Died on August 8

117 Trajan Roman emperor from 98 AD until his death. Officially declared by the Senate as optimus princeps , Trajan is remembered as a successful soldier-emperor who presided over the greatest military expansion in Roman history, leading the empire to attain its maximum territorial extent by the time of his death. He is also known for his philanthropic rule, overseeing extensive public building programs and implementing social welfare policies, which earned him his enduring reputation as the second of the Five Good Emperors who presided over an era of peace and prosperity in the Mediterranean world
869 Lothair II the king of Lotharingia from 855 until his death. He was the second son of Emperor Lothair I and Ermengarde of Tours. He was married to Teutberga , daughter of Boso the Elder
1002 Almanzor the de facto ruler of Muslim Iberia in the late 10th to early 11th centuries. His rule marked the peak of power for al-Andalus
1086 Conrad I Count of Luxembourg count of Luxembourg , succeeding his father Giselbert of Luxembourg.
1171 Henry of Blois Abbot of Glastonbury Abbey from 1126, and Bishop of Winchester from 1129 to his death. He was a younger son of Stephen Henry, Count of Blois by Adela of Normandy, daughter of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders. Thus, he was a younger brother of Stephen, King of England
1295 Ottone Visconti an archbishop of Milan, a member of the Visconti family and the founder of their rule in Milan.
1303 Henry of Castile the Senator a Castilian infante, the fourth son of Ferdinand III of Castile by his first wife, Beatrice of Swabia.
1472 János Vitéz (bishop) the Hungarian archbishop of Esztergom and a prominent humanist, diplomat, Latinist, mathematician, astrologist and astronomer.
1533 Lucas van Leyden a Dutch engraver and painter, born and mainly active in Leiden. Lucas van Leyden was among the first Dutch exponents of genre painting and is generally regarded as one of the finest engravers in the history of art
1551 Fray Tomás de Berlanga the fourth Bishop of Panamá.
1555 Oronce Finé a French mathematician and cartographer.
1588 Alonso Sánchez Coello a Spanish portrait painter, of Portuguese origin, of the Spanish Renaissance and one of the pioneers of the great tradition of Spanish portrait painting.
1604 Horio Tadauji a tozama daimyō in the Azuchi-Momoyama period and Edo period. His father was Horio Yoshiharu
1617 Tarquinia Molza an Italian singer, poet, conductor, composer, and natural philosopher. She was considered a great virtuosa. She was involved with the famous Concerto delle donne, although whether she sang with them or coached them is not clear. She also played the viola bastarda
1656 Salomon Koninck a Dutch painter of genre scenes and portraits, and an engraver.
1667 Hieronim Radziejowski a Polish noble, politician and diplomat, father of Michał Stefan Radziejowski.
1684 George Booth 1st Baron Delamer styled Sir George Booth, 2nd Bt, from 1652 to 1661, until his elevation to the House of Lords as an English peer.
1685 Giovanni Battista Salvi da Sassoferrato an Italian Baroque painter. He is often referred to only by the town of his birthplace , as was customary in his time, and for example seen with da Vinci and Caravaggio
1694 Antoine Arnauld a French Roman Catholic theologian, philosopher, and mathematician. He was one of the leading intellectuals of the Jansenist group of Port-Royal and had a very thorough knowledge of patristics
1719 Christoph Ludwig Agricola a German landscape painter. He was born and died at Regensburg
1737 Antoine Anselme a widely noted French preacher.
1756 Princess Louise of Denmark (1726–1756) a Danish princess, the daughter of King Christian VI of Denmark and his wife Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. Following her marriage to Ernest Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen, she became Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen
1759 Carl Heinrich Graun a German composer and tenor singer. Along with Johann Adolph Hasse, he is considered to be the most important German composer of Italian opera of his time
1780 Tadeusz Rejtan a Polish nobleman. He was a member of the Polish Sejm from the constituency of Nowogródek. Rejtan is remembered for a dramatic gesture he made in September 1773, as a deputy of the Partition Sejm. There, Rejtan tried to prevent the legalization of the first partition of Poland, a scene that has been immortalized in the painting Rejtan by Jan Matejko. He has been the subject of many other art works, and is a symbol of patriotism in Poland. Despite his efforts, the partition of Poland was legalized soon afterwards
1796 Franz Anton Maulbertsch an Austrian painter and engraver, one of the most renowned exponents of roccoco painting in the German region.
