Born in August

August 1, 10 Claudius Roman emperor from 41 to 54. A member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, he was the son of Drusus and Antonia Minor. He was born at Lugdunum in Gaul, the first Roman Emperor to be born outside Italy. Because he was afflicted with a limp and slight deafness due to sickness at a young age, his family ostracized him and excluded him from public office until his consulship, shared with his nephew Caligula in 37
August 5, 79 Tullia Ciceronis the only daughter and first child to Roman orator and politician Marcus Tullius Cicero from his first marriage to Terentia. Her younger brother was Marcus Tullius Cicero Minor , a consul of 30 BC
August 1, 126 Pertinax Roman Emperor for three months in 193. He is known as the first emperor of the tumultuous Year of the Five Emperors. A high-ranking military and Senatorial figure, he tried to restore discipline in the Praetorian Guards, whereupon they rebelled and killed him. Upon his death he was succeeded by Didius Julianus, whose reign was similarly short
August 31, 161 Commodus Roman Emperor from 180 to 192. He also ruled as co-emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180
August 2, 216 Marcus Minucius Rufus a Roman consul in 221 He was also Magister Equitum during the dictatorship of Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus known as Cunctator.
August 2, 216 Gnaeus Servilius Geminus a Roman consul, serving as both general and admiral of Roman forces, during the Second Punic War.
August 19, 232 Marcus Aurelius Probus Roman Emperor from 276 to 282.
August 17, 309 Pope Eusebius the Bishop of Rome from 18 April to his death in 309 or 310.
August 7, 317 Constantius II Roman Emperor from 337 to 361. The second son of Constantine I and Fausta, he ascended to the throne with his brothers Constantine II and Constans upon their father's death
August 9, 378 Traianus (magister peditum) a Roman general under Emperor Valens with whom he died in the battle of Adrianople.
August 23, 406 Radagaisus a Gothic king who led an invasion of Roman Italy in late 405 and the first half of 406. A committed Pagan, Radagaisus evidently planned to sacrifice the Senators of the Christian Roman Empire to the gods, and to burn Rome to the ground. Radagaisus was executed after being defeated by the half-Vandal general Stilicho. 12,000 of his higher-status fighters were drafted into the Roman army and some of the remaining followers were dispersed, while so many of the others were sold into slavery that the slave market briefly collapsed. These Goths later joined Alaric I in his conquest of Rome in 410
August 11, 449 Archbishop Flavian of Constantinople Archbishop of Constantinople from 446 to 449. He is venerated as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church
August 20, 535 Mochta the last surviving disciple of Patrick.
August 31, 577 John Scholasticus the 32nd patriarch of Constantinople from April 12, 565 until his death in 577. He is also regarded as a saint of the Eastern Orthodox Church
August 12, 652 Ségéne mac Fiachnaí the fifth abbot of the Iona Abbey in Scotland.
August 15, 723 Ō no Yasumaro a Japanese nobleman, bureaucrat, and chronicler. He may have been the son of Ō no Honji , a participant in the Jinshin War of 672
August 27, 749 Qahtaba ibn Shabib al-Ta'i a follower of the Abbasids from Khurasan who played a leading role in the Abbasid Revolution against the Ummayad Caliphate.
August 15, 778 Roland a Frankish military leader under Charlemagne who became one of the principal figures in the literary cycle known as the Matter of France. The historical Roland was military governor of the Breton March, responsible for defending Francia's frontier against the Bretons. His only historical attestation is in Einhard's Vita Karoli Magni, which notes he was part of the Frankish rearguard killed by rebellious Basques in Iberia at the Battle of Roncevaux Pass
August 10, 787 Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi an astrologer, astronomer, and Islamic philosopher, thought to be the greatest astrologer of the Abbasid court in Baghdad. He was not a major innovator and as an astrologer he was not intellectually rigorous. Nevertheless, he wrote a number of practical manuals on astrology that profoundly influenced Muslim intellectual history and, through translations, that of western Europe and Byzantium
August 26, 787 Arechis II of Benevento Duke of Benevento, in southern Italy, from 758 until his death. While he sought to expand Benevento's influence into areas of Italy still controlled by the Byzantine Empire, he also had to resist attacks by Charlemagne, who was building a Frankish empire and had conquered northern Italy
August 1, 845 Sugawara no Michizane a scholar, poet, and politician of the Heian Period of Japan. He is regarded as an excellent poet, particularly in Chinese poetry, and is today revered as the god of learning, Tenman-Tenjin
August 15, 866 Robert I of France the king of West Francia from 922 to 923. Before his succession to the kingdom he was Count of Poitiers, Count of Paris and Marquis of Neustria and Orléans. He succeeded the Carolingian king Charles the Simple, who in 898 had succeeded Robert’s brother Odo
August 1, 873 Thachulf Duke of Thuringia the Duke of Thuringia from 849 until his death. He held the titles of comes and dux and he ruled over a marca. He may have been the son of Hadulf, son of Thankulf
August 3, 908 Burchard Duke of Thuringia the Duke of Thuringia from shortly after 892 until his death. He replaced Poppo as duke shortly after his appointment in 892, but the reasons for Poppo's leaving office are unknown. Burchard may have been a Swabian
August 28, 933 Richard I Duke of Normandy the Duke of Normandy from 942 to 996. Dudo of Saint-Quentin, whom Richard commissioned to write his De moribus et actis primorum Normanniae ducum , called him a dux, but this use of the word may have been in the context of Richard's leadership in war, and not a reference to a title of nobility. Richard either introduced feudalism into Normandy, or he greatly expanded By the end of his reign, most important landholders held their lands in feudal tenure
August 10, 941 Lê Hoàn an emperor of Đại Cồ Việt and the founder of the Anterior Lê Dynasty.
