Born on August 30

1334 Peter of Castile the king of Castile and León from 1350 to 1369. He was the son of Alfonso XI of Castile and Maria of Portugal, daughter of Afonso IV of Portugal. Peter was the last ruler of the main branch of the House of Burgundy
1481 Mikhailo Olelkovich a noble from the Olelkovich family of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. He was the brother of Prince Semen Olelkovich of Kiev and cousin of Grand Prince Ivan III of Moscow. Mikhailo was allegedly involved both in bringing the Judaizer Heresy to Novgorod and the failed defection of the city to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1471. He also organized a coup against Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, but was discovered and executed in 1481. Mikhailo's son Semen continued the family line
1538 Caesar Baronius an Italian Cardinal and ecclesiastical historian. His best-known works are his Annales Ecclesiastici , which appear in twelve folio volumes
1569 Jahangir the fourth Mughal Emperor who ruled from 1605 until his death in 1627.
1609 Artus Quellinus the Elder a Flemish sculptor. He is regarded as the most important representative of the Baroque in sculpture in the Southern Netherlands. His work had a major influence on the development of sculpture in Northern Europe
1616 Giovan Battista Nani a Venetian ambassador, librarian, archivist, amateur botanist and historian, born into a patrician family.
1705 David Hartley (philosopher) an English philosopher and founder of the Associationist school of psychology.
1716 Capability Brown an English landscape architect. He is remembered as "the last of the great English eighteenth-century artists to be accorded his due", and "England's greatest gardener". He designed over 170 parks, many of which still endure. His influence was so great that the contributions to the English garden made by his predecessors Charles Bridgeman and William Kent are often overlooked; even Kent's apologist Horace Walpole allowed that Kent had been followed by "a very able master"
1720 Samuel Whitbread (1720–1796) an English brewer and Member of Parliament. In 1742, he established a brewery that in 1799 became Whitbread & Co Ltd
1727 Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo an Italian painter and printmaker in etching. He was the son of artist Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and elder brother of Lorenzo Baldissera Tiepolo
1731 Jacob Sievers a Russian statesman from the Sievers family.
1745 Johann Hieronymus Schröter a German astronomer.
1748 Jacques-Louis David an influential French painter in the Neoclassical style, considered to be the preeminent painter of the era. In the 1780s his cerebral brand of history painting marked a change in taste away from Rococo frivolity toward a classical austerity and severity, heightened feeling harmonizing with the moral climate of the final years of the Ancien Régime
1756 Louis Duke of Württemberg the second son of Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg and Margravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt. His elder brother was Frederick I, the first King of Württemberg, his sister was the Russian Empress consort, Maria Feodorovna. Louis retained the pre-royal title of Duke
1768 Joseph Dennie an American author and journalist who was one of the foremost men of letters of the Federalist Era. A Federalist, Dennie is best remembered for his series of essays entitled The Lay Preacher and as the founding editor of Port Folio, a journal espousing classical republican values. Port Folio was the most highly regarded and successful literary publication of its time, and the first important political and literary journal in the United States. Timothy Dwight IV once referred to Dennie as "the Addison of America" and "the father of American Belles-Lettres."
1770 Vincenzo Macchi an Italian Cardinal.
1772 Henri de la Rochejaquelein the youngest general of the Royalist Vendéan insurrection during the French Revolution.
1773 Mihály Pollack a Hungarian architect, key figure of neoclassical architecture. His main work is the Hungarian National Museum
1785 Lin Zexu a Chinese scholar and official of the Qing dynasty.
1793 Ignaz von Olfers a German naturalist, historian and diplomat. Olfers was born in Münster. In 1816 he travelled to Brazil as a diplomat
1797 Mary Shelley an English novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer, best known for her Gothic novel Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus. She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley. Her father was the political philosopher William Godwin, and her mother was the philosopher and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft
1798 Virginie Déjazet a French actress.
1799 Princess Luise of Anhalt-Bernburg a German Princess.
1800 Auguste von Harrach the second spouse of King Frederick William III of Prussia. Since the marriage was morganatic, she was not named Queen, but was given the titles Princess of Liegnitz/Legnica and Countess of Hohenzollern. Frederick reportedly stated, that he did not wish to have another queen after his first one
1804 Jacques Raymond Brascassat a French painter noted for his paintings of animals.
1804 Aleksander Chodźko a Polish poet, Slavist, and Iranologist.
1805 Michael Sars a Norwegian theologian and biologist.
1808 Jean-Charles Chenu a French physician and naturalist. Chenu is the author of an Encyclopaedia of Natural History
1808 Princess Ludovika of Bavaria the sixth child of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and his second wife, Karoline of Baden, and the mother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria. She was born and died in Munich
