August 3 events in history

8 Roman Empire general Tiberius defeats the Dalmatae on the river Bathinus
435 Deposed Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Nestorius, considered the originator of Nestorianism, is exiled by Roman Emperor Theodosius II to a monastery in Egypt
881 Battle of Saucourt-en-Vimeu: Louis III of France defeats the Vikings, an event celebrated in the poem Ludwigslied
1031 Olaf II of Norway is canonized as Saint Olaf by Grimketel, the English Bishop of Selsey
1342 The Siege of Algeciras commences during the Spanish Reconquista
1492 Christopher Columbus sets sail from Palos de la Frontera, Spain
1527 The first known letter from North America is sent by John Rut while at St. John's, Newfoundland
1601 Long War: Austria captures Transylvania in the Battle of Goroszló
1645 Thirty Years' War: the Second Battle of Nördlingen sees French forces defeating those of the Holy Roman Empire
1678 Robert LaSalle builds the Le Griffon, the first known ship built on the Great Lakes
1795 Treaty of Greenville is signed
1811 First ascent of Jungfrau, third highest summit in the Bernese Alps by brothers Johann Rudolf and Hieronymus Meyer
1852 Harvard University wins the first Boat Race between Yale University and Harvard. The race is also the first American intercollegiate athletic event
1860 The Second Maori War begins in New Zealand
1900 The Firestone Tire and Rubber Company is founded
1903 Macedonian rebels in Kruševo proclaim the Kruševo Republic, which exists only for 10 days before Ottoman Turks lay waste to the town
1907 Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis fines Standard Oil of Indiana a record $29.4 million for illegal rebating to freight carriers; the conviction and fine are later reversed on appeal
1913 A major labour dispute, known as the Wheatland Hop Riot, starts in Wheatland, California
1914 World War I: Germany declares war against France
1921 Major League Baseball Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis confirms the ban of the eight Chicago Black Sox, the day after they were acquitted by a Chicago court
1929 Jiddu Krishnamurti, tagged as the messianic "World Teacher", shocks the Theosophy movement by dissolving the Order of the Star, the organisation built to support him
1936 Jesse Owens wins the 100 meter dash, defeating Ralph Metcalfe, at the Berlin Olympics
1936 A fire wipes out Kursha-2 in the Meshchera Lowlands, Ryazan Oblast, Russia, killing 1,200 and leaving only 20 survivors
1940 World War II: Italian forces begin the invasion of British Somaliland
1946 Santa Claus Land, the world's first themed amusement park, opens in Santa Claus, Indiana, United States
1948 Whittaker Chambers accuses Alger Hiss of being a communist and a spy for the Soviet Union
1958 The nuclear submarine USS Nautilus travels beneath the Arctic ice cap
1959 Portugal's state police force PIDE fires upon striking workers in Bissau, Portuguese Guinea, killing over 50 people
1960 Niger gains independence from France
1961 The New Democratic Party of Canada is founded by the merger of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation and the Canadian Labour Congress
1972 The United States Senate ratifies the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty
1977 The United States Senate begins its hearing on Project MKUltra
1977 Tandy Corporation announces the TRS-80, one of the world's first mass-produced personal computers
1981 Senegalese opposition parties, under the leadership of Mamadou Dia, launch the Antiimperialist Action Front – Suxxali Reew Mi
1997 Oued El-Had and Mezouara massacre in Algeria; a total of 116 villagers killed, 40 in Oued El-Had and 76 in Mezouara
2004 The pedestal of the Statue of Liberty reopens after being closed since the September 11 attacks
2005 President of Mauritania Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya is overthrown in a military coup while attending the funeral of King Fahd in Saudi Arabia
2005 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad becomes President of Iran
2007 Former Deputy Director of the Chilean secret police Raúl Iturriaga is captured after having been on the run following a conviction for kidnapping
2010 Widespread rioting erupts in Karachi, Pakistan, after the assassination of a local politician, leaving at least 85 dead and at least 17 billion Pakistani rupees (US$200 million) in damage