Died on 13th day

October 13, 54 Claudius Roman emperor from 41 to 54. A member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, he was the son of Drusus and Antonia Minor. He was born at Lugdunum in Gaul, the first Roman Emperor to be born outside Italy. Because he was afflicted with a limp and slight deafness due to sickness at a young age, his family ostracized him and excluded him from public office until his consulship, shared with his nephew Caligula in 37
September 13, 81 Titus Roman Emperor from 79 to 81. A member of the Flavian dynasty, Titus succeeded his father Vespasian upon his death, thus becoming the first Roman Emperor to come to the throne after his own biological father
January 13, 86 Gaius Marius a Roman general and statesman. He held the office of consul an unprecedented seven times during his career. He was also noted for his important reforms of Roman armies, authorizing recruitment of landless citizens, eliminating the manipular military formations, and reorganizing the structure of the legions into separate cohorts. Marius defeated the invading Germanic tribes , for which he was called "the third founder of Rome." His life and career were significant in Rome's transformation from Republic to Empire
May 13, 189 Emperor Ling of Han an emperor of the Chinese Han dynasty. He was a great-great-grandson of Emperor Zhang. The Yellow Turban Rebellion broke out during Emperor Ling's reign
June 13, 220 Xiahou Dun a military general serving under the warlord Cao Cao in the late Eastern Han dynasty. He served for a few months under Cao Cao's successor, Cao Pi, before his death. As one of Cao Cao's most trusted generals, Xiahou Dun aided the warlord in his campaigns against Lü Bu, Liu Bei, Sun Quan and others
June 13, 293 Aquilina a Christian child saint from Byblos.
September 13, 531 Kavadh I the son of Peroz I and the twentieth and twenty-first Sassanid king of Persia, reigning from 488 to 531. He was crowned by the nobles in place of his deposed and blinded uncle Balash
January 13, 533 Saint Remigius Bishop of Reims and Apostle of the Franks. On 24 December 496 he baptised Clovis I, King of the Franks. This baptism, leading to the conversion of the entire Frankish people to Nicene Christianity, was a momentous success for the Catholic Church and a seminal event in European history
May 13, 558 John the Silent a Christian saint known for living alone for seventy-six years. He was given the surname because he loved recollection and silence. John's feast day is May 13 in the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church, and December 3 in the Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches
December 13, 558 Childebert I a Frankish King of the Merovingian dynasty, as third of the four sons of Clovis I who shared the kingdom of the Franks upon their father's death in 511. He was one of the sons of Saint Clotilda, born at Reims. He reigned as King of Paris from 511 to 558 and Orléans from 524 to 558
July 13, 574 Pope John III Pope from 17 July 561 to his death in 574. He was born in Rome of a distinguished family. The Liber Pontificalis calls him a son of one Anastasius. His father bore the title illustris, more than likely being a vir illustris. According to the historian Evagrius, his birth name was Catelinus, but he took the name John on his accession
April 13, 585 Hermenegild the son of king Leovigild of Visigothic Spain. He fell out with his father in 579, then revolted the following year. During his rebellion, he converted from Arian Christianity to Chalcedonian Christianity. Hermenegild was defeated in 584, and exiled. His death was later celebrated as a martyrdom due to the influence of Pope Gregory the Great's Dialogues, in which he portrayed Hermenegild as a "Catholic martyr rebelling against the tyranny of an Arian father."
August 13, 587 Radegund a 6th-century Thuringian princess and Frankish queen, who founded the Abbey of the Holy Cross at Poitiers. She is the patron saint of several churches in France and England and of Jesus College, Cambridge whose full name "The College of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint John the Evangelist and the glorious Virgin Saint Radegund, near Cambridge"
March 13, 600 Leander of Seville the Catholic Bishop of Seville who was instrumental in effecting the conversion to Catholicism of the Visigothic kings Hermengild and Reccared of Hispania.
