August 30 events in history

526 King Theoderic the Great dies of dysentery at Ravenna; his daughter Amalasuntha takes power as regent for her 10-year old son Athalaric
1282 Peter III of Aragon, originally traveling with his fleet on a military expedition against the Hafsid Kingdom, ends up in the Sicilian town of Trapani, after he was asked by the inhabitants of Palermo to help in the fight against Charles of Anjou
1363 Beginning date of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the forces of two Chinese rebel leaders — Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang — are pitted against each other in what is one of the largest naval battles in history, during the last decade of the ailing, Mongol-led Yuan dynasty
1464 Pope Paul II succeeds Pope Pius II as the 211th pope
1574 Guru Ram Das becomes the Fourth Sikh Guru/Master
1590 Tokugawa Ieyasu enters Edo Castle. (Traditional Japanese date: August 1, 1590)
1791 HMS Pandora sinks after having run aground on a reef the previous day
1799 The entire Dutch fleet is captured by British forces under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby and Admiral Sir Charles Mitchell during the War of the Second Coalition
1800 Gabriel Prosser postpones a planned slave rebellion in Richmond, Virginia, but is arrested before he can make it happen
1813 First Battle of Kulm: French forces are defeated by an Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance
1813 Creek War: Fort Mims massacre: Creek "Red Sticks" kill over 500 settlers (including over 250 armed militia) in Fort Mims, north of Mobile, Alabama
1835 Melbourne is founded
1836 The city of Houston is founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen
1862 American Civil War: Battle of Richmond: Confederates under Edmund Kirby Smith rout Union forces under General Horatio Wright
1873 Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Josef Land in the Arctic Sea
1896 Philippine Revolution: After Spanish victory in the Battle of San Juan del Monte, eight provinces in the Philippines are declared under martial law by the Spanish Governor-General Ramón Blanco y Erenas
1897 The town of Ambiky is captured by France from Menabe in Madagascar
1909 Burgess Shale fossils are discovered by Charles Doolittle Walcott
1914 World War I: Germans defeat the Russians in the Battle of Tannenberg
1917 Vietnamese prison guards led by Trịnh Văn Cấn mutiny at the Thái Nguyên penitentiary against local French authority
1918 Fanni Kaplan shoots and seriously injures Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin. This, along with the assassination of Bolshevik senior official Moisei Uritsky days earlier, prompts the decree for Red Terror
1922 Battle of Dumlupınar: The final battle in the Greco-Turkish War ("Turkish War of Independence")
1940 The Second Vienna Award reassigns the territory of Northern Transylvania from Romania to Hungary
1942 World War II: The Battle of Alam el Halfa begins
1945 Hong Kong is liberated from Japan by British Armed Forces
1945 The Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, General Douglas MacArthur lands at Atsugi Air Force Base
1945 The Allied Control Council, governing Germany after World War II, comes into being
1945 The August Revolution ends as Emperor Bảo Đại abdicates, ending the Nguyễn dynasty
1956 The Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opens
1962 Japan conducts a test of the NAMC YS-11, its first aircraft since World War II and its only successful commercial aircraft from before or after the war
1963 The Moscow–Washington hotline between the leaders of the U.S.A. and the Soviet Union goes into operation
1967 Thurgood Marshall is confirmed as the first African American Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
1974 A Belgrade–Dortmund express train derails at the main train station in Zagreb killing 153 passengers
1974 A powerful bomb explodes at the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries headquarters in Marunouchi, Tokyo, Japan. Eight are killed, 378 are injured. Eight left-wing activists are arrested on May 19, 1975 by Japanese authorities
1981 President Mohammad-Ali Rajai and Prime Minister Mohammad-Javad Bahonar of Iran are assassinated in a bombing committed by the People's Mujahedin of Iran
1984 STS-41-D: The Space Shuttle Discovery takes off on its maiden voyage
1995 Bosnian War: NATO launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces
1998 Second Congo War: Armed forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and their Angolan and Zimbabwean allies recapture Matadi and the Inga dams in the western DRC from RCD and Rwandan troops
1999 East Timor votes for independence from Indonesia in a referendum
2003 While being towed across the Barents Sea, the de-commissioned Russian submarine K-159 sinks, taking nine of her crew and 800 kg of spent nuclear fuel with her