August 1785 in history

Born in August 1785

Aug 6 Johann Andreas Schmeller a German philologist who initially studied the Bavarian dialect. From 1828 until his death he taught in the University of Munich. He is considered the founder of modern dialect research in Germany. His lasting contribution is the four-volume Bayerisches Wörterbuch , which is currently in the process of revision by the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities
Aug 15 Thomas De Quincey an English essayist, best known for his Confessions of an English Opium-Eater. Many scholars suggest that in publishing this work De Quincey inaugurated the tradition of addiction literature in the West
Aug 18 Friedrich Wieck a noted German piano teacher, voice teacher, owner of a piano store, and music reviewer. He is remembered as the teacher of his daughter, Clara, a child prodigy who was undertaking international concert tours by age eleven and who later married her father's pupil Robert Schumann, in defiance of her father's extreme objections. As Clara Schumann, she became one of the most famous pianists of her time. Another of Wieck's daughters, Marie Wieck, also had a career in music, although not nearly so illustrious as Clara's. Other pupils included Hans von Bülow
Aug 21 George Bishop (astronomer) a noted English astronomer of the nineteenth century.
Aug 23 Oliver Hazard Perry an American naval commander. Born in South Kingstown, Rhode Island, he was the son of USN Captain Christopher Raymond Perry and Sarah Wallace Alexander, and the older brother of Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry, who compelled the opening of Japan
Aug 27 Agustín Gamarra a Peruvian soldier and politician, becoming twice President of Peru from 1829 to 1833 and from 1839 to 1841.
Aug 30 Lin Zexu a Chinese scholar and official of the Qing dynasty.

Died in August 1785

Aug 17 Jonathan Trumbull one of the few Americans who served as governor in both a pre-Revolutionary colony and a post-Revolutionary state. He was the only colonial governor at the start of the Revolution to take up the rebel cause
Aug 20 Jean-Baptiste Pigalle a French sculptor.
Aug 26 George Germain 1st Viscount Sackville a British soldier and politician who was Secretary of State for America in Lord North's cabinet during the American War of Independence.
Aug 31 Pietro Chiari an Italian playwright, novelist and librettist.