August 13, 604 Emperor Wen of Sui the founder and first emperor of China's Sui Dynasty. He was a hard-working administrator and a micromanager. As a Buddhist, he encouraged the spread of Buddhism through the state. He is regarded as one of the most important emperors in Chinese history, reunifying China in 589 after centuries of division since the fall of Western Jin Dynasty in 316. During his reign began the construction of the Grand Canal
September 13, 608 Eulogius of Alexandria Greek Patriarch of that see from 580 to 608. He is regarded as a saint, with a feast day of September 13
August 13, 612 Fabia Eudokia a Byzantine woman who became the first empress-consort of Heraclius from 610 to her death in 612. She was a daughter of Rogas, a landowner in the Exarchate of Africa, according to Theophanes the Confessor
January 13, 614 Saint Mungo the late 6th-century apostle of the Britonnic Kingdom of Strathclyde, the founder and patron saint of the city of Glasgow.
August 13, 662 Maximus the Confessor a Christian monk, theologian, and scholar.
January 13, 703 Empress Jitō the 41st monarch of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
February 13, 721 Chilperic II king of Neustria from 715 and sole king of the Franks from 718 until his death.
January 13, 731 Berhtwald the ninth Archbishop of Canterbury in England. The medieval writer Bede claims that he served as the Abbot of Glastonbury, and documentary evidence names Berhtwald as abbot at Reculver before his election as archbishop. Berhtwald begins the first continuous series of native-born Archbishops of Canterbury, although there had been previous Anglo-Saxon archbishops, they had not succeeded each other until Berhtwald's reign
December 13, 769 Du Hongjian an official of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty who served as a chancellor during the reign of Emperor Daizong. He was known, and much criticized by traditional Chinese historians, for his devotion to Buddhism
May 13, 772 Dōkyō a Japanese monk of the Hossō sect of Buddhism; and he was a political figure in the Nara period.
April 13, 814 Krum khan of Bulgaria during the First Bulgarian Empire from sometime after 796 but before 803 until his death in 814. During his reign the Bulgarian territory doubled in size, spreading from the middle Danube to the Dnieper and from Odrin to the Tatra Mountains. According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica his able and energetic rule brought law and order to Bulgaria and developed the rudiments of state organisation
March 13, 837 Saint Roderick venerated as one of the Martyrs of Córdoba. Tradition states that he was a Christian priest of Cabra who had two brothers: one was a Muslim, the other had no religion. Once, after his brothers began to fight one another, Roderick attempted to break up the fight. However, they turned on him instead and beat him
December 13, 838 Pepin I of Aquitaine King of Aquitaine and Duke of Maine.
January 13, 858 Æthelwulf of Wessex King of Wessex from 839 until his death in 858. He was the only known child of King Egbert of Wessex. He conquered the kingdom of Kent on behalf of his father in 825, and was sometime later made King of Kent as a sub-king to Egbert. He succeeded his father as King of Wessex on Egbert's death in 839, at which time his kingdom stretched from the county of Kent in the east to Devon in the west. At the same time his eldest son Æthelstan became sub-king of Kent as a subordinate ruler
February 13, 858 Kenneth MacAlpin king of the Picts and, according to national myth, first king of Scots, earning him the posthumous nickname of An Ferbasach, "The Conqueror". Kenneth's undisputed legacy was to produce a dynasty of rulers who claimed descent from him and was the founder of the dynasty which ruled Scotland for much of the medieval period. Kenneth also indirectly created the current day British monarchy; the current representation being Queen Elizabeth II
April 13, 862 Domnall mac Ailpín king of the Picts from 858 to 862. He followed his brother Kenneth I to the Pictish throne
November 13, 867 Pope Nicholas I Pope from 24 April 858 to his death in 867. He is remembered as a consolidator of papal authority and power, exerting decisive influence upon the historical development of the papacy and its position among the Christian nations of Western Europe. Nicholas I asserted that the pope should have suzerain authority over all Christians, even royalty, in matters of faith and morals
July 13, 884 Huang Chao the leader of a major agrarian rebellion that, during the last decade of his life, seriously weakened the Tang dynasty.
