10th day events in history

January 10, 9 The Western Han Dynasty ends when Wang Mang claims that the divine Mandate of Heaven called for the end of the dynasty and the beginning of his own, the Xin Dynasty
January 10, 69 Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus is appointed by Galba as deputy Roman Emperor
May 10, 70 Siege of Jerusalem: Titus, son of emperor Vespasian, opens a full-scale assault on Jerusalem and attacks the city's Third Wall to the northwest
July 10, 138 Emperor Hadrian dies after a heart failure at Baiae; he is buried at Rome in the Tomb of Hadrian beside his late wife, Vibia Sabina
January 10, 236 Pope Fabian succeeds Anterus to become the twentieth pope of Rome
March 10, 298 Roman Emperor Maximian concludes his campaign in North Africa against the Berbers, and makes a triumphal entry into Carthage
April 10, 428 Nestorius becomes Patriarch of Constantinople
September 10, 506 The bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde
July 10, 645 Isshi Incident: Prince Naka-no-Ōe and Fujiwara no Kamatari assassinate Soga no Iruka during a coup d'état at the imperial palace
June 10, 671 Emperor Tenji of Japan introduces a water clock (clepsydra) called Rokoku. The instrument, which measure time and indicates hours, is placed in the capital of Ōtsu
October 10, 680 Battle of Karbala: Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, is decapitated by forces under Caliph Yazid I. This is commemorated by Muslims as Aashurah
October 10, 732 Battle of Tours: Near Poitiers, France, the leader of the Franks, Charles Martel and his men, defeat a large army of Moors, stopping the Muslims from spreading into Western Europe. The governor of Córdoba, Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, is killed during the battle
April 10, 837 Halley's Comet makes its closest approach to Earth at a distance equal to 0.0342 AU (5.1 million kilometres/3.2 million miles)
April 10, 879 Louis III and Carloman II become joint Kings of the Western Franks
August 10, 955 Battle of Lechfeld: Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor defeats the Magyars, ending 50 years of Magyar invasion of the West
July 10, 988 The Norse King Glun Iarainn recognises Máel Sechnaill II, High King of Ireland, and agrees to pay taxes and accept Brehon Law; the event is considered to be the founding of the city of Dublin
August 10, 991 Battle of Maldon: the English, led by Byrhtnoth, Ealdorman of Essex, are defeated by a band of inland-raiding Vikings near Maldon, Essex
December 10, 1041 The son of Empress Zoe of Byzantium succeeds to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael V
January 10, 1072 Robert Guiscard conquers Palermo
June 10, 1190 Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the river Saleph while leading an army to Jerusalem
November 10, 1202 Fourth Crusade: Despite letters from Pope Innocent III forbidding it and threatening excommunication, Catholic crusaders begin a siege of the Catholic city of Zara (now Zadar, Croatia)
July 10, 1212 The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground
February 10, 1258 Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed
August 10, 1270 Yekuno Amlak takes the imperial throne of Ethiopia, restoring the Solomonic dynasty to power after a 100-year Zagwe interregnum
May 10, 1291 Scottish nobles recognize the authority of Edward I of England
November 10, 1293 Raden Wijaya is crowned as the first monarch of Majapahit kingdom of Java, taking throne name Kertarajasa Jayawardhana
February 10, 1306 In front of the high altar of Greyfriars Church in Dumfries, Robert the Bruce murders John Comyn sparking revolution in the Scottish Wars of Independence
August 10, 1316 The Second Battle of Athenry takes place near Athenry during the Bruce campaign in Ireland
June 10, 1329 The Battle of Pelekanon results in a Byzantine defeat by the Ottoman Empire
February 10, 1355 The St. Scholastica's Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days
April 10, 1407 The lama Deshin Shekpa visits the Ming Dynasty capital at Nanjing. He is awarded the title "Great Treasure Prince of Dharma"
September 10, 1419 John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy is assassinated by adherents of the Dauphin, the future Charles VII of France
November 10, 1444 Battle of Varna: The crusading forces of King Vladislaus III of Varna (aka Ulaszlo I of Hungary and Wladyslaw III of Poland) are crushed by the Turks under Sultan Murad II and Vladislaus is killed
July 10, 1460 Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, defeats the king's Lancastrian forces and takes King Henry VI prisoner in the Battle of Northampton
October 10, 1471 Battle of Brunkeberg in Stockholm: Sten Sture the Elder, the Regent of Sweden, with the help of farmers and miners, repels an attack by King Christian I of Denmark
January 10, 1475 Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui
May 10, 1497 Amerigo Vespucci allegedly leaves Cádiz for his first voyage to the New World
July 10, 1499 The Portuguese explorer Nicolau Coelho returns to Lisbon, after discovering the sea route to India as a companion of Vasco da Gama
April 10, 1500 Ludovico Sforza is captured by Swiss troops at Novara and is handed over to the French
May 10, 1503 Christopher Columbus visits the Cayman Islands and names them Las Tortugas after the numerous turtles there
December 10, 1508 The League of Cambrai is formed by Pope Julius II, Louis XII of France, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor and Ferdinand II of Aragon as an alliance against Venice
September 10, 1509 An earthquake known as "The Lesser Judgment Day" hits Constantinople
December 10, 1510 Portuguese conquest of Goa: Portuguese naval forces under the command of Afonso de Albuquerque, and local mercenaries working for privateer Timoji, seize Goa from the Bijapur Sultanate, resulting in 451 years of Portuguese colonial rule
August 10, 1512 The naval Battle of Saint-Mathieu, during the War of the League of Cambrai, sees the simultaneous destruction of the Breton ship La Cordelière and the English ship The Regent
September 10, 1515 Thomas Wolsey is invested as a Cardinal
July 10, 1519 Zhu Chenhao declares the Ming Dynasty emperor Zhengde a usurper, beginning the Prince of Ning rebellion, and leads his army north in an attempt to capture Nanjing
August 10, 1519 Ferdinand Magellan's five ships set sail from Seville to circumnavigate the globe. The Basque second in command Juan Sebastián Elcano will complete the expedition after Magellan's death in the Philippines
November 10, 1520 Danish King Christian II executes dozens of people in the Stockholm Bloodbath after a successful invasion of Sweden
December 10, 1520 Martin Luther burns his copy of the papal bull Exsurge Domine outside Wittenberg's Elster Gate
June 10, 1523 Copenhagen is surrounded by the army of Frederick I of Denmark, as the city won't recognise him as the successor of Christian II of Denmark