1810 William Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal a member of the House of Hesse and Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal from 1770 until his death.
1816 Custodio García Rovira a Neogranadine general, statesman and painter, who fought for the independence of New Granada from Spain, and became President of the United Provinces of the New Granada in 1816. He was executed a month later during the Reconquista, at the hands of Pablo Morillo
1824 Friedrich August Wolf a German philologist and critic.
1827 George Canning a British statesman and politician who served as Foreign Secretary and was briefly Prime Minister.
1828 Carl Peter Thunberg a Swedish naturalist and an apostle of Carl Linnaeus. He has been called "the father of South African botany" and the "Japanese Linnaeus"
1831 Christian Ehrenfried Weigel a German scientist and, beginning in 1774, a professor of Chemistry, Pharmacy, Botany, and Mineralogy at the University of Greifswald.
1835 White Watson an early English geologist, sculptor, stonemason and carver, marble-worker and mineral dealer. In common with many learned people of his time, he was skilled in a number of artistic and scientific areas, becoming a writer, poet, journalist, teacher, botanist and gardener as well as a geologist and mineralogist. He kept extensive diaries and sketchbooks of his observations on geology, fossils and minerals, flora and fauna, and published a small but significant and influential number of geological papers and catalogues. As an artist he was well known locally for his silhouettes, both on paper and as marble inlays
1847 Samuel Linde a linguist, librarian, and lexicographer of the Polish language. He was director of the Prussian-founded Warsaw Lyceum during its existence , and an important figure of the Polish Enlightenment
1854 Zénaïde Bonaparte the elder daughter of Joseph Bonaparte and Julie Clary, and the wife of Charles Lucien Bonaparte, who was also her cousin. She joined her father in Bordentown, New Jersey in exile for several years
1854 Thomas Crofton Croker an Irish antiquary.
1855 Guglielmo Pepe an Italian general and patriot. He was brother to Florestano Pepe and cousin to Gabriele Pepe. He was married to Mary Ann Coventry, a Scottish woman
1862 Allan MacNab a Canadian political leader and Premier of the Province of Canada before Canadian Confederation.
1863 Angus MacAskill a Scottish-born Canadian giant, and was a "true" giant. The 1981 Guinness Book of World Records posits Angus as the tallest "natural" giant in recorded history, as well as being the man with the largest chest measurements of any non-obese man
1867 Sarah Austin (translator) an English editor and translator from German.
1867 Maria Theresa of Austria (1816–1867) the second wife of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies. She was the eldest daughter of Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen and Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg
1869 Roger Fenton a pioneering British photographer, one of the first war photographers.
1873 Antoine Chintreuil a French landscape painter.
1875 Joaquín Riascos a Colombian General and politician who became acting President in rebellion of the United States of Colombia in 1867 for 45 days.
1876 Adolph Tidemand a noted Norwegian romantic nationalism painter. Among his best known paintings are Haugianerne and Brudeferd i Hardanger , painted in collaboration with Hans Gude
1879 Immanuel Hermann Fichte a German philosopher and son of Johann Gottlieb Fichte. In his philosophy, he was a theist and strongly opposed to the Hegelian School
1881 Pellegrino Matteucci an Italian explorer known for his expeditions to Africa.
1882 Gouverneur K. Warren a civil engineer and prominent general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He is best remembered for arranging the last-minute defense of Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg and is often referred to as the "Hero of Little Round Top." His subsequent service as a corps commander and his remaining military career were ruined during the Battle of Five Forks, when he was relieved of command by Philip Sheridan
1884 Miroslav Tyrš a Czech art historian, sports organizer and founder of the Sokol movement.
1884 Maximilian Perty a German naturalist and entomologist. He was a professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at the University of Bern. His first name is sometimes spelled as "Joseph"
1885 Charles Wood 1st Viscount Halifax a British Whig politician and Member of Parliament. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1846 to 1852