August 8 events in history

1220 Sweden is defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula
1503 King James IV of Scotland marries Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh, Scotland
1576 The cornerstone for Tycho Brahe's Uraniborg observatory is laid on Ven, Denmark
1585 John Davis enters Cumberland Sound in search of the Northwest Passage
1588 Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines: The naval engagement ends, ending the Spanish Armada's attempt to invade England
1605 The city of Oulu, Finland, is founded by Charles IX of Sweden
1647 The Irish Confederate Wars and Wars of the Three Kingdoms: Battle of Dungan's Hill: English Parliamentary forces defeat Irish forces
1709 Bartolomeu de Gusmão demonstrates the lifting power of hot air in an audience before the King of Portugal in Lisbon, Portugal
1786 Mont Blanc on the French – Italian border is climbed for the first time by Jacques Balmat and Dr. Michel-Gabriel Paccard
1793 The insurrection of Lyon occurs during the French Revolution
1794 Joseph Whidbey leads an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska
1844 The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, headed by Brigham Young, is reaffirmed as the leading body of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church)
1863 American Civil War: Following his defeat in the Battle of Gettysburg, General Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation to Confederate President Jefferson Davis (which is refused upon receipt)
1870 The Republic of Ploiești, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania
1876 Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph
1885 More than 1.5 million people attend the funeral of Ulysses S. Grant in New York City
1908 Wilbur Wright makes his first flight at a racecourse at Le Mans, France. It is the Wright Brothers' first public flight
1918 World War I: The Battle of Amiens begins a string of almost continuous victories with a push through the German front lines (Hundred Days Offensive)
1927 The predecessor to the Philippine Stock Exchange opens
1929 The German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight
1940 The "Aufbau Ost" directive is signed by Wilhelm Keitel
1942 Quit India Movement is launched in India against the British rule in response to Mohandas Gandhi's call for swaraj or complete independence
1946 First flight of the Convair B-36, the world's first mass-produced nuclear weapon delivery vehicle, the heaviest mass-produced piston-engined aircraft, with the longest wingspan of any military aircraft, and the first bomber with intercontinental range
1960 South Kasai secedes from the Congo
1963 The Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), the current ruling party of Zimbabwe, is formed by a split from the Zimbabwe African People's Union
1963 Great Train Robbery: In England, a gang of 15 train robbers steal £2.6 million in bank notes
1967 The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand
1969 At a zebra crossing in London, photographer Iain Macmillan takes the photo that becomes the cover of the Beatles album Abbey Road
1973 Kim Dae-jung, a South Korean politician and later president of South Korea, is kidnapped
1974 President Richard Nixon, in a nationwide television address, announces his resignation from the office of the President of the United States effective noon the next day
1980 The Central Hotel Fire occurs in Bundoran, Ireland
1988 The "8888 Uprising" occurs in Burma
1989 Space Shuttle program: STS-28 Mission: Space Shuttle Columbia takes off on a secret five-day military mission
1990 Iraq occupies Kuwait and the state is annexed to Iraq. This would lead to the Gulf War shortly afterward
1991 The Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built, collapses
2000 Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley is raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor and 30 years after its discovery by undersea explorer E. Lee Spence
2008 A EuroCity express train en route from Kraków, Poland to Prague, Czech Republic strikes a part of a motorway bridge that had fallen onto the railroad track near Studénka railway station in the Czech Republic and derails, killing eight people and injuring 64 others
2008 The opening ceremony of the 2008 Summer Olympics take place in Beijing
2010 2010 China floods: A mudslide in Zhugqu County, Gansu, China, kills more than 1,400 people