Born on 10th day

May 10, 213 Claudius Gothicus Roman Emperor from 268 to 270. During his reign he fought successfully against the Alamanni and scored a crushing victory against the Goths at the Battle of Naissus. He died after succumbing to a plague that ravaged the provinces of the Empire
January 10, 291 Philomena Saint Philomena was, as believed by her devotees within the Catholic Church, a young virgin martyr whose remains were discovered in 1802 in the Catacombs of Priscilla. Three tiles enclosing the tomb bore an inscription that was taken to indicate that her name was Filumena, the English form of which is Philomena
April 10, 401 Theodosius II Eastern Roman Emperor from 408 to 450. He is mostly known for promulgating the Theodosian law code, and for the construction of the Theodosian Walls of Constantinople. He also presided over the outbreak of two great christological controversies, Nestorianism and Eutychianism
October 10, 425 Archbishop Atticus of Constantinople the archbishop of Constantinople, succeeding Arsacius of Tarsus in March 406. He had been an opponent of John Chrysostom and helped Arsacius of Tarsus depose him, but later became a supporter of him after his death. He rebuilt the small church that was located on the site of the later Hagia Sophia, and was an opponent of the Pelagians, which helped increase his popularity among the citizens of Constantinople
July 10, 645 Soga no Iruka the son of Soga no Emishi a statesman in the Asuka Period of Japan.
November 10, 745 Musa al-Kadhim known for his nickname al-Kadhim , and is the seventh Shiite Imam after his father Ja'far al-Sadiq. He is regarded by Sunnis as a renowned scholar and was contemporary with the Abbasid caliphs, Al-Mansur, Al-Hadi, Al-Mahdi and Harun al-Rashid. He lived in very difficult times, in hiding, until he finally died in Baghdad in the Sindi ibn Shahak prison through poisoning. Ali al-Ridha, the eighth Imām, and Fatemah Masume were among his children
August 10, 787 Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi an astrologer, astronomer, and Islamic philosopher, thought to be the greatest astrologer of the Abbasid court in Baghdad. He was not a major innovator and as an astrologer he was not intellectually rigorous. Nevertheless, he wrote a number of practical manuals on astrology that profoundly influenced Muslim intellectual history and, through translations, that of western Europe and Byzantium
June 10, 871 Odo I Count of Troyes the Count of Troyes from 852 to 859.
September 10, 920 Louis IV of France called d'Outremer or Transmarinus , reigned as King of Western Francia from 936 to 954. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, the son of Charles III and Eadgifu, a daughter of King Edward the Elder
June 10, 940 Abū al-Wafā' Būzjānī a Persian mathematician and astronomer who worked in Baghdad. He made important innovations in spherical trigonometry, and his work on arithmetics for businessmen contains the first instance of using negative numbers in a medieval Islamic text
August 10, 941 Lê Hoàn an emperor of Đại Cồ Việt and the founder of the Anterior Lê Dynasty.
April 10, 943 Landulf I of Benevento a Lombard nobleman and the Prince of Benevento and of Capua from 12 January 901, when his father, Atenulf I, prince of Capua and conqueror of Benevento, associated his with him in power.
December 10, 949 Herman I Duke of Swabia the first Conradine Duke of Swabia , the son of Gebhard, Duke of Lorraine, and a cousin of King Conrad I of Germany.
April 10, 1018 Nizam al-Mulk a Persian scholar and vizier of the Seljuq Empire. He held near absolute power for 20 years after the assassination of Alp Arslan in 1072
April 10, 1055 Conrad II Duke of Bavaria the duke of Bavaria from 1054 to 1055. He was the second son of the Emperor Henry III and his second wife, Agnes of Poitou. He was briefly appointed duke of Bavaria, which had been held by his elder brother Henry. He died soon after and was replaced by Henry
September 10, 1056 William Margrave of the Nordmark the Margrave of the Nordmark from 1051 until his death. He was the eldest son and successor of the Margrave Bernard and a daughter of Vladimir I of Kiev. He died fighting the Slavs near Prizlawa
April 10, 1151 Igor Svyatoslavich a Rus’ prince. His baptismal name was Yury. Igor was prince of Putivl , of Novgorod-Seversk , and of Chernigov
November 10, 1160 Maio of Bari the third of the great admirals of Sicily and the most important man in the Norman kingdom of Sicily during the reign of William Lord Norwich calls him "one of the most influential statesmen in Europe.".
September 10, 1169 Alexios II Komnenos the son of Emperor Manuel I Komnenos and Maria, daughter of Raymond, prince of Antioch. He was the long-awaited male heir and was named Alexius as a fulfilment of the AIMA prophecy
January 10, 1209 Möngke Khan the fourth Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, ruling from July 1, 1251 to August 11, 1259. He was the first Great Khan from the Toluid line and made significant reforms to improve the administration of the Empire during his reign. Under Möngke, the Mongols conquered Iraq and Syria as well as the kingdom of Nanzhao. He was given the Chinese-style temple name Emperor Xianzong of Yuan by his successor Kublai Khan, who founded the Yuan Dynasty
June 10, 1213 Fakhr-al-Din Iraqi Fakhr al-dīn Ibrahīm ‘Irāqī , Persian Sufi master, poet and writer.
October 10, 1213 Frederick II Duke of Lorraine the duke of Lorraine from 1206 to his death, son of Frederick I and Ludmilla, daughter of Mieszko III the Old, of the Piast Dynasty.
