Died on 1st day

August 1, 30 Mark Antony a Roman politician and general who played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic from an oligarchy into the autocratic Roman Empire.
January 1, 138 Lucius Aelius Caesar became the adopted son and intended successor of Roman Emperor Hadrian , but never attained the throne. Aelius was born with the name Lucius Ceionius Commodus, and later called Lucius Aelius Caesar. He is often mistakenly referred to as Lucius Aelius Verus, though this name is not attested outside the Augustan History and probably arose as a manuscript error
June 1, 193 Didius Julianus Roman Emperor for nine weeks during the year 193.
June 1, 195 Emperor Gaozu of Han the founder and first emperor of the Han dynasty. He ruled China from 202–195 He was one of the few dynasty founders in Chinese history who emerged from the peasant class. Liu Bang initially served as a minor patrol officer in his hometown, Pei County , under the Qin dynasty. Sometime in the 210s or 200s BC, he rebelled against the Qin government by releasing a group of convicts he was escorting to Mount Li to construct Qin Shi Huang's mausoleum, after which he and his followers became outlaws and took shelter on Mount Mangdang. In 208 BC, when rebellions erupted throughout China to overthrow the Qin Empire, Liu Bang formed his own army and participated in the insurrection. He gave himself the title "Duke of Pei" and emerged as one of the most prominent rebel leaders after taking control of Pei County and some counties. After the fall of Qin in 206 BC, Xiang Yu, the de facto chief of the rebel forces, divided the former Qin Empire into the Eighteen Kingdoms. He declared himself the king of Western Chu and appointed 17 former rebel leaders – including Liu Bang – as the rulers of the other kingdoms. Liu Bang was the "King of Han" and his domain was in the remote Bashu region. Later that year, Liu Bang led his forces out of Bashu and attacked and conquered the Three Qins, three of the Eighteen Kingdoms which were nearest to his domain. From 206–202 BC, Liu Bang engaged Xiang Yu in a long power struggle, historically known as the Chu–Han Contention, for supremacy over China, while concurrently invading and subjugating the other kingdoms. In 202 BC, the war concluded with victory for Liu Bang, who succeeded in unifying most of China under his control. Liu Bang established the Han dynasty and was proclaimed Emperor that year. During his reign, Liu Bang reduced taxes and corvée, promoted Confucianism, and suppressed revolts by the rulers of some vassal states, among other things. He also initiated the policy of heqin to maintain peace between the Han Empire and the Xiongnu after he lost to the Xiongnu at the Battle of Baideng in 200 Liu Bang died in 195 BC and was succeeded by his son, Liu Ying
April 1, 304 Pope Marcellinus the Bishop of Rome or Pope from 30 June 296 to his death in 304. According to the Liberian Catalogue, he was a Roman, the son of a certain Projectus. His predecessor was Pope Caius
March 1, 317 Valerius Valens Roman Emperor from late 316 to March 1, 317. Valens had previously been dux limitis in Dacia
October 1, 331 Orontes II the son of Orontes After Codomannus ascended the throne of Persia as Darius III in 336 BC Orontes was given the Satrapy of Armenia to rule.
June 1, 352 Ran Min a military leader during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China and the only emperor of the short-lived state Ran Wei. Ran is an uncommon Chinese family name. He was known for committing the genocide of the Jie people under Later Zhao
August 1, 371 Eusebius of Vercelli a bishop and saint in Italy. Along with Athanasius, he affirmed the divinity of Jesus against Arianism
January 1, 404 Saint Telemachus a monk who, according to the Church historian Theodoret, tried to stop a gladiatorial fight in a Roman amphitheatre, and was stoned to death by the crowd. The Christian Emperor Honorius, however, was impressed by the monk's martyrdom and it spurred him to issue a historic ban on gladiatorial fights. The last known gladiatorial fight in Rome was on 1 January 404 AD, so this is usually given as the date of Telemachus' martyrdom
May 1, 408 Arcadius Eastern Roman Emperor from 395 to 408. He was the eldest son of Theodosius I and his first wife Aelia Flaccilla, and brother of the Western Emperor Honorius. A weak ruler, his reign was dominated by a series of powerful ministers and by his wife, Aelia Eudoxia
May 1, 418 Saint Amator bishop of Auxerre from 388 until his death on May 1, 418. Saint Amator's feast day is celebrated on May 1
January 1, 510 Eugendus the fourth abbot of Condat Abbey, at Saint-Claude, Jura. He was born at Izernore
December 1, 524 Ahkal Mo' Naab' I a ruler of the Maya city of Palenque. He ruled from June 5, 501 AD to his death
January 1, 527 Fulgentius of Ruspe bishop of the city of Ruspe, North Africa, in the 5th and 6th century and was canonized as a Christian saint.
