August 4 in history

August 4 events chronologically

70 The destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem by the Romans
367 Gratian, son of Roman Emperor Valentinian I, is named co-Augustus by his father and associated to the throne aged eight
598 Goguryeo-Sui War: Emperor Wéndi of Sui orders his youngest son, Yang Liang (assisted by the co-prime minister Gao Jiong), to conquer Goguryeo (Korea) during the Manchurian rainy season, with a Chinese army and navy
1265 Second Barons' War: Battle of Evesham – the army of Prince Edward (the future king Edward I of England) defeats the forces of rebellious barons led by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, killing de Montfort and many of his allies
1327 First War of Scottish Independence: James Douglas leads a raid into Weardale and almost kills Edward III of England
1532 The Duchy of Brittany is united to the Kingdom of France
1578 Battle of Al Kasr al Kebir: The Moroccans defeat the Portuguese. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed in the battle, leaving his elderly uncle, Cardinal Henry, as his heir. This initiates a succession crisis in Portugal

Top 7 most famous people born on August 4

1792 Percy Bysshe Shelley regarded by critics as amongst the finest lyric poets in the English language. A radical in his poetry as well as his political and social views, Shelley did not achieve fame during his lifetime, but recognition for his poetry grew steadily following his death. Shelley was a key member of a close circle of visionary poets and writers that included Lord Byron; Leigh Hunt; Thomas Love Peacock; and his own second wife, Mary Shelley, the author of Frankenstein
1859 Knut Hamsun a Norwegian author, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1920. Hamsun's work spans more than 70 years and shows variation with regard to the subject, perspective and environment. He published more than 20 novels, a collection of poetry, some short stories and plays, a travelogue, and some essays
1901 Louis Armstrong an American jazz trumpeter, singer, and an influential figure in jazz music.
1955 Alberto Gonzales the 80th United States Attorney General, appointed in February 2005 by President George Bush, becoming the highest-ranking Hispanic in executive government to date. He was the first Hispanic to serve as White House Counsel, and earlier he had been Bush's General Counsel during his governorship of Texas. Gonzales had also served as Secretary of State of Texas and then as a Texas Supreme Court Justice
1960 José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero a member of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party. He was elected for two terms as Prime Minister of Spain, in the 2004 and 2008 general elections. On 2 April 2011 he announced he would not stand for re-election in the 2011 general election. He left office on 21 December 2011
1961 Barack Obama the 44th and current President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office. Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, Obama is a graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, where he served as president of the Harvard Law Review. He was a community organizer in Chicago before earning his law degree. He worked as a civil rights attorney and taught constitutional law at the University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 2004. He served three terms representing the 13th District in the Illinois Senate from 1997 to 2004, running unsuccessfully for the United States House of Representatives in 2000
1971 Jeff Gordon an American professional stock car racing driver. He drives the 24 Chevrolet SS for Hendrick Motorsports in the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series

Top 7 most famous people died on August 4

1598 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley an English statesman, the chief advisor of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign, twice Secretary of State and Lord High Treasurer from 1572. He was the founder of the Cecil dynasty which has produced many politicians including two Prime Ministers
1875 Hans Christian Andersen a Danish author. Although a prolific writer of plays, travelogues, novels, and poems, Andersen is best remembered for his fairy tales. Andersen's popularity is not limited to children; his stories, called eventyr in Danish, or "fairy-tales" in English, express themes that transcend age and nationality
1922 Enver Pasha an Ottoman military officer and a leader of the 1908 Young Turk Revolution. He was the main leader of the Ottoman Empire in both Balkan Wars and World War Throughout his career, he was known by increasingly elevated titles as he rose through military ranks, including Enver Efendi , Enver Bey , and finally Enver Pasha, "Pasha" being the epithet Ottoman military officers gained after they were promoted to the rank of Mirliva
1940 Ze'ev Jabotinsky a Revisionist Zionist leader, author, poet, orator, soldier and founder of the Jewish Self-Defense Organization in Odessa. With Joseph Trumpeldor he co-founded the Jewish Legion of the British army in World War I and later established several Jewish organizations, including Beitar, Hatzohar and the Irgun
1948 Mileva Marić a Serbian physicist. She was the only woman among Albert Einstein's fellow students at the Zurich Polytechnic. They developed a relationship and had a daughter Lieserl before their marriage. After their marriage in 1903, they had two sons, Hans Albert and Eduard
1977 Edgar Adrian 1st Baron Adrian an English electrophysiologist and recipient of the 1932 Nobel Prize for Physiology, won jointly with Sir Charles Sherrington for work on the function of neurons. He provided experimental evidence for the all-or-none law of nerves
1997 Jeanne Calment a French supercentenarian who had the longest confirmed human lifespan on record, living to the age of 7002122000000000000122 years, 7002164000000000000164 days. She lived in Arles, France, for her entire life, outliving both her daughter and grandson by several decades. Calment became especially well known from the age of 113, when the centenary of Vincent van Gogh's visit brought reporters to Arles