September 10, 1217 William de Redvers 5th Earl of Devon the son of Baldwin de Redvers, 1st Earl of Devon and Adelise Baluun. William de Redvers is also William de Vernon, because he was brought up at Vernon Castle, in Normandy, the seat of his grandfather
May 10, 1265 Emperor Fushimi the 92nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1287 through 1298
August 10, 1267 James II of Aragon the King of Sicily from 1285 to 1296 and King of Aragon and Valencia and Count of Barcelona from 1291 to 1327. In 1297 he was granted the Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica. He used the Latin title Iacobus Dei gracia rex Aragonum, Valencie, Sardinie, et Corsice ac comes Barchinone. He was the second son of Peter III of Aragon and Constance of Sicily
April 10, 1270 Haakon V of Norway king of Norway from 1299 until 1319.
November 10, 1278 Philip I Prince of Taranto titular Latin Emperor of Constantinople , despot of Epirus, King of Albania, Prince of Achaea and Taranto, and Lord of Durazzo.
May 10, 1291 Gilbert de Clare 8th Earl of Gloucester an English nobleman and a military commander in the Scottish Wars. In contrast to most English earls at the time, his main focus lay in the pursuit of war rather than in domestic political strife. He was the son of Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester, and Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward The older Gilbert died when his son was only four years old, and the younger Gilbert was invested with his earldoms at the young age of sixteen. Almost immediately, he became involved in the defence of the northern border, but later he was drawn into the struggles between Edward II and some of his barons. He was one of the Lords Ordainers who ordered the expulsion of the king's favourite Piers Gaveston in 1311. When Gaveston was killed on his return in 1312, Gloucester helped negotiate a settlement between the perpetrators and the king
August 10, 1294 Latino Malabranca Orsini an Italian cardinal-nephew of Pope Nicholas III.
August 10, 1296 John of Bohemia the Count of Luxembourg from 1309 and King of Bohemia from 1310 and titular King of Poland. He was the eldest son of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII and his wife Margaret of Brabant. He is well known for having died while fighting in the Battle of Crécy at age 50, after having been blind for a decade
October 10, 1332 Charles II of Navarre King of Navarre 1349–1387 and Count of Évreux 1343–1387.
July 10, 1333 Roger de Clifford 5th Baron de Clifford the son of Robert de Clifford, 3rd Baron de Clifford , second son of Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford , the founder of the northern branch of the family. His mother was Isabella , daughter of Maurice, 2nd Lord Berkeley. He succeeded his elder brother, Robert de Clifford, 4th Baron de Clifford in 1350, on which day he made proof of his age
November 10, 1341 Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland the son of Henry de Percy, 3rd Baron Percy, and a descendent of Henry III of England. His mother was Mary of Lancaster, daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, son of Edmund, Earl of Leicester and Lancaster, who was the son of Henry III. Henry Percy married Margaret Neville, daughter of Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby, and Alice de Audley. They were the parents of Henry Percy, nicknamed "Harry Hotspur"
October 10, 1344 Mary of Waltham the daughter of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault.
October 10, 1349 Edward II Count of Bar Henry IV of Bar's eldest son and successor as count of Bar. He had no male issue and was succeeded as count by his younger brother Robert I of Bar
August 10, 1360 Francesco Zabarella an Italian cardinal and canonist.
December 10, 1376 Edmund Mortimer son of the 3rd Earl Sir Edmund Mortimer , who had a claim to the crown through his mother, Philippa Plantagenet, played a part in the rebellions of the Welsh leader, Owain Glyndŵr, and the Percys, and perished at the siege of Harlech.
August 10, 1377 Afonso Duke of Braganza the first Duke of Braganza and the eighth Count of Barcelos. He would start a dynasty, the House of Braganza, that would end up being the most powerful and wealthy in all of Portugal. His descendents would go on to become high-ranking nobles, imperial officials, and even the Kings of Portugal and the Emperors of Brazil
August 10, 1388 Thomas Ebendorfer an Austrian historian, professor, and statesman.
August 10, 1397 Albert II of Germany King of Hungary and Croatia from 1437 until his death. He was also King of Bohemia, elected King of Germany as Albert II, duke of Luxembourg and, as Albert V, archduke of Austria from 1404
July 10, 1410 Arnold Duke of Guelders Duke of Guelders, Count of Zutphen. He was son of John II of Egmond and Maria van Arkel
March 10, 1415 Vasily II of Moscow the Grand Prince of Moscow whose long reign was plagued by the greatest civil war of Old Russian history.
July 10, 1419 Emperor Go-Hanazono the 102nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1428 through 1464
November 10, 1433 Charles the Bold Duke of Burgundy from 1467 to 1477. He was the last Valois Duke of Burgundy
July 10, 1451 James III of Scotland King of Scots from 1460 to 1488. James was an unpopular and ineffective monarch owing to an unwillingness to administer justice fairly, a policy of pursuing alliance with the Kingdom of England, and a disastrous relationship with nearly all his extended family. However, it was through his marriage to Margaret of Denmark that the Orkney and Shetland islands became Scottish
March 10, 1452 Ferdinand II of Aragon in his own right the King of Sicily from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479. As a consequence of his marriage to Isabella I, he was King of Castile jure uxoris as Ferdinand V from 1474 until her death in 1504. He was recognised as regent of Castile for his daughter and heir, Joanna, from 1508 until his own death. In 1504, after a war with France, he became King of Naples as Ferdinand III, reuniting Naples with Sicily permanently and for the first time since 1458. In 1512, he became King of Navarre by conquest after asserting a hereditary claim
December 10, 1452 Johannes Stöffler a German mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, priest, maker of astronomical instruments and professor at the University of Tübingen.
August 10, 1466 Francesco II Gonzaga Marquess of Mantua the ruler of the Italian city of Mantua from 1484 until his death.
January 10, 1480 Margaret of Austria Duchess of Savoy Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1507 to 1515 and again from 1519 to 1530.
April 10, 1480 Philibert II Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy from 1497 until his death.