Died on August 6

258 Pope Sixtus II the Pope or Bishop of Rome from 31 August 257 to his death in 258. He was martyred during the persecution by Emperor Valerian
523 Pope Hormisdas Pope from 20 July 514 to his death in 523. His papacy was dominated by the Acacian schism, started in 484 by Acacius of Constantinople's efforts to placate the Monophysites. His efforts to resolve this schism were successful, and on 28 March 519, the reunion between Constantinople and Rome was ratified in the cathedral of Constantinople before a large crowd
750 Marwan II an Umayyad caliph who ruled from 744 until 750 when he was killed. He was the last Umayyad ruler to rule from Damascus
1027 Richard III Duke of Normandy the eldest son of Richard II who died in 1026. Richard's short reign lasted less than a year. It opened with a revolt by his brother and finished in his death by unknown causes
1118 Al-Mustazhir the Abbasid caliph in Baghdad from 1094 to 1118. He succeeded his father al-Muqtadi. During his twenty-four year incumbency he was politically irrelevant, despite the civil strife at home and the appearance of the First Crusade in Syria. An attempt was even made by crusader Raymond IV of Toulouse to attack Baghdad, but he was defeated near Tokat. The global Muslim population had climbed to about 5 per cent as against the Christian population of 11 per cent by 1100
1119 Waleran Duke of Lower Lorraine the Duke of Limburg and Count of Arlon from his father's death in about 1119 until his own twenty years later. He was given the Duchy of Lower Lorraine by Lothair of Supplinburg in 1128 after the latter's accession as King of Germany in 1125
1162 Ramon Berenguer IV Count of Barcelona the Count of Barcelona who brought about the union of his County of Barcelona with the Kingdom of Aragon to form the Crown of Aragon.
1195 Henry the Lion a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony, as Henry III, from 1142, and Duke of Bavaria, as Henry XII, from 1156, which duchies he held until 1180.
1221 Saint Dominic a Spanish priest and founder of the Dominican Order. Dominic is the patron saint of astronomers
1272 Stephen V of Hungary King of Hungary and Croatia between 1270 and 1272, and Duke of Styria from 1258 to 1260. He was the oldest son of King Béla IV and Maria Laskarina. King Béla had his son crowned king at the age of six and appointed him Duke of Slavonia. Still a child, Stephen married Elizabeth, a daughter of a chieftain of the Cumans whom his father settled in the Great Hungarian Plain
1328 Galeazzo I Visconti lord of Milan from 1322 to 1327.
1340 Basil of Trebizond Emperor of Trebizond from August 1332 until his death in 1340. Basil was a younger son of Emperor Alexios II of Trebizond and his wife Djiadjak Jaqeli. When his elder brother Andronikos III assumed the throne in 1330 and killed two of his brothers , Basil managed to escape to Constantinople
1412 Margaret of Durazzo Queen of Naples and Hungary and Princess of Achaea as the spouse of Charles III of Naples, and later regent of Naples during the minority of her son.
1414 Ladislaus of Naples King of Naples and titular King of Jerusalem and Sicily, titular Count of Provence and Forcalquier , and titular King of Hungary and Croatia. He was the last male of the senior Angevin line
1458 Pope Callixtus III Pope from 8 April 1455 to his death in 1458. He was the last pope to take the name "Callixtus" upon his election
1520 Kunigunde of Austria an Austrian Archduchess member of the House of Habsburg and by marriage Duchess of Bavaria-Munich and since 1503 over all Bavaria.
1530 Jacopo Sannazaro an Italian poet, humanist and epigrammist from Naples.
1623 Anne Hathaway (Shakespeare's wife) the wife of William Shakespeare - English poet, playwright and actor. They were married in 1582, when she was 26 years old. She outlived her husband by seven years. Very little is known about her beyond a few references in legal documents, but her personality and relationship to Shakespeare have been the subject of much speculation by historians and creative writers
1628 Johannes Junius the mayor of Bamberg, and a victim of the Bamberg witch trials, who wrote a letter to his daughter from jail while he awaited execution for witchcraft.
