Died on August 30

526 Theoderic the Great king of the Germanic Ostrogoths , ruler of Italy , regent of the Visigoths , and a patricius of the Eastern Roman Empire. His Gothic name Þiudareiks translates into "people-king" or "ruler of the people". Theodoric was born in Pannonia in 454, after his people had defeated the Huns at the Battle of Nedao. His father was King Theodemir, a Germanic Amali nobleman, and his mother was Ereleuva. Theodoric grew up as a hostage in Constantinople, receiving a privileged education, and he succeeded his father as leader of the Pannonian Ostrogoths in 473. Settling his people in lower Moesia, Theoderic came into conflict with Thracian Ostrogoths led by Theodoric Strabo, whom he eventually supplanted, uniting the peoples in 484
832 Feologild likely a medieval English Archbishop of Canterbury, although slight controversy surrounds his election, with at least a couple of modern historians arguing that instead of being elected, he was merely an unsuccessful candidate for the office. He died soon after his consecration, if he was consecrated
1181 Pope Alexander III Pope from 7 September 1159 to his death in 1181. He laid the foundation stone for the famous Notre-Dame de Paris
1329 Khutughtu Khan Emperor Mingzong of Yuan a son of Khayishan who briefly ascended the throne of the Yuan Dynasty in 1329, but died soon after he seized the throne of Great Khan of the Mongols and Emperor of China.
1428 Emperor Shōkō the 101st emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1412 through 1428
1483 Louis XI of France a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1461 to 1483. He succeeded his father Charles VII
1505 Elizabeth of Austria (1436–1505) the wife of King Casimir IV of Poland and thus Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania. Orphaned at an early age, she spent her childhood in the court of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor. As one of the three surviving grandchildren of Emperor Sigismund, she had a strong claim to the kingdoms of Hungary and Bohemia. That made her an attractive bride for a Polish prince. Polish nobility, seeking to increase Polish influence in Hungary and Bohemia, pursued marriage with Elizabeth since she was born and finally succeeded in 1454. Her marriage to Casimir was one of most exemplary royal marriages in Poland. She gave birth to thirteen children, eleven of whom survived to adulthood. Four of her sons were crowned as kings
1549 Arakida Moritake a Japanese poet who excelled in the fields of waka, renga, and in particular haikai. He studied renga with Sōgi. He was the son of Negi Morihide, and a Shintoist. At the age of 69, he became head priest of the Inner Ise Shrine
1564 Sabina of Bavaria born Duchess of Bavaria and became wife of Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg.
1580 Emmanuel Philibert Duke of Savoy Duke of Savoy from 1553 to 1580.
1585 Andrea Gabrieli an Italian composer and organist of the late Renaissance. The uncle of the somewhat more famous Giovanni Gabrieli, he was the first internationally renowned member of the Venetian School of composers, and was extremely influential in spreading the Venetian style in Italy as well as in Germany
1619 Shimazu Yoshihiro the second son of Shimazu Takahisa and younger brother of Shimazu Yoshihisa. It had traditionally been believed that he became the seventeenth head of the Shimazu clan after Yoshihisa, but it is currently believed that he let Yoshihisa keep his position
1622 Tsarevna Xenia Borisovna of Russia a Russian Tsarevna, daughter of Tsar Boris Godunov, and sister of Tsar Feodor II of Russia.
1625 Duchess Anna of Prussia the daughter of Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia, and Marie Eleonore of Cleves. She became the spouse of John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg
1631 Charles Gonzaga Duke of Nevers the son of Charles I, Duke of Mantua and Catherine of Lorraine , he was the Duke of Nevers and Rethel, together with his father.
1659 Dara Shikoh the eldest son and the heir-apparent of the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. His name دارا شكوه in Persian means "as magnificent as Dara". He was favoured as a successor by his father and his sister Princess Jahanara Begum Sahib, but was defeated by his younger brother Prince Muhiuddin in a bitter struggle for the imperial throne
1668 Artus Quellinus the Elder a Flemish sculptor. He is regarded as the most important representative of the Baroque in sculpture in the Southern Netherlands. His work had a major influence on the development of sculpture in Northern Europe
1691 Andrzej Potocki a Polish szlachcic, magnate.
1726 Eleonore Wilhelmine of Anhalt-Köthen a princess of Anhalt-Köthen by births and by marriage successively Princess of Saxe-Merseburg and Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.
1751 Christopher Polhem a Swedish scientist, inventor and industrialist. He made significant contributions to the economic and industrial development of Sweden, particularly mining
1773 Nicolau Nasoni an Italian artist and architect but mostly active in Portugal.
1773 Narayanrao Peshwa the fifth Peshwa or ruler of the Maratha Empire from November 1772 until his murder in August 1773.He married Gangabai Sathe who later gave birth to Sawai Madhavrao Peshwa.
