Died on 16th day

April 16, 69 Otho Roman Emperor for three months, from 15 January to 16 April 69. He was the second emperor of the Year of the Four Emperors
September 16, 307 Flavius Valerius Severus a Western Roman Emperor from 306 to 307.
January 16, 309 Pope Marcellus I the Bishop of Rome or Pope from May or June 308 to his death in 309. He succeeded Pope Marcellinus after a considerable interval. Under Maxentius, he was banished from Rome in 309, on account of the tumult caused by the severity of the penances he had imposed on Christians who had lapsed under the recent persecution. He died the same year, being succeeded by Pope Eusebius. His relics are under the altar of San Marcello al Corso in Rome. His third-class feast day is kept on January 16
March 16, 455 Valentinian III Western Roman Emperor from 425 to 455. His reign was marked by the ongoing dismemberment of the Western Empire
November 16, 498 Pope Anastasius II Pope from 24 November 496 to his death in 498. He was an important figure trying to end Acacian schism, but his efforts resulted in the Laurentian schism, which followed his death. Anastasius was born in Rome, the son of a priest, and is buried in Peter's Basilica
January 16, 654 Gao Jifu a chancellor of the Chinese court in the Tang Dynasty, during the reigns of Emperor Taizong and Emperor Gaozong.
September 16, 655 Pope Martin I reigned from 21 July 649 to his death in 655. He was born near Todi, Umbria, in the place now named after him. He succeeded Pope Theodore I on 5 July 649. He was the only pope during the Byzantine Papacy whose election was not approved by a iussio from Constantinople. Martin I was abducted by Emperor Constans II and died at Cherson. He is considered a saint and martyr by the Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church
January 16, 662 Pope Benjamin I of Alexandria 38th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of Mark. He is regarded as one of the greatest patriarchs of the Coptic Church. Benjamin guided the Coptic church through a period of turmoil in Egyptian history that included the fall of Egypt to the Sassanid Empire, followed by Egypt's reconquest under the Byzantines, and finally the Arab Islamic Conquest in 642. After the Arab conquest Pope Benjamin, who was in exile, was allowed to return to Alexandria and resume the patriarchate
April 16, 665 Fructuosus of Braga the Bishop of Dumio and Archbishop of Braga, a great founder of monasteries, who died on 16 April 665. He was the son of a Visigothic dux in the region of Bierzo and he accompanied his father at a young age on certain official trips over his estates. Fructuosus was a disciple of Bishop Conantius of Palencia
July 16, 678 Aisha one of Muhammad's wives. In Islamic writings, her name is thus often prefixed by the title "Mother of the Believers" , per the description of Muhammad's wives in the Quran
December 16, 705 Wu Zetian a Chinese sovereign, who ruled officially under the name of her self-proclaimed "Zhou dynasty", from 690 to 705. She was the only female emperor of China in more than 4,000 years. She had previous imperial positions, however, under both Emperor Taizong of Tang and his son Emperor Gaozong of Tang, of the Tang dynasty of China. Wu was a concubine of Emperor Taizong. After his death she married his successor and ninth son, Emperor Gaozong, officially becoming Gaozong's furen in 655, although having considerable political power prior to this. After Gaozong's debilitating stroke in 690, Wu Zetian ruled as effective sovereign until 705. She is the only recorded woman to rule China in her own right
December 16, 714 Pepin of Herstal a Frankish statesman and military leader who de facto ruled Francia as the Mayor of the Palace from 680 until his death. He took the title, Duke and Prince of the Franks, upon his conquest of all the Frankish realms
July 16, 716 Emperor Ruizong of Tang the fifth and ninth emperor of Tang Dynasty. He was the eighth son of Emperor Gaozong and the fourth son of Emperor Gaozong's second wife Empress Wu
July 16, 784 Fulrad born in 710 into a wealthy family, and died on July 16, 784 as the Abbot of Denis. He was the counselor of both Pippin and Charlemagne. Historians see Fulrad as important due to his significance in the rise of the Frankish Kingdom, and the insight he gives into early Carolingian society. He was noted to be have been always on the side on Charlemagne, especially during the attack from the Saxons on Regnum Franserum , and the Royal Mandatum. Other historians have taken a closer look at Fulrad’s interactions with the papacy. When Fulrad was the counselor of Pepin he was closely in contact with the papacy to gain approval for Pepin’s appoint as King of the Franks. During his time under Charlemagne, he had dealings with the papacy again for different reasons. When he became Abbot of Denis , Fulrad’s life became important in the lives of distinct historical figures in various ways during his period as Denis’s abbot during the mid-eighth century. Saint Fulrad’s Feast Day is on July 16
October 16, 786 Lullus the first permanent archbishop of Mainz, succeeding Saint Boniface, and first abbot of the Benedictine Hersfeld Abbey.
