August 31 in history

August 31 events chronologically

1056 After a sudden illness a few days previously, Byzantine Empress Theodora dies childless, thus ending the Macedonian dynasty
1218 Al-Kamil becomes Sultan of Egypt, Syria and northern Mesopotamia on the death of his father Al-Adil
1314 King Håkon V Magnusson moves the capital of Norway from Bergen to Oslo
1422 King Henry V of England dies of dysentery while in France. His son, Henry VI becomes King of England at the age of 9 months
1795 War of the First Coalition: The British capture Trincomalee (present-day Sri Lanka) from the Dutch in order to keep it out of French hands
1798 Irish Rebellion of 1798: Irish rebels, with French assistance, establish the short-lived Republic of Connacht
1803 Lewis and Clark start their expedition to the west by leaving Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania at 11 in the morning

Top 7 most famous people born on August 31

161 Commodus Roman Emperor from 180 to 192. He also ruled as co-emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180
1870 Maria Montessori an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy. Her educational method is in use today in some public and private schools throughout the world
1945 Van Morrison a Northern Irish singer-songwriter and musician. His live performances at their best are described as mystical and transcendental, while some of his recordings, such as the studio albums Astral Weeks and Moondance and the live album It's Too Late to Stop Now, are critically acclaimed and appear at the top of many greatest album lists
1949 Richard Gere an American actor and activist. He began acting in the 1970s, playing a supporting role in Looking for Goodbar, and a starring role in Days of Heaven. He came to prominence in 1980 for his role in the film American Gigolo, which established him as a leading man and a sex symbol. He went on to star in several hit films, including An Officer and a Gentleman, Pretty Woman, Primal Fear, Runaway Bride, Arbitrage, and Chicago, for which he won a Golden Globe Award as Best Actor, as well as a Screen Actors Guild Award as part of the Best Cast
1977 Jeff Hardy an American professional wrestler, singer-songwriter, painter and musician who is currently signed to Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. He is also known for his prominent appearance with the World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment
1979 Mickie James an American professional wrestler, actress, television personality, model, former dancer and country singer.
1982 Pepe Reina a Spanish footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for German club Bayern Munich and the Spain national team.

Top 7 most famous people died on August 31

1422 Henry V of England King of England from 1413 until his death at the age of either 34 or 35 in 1422. He was the second English monarch who came from the House of Lancaster
1867 Charles Baudelaire a French poet who also produced notable work as an essayist, art critic, and pioneering translator of Edgar Allan Poe. His most famous work, Les Fleurs du mal , expresses the changing nature of beauty in modern, industrializing Paris during the 19th century. Baudelaire's highly original style of prose-poetry influenced a whole generation of poets including Paul Verlaine, Arthur Rimbaud and Stéphane Mallarmé among many others. He is credited with coining the term "modernity" to designate the fleeting, ephemeral experience of life in an urban metropolis, and the responsibility art has to capture that experience
1927 Andranik an Armenian military commander and statesman, the best known fedayi and a key figure of the Armenian national liberation movement. He became active in an armed struggle against the Ottoman government and Kurdish irregulars in the late 1880s. He joined the Armenian Revolutionary Federation party and, along with other fedayi , sought to defend the Armenian peasantry living in their ancestral homeland, an area known as Turkish Armenia—at the time part of the Ottoman Empire. His revolutionary activities ceased and he left the Ottoman Empire after the unsuccessful uprising in Sasun in 1904. In 1907, Andranik left Dashnaktustyun because he disapproved of its cooperation with the Young Turks, a party which years later perpetrated the Armenian Genocide. In 1912–1913, together with Garegin Nzhdeh, Andranik led few hundred Armenian volunteers within the Bulgarian army against the Ottomans during the First Balkan War
1973 John Ford an Irish-American film director. He was famous for both his Westerns such as Stagecoach, The Searchers, and The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, and adaptations of such classic 20th-century American novels as The Grapes of Wrath. His four Academy Awards for Best Director are a record, and one of those films, How Green Was My Valley, also won Best Picture
1985 Frank Macfarlane Burnet an Australian virologist best known for his contributions to immunology. He won the Nobel Prize in 1960 for predicting acquired immune tolerance and was best known for developing the theory of clonal selection
1986 Henry Moore an English sculptor and artist. He was best known for his semi-abstract monumental bronze sculptures which are located around the world as public works of art
1997 Diana Princess of Wales the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II.