August 1883 in history

August 1883 events chronologically

Aug 12 The last quagga dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam, Netherlands
Aug 17 The first public performance of the Dominican Republic's national anthem, Himno Nacional
Aug 21 An F5 tornado strikes Rochester, Minnesota, leading to the creation of the Mayo Clinic
Aug 25 France and Viet Nam sign the Treaty of Huế, recognizing a French protectorate over Annam and Tonkin
Aug 26 The 1883 eruption of Krakatoa begins its final, paroxysmal, stage

Top 7 most famous people born in August 1883

Aug 6 Scott Nearing an American radical economist, educator, writer, political activist, and advocate of simple living.
Aug 8 Yan Xishan a Chinese warlord who served in the government of the Republic of China. Yan effectively controlled the province of Shanxi from the 1911 Xinhai Revolution to the 1949 Communist victory in the Chinese Civil War. As the leader of a relatively small, poor, remote province, Yan Xishan survived the machinations of Yuan Shikai, the Warlord Era, the Nationalist Era, the Japanese invasion of China, and the subsequent civil war, being forced from office only when the Nationalist armies with which he was aligned had completely lost control of the Chinese mainland, isolating Shanxi from any source of economic or military supply. Yan has been viewed by Western biographers as a transitional figure who advocated using Western technology to protect Chinese traditions, while at the same time reforming older political, social, and economic conditions in a way that paved the way for the radical changes that would occur after his rule
Aug 8 Kenji Doihara a general in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War He was instrumental in the Japanese invasion of Manchuria for which he earned fame taking the nickname 'Lawrence of Manchuria', a reference to the Lawrence of Arabia, although according to Jamie Bisher this flattering sobriquet was rather misapplied given that T.E. Lawrence fought to liberate, not to oppress a people. Furthermore, according to the opinion of his military chief in Manchuria Gen. Kanji Ishiwara, his heavy addiction to the opium contributed to his unreliability as an army officer
Aug 15 Ivan Meštrović a Croatian sculptor and architect. He is renowned as one of the greatest sculptors of the 20th century. He was the first living person to have a one man show at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City
Aug 19 Coco Chanel a French fashion designer and founder of the Chanel brand. She is the only fashion designer listed on Time magazine's list of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. Along with Paul Poiret, Chanel was credited with liberating women from the constraints of the "corseted silhouette" and popularizing the acceptance of a sportive, casual chic as the feminine standard in the post-World War I era. A prolific fashion creator, Chanel's influence extended beyond couture clothing. Her design aesthetic was realized in jewelry, handbags, and fragrance. Her signature scent, Chanel 5, has become an iconic product
Aug 27 John Edward Brownlee the fifth Premier of Alberta, Canada, serving from 1925 until 1934. Born in Port Ryerse, Ontario, he studied history and political science at the University of Toronto's Victoria College before moving west to Calgary to become a lawyer. His clients included the United Farmers of Alberta ; through his connection with that lobby group, he was involved in founding the United Grain Growers
Aug 30 Theo van Doesburg a Dutch artist, who practised painting, writing, poetry and architecture. He is best known as the founder and leader of De Stijl

Top 7 most famous people died in August 1883

Aug 2 Pierre Auguste Cot a French painter of the Academic Classicism school.
Aug 9 Robert Moffat (missionary) a Scottish Congregationalist missionary to Africa, and father-in-law of David Livingstone.
Aug 10 Hendrik Conscience a Belgian author. He is considered as the pioneer of Dutch-language literature in Flanders, writing at a time when Belgium was dominated by French among the upper classes, in literature and government. Conscience fought as a Belgian revolutionary in 1830 and was a notable writer in the Romanticist style popular in the early 19th century. He is best known for his romantic nationalist novel, De Leeuw van Vlaenderen , inspired by the victory of a Flemish peasant militia over French knights at the 1302 Battle of the Golden Spurs during the Franco-Flemish War
Aug 18 Roger Vaughan an English Benedictine monk of Downside Abbey, and the second Roman Catholic Archbishop of Sydney from 1877 to 1883.
Aug 19 Jeremiah S. Black an American statesman and lawyer. He served as Chief Justice of Pennsylvania , Supreme Court Justice , Attorney General and the U.S. Secretary of State under President James Buchanan
Aug 24 Henri Count of Chambord disputedly King of France from 2 to 9 August 1830 as Henry V, although he was never officially proclaimed as such. Afterwards, he was the Legitimist pretender to the throne of France from 1844 to 1883
Aug 26 Elisha M. Pease a Texas politician. He served as the fifth and thirteenth governor of Texas