December 16, 866 Eberhard of Friuli the Frankish Duke of Friuli from 846. His name is alternatively spelled Everard, Evrard, Erhard, Eberhard, or Eberard, or in Latinized fashion Everardus, Eberardus, or Eberhardus. He wrote his own name "Evvrardus". He was an important political, military, and cultural figure in the Carolingian Empire during his lifetime. He kept a large library, commissioned works of Latin literature from Lupus Servatus and Sedulius Scottus, and maintained a correspondence with the noted theologians and church leaders Gottschalk, Rabanus Maurus, and Hincmar
December 16, 882 Pope John VIII Pope from 13 December 872 to his death in 882. He is often considered one of the ablest pontiffs of the 9th century
June 16, 956 Hugh the Great the Duke of the Franks and Count of Paris.
October 16, 976 Al-Hakam II the second Caliph of Córdoba, in Al-Andalus , and son of Abd-ar-Rahman III and Murjan. He ruled from 961 to 976
December 16, 999 Adelaide of Italy the second wife of Holy Roman Emperor Otto the Great and was crowned as the Holy Roman Empress with him by Pope John XII in Rome on February 2, 962. She was the daughter-in-law of Queen Matilda of East Francia. Empress Adelaide was perhaps the most prominent European woman of the 10th century; she was regent of the Holy Roman Empire as the guardian of her grandson in 991-995
November 16, 1005 Ælfric of Abingdon a late 10th-century Archbishop of Canterbury. He previously held the offices of abbot of St Albans Abbey and Bishop of Ramsbury, as well as likely being the abbot of Abingdon Abbey. After his election to Canterbury, he continued to hold the bishopric of Ramsbury along with the archbishopric of Canterbury until his death in 1005. Ælfric may have altered the composition of Canterbury's cathedral chapter by changing the clergy serving in the cathedral from secular clergy to monks. In his will he left a ship to King Æthelred II of England as well as more ships to other legatees
January 16, 1016 Bertha of Burgundy the daughter of Conrad the Peaceful, King of Burgundy and his wife Matilda, daughter of Louis IV, King of France and Gerberga of Saxony. She was named for her father's mother, Bertha of Swabia
March 16, 1021 Heribert of Cologne Archbishop of Cologne and Chancellor of Holy Roman Emperor Otto III, and was canonized 1074.
August 16, 1027 George I of Georgia the king of Georgia from 1014 until his death in 1027. He spent most of his seven-year-long reign waging a bloody and fruitless territorial war with the Byzantine Empire
August 16, 1037 Avicenna regarded as one of the most significant thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age. Of the 450 works he is known to have written, around 240 have survived, including 150 on philosophy and 40 on medicine
October 16, 1071 Almodis de la Marche the daughter of Bernard I, Count of Marche and wife Amélie. She married Hugh V of Lusignan around 1038 and they had two sons and one daughter:
September 16, 1087 Pope Victor III Pope from 24 May 1086 to his death in 1087. He was the successor of Pope Gregory VII, yet his pontificate is far less impressive in history than his time as Desiderius, the great Abbot of Monte Cassino
April 16, 1090 Sikelgaita a Lombard princess, the daughter of Guaimar IV, Prince of Salerno, and second wife of Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia. Commanded troops in her own right
November 16, 1093 Saint Margaret of Scotland an English princess of the House of Wessex. Margaret was sometimes called “The Pearl of Scotland”. Born in exile in Hungary, she was the sister of Edgar Ætheling, the short-ruling and uncrowned Anglo-Saxon King of England. Margaret and her family returned to England in 1057, but fled to the Kingdom of Scotland following the Norman conquest of England of 1066. Around 1070 Margaret married Malcolm III of Scotland, becoming his queen consort. She was a pious woman, and among many charitable works she established a ferry across the Firth of Forth for pilgrims travelling to Dunfermline Abbey, which gave the towns of South Queensferry and North Queensferry their names. Margaret was the mother of three kings of Scotland and a queen consort of England. According to the Life of Saint Margaret, attributed to Turgot of Durham, she died at Edinburgh Castle in 1093, just days after receiving the news of her husband's death in battle. In 1250 she was canonised by Pope Innocent IV, and her remains were reinterred in a shrine at Dunfermline Abbey. Her relics were dispersed after the Scottish Reformation and subsequently lost
September 16, 1100 Bernold of Constance a chronicler and writer of tracts, and a defender of the Church reforms of Pope Gregory VII.