1809 Ignacy Potocki a Polish nobleman, member of the influential magnate Potocki family, owner of Klementowice and Olesin , a politician, writer, and office holder. He was the Marshal of the Permanent Council in 1778–1782, Grand Clerk of Lithuania from 1773, Court Marshal of Lithuania from 1783, Grand Marshal of Lithuania from 16 April 1791 to 1794
1812 Gabriel-Marie Legouvé a French poet.
1818 Casimiro Gómez Ortega a Spanish physician, and botanist who was the First Professor of the Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid. Under Charles III of Spain Gómez de Ortega directed the formation of the Royal Botanical Garden as a place, in particular, to collect and study the new species of plants being identified by European explorers. Gómez de Ortega published extensively on plant species, and on the economic botany of plants collected during Spanish sponsored explorations of South America
1830 Louis Henri Prince of Condé the Prince of Condé from 1818 to his death. He was the brother-in-law of Philippe Égalité and nephew of Victoire de Rohan
1831 Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1800–1831) the wife of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and the mother of Duke Ernst II and Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria.
1840 Ludwig Rhesa a consistorial councillor of the Evangelical Church in Prussia and a professor at the University of Königsberg in East Prussia.
1840 Jonas Damelis a neoclassicist artist associated with the School of Art at Vilnius University in Lithuania.
1841 Luis Eduardo Pérez the first interim president of Uruguay.
1844 Francis Baily an English astronomer, most famous for his observations of 'Baily's beads' during an eclipse of the Sun.
1855 Feargus O'Connor an Irish Chartist leader and advocate of the Land Plan.
1856 Gilbert Abbott à Beckett an English humorist.
1856 John Ross (Arctic explorer) a British naval officer and Arctic explorer.
1862 Charles Bernard Desormes a French physicist and chemist. He determined the ratio of the specific heats of gases in 1819. He did this and almost all his scientific work in collaboration with his son-in-law Nicolas Clément. Clément and Desormes correctly determined the composition of carbon disulphide and carbon monoxide in 1801–02. In 1806 they elucidated all the chemical reactions that take place during the production of sulphuric acid by the lead chamber method, as used in industrial chemistry. In 1813 they made a study of iodine and its compounds
1862 Bocage (actor) a French actor.
1869 Pyotr Pavlovich Yershov a Russian poet and author of the famous fairy-tale poem The Little Humpbacked Horse.
1870 Ernest Stackelberg a Baltic German military figure and diplomat.
1875 Fyodor Bruni a Russian artist of Italian descent who worked in the Academic style.
1877 Toru Dutt an Indian poet who wrote in English and French.
1877 Raphael Semmes an officer in the United States Navy from 1826 to 1860 and the Confederate States Navy from 1860 to 1865. During the American Civil War he was captain of the famous commerce raider CSS Alabama, which took a record sixty-five prizes. Late in the war he was promoted to rear admiral and also served briefly as a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army. Admiral/General Semmes is the only North American to have the distinction of holding both ranks simultaneously
1879 John Bell Hood a Confederate general during the American Civil War. Hood had a reputation for bravery and aggressiveness that sometimes bordered on recklessness. Arguably one of the best brigade and division commanders in the Confederate States Army, Hood became increasingly ineffective as he was promoted to lead larger, independent commands late in the war, and his career was marred by his decisive defeats leading an army in the Atlanta Campaign and the Franklin-Nashville Campaign
1880 J. W. Henderson the fourth Governor of Texas from November 23, 1853 to December 21, 1853.
1880 Hermann Anschütz a German painter and professor at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting
1886 Ferris Jacobs Jr. an American general and politician, he was a United States Representative from New York.
1888 Peter Griess an industrial chemist and an early pioneer of organic chemistry.
1890 Marianne North a prolific English Victorian biologist and botanical artist, notable for her plant and landscape paintings, her extensive foreign travels, her writings, her plant discoveries and the creation of her gallery at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
1890 Nicolás Ruiz Espadero a Cuban pianist, composer, piano teacher and editor of the posthumous works of American composer-pianist Louis Moreau Gottschalk.
1896 Aleksey Lobanov-Rostovsky a Russian statesman, probably best remembered for having concluded the Li-Lobanov Treaty with China and for his publication of the Russian Genealogical Book.
1899 Gaston Tissandier a French chemist, meteorologist, aviator and editor. Adventurer could be added to the list of his titles, as he managed to escape besieged Paris by balloon in September 1870. He founded and edited the scientific magazine La Nature and wrote several books