Died on August 7

461 Majorian the Western Roman Emperor from 457 to 461.
1028 Alfonso V of León King of León from 999 to 1028. Enough is known of him to justify the belief that he had some of the qualities of a soldier and a statesman. Like other kings of León, he used the title emperor to assert his standing among the Christian rulers of Spain
1106 Henry IV Holy Roman Emperor ascended to King of the Germans in 1056. From 1084 until his forced abdication in 1105, he was also referred to as the King of the Romans and Holy Roman Emperor. He was the third emperor of the Salian dynasty and one of the most powerful and important figures of the 11th century. His reign was marked by the Investiture Controversy with the Papacy and several civil wars over his throne both in Italy and Germany. He died of illness, soon after defeating his son's army near Visé, in Lorraine
1218 Adolf VI Count of Berg ruled the County of Berg from 1197 until 1218.
1306 Albert of Trapani a Sicilian saint. Born in Trapani, he entered the Carmelite monastery there at a very young age and was later transferred to the Carmelite house at Messina
1385 Joan of Kent the first post-conquest Princess of Wales as wife to Edward, the Black Prince, son and heir of King Edward III. Although the French chronicler Jean Froissart called her "the most beautiful woman in all the realm of England, and the most loving", the appellation "Fair Maid of Kent" does not appear to be contemporary. Joan assumed the title of 4th Countess of Kent and 5th Baroness Wake of Liddell after the death of her brother, John, in 1352
1437 Marie I Countess of Auvergne suo jure Countess of Auvergne and Countess of Boulogne from 1424 to her death in 1437, having inherited the titles from her cousin Joan II, Countess of Auvergne. She was also styled Dame of Montgascon
1485 Alexander Stewart Duke of Albany the second son of King James II of Scotland and his wife, Mary of Gueldres.
1547 Saint Cajetan an Italian Catholic priest and religious reformer, who helped found the Theatines. He is recognised as a saint in the Catholic Church, and his feast day is August 7
1560 Anastasia Romanovna the first wife of the Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible and the first Russian tsaritsa. She was the daughter of Boyar Roman Yurievich Zakharyin-Yuriev, Okolnichi, who died on 16 February 1543, who gave his name to the Romanov Dynasty of Russian monarchs, and wife Uliana Ivanovna, who died in 1579
1573 Léonor d'Orléans duc de Longueville duc de Longueville, prince of Châtellaillon, marquis of Rothelin, count of Montgommery and of Tancarville, visount of Abberville, Melun, count of Neufchâtel and of Valangin, was governor of Picardy and Normandy and one of the military leaders of the French Wars of Religion. He was the grandson of Louis I d'Orléans, duc de Longueville and he succeeded his first cousin, François III d'Orléans as duc de Longueville
1580 Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha an Ottoman general and Grand Vizier from the Sanjak of Bosnia.
1585 Ismihan Sultan an Ottoman princess, the daughter of Sultan Selim II and his wife Nurbanu Sultan.
1613 Thomas Fleming (judge) an English judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1581 and 1611. He was judge in the trial of Guy Fawkes following the Gunpowder Plot. He held several important offices, including Lord Chief Justice, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer and Solicitor General for England and Wales
1615 Melchior Vulpius a German singer and composer of church music.
1616 Vincenzo Scamozzi a Venetian architect and a writer on architecture, active mainly in Vicenza and Republic of Venice area in the second half of the 16th century. He was perhaps the most important figure there between Andrea Palladio, whose unfinished projects he inherited at Palladio's death in 1580, and Baldassarre Longhena, Scamozzi's only pupil
1622 Hasekura Tsunenaga a Japanese samurai and retainer of Date Masamune, the daimyo of Sendai.
1635 Friedrich Spee a German Jesuit and poet, most noted as an opponent of trials for witchcraft. Spee was the first person in his time who spoke strongly and with arguments against torture in general. He may be considered the first who ever gave good arguments why torture is not a way of obtaining truth from someone undergoing painful questioning
1643 Hendrik Brouwer a Dutch explorer, admiral, and colonial administrator both in Japan and the Dutch East Indies.
1643 Margaret of Brunswick-Lüneburg a German noblewoman member of the House of Welf and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Coburg.
1649 Maria Leopoldine of Austria the second spouse of her first cousin, Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III. As such, she was empress of the Holy Roman Empire. She died while giving birth to the couple's only child, Archduke Charles Joseph of Austria
1652 John Smith (Platonist) an English philosopher, theologian, and educator.
1657 Robert Blake (admiral) one of the most important military commanders of the Commonwealth of England and one of the most famous English admirals of the 17th century, whose successes have "never been excelled, not even by Nelson" according to one biographer. Blake is recognised as the chief founder of England's naval supremacy, a dominance subsequently inherited by the British Royal Navy into the early 20th century. Despite this, due to deliberate attempts to expunge the Parliamentarians from history following the Restoration, Blake's achievements tend not to receive the full recognition that they deserve
1693 John George II Prince of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Dessau from 1660 to 1693.
1712 Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow a German musician and composer of vocal and keyboard music.
