Died on August 5

642 Oswald of Northumbria venerated as a saint, of which there was a particular cult in the Middle Ages.
882 Louis III of France the King of France, still then called West Francia, from 879 until his death. The second son of Louis the Stammerer and his first wife, Ansgarde, he succeeded his father to reign jointly with his younger brother Carloman II, who became sole ruler on Louis's death. His short reign was marked by military success
890 Ranulf II of Aquitaine Count of Poitou from 866 and Duke of Aquitaine from 887. On the death of Charles the Fat in 888, he styled himself King of Aquitaine and did so until 889 or his death, after which the title fell into abeyance
917 Euthymius I of Constantinople the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 907 to 912. A monk since his youth, he became spiritual father of the future Leo VI the Wise, and was raised by him to the high ecclesiastical office of syncellus. Despite his turbulent relationship with Leo, in 907 he was appointed to the patriarchate and held the post until his deposition shortly before or after Leo's death in 912
1063 Gruffydd ap Llywelyn the ruler of all Wales from 1055 until his death. He was the usurped son of King Llywelyn ap Seisyll and should not be confused with the dispossessed son of the later Prince Llywelyn the Great. Although the true lineage of his grandfather Seisyll is obscure, he claimed to be a the great-great-grandson of Hywel Dda
1157 Dirk VI Count of Holland Count of Holland between 1121 and 1157, at first, during his minority, under the regency of his mother Petronilla. He was the son of Count Floris After his death he was succeeded by his eldest son Floris III. He married Sofie of Salm, Countess of Rheineck and Bentheim. She was heiress of Bentheim, which she ruled together with her husband and which was inherited by the couple's second son Otto after his parents' death
1364 Emperor Kōgon the first of the Ashikaga Pretenders during the Period of the Northern and Southern Courts in Japan. According to pre-Meiji scholars, his reign spanned the years from 1332 through 1334
1367 Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville de Raby an English aristocrat, son of Ralph Neville, 1st Baron Neville de Raby and Euphemia de Clavering.
1415 Richard of Conisburgh 3rd Earl of Cambridge the second son of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, and Isabella of Castile. At the age of forty he was beheaded for his part in the Southampton Plot, a conspiracy against King Henry He was the father of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and the grandfather of King Edward IV and King Richard III
1447 John Holland 2nd Duke of Exeter an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War.
1579 Stanislaus Hosius a Roman Catholic cardinal; from 1551, Prince-Bishop of the Bishopric of Warmia, Poland; from 1558, papal legate to the Holy Roman Emperor's Imperial Court in Vienna, Austria; from 1566, papal legate to Poland.
1594 Archduchess Eleanor of Austria the daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary.
1600 Alexander Ruthven a Scottish nobleman. He is most notable for his participation in the Gowrie conspiracy of 1600
1600 John Ruthven 3rd Earl of Gowrie a Scottish nobleman who succeeded his brother, James, the 2nd Earl, as Earl of Gowrie following James' death in 1586. John died in 1600 in mysterious circumstances, referred to as the "Gowrie Conspiracy."
1610 Alonso García de Ramón a Spanish soldier and twice Royal Governor of Chile: first temporarily from July 1600 to February 1601, and then from March 1605 to August 1610. He was born in Cuenca, Spain in 1552
1630 Antonio Tempesta an Italian painter and engraver, whose art acted as a point of connection between Baroque Rome and the culture of Antwerp.
1633 George Abbot (bishop) an English divine who was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1611 to 1633. He also served as the fourth Chancellor of Trinity College, Dublin, from 1612 to 1633
1638 Peter Minuit a Walloon from Wesel, in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, then part of the Duchy of Cleves. His surname means "midnight." He was Director of the Dutch colony of New Netherland from 1626 until 1631, and founded the Swedish colony of New Sweden in 1638. He is generally credited with orchestrating the purchase of Manhattan Island for the Dutch from the Native Americans, which later became the city of New Amsterdam, modern-day New York City, which was the core of the Dutch colony of New Netherland and the later British colony of New York
1661 Cornelis Janssens van Ceulen an English painter of portraits of Dutch or Flemish parentage. He was active in England, at least from 1618 to 1643. He moved to Middelburg in the Netherlands in 1643. Between 1646 and 1652 he lived in Amsterdam, before settling in Utrecht, where he was buried
1678 Juan García de Zéspedes a Mexican composer, singer, viol player, and teacher.
1716 Silahdar Damat Ali Pasha an Ottoman general and Grand Vizier.
1729 Thomas Newcomen an English inventor who created the first practical steam engine for pumping water, the Newcomen steam engine. He was an ironmonger by trade and a Baptist lay preacher by calling. He was born in Dartmouth, Devon, England, to a merchant family and baptised at Saviour's Church on 24 February 1664. In those days flooding in coal and tin mines was a major problem, and Newcomen was soon engaged in trying to improve ways to pump out the water from such mines. His ironmonger's business specialised in designing, manufacturing and selling tools for the mining industry
1743 John Hervey 2nd Baron Hervey the eldest son of John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, by his second wife, Elizabeth. He was known as Lord Hervey from 1723, upon the death of his elder half-brother, Carr, the only son of his father's first wife, Isabella. But Lord Hervey never became Earl of Bristol, as he predeceased his father
1745 Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov a Russian industrialist of the Demidov family.