August 23, 963 Richard II Duke of Normandy the eldest son and heir of Richard I the Fearless and Gunnora. He was a Norman nobleman of the House of Normandy
August 19, 1012 Baldwin V Count of Flanders Count of Flanders from 1035 until his death.
August 28, 1023 Emperor Go-Reizei the 70th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
August 17, 1030 Ernest II Duke of Swabia Duke of Swabia from 1015 to 1030. A member of the Babenberg family, he was the son of Ernest I and Gisela of Swabia
August 26, 1031 Malcolm III of Scotland King of Scots. He was the eldest son of King Duncan Malcolm's long reign, lasting 35 years, preceded the beginning of the Scoto-Norman age. He is the historical equivalent of the character of the same name in Shakespeare's Macbeth
August 1, 1068 Emperor Taizu of Jin Emperor of Jin from January 28, 1115 to September 19, 1123. He was the chieftain of the Jurchen Wanyan tribe, founder and first emperor of the Jin Dynasty. He was the younger brother of Wanyan Wuyashu. Aguda was given the temple name Taizu
August 8, 1078 Emperor Horikawa the 73rd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
August 11, 1086 Henry V Holy Roman Emperor King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor , the fourth and last ruler of the Salian dynasty. Henry's reign coincided with the final phase of the great Investiture Controversy, which had pitted pope against emperor. By the settlement of the Concordat of Worms, he surrendered to the demands of the second generation of Gregorian reformers
August 20, 1086 Bolesław III Wrymouth a Prince of Lesser Poland, Silesia and Sandomierz between 1102-1107 and over the whole Poland between 1107-1138. He was the only child of Prince Władysław I Herman and his first wife Judith, daughter of Vratislaus II of Bohemia
August 1, 1098 Adhemar of Le Puy bishop of Puy-en-Velay from before 1087.
August 5, 1103 William Adelin the son of Henry I of England by his wife Matilda of Scotland, and was thus heir-apparent to the throne. His early death without issue caused a succession crisis, known in history as The Anarchy
August 24, 1113 Geoffrey Plantagenet Count of Anjou the Count of Anjou, Touraine, and Maine by inheritance from 1129 and then Duke of Normandy by conquest from 1144. By his marriage to the Empress Matilda, daughter and heiress of Henry I of England, Geoffrey had a son, Henry Curtmantle, who succeeded to the English throne and founded the Plantagenet dynasty to which Geoffrey gave his nickname
August 29, 1116 Philip of France (1116–1131) the King of France from 1129, co-ruling with his father, Louis His mother was Louis VI's second wife, Adelaide of Maurienne.
August 9, 1122 Cuno of Praeneste a German Cardinal and papal legate, an influential diplomatic figure of the early 12th century, active in France and Germany.
August 16, 1153 Bernard de Tremelay the fourth Grand Master of the Knights Templar.
August 21, 1165 Philip II of France a Capetian King of France who reigned from 1180 to 1223, and the first to be called by that title. His predecessors had been known as kings of the Franks but from 1190 onward Philip styled himself king of France. The son of Louis VII and of his third wife, Adela of Champagne, he was originally nicknamed "God-given" because he was the first son of Louis VII and born late in his father's life
August 15, 1171 Alfonso IX of León king of León and Galicia from the death of his father Ferdinand II in 1188 until his own death. According to Ibn Khaldun , he is said to have been called the Baboso or Slobberer because he was subject to fits of rage during which he foamed at the mouth
August 9, 1173 Najm ad-Din Ayyub a Kurdish soldier and politician from Dvin, and the father of Saladin. He is eponymous ancestor of the Ayyubid dynasty
August 20, 1179 William le Gros 1st Earl of Albemarle the Count of Aumale , Earl of York, and Lord of Holderness. He was the eldest son of Stephen, Count of Aumale, and his spouse, Hawise, daughter of Ralph de Mortimer of Wigmore
August 6, 1180 Emperor Go-Toba the 82nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1183 through 1198
August 1, 1182 Pietro da Pavia bishop-elect of Meaux , Cardinal-Priest of Crisogono and finally Cardinal-Bishop of Tusculum. He was papal legate, together with Henri de Marsiac, in southern France against Cathars and Waldenses 1174–1178. He participated in the Third Lateran Council in 1179. Then he was sent again as papal legate to southern France and to Germany. He subscribed the papal bulls issued between October 14, 1173 and July 14, 1182. In 1180 he was elected archbishop of Bourges but it seems that he did not assume that post
August 15, 1195 Anthony of Padua Saint Anthony of Padua, O.F.M. also known as Anthony of Lisbon, was a Portuguese Catholic priest and friar of the Franciscan Order. Though he died in Padua, Italy, he was born and raised by a wealthy family in Lisbon. Noted by his contemporaries for his forceful preaching and expert knowledge of scripture, he was the second-fastest canonized saint and proclaimed a Doctor of the Church on 16 January 1946. He is also the patron saint of finding things or lost people
August 24, 1198 Alexander II of Scotland King of Scots from 1214 to his death.
August 9, 1201 Arnold Fitz Thedmar a London chronicler and merchant; he was born in London.