August 5 events in history

25 Guangwu claims the throne as emperor after a period of political turmoil, restoring the Han Dynasty after the collapse of the short-lived Xin Dynasty
642 Battle of Maserfield: Penda of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald of Northumbria
910 The last major Danish army to raid England is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward the Elder and Earl Aethelred of Mercia
939 The Battle of Alhandic is fought between Ramiro II of León and Abd-ar-Rahman III at Zamora in the context of the Spanish Reconquista. The battle resulted in a victory for the Emirate of Cordoba
1068 Byzantine–Norman wars: Italo-Normans begin a nearly-three-year siege of Bari
1100 Henry I is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey
1278 The Siege of Algeciras ends in the context of the Spanish Reconquista pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Castile against the Emirate of Granada. The battle resulted in a Granadan victory
1305 William Wallace, who led the Scottish resistance against England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London where he is put on trial and executed
1388 The Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England, is fought near Otterburn
1583 Sir Humphrey Gilbert establishes the first English colony in North America, at what is now St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador
1600 The Gowrie Conspiracy against King James VI of Scotland (later to become King James I of England) takes place
1620 The Mayflower departs from Southampton, England on its first attempt to reach North America
1689 One thousand five hundred Iroquois attack the village of Lachine in New France
1716 The Battle of Petrovaradin takes place
1735 Freedom of the press: New York Weekly Journal writer John Peter Zenger is acquitted of seditious libel against the royal governor of New York, on the basis that what he had published was true
1763 Pontiac's War: Battle of Bushy Run: British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac's Indians at Bushy Run
1772 The First Partition of Poland begins
1824 Greek War of Independence: Constantine Kanaris leads a Greek fleet to victory against Ottoman and Egyptian ships in the Battle of Samos
1858 Cyrus West Field and others complete the first transatlantic telegraph cable after several unsuccessful attempts. It will operate for less than a month
1860 Charles XV of Sweden of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway in Trondheim
1861 The United States Army abolishes flogging
1861 American Civil War: In order to help pay for the war effort, the United States government levies the first income tax as part of the Revenue Act of 1861 (3% of all incomes over US $800; rescinded in 1872)
1862 American Civil War: Battle of Baton Rouge: Along the Mississippi River near Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Confederate troops attempt to take the city, but are driven back by fire from Union gunboats
1864 American Civil War: The Battle of Mobile Bay begins at Mobile Bay near Mobile, Alabama, Admiral David Farragut leads a Union flotilla through Confederate defenses and seals one of the last major Southern ports
1874 Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in the United Kingdom
1882 The Standard Oil of New Jersey is established
1884 The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty is laid on Bedloe's Island (now Liberty Island) in New York Harbor
1888 Bertha Benz drives from Mannheim to Pforzheim and back in the first long distance automobile trip, commemorated as the Bertha Benz Memorial Route since 2008
1901 Peter O'Connor sets the first IAAF recognised long jump world record of 24 ft 11.75 in (7.6137 m). The record will stand for 20 years
1906 Persian Constitutional Revolution: Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar, King of Iran, agrees to convert the government to a constitutional monarchy
1914 In Cleveland, Ohio, the first electric traffic light is installed
1914 World War I: The guns of Point Nepean fort at Port Phillip Heads in Victoria (Australia) fire across the bows of the Norddeutscher Lloyd steamer SS Pfalz which is attempting to leave the Port of Melbourne in ignorance of the declaration of war and she is detained; this is said to be the first Allied shot of the War
1914 World War I: The German minelayer SS Königin Luise lays a minefield about 40 miles (64 km) off the Thames Estuary (Lowestoft). She is intercepted and sunk by the British light-cruiser HMS Amphion
1916 World War I: Battle of Romani: Allied forces, under the command of Archibald Murray, defeat an attacking Ottoman army under the command of Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein, securing the Suez Canal and beginning the Ottoman retreat from the Sinai Peninsula
1925 Plaid Cymru is formed with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the Welsh language that is at the time in danger of dying out
1926 Harry Houdini performs his greatest feat, spending 91 minutes underwater in a sealed tank before escaping
1940 World War II: The Soviet Union formally annexes Latvia
1941 World War II: The Battle of Smolensk concludes with Germany capturing about 300,000 Soviet Red Army prisoners
1944 World War II: Possibly the biggest prison breakout in history occurs as 545 Japanese POWs attempt to escape outside the town of Cowra, New South Wales, Australia
1944 World War II: The Nazis begin a week-long massacre of anywhere between 40,000 and 100,000 civilians and prisoners of war in Wola, Poland
1944 World War II: Polish insurgents liberate a German labor camp in Warsaw, freeing 348 Jewish prisoners
1949 In Ecuador, an earthquake destroys 50 towns and kills more than 6,000
1949 The Mann Gulch fire kills 13 firefighters in Montana
1957 American Bandstand, a show dedicated to the teenage "baby-boomers" by playing the songs and showing popular dances of the time, debuts on the ABC television network
1958 Herbert Hoover eclipses John Adams as having the longest retirement of any former U.S President until that time. Hoover would live another six years, his record 31 years 7 months 16 days retirement has since been eclipsed by Jimmy Carter
1960 Burkina Faso, then known as Upper Volta, becomes independent from France
1962 Apartheid in South Africa: Nelson Mandela is jailed. He would not be released until 1990
1963 The United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union sign a nuclear test ban treaty
1964 Vietnam War: Operation Pierce Arrow: American aircraft from carriers USS Ticonderoga and USS Constellation bomb North Vietnam in retaliation for strikes against U.S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin
1965 The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 begins as Pakistani soldiers cross the Line of Control dressed as locals