August 1, 527 Justin I Byzantine Emperor from 518 to 527. He rose through the ranks of the army and ultimately became its emperor, in spite of the fact he was illiterate and almost 70 years old at the time of accession. His reign is significant for the founding of the Justinian Dynasty that included his eminent nephew Justinian I and for the enactment of laws that de-emphasized the influence of the old Roman nobility. His consort was Empress Euphemia
July 1, 552 Totila the penultimate King of the Ostrogoths, reigning from 541 to 552 A skilled military and political leader, Totila reversed the tide of Gothic War, recovering by 543 almost all the territories in Italy that the Eastern Roman Empire had captured from his Kingdom in 540.
March 1, 589 Saint David a Welsh bishop of Menevia during the 6th century; he was later regarded as a saint. He is the patron saint of Wales. David was a native of Wales, and a relatively large amount of information is known about his life. However, his birth date is uncertain: suggestions range from 462 to 512. The Welsh annals place his death 569 years after the birth of Christ, but Phillimore's dating revised this to 601
June 1, 657 Pope Eugene I Pope from 10 August 654 to his death in 657. He was a native of Rome, born to one Rufinianus
December 1, 660 Saint Eligius the patron saint of goldsmiths, other metalworkers, and coin collectors. He is also the patron saint of the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers , a corps of the British Army, but he is best known for being the patron saint of horses and those who work with them. Eligius was chief counsellor to Dagobert I, Merovingian king of France. Appointed the bishop of Noyon-Tournai three years after the king's death in 642, Eligius worked for twenty years to convert the pagan population of Flanders to Christianity
January 1, 680 Javanshir the prince of Caucasian Albania from 637 to 680, hailing from the region of Gardman. His life and deeds were the subject of legends that were recorded in Armenian medieval texts. He was either of Parthian or Persian origin, as the Mihranid family claimed descent from the Sasanian Persians
May 1, 680 Muawiyah I the second caliph from the Umayyad clan, the first being Uthman ibn Affan. Muawiyah was politically adept in dealing with the Eastern Roman Empire and was therefore made into a secretary by Muhammad. During the first and second caliphates of Abu Bakr and Umar , he fought with the Muslims against the Byzantines in Syria
October 1, 686 Emperor Tenmu the 40th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
February 1, 772 Pope Stephen III the Pope from 7 August 768 to his death in 772.
October 1, 804 Richbod the Abbot of Lorsch from 784 and Abbot of Mettlach and Archbishop of Trier from around 792. He held the two abbacies and the bishopric concurrently until his death. He was the first archbishop of Trier
February 1, 850 Ramiro I of Asturias King of Asturias from 842 until his death. He was son of King Bermudo I, and became king after a struggle for succession that followed the death of Alfonso II without issue. He was a contemporary of Abd ar-Rahman II, Umayyad Emir of Córdoba. During his turbulent reign, the chronicles relate that he had to fend off attacks from both Vikings and Moors. Numerous important structures, such as his recreational palace Santa María del Naranco, were built during his reign in the estilo ramirense that prefigured Romanesque architecture
July 1, 868 Ali al-Hadi the tenth of the Twelve Imams. His full name is ‘Alī ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Alī. The exact date of his birth and death are unknown, but it is generally accepted that he was born between 827–830 CE and he died in 868 CE
September 1, 870 Muhammad al-Bukhari a Persian Islamic scholar who authored the hadith collection known as Sahih al-Bukhari, regarded by Sunni Muslims as one of the most sahih of all hadith compilations. He also wrote the books Al-Adab al-Mufrad
January 1, 898 Odo of France a King of Western Francia, reigning from 888 to 898. He was a son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, whose branch of the family is known as the Robertians. Odo is also known as the Duke of France and Count of Paris
May 1, 922 Al-Murtada Muhammad the second imam of the Zaidi state of Yemen, who ruled from 911 to 912 and was a respected religious scholar.
November 1, 934 Beornstan of Winchester an English Bishop of Winchester. He was consecrated in May 931. He died on 1 November 934. After his death, he was revered as a saint
August 1, 946 Ali ibn Isa al-Jarrah a Persian official of the Abbasid Caliphate. Descended from a family with long history of service in the Abbasid government, he rose to power in the Abbasid court, serving as vizier in 913–917, 918–923, and 927–928. His political career, coinciding with the terminal decline of the Abbasid state, was turbulent, marked by a power struggle with his rival Abu 'l-Hasan Ali ibn al-Furat and his supporters, resulting in frequent periods of exile. In contrast to the largesse and extravagance of Ibn al-Furat, Ali ibn Isa was austere and a determined opponent of corruption, which earned him many enemies. Nevertheless, he was later remembered as the "good vizier" for his administrative talent and honesty
January 1, 951 Ramiro II of León a King of León from 931 until his death. Initially titular king only of a lesser part of the kingdom, he gained the crown of León after supplanting his brother Alfonso IV and cousin Alfonso Fróilaz in 931. The scant Anales castellanos primeros are a primary source for his reign
November 1, 955 Henry I Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria.