1758 Scarlat Ghica a Prince of Moldavia , and twice Prince of Wallachia. He was a member of the Ghica family
1782 Andreas Sigismund Marggraf a German chemist from Berlin, then capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg, and a pioneer of analytical chemistry. He isolated zinc in 1746 by heating calamine and carbon. Though he was not the first to do so, Marggraf is credited with carefully describing the process and establishing its basic theory. In 1747, Marggraf announced his discovery of sugar in beets and devised a method using alcohol to extract His student Franz Achard later devised an economical industrial method to extract the sugar in its pure form
1789 William Edwards (architect) a Welsh Methodist minister who also practised as a stonemason, architect and bridge engineer.
1813 Ramram Basu a notable early scholar and translator of the Bengali language , and credited with writing the first original work of Bangla prose written by a Bengali.
1817 Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours a French writer, economist, and government official. During the French Revolution, he, his two sons and their families emigrated to the United States
1820 Elisa Bonaparte the fourth surviving child and eldest surviving daughter of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino. A younger sister of Napoleon Bonaparte, she had elder brothers Joseph and Lucien, and younger siblings Louis, Pauline, Caroline and Jerome
1821 Caroline of Brunswick Queen of the United Kingdom as the wife of King George IV from 29 January 1820 until her death in 1821. Between 1795 and 1820, she was Princess of Wales
1823 Mátyás Laáb a Burgenland Croatian Roman Catholic priest, writer and translator. His work is the first translation of the New Testament in Burgenland Croatian
1830 Aleksey Merzlyakov a Russian poet, critic, translator, and professor.
1834 Joseph Marie Jacquard a French weaver and merchant. He played an important role in the development of the earliest programmable loom , which in turn played an important role in the development of other programmable machines, such as computers
1845 Robert Graham (botanist) a Scottish physician and botanist. He was the inaugural chair of botany at the University of Edinburgh. He was also physician to the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh and Regius Keeper of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
1848 Jöns Jacob Berzelius a Swedish chemist. Berzelius is considered, along with Robert Boyle, John Dalton, and Antoine Lavoisier, to be one of the founders of modern chemistry
1850 Hone Heke a Māori rangatira and a war leader in Northern New Zealand. Hone Heke was a nephew of Hongi Hika, an earlier war leader of the Ngāpuhi iwi and fought with Hongi Hika in the Musket Wars. Hone Heke is considered the principal instigator of the Flagstaff War
1852 James Atkinson (Persian scholar) a surgeon, artist and Persian scholar - "a Renaissance man among Anglo-Indians".
1853 Ludwig von Welden an Austrian army officer whose career culminated in becoming the commander-in-chief of the Austrian artillery.
1855 Mariano Arista a noted veteran of many of Mexico's nineteenth-century wars. He served as president of Mexico from 15 January 1851 to 6 January 1853
1858 Ernst Heinrich Friedrich Meyer a German botanist and botanical historian. Born in Hanover, he lectured in Göttingen and in 1826 became a professor of botany at the University of Königsberg, as well as Director of the Botanical Garden. His botanical specialty was the Juncaceae, or family of rushes. His major work was the four-volume Geschichte der Botanik. His history covered ancient authorities such as Aristotle and Theophrastus, explored the beginnings of modern botany in the context of 15th- and 16th-century intellectual practice, and offered a wealth of biographical data on early modern botanists. Julius von Sachs pronounced him “no great botanist” but admitted that he “possessed a clever and cultivated intellect.”
1864 Li Xiucheng a military commander during the Taiping Rebellion. Born to a peasant family, he was known as the Loyal King by the end of his life. This title was bestowed after he refused a bribe from a Qing general officer to kill Hong Xiuquan, the founder and leader of the rebellion. As a general, he led Taiping forces to several victories. After his capture and interrogation at the third and final Battle in Nanjing in 1864, he was executed by Zeng Guofan. Li was the most important military leader of the rebel forces by the end of the Taiping Rebellion
1867 Ira Aldridge an American and later British stage actor who made his career largely on the London stage and in Europe, especially in Shakespearean roles. He is the only actor of African-American descent among the 33 actors of the English stage honored with bronze plaques at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre at Stratford-upon-Avon. He was especially popular in Prussia and Russia, where he received top honors from heads of state
1893 Alfredo Catalani an Italian operatic composer. He is best remembered for his operas Loreley and La Wally. La Wally was composed to a libretto by Luigi Illica, and features Catalani's most famous aria "Ebben? Ne andrò lontana." This aria, sung by American soprano Wilhelmenia Fernandez, was at the heart of Jean-Jacques Beineix’s 1981 cult movie Diva. Catalani's other operas were less successful, partly hampered by inferior libretti
1894 Solomon Herzenstein a Russian zoologist.
1894 James Strong (theologian) an American Methodist biblical scholar and educator, and the creator of Strong's Concordance.
1898 Georg Ebers Moritz Ebers , German Egyptologist and novelist, discovered the Egyptian medical papyrus, of 1550 BCE, named for him at Luxor in the winter of 1873–74. Now in the Library of the University of Leipzig, the Ebers Papyrus is among the most important ancient Egyptian medical papyri. It is one of two of the oldest preserved medical documents anywhere—the other being the Edwin Smith Papyrus
1898 James Hall (paleontologist) an American geologist and paleontologist. He was a noted authority on stratigraphy and had an influential role in the development of paleontology in the United States
1898 Enrico Cosenz an Italian soldier born at Gaeta.