1757 Antoine Pesne a French-born court painter of Prussia. Starting in the manner of baroque, he became one of the fathers of rococo in painting
1778 Charles Clémencet a French Benedictine historian.
1787 François Francoeur a French composer and violinist.
1792 Frederick North Lord North Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1770 to 1782. He led Great Britain through most of the American War of Independence. He also held a number of other cabinet posts, including Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer
1799 Richard Howe 1st Earl Howe a British naval officer, notable in particular for his service during the American War of Independence and French Revolutionary Wars. He was the brother of William and George Howe
1807 Jeanne Baré a member of Louis Antoine de Bougainville's expedition on the ships La Boudeuse and Étoile in 1766–1769. Baret is recognized as the first woman to have completed a voyage of circumnavigation
1819 Antonio González de Balcarce an Argentine military commander in the early 19th century.
1831 Sébastien Érard a French instrument maker of German origin who specialised in the production of pianos and harps, developing the capacities of both instruments and pioneering the modern piano.
1848 Pedro Vélez a Mexican politician and lawyer. He was also head of the Governing Board of Mexico in 1829
1857 Charles Blomfield a British divine, and a Church of England bishop for 32 years.
1858 Johann Anton Weinmann a German botanist who served as Inspector of the Gardens in Saint Petersburg, Russia. He published a Flora that is the basis of some binomial species identifications
1862 Felix de Muelenaere a Belgian Roman Catholic politician.
1863 Adolf Friedrich Hesse a German organist and composer.
1864 Roman Żuliński a Polish mathematician and co-commander of the January Uprising.
1864 Romuald Traugutt a Polish general and war hero, best known for commanding the January Uprising. From October 1863 to August 1864 he was the Dictator of Insurrection. He headed the Polish national government from 17 October 1863 to 20 April 1864, and was president of its Foreign Affairs Office
1866 William Burton (governor) an American physician and politician from Milford, in Kent County, Delaware. He was a member of the Democratic Party, who served as Governor of Delaware
1868 Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes a French archaeologist and antiquary notable for his discovery, in about 1830, of flint tools in the gravels of the Somme valley.
1872 Charles-Eugène Delaunay a French astronomer and mathematician. His lunar motion studies were important in advancing both the theory of planetary motion and mathematics
1877 Philipp Foltz a German historical painter, born at Bingen. He was the pupil of his father, Ludwig Foltz, and studied at Munich under Cornelius, whom he assisted with the frescoes in the Glyptothek. Afterward he decorated the Schiller Salon in the new Royal palace. He became professor and later director of the Academy of Munich. Amongst his latest works were two large paintings for the Maximilianeum: Frederick Barbarossa and Henry the Lion, and Pericles Attacked by Cleon. His pictures include two large hunting scenes for Maximilian II; The Singer's Curse ; Götz von Berlichingen ; and King Otho Leaving Munich for Greece, a fine cartoon. His pictures are good in composition and careful in execution, but conventional in form and dry in color
1877 Luigi Legnani an Italian guitarist, singer, composer and luthier.
1877 Gustav Prince of Vasa the son of King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden and Queen Frederica. His Austrian title from 1829 was actually spelled Wasa
1880 Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra an Austrian physician and dermatologist. He is known as the founder of the New Vienna School of Dermatology, an important group of physicians who set the basis for modern dermatology
1880 Quido Mánes a Czech painter who specialized in genre scenes.
1881 Spotted Tail a Brulé Lakota tribal chief. Although a great warrior in his youth, and having taken part in the Grattan massacre, he declined to participate in Red Cloud's War. He had become convinced of the futility of opposing the white incursions into his homeland; he became a statesman, speaking for peace and defending the rights of his tribe
1888 Philip Sheridan a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War. His career was noted for his rapid rise to major general and his close association with Gen. Ulysses Grant, who transferred Sheridan from command of an infantry division in the Western Theater to lead the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac in the East. In 1864, he defeated Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley and his destruction of the economic infrastructure of the Valley, called "The Burning" by residents, was one of the first uses of scorched earth tactics in the war. In 1865, his cavalry pursued Gen. Robert Lee and was instrumental in forcing his surrender at Appomattox
1888 Anna Haining Bates a Canadian from Mill Brook, New Annan , Colchester County, Nova Scotia, famed for her great height, believed to be 2.27 m at the peak of her stature. Her parents were of average height and were Scottish immigrants