1637 Ben Jonson an English playwright, poet, and literary critic of the seventeenth century, whose artistry exerted a lasting impact upon English poetry and stage comedy. He popularised the comedy of humours. He is best known for the satirical plays Every Man in His Humour , Volpone, or The Foxe , The Alchemist , and Bartholomew Fayre: A Comedy , and for his lyric poetry; he is generally regarded as the second most important English dramatist, after William Shakespeare, during the reign of James I
1639 Hans van Steenwinckel the Younger a Flemish-Danish architect who specialised in the Dutch Renaissance style, typical of prestigious Danish buildings from the first half of the 17th century. Along with his brother Lorenz van Steenwinckel he was responsible for most of King Christian IV's many ambitious building projects
1645 Lionel Cranfield 1st Earl of Middlesex an English merchant and politician. He sat in the House of Commons between 1614 and 1622 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Cranfield
1650 John Parkinson (botanist) the last of the great English herbalists and one of the first of the great English botanists. He was apothecary to James I and a founding member of the Worshipful Society of Apothecaries in December 1617, and was later Royal Botanist to Charles He is known for two monumental works, Paradisi in Sole Paradisus Terrestris , which generally describes the proper cultivation of plants; and Theatrum Botanicum , the most complete and beautifully presented English treatise on plants of its time. One of the most eminent gardeners of his day, he kept a botanical garden at Long Acre in Covent Garden, today close to Trafalgar Square, and maintained close relations with other important English and Continental botanists, herbalists and plantsmen
1657 Bohdan Khmelnytsky the Hetman of the Zaporozhian Host of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. He led an uprising against the Commonwealth and its magnates which resulted in the creation of a Cossack state. In 1654, he concluded the Treaty of Pereyaslav with the Tsardom of Russia
1660 Diego Velázquez a Spanish painter who was the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV and one of the most important painters of the Spanish Golden Age. He was an individualistic artist of the contemporary Baroque period, important as a portrait artist. In addition to numerous renditions of scenes of historical and cultural significance, he painted scores of portraits of the Spanish royal family, other notable European figures, and commoners, culminating in the production of his masterpiece Las Meninas
1661 Marie Angélique Arnauld Abbess of the Abbey of Port-Royal, which under her abbacy became a center of Jansenism.
1669 Louis Duke of Vendôme Duke of Mercœur and later the second Duke of Vendôme, and the grandson of Henry IV of France and Gabrielle d'Estrées. He was the Duke of Vendôme from 1665 at the death of his father
1679 John Snell born in Ayrshire, Scotland, the son of a blacksmith.
1689 Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg a German noblewoman. The highest title she acquired through marriage was Electress of Brandenburg as the wife of Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg, the "Great Elector"
1695 François de Harlay de Champvallon the fifth archbishop of Paris.
1699 Albert V Duke of Saxe-Coburg a duke of Saxe-Coburg.
1700 Johann Beer an Austrian author, court official and composer.
1711 Gregorio Vasquez de Arce y Ceballos a Colombian painter, including the Quitenian Miguel de Santiago, was one of the leading artist in the Latin American Baroque movement, which extended from the mid 17th to the late 18th century in the Viceroyalty of New Granada. Most of the artwork of Vázquez depicts the life of Christ, Virgin Mary, the Saints and scenes of the New Testament
1746 Christian VI of Denmark the King of Denmark and Norway from 1730 to 1746. The eldest surviving son of King Frederick IV of Denmark and Norway and Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, he is considered one of Denmark's more anonymous kings, but he was a skilled politician, best known for his authoritarian regime. He was the first king of the Oldenburg dynasty to refrain from entering in any war. He married Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and fathered Frederick V
1753 Georg Wilhelm Richmann a German physicist who lived in Russia.
1755 Augustus Louis Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen.
1757 Ádám Mányoki one of the most significant Hungarian Baroque painters of the 18th century.
1770 Duke Clement Francis of Bavaria the son of the Imperial Field Marshal, Ferdinand of Bavaria , and the grandson of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria.
1782 Nicolas Chédeville a French composer, musette player and musette maker.
1794 Henry Bathurst 2nd Earl Bathurst a British lawyer and politician. He was Lord Chancellor of Great Britain from 1771 to 1778
1796 David Allan (painter) a Scottish painter and illustrator, best known for historical subjects and genre works. He was born at Alloa in central Scotland. On leaving Foulis's academy of painting at Glasgow , after seven years' successful study, he obtained the patronage of Lord Cathcart and of Erskine of Mar, on whose estate he had been born. Erskine made it possible for him to travel to Rome , where he remained until 1777, studying under Gavin Hamilton and copying the old masters
1799 Marcus Elieser Bloch a German medical doctor and naturalist. He is generally considered one of the most important ichthyologists of the 18th century
1815 James A. Bayard (elder) an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a member of the Federalist Party, who served as U.S. Representative from Delaware and U.S. Senator from Delaware
1820 Antonín Vranický a famous Czech violinist and composer of the 18th century. He was the half brother of Pavel Vranický
1820 Princess Frederica Charlotte of Prussia the only daughter of Frederick William II of Prussia and his first wife and double first cousin Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg. She was later Duchess of York and Albany following her marriage to Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
1821 Antonio Bartolomeo Bruni an Italian violinist, composer and conductor. Bruni was born and died in Cuneo, Italy. During most of his life he resided, played and composed in Paris
1828 Konstantin von Benckendorff a Russian general and diplomat.
1830 David Walker (abolitionist) outspoken African-American abolitionist and anti-slavery activist. In 1829, while living in Boston, Massachusetts, he published An Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World, a call for black unity and self-help in the fight against oppression and injustice
1831 Pietro Gonzaga an Italian theatre set designer who worked in Italy and, since 1792, in the Russian Empire.
1835 Ludwik Michał Pac a Polish general in the Napoleonic army. His parents were Michał Józef Pac and Ludwika Tyzenhaus