Lombardy. He was professor of composition and writer on vocal music, having written Solfeggi, and Lettera sopra il canto
1830 Charles Frederick Horn an English musician and composer. Born in Germany, he emigrated to London with few possessions and no knowledge of the English language, yet rose to become a music teacher in the Royal Household. As an editor and arranger, he helped introduce the music of Johann Sebastian Bach to England
1835 Wenzel Müller an Austrian composer and conductor.
1839 Dorothea von Schlegel a German novelist and translator.
1853 Georg Duke of Saxe-Altenburg a duke of Saxe-Altenburg.
1857 Eugène Sue a French novelist.
1859 Alexey Tyranov a Russian painter. Early in his career he painted icons with his brother; he then traveled to Petersburg to study at the Academy, where he took lessons with Alexey Venetsianov. From 1836 he was a pupil of Karl Bryullov. Tyranov chiefly painted portraits and genre scenes; he exhibited at a number of venues in the city throughout the 1830s and 40s
1866 Gábor Klauzál a Hungarian politician, who served as Minister of Agriculture, Industry and Trade during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 in the first government of Hungary. He studied in Szeged. He was a member of the National Assembly of Hungary from 1832 and served as one of the leaders of the liberal opposition on the Diet of 1843–44. He retired from the politics in 1844 until the outbreak of the revolution
1866 Friedrich Karl Hermann Kruse a German historian born in Oldenburg.
1867 Philipp August Böckh a German classical scholar and antiquarian.
1872 William Davies Evans best known today as a chess player. He is buried at the Belgian port of Ostend
1874 Hans Ferdinand Massmann a German philologist, known for his studies in Old German language and literature, and for his work introducing gymnastics into schools in Prussia.
1875 Agenor Romuald Gołuchowski a Polish-Austrian conservative politician, member of parliament of Austria, Minister of Interior and governor of Galicia, and father of Agenor Maria Gołuchowski and Adam Gołuchowski. Gołuchowski was a confidant and key advisor to the Emperor Franz Joseph