January 13, 888 Charles the Fat the Carolingian Emperor from 881 to 888. The youngest son of Louis the German and Hemma, Charles was a great-grandson of Charlemagne and was the last Carolingian to rule over a united empire
August 13, 900 Zwentibold the illegitimate son of the Carolingian Emperor Arnulf of Carinthia. In 895, his father, then king of East Francia, granted him the Kingdom of Lotharingia, which he ruled until his death. After his death he was declared a saint and martyr by the Catholic Church
August 13, 908 Al-Muktafi the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 902 to 908. He was the son of the previous Caliph, al-Mu'tadid, by a Turkish slave-girl. In command of ar-Raqqah at the time of his father's death, he at once returned to the Capital, where he became a favorite of the people for his generosity, and for abolishing his father's secret prisons, the terror of Baghdad. During his reign of nearly seven years, the Empire was threatened by various dangers which he bravely met and overcame. Chief was that from the Carmathians, a race of fanatics which had sprung up during the late reign
July 13, 939 Pope Leo VII Pope from 3 January 936 to his death in 939. He was preceded by Pope John XI and followed by Pope Stephen VIII. Leo VII's election to the papacy was secured by Alberic II of Spoleto, the ruler of Rome at the time. Alberic wanted to choose the pope so that the papacy would continue to yield to his authority. Leo was the priest of the church of Sixtus in Rome, thought to be a Benedictine monk. He had little ambition towards the papacy, but consented under pressure
February 13, 942 Muhammad ibn Ra'iq a senior official of the Abbasid Caliphate, who exploited the caliphal government's weakness to become the first amir al-umara of the Caliphate in 936. Deposed by Turkish military leaders in 938, he regained the post in 941 and kept it until his assassination in February 942
October 13, 982 Emperor Jingzong of Liao an emperor of the Liao Dynasty and reigned from March 13, 969 to October 13, 982.
April 13, 989 Bardas Phokas the Younger an eminent Byzantine general who took a conspicuous part in three revolts for and against the ruling Macedonian dynasty.
February 13, 990 Æthelgar Archbishop of Canterbury, and previously Bishop of Selsey.
March 13, 993 Odo I Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark margrave in the Saxon Eastern March of the Holy Roman Empire from 965 until his death.
November 13, 1004 Abbo of Fleury a monk, and later abbot, of Fleury Abbey in present day Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire near Orléans, France.
February 13, 1006 Fulcran a French saint. He was bishop of Lodève
November 13, 1009 Dedo I of Wettin a son of Theodoric I of Wettin and Jutta of Merseburg.
February 13, 1021 Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah the sixth Fatimid caliph and 16th Ismaili imam. Al-Hakim is an important figure in a number of Shia Ismaili religions, such as the world's 15 million Nizaris and in particular the 2 million Druze of the Levant whose eponymous founder Ad-Darazi proclaimed him as the incarnation of God in 1018. In Western literature he has been referred to as the "Mad Caliph", primarily as a result of the Fatimid desecration of Jerusalem in 1009, though this title is disputed as stemming from partisan writings by some historians
July 13, 1024 Henry II Holy Roman Emperor also known as Saint Henry, Obl. B. , was Holy Roman Emperor from 1014 until his death in 1024 and the last member of the Ottonian dynasty of Emperors as he had no children. The Duke of Bavaria from 995, Henry became King of Germany following the sudden death of his second cousin, Emperor Otto III in 1002, was crowned King of Italy in 1004, and was crowned by the Pope as Emperor in 1014
April 13, 1035 Herbert I Count of Maine the count of Maine from 1017 until his death. He had a turbulent career with an early victory that may have contributed to his later decline
June 13, 1036 Ali az-Zahir the Seventh Caliph of the Fātimids. Az-Zāhir assumed the Caliphate after the disappearance of his father Tāriqu l-Ḥakīm bi Amr al-Lāh. According to the Hijri Calendar, his birth date is 3rd of Ramzaan 395 A.H
December 13, 1048 Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī a Persian Muslim scholar and polymath from the Khwarezm region.
January 13, 1049 Dirk IV Count of Holland Count of Holland from 1039 to 1049. Dirk's date of birth is unknown but it was probably 1030 or shortly before, he was described as "adolescent" at the time of his death. His base of operations was the stronghold his father built at Vlaardingen. Contemporary chroniclers referred to him as "Theodericus de Phlardirtinga" and as margrave thereof. The exact extent of his domain is not known, but at one time or another it stretched north to at least Rijnsburg and east to roughly Aalburg