August 1831 in history

August 1831 events chronologically

Aug 1 A new London Bridge opens
Aug 12 French intervention forces William I of the Netherlands to abandon his attempt to suppress the Belgian Revolution
Aug 13 Nat Turner sees a solar eclipse, which he believes is a sign from God. Eight days later he and 70 other slaves kill approximately 55 whites in Southampton County, Virginia
Aug 21 Nat Turner leads black slaves and free blacks in a rebellion
Aug 22 Nat Turner's slave rebellion commences just after midnight in Southampton County, Virginia, leading to the deaths of more than 50 whites and several hundred African Americans who are killed in retaliation for the uprising
Aug 29 Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic induction

Top 7 most famous people born in August 1831

Aug 1 Antonio Cotogni an Italian baritone of the first magnitude. Regarded internationally as being one of the greatest male opera singers of the 19th century, he was particularly admired by the composer Giuseppe Verdi. Cotogni forged an important second career as a singing teacher after his retirement from the stage in 1894
Aug 8 Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1831–1891) the third son and sixth child of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia and Alexandra Feodorovna. He may also be referred to as Nicholas Nicolaievich the Elder to tell him apart from his son. Trained for the military, as a Field Marshal he commanded the Russian army of the Danube in the Russo-Turkish War, 1877–1878
Aug 10 George Goschen 1st Viscount Goschen a British statesman and businessman best remembered for being "forgotten" by Lord Randolph Churchill. He was initially a Liberal, then a Liberal Unionist before joining the Conservative Party by the time of the 1895 General Election
Aug 12 Helena Blavatsky a Russian philosopher, and occultist. In 1875, Blavatsky, Henry Steel Olcott, and William Quan Judge established a research and publishing institute called the Theosophical Society. Blavatsky defined Theosophy as "the archaic Wisdom-Religion, the esoteric doctrine once known in every ancient country having claims to civilization." One of the main purposes of the Theosophical Society was "to form a nucleus of the Universal Brotherhood of Humanity, without distinction of race, creed, sex, caste or color". Blavatsky saw herself as a missionary of this ancient knowledge
Aug 13 Salomon Jadassohn a German pianist, composer and a renowned teacher of piano and composition at the Leipzig Conservatory.
Aug 20 Eduard Suess an Austrian geologist who was an expert on the geography of the Alps. He is responsible for hypothesising two major former geographical features, the supercontinent Gondwana and the Tethys Ocean
Aug 28 Lucy Webb Hayes a First Lady of the United States and the wife of President Rutherford Hayes.

Top 7 most famous people died in August 1831

Aug 5 Sébastien Érard a French instrument maker of German origin who specialised in the production of pianos and harps, developing the capacities of both instruments and pioneering the modern piano.
Aug 6 Pietro Gonzaga an Italian theatre set designer who worked in Italy and, since 1792, in the Russian Empire.
Aug 8 Christian Ehrenfried Weigel a German scientist and, beginning in 1774, a professor of Chemistry, Pharmacy, Botany, and Mineralogy at the University of Greifswald.
Aug 23 August Neidhardt von Gneisenau a Prussian field marshal. He was a prominent figure in the reform of the Prussian military and the War of Liberation
Aug 23 Ferenc Kazinczy a Hungarian author, the most indefatigable agent in the regeneration of the Magyar language and literature at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century. His name is today connected to the extensive Language Reform of the 19th century, when thousands of words were coined or revived, enabling the Hungarian language to keep up with scientific progress and become an official language of the nation in 1844
Aug 30 Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1800–1831) the wife of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and the mother of Duke Ernst II and Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria.
Aug 31 Adam Menelaws an architect and landscape designer of Scottish origin, active in the Russian Empire from 1784 to 1831. Menelaws achieved success in the first two decades of the 19th century as the designer of town and country residences and parks of Razumovsky and Stroganov families, and later worked for emperor Alexander I, specializing in Gothic Revival architecture. From 1825 to 1831 Menelaws, then in his seventies, became the first house architect of Nicholas I and de facto the leading architect of the Empire. Except for this final, properly evidenced, stage, life story of Adam Menelaws remains scarcely documented and has been reconstructed by biographers based on sketchy archive data and circumstantial evidence; Menelaws still "belongs to the category of almost unknown"