October 1, 959 Eadwig King of England from 955 until his death four years later. The eldest son of King Edmund and Ælfgifu of Shaftesbury, Eadwig was chosen by the nobility to succeed his uncle Eadred as King. His short reign was marked by ongoing conflicts with his family, thegns, and especially the Church, under the leadership of Saint Dunstan and Archbishop Odo
January 1, 962 Baldwin III Count of Flanders Count of Flanders, who briefly ruled the County of Flanders , together with his father Arnulf I.
March 1, 965 Pope Leo VIII Pope from 23 June 964 to his death in 965; before that, he was an antipope from 963 to 964, in opposition to Pope John XII and Pope Benedict An appointee of the Holy Roman Emperor, Otto I, his pontificate occurred during the period known as the Saeculum obscurum.
March 1, 977 Rudesind a Galician bishop and abbot. He was born into the nobility; his father was Count Gutierre Menéndez , brother-in-law to Ordoño II and supporter of Alfonso III of León, and his mother was Ilduaria Eriz , daughter of count Ero Fernández. His sister Hermesenda became mother-in-law of Gonzalo Menéndez, Count of Portugal. Rudesind was related to the abbess Saint Senorina. He became a Benedictine monk at a young age and became bishop of Mondoñedo at the age of 18 , succeeding his uncle Sabarico II
November 1, 982 Otto I Duke of Swabia and Bavaria the Duke of Swabia from 973 and Duke of Bavaria from 976. He was a member of the Ottonian dynasty, the only son of Duke Liudolf of Swabia and his wife Ida, and thus a grandson of the Emperor Otto I and his Anglo-Saxon wife Eadgyth. His sister Mathilde was the abbess of Essen Abbey
April 1, 996 Pope John XV Pope from August 985 to his death in 996. He succeeded Boniface VII. He was said to have been Pope after another Pope John who reigned four months after Pope John XIV and was named "Papa Ioannes XIV Bis" or "Pope John XIVb". This supposed second John XIV never existed, rather he was confused with a certain cardinal deacon John, son of Robert, who was opposed to Boniface VII and is now excluded from the papal lists
April 1, 1012 Herman III Duke of Swabia a member of the Conradine dynasty. He was Duke of Swabia from 1003 until 1012
September 1, 1015 Gero II Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark the eldest son of Thietmar, Margrave of Meissen, and Schwanehilde , daughter of Herman, Duke of Saxony. He was therefore probably a grandson of Hidda and Christian of Thuringia and named for his great uncle Gero the Great. He succeeded his probable uncle, Hodo, as Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark including Mark Lausitz in 993 upon the death of margrave of Lusatia Hodo or Odo I, Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark
December 1, 1018 Thietmar of Merseburg a German chronicler who was also bishop of Merseburg.
January 1, 1031 William of Volpiano an Italian monastic reformer and architect.
October 1, 1040 Alan III Duke of Brittany Count of Rennes and duke of Brittany, by right of succession from 1008 to his death.
January 1, 1049 Odilo of Cluny the fifth Benedictine Abbot of Cluny, holding the post for around 54 years.
December 1, 1049 Ermesinda of Bigorre a daughter of Bernard-Roger, Count of Bigorre and his wife Garsenda, Heiress of Bigorre. She was a member of the House of Foix, the sister of Bernard II, Count of Bigorre, Roger I, Count of Foix, and perhaps of Stephanie who married García Sánchez III of Navarre
September 1, 1054 García Sánchez III of Navarre king of Navarre from 1035 to 1054. He was the eldest legitimate son and heir of Sancho the Great, born November 1016, and he succeeded his father to the crown of Navarre, becoming feudal overlord over two of his brothers: Ramiro, who was given lands that would serve as the basis for the kingdom of Aragón; and Gonzalo, who received the counties of Sobrarbe and Ribagorza. Likewise, he had some claim to suzerainty over his brother Ferdinand, who under their father had served as Count of Castile, nominally subject to the Kingdom of León but brought under the personal control of Sancho III
March 1, 1058 Ermesinde of Carcassonne a noblewoman in southern France. She became Countess consort of Barcelona, Girona and Osona
September 1, 1067 Baldwin V Count of Flanders Count of Flanders from 1035 until his death.