1809 Adolf Friedrich Hesse a German organist and composer.
1811 Théophile Gautier a French poet, dramatist, novelist, journalist, and art and literary critic.
1812 Agoston Haraszthy a Hungarian-American traveler, writer, town-builder, and pioneer winemaker in Wisconsin and California, often referred to as the "Father of California Viticulture," or the "Father of Modern Winemaking in California". One of the first men to plant vineyards in Wisconsin, he was the founder of the Buena Vista vineyards in Sonoma, California, and an early writer on California wine and viticulture
1813 Princess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria the second child and eldest daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
1814 Pierre-Jules Cavelier a French academic sculptor.
1818 Alexander H. Rice an American politician and businessman from Massachusetts. He served as Mayor of Boston from 1856 to 1857, a U.S. Congressman during the American Civil War, and as the 30th Governor of Massachusetts from 1876–78. He owned one of the nation's largest paper products distributors
1819 Joseph Alfred Serret a French mathematician who was born in Paris, France, and died in Versailles, France.
1820 Hardin Richard Runnels a U.S. political figure. Runnels served as the sixth Governor of Texas, for only one term, but notably was the only person to ever defeat Sam Houston in a political contest
1821 Anita Garibaldi the Brazilian wife and comrade-in-arms of Italian revolutionary Giuseppe Garibaldi. Their partnership epitomized the spirit of the 19th century's age of romanticism and revolutionary liberalism
1826 Eugène Fichel a French painter.
1828 Carl Eduard Adolph Gerstaecker a German zoologist and entomologist. After studying medicine and natural sciences in Berlin he was, from 1857 to 1876, Curator of the Zoological Museum of Humboldt University. In 1874 he became a professor for Zoology at the University of Berlin, and 1876 a professor of Zoology at the University of Greifswald. In 1894 he became a lecturer at the Agricultural Institute of Berlin now a faculty of the university
1830 François de Rovérié de Cabrières a French Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Montpellier from 1874 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1911
1832 Vladimir Osipovich Sherwood a Russian painter and architect who worked in Moscow. He was an Eclectics and Russian Revival practitioner, author of the State Historical Museum on the Red Square in Moscow. He was the son of Joseph Sherwood, an Anglo-Russian engineer whose father William Sherwood, a Catholic cotton machine engineer who had come to Russia at the invitation of Tsar Paul I on October 11, 1800. Joseph died when Vladimir was five years old. His uncle John Sherwood was an influential lieutenant in the Tsar Alexander I's service. In fact John Sherwood was responsible for reporting the Decemberist plot in 1825, a service for which he was ennobled and given the honorific Shervud Vernyi - Sherwood the Faithful. Vladimir Osipovich became one of the most visible architects of the Alexander III version of Russian Revival, also noted for his Plevna Chapel and Nikolay Pirogov memorial in Moscow
1835 Paul Günther Lorentz a German-Argentine botanist.
1836 Robert Hamilton (civil servant) the sixth Governor, and the Commander-in-Chief of the then British colony of Tasmania from 11 March 1887, until 30 November 1892, during which time he oversaw the ministries of two Tasmanian Premiers. Sir Philip Fysh and Henry Dobson , both of whom, he curiously insisted on incorrectly referring to as Prime Minister
1836 Georg August Schweinfurth a Baltic German botanist, traveller in East Central Africa and ethnologist.
1837 Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur the wife of the 21st President of the United States, Chester Arthur She died before he took office as President.
1839 Gulstan Ropert now the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu, from 1892 to 1903. Born in France at Kerfago, Gildas de Rhuys, Morbihan, in Brittany, he was baptized as François. François Ropert entered the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary at age 20 and took the name Gulstan. He was ordained to the priesthood on May 26, 1866, at the age of 26. He was sent to the Kingdom of Hawai‘i to assist the Vicariate, arriving in Honolulu on June 9, 1868. He was in charge of the Hamakua district on the island of Hawai‘i until October 2, 1883, when he was assigned to the Wailuku mission. He left Wailuku for Honolulu in 1891 having been appointed Vice-Provincial
1842 Alphonse Duvernoy a French pianist and composer. Duvernoy counts composer Alexander Winkler and Norah Drewett de Kresz among his students. His brother was singer and pianist Edmond Duvernoy
1842 Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia the eldest child of Alexander II of Russia and Marie of Hesse and by Rhine. She died from infant meningitis at the age of six and a half
1843 Louis-Eugène Mouchon a French painter, graphic artist, medalist, engraver and sculptor. He created state papers, stamps, coins, currency and medals. He was the son and pupil of Louis Claude Mouchon, the painter. He exhibited at the Salon from 1876 onwards and became an Associate of the Artistes Francais in 1888. His most famous stamps are the Mouchon series and the Navigation & Commerce series of French postage stamps. His medals can be found in the collection of several museums