June 16, 1106 Benno a Bishop of Meissen in Germany. Little is known of Benno's early life. It is unlikely that he was the scion of a Saxon noble family, the Woldenburgs.It is also unlikely that in his youth he entered and was educated at the monastery of Michael in Hildesheim despite the claims of later hagiographers
April 16, 1113 Sviatopolk II of Kiev supreme ruler of the Kievan Rus for 20 years, from 1093 to 1113. He was not a popular prince, and his reign was marked by incessant rivalry with his cousin Vladimir Monomakh. Upon his death the Kievan citizens raised a rebellion against the Jewish merchants and Varangian officials who speculated in grain and salt
April 16, 1118 Adelaide del Vasto the third wife of Roger I of Sicily and mother of Roger II of Sicily, as well as Queen consort of Jerusalem due to her later marriage to Baldwin I of Jerusalem, as his third wife.
April 16, 1118 William Count of Évreux a powerful member of the Norman aristocracy during the period following the Norman conquest of England. He is one of the few documented to have been with William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings
January 16, 1142 Eilika of Saxony the younger daughter of Magnus, Duke of Saxony and Sophia , a daughter of Béla I of Hungary. After the death of her father, she became the heiress of Werben and the Palatinate of Saxony. She married Count Otto of Ballenstedt and was the mother of Albert the Bear
September 16, 1150 Sibylla of Burgundy the second queen consort of Roger II of Sicily.
December 16, 1153 Ranulf de Gernon 4th Earl of Chester an Anglo-Norman potentate who inherited the honour of the palatine county of Chester upon the death of his father Ranulf le Meschin, 3rd Earl of Chester. He was descended from the Counts of Bessin in Normandy
August 16, 1157 Ramiro II of Aragon King of Aragon from 1134 until withdrawing from public life in 1137. He was the youngest son of Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragon and Navarre and Felicia of Roucy
May 16, 1164 Héloïse d'Argenteuil a French nun, writer, scholar, and abbess, best known for her love affair and correspondence with Peter Abélard.
May 16, 1182 John Komnenos Vatatzes a major military and political figure in the Byzantine Empire during the reigns of Manuel I Komnenos and Alexios II Komnenos. He was born c.1132, and died of natural causes during a rebellion he raised against Andronikos I Komnenos in 1182
February 16, 1184 Richard of Dover a medieval Benedictine monk and Archbishop of Canterbury. Employed by Thomas Becket immediately before Becket's death, Richard arranged for Becket to be buried in Canterbury Cathedral and eventually succeeded Becket at Canterbury in a contentious election. Much of Richard's time as archbishop was spent in a dispute with Roger de Pont L'Evêque, the Archbishop of York over the primacy of England, and with St Augustine's Abbey in Canterbury over the archbishop's jurisdiction over the abbey. Richard enjoyed better relations with King Henry II of England than Becket had, and was employed by the king on diplomatic affairs. Richard also enjoyed the trust of the papacy, and served as a judge for the papacy. Several of his questions to Pope Alexander III were collected into the Decretals, a collection of ecclesiastical laws, and his patronage of canon lawyers did much to advance the study of canon law in England
March 16, 1185 Baldwin IV of Jerusalem called the Leper or the Leprous, reigned as King of Jerusalem from 1174 until his death. He was the son of Amalric I of Jerusalem and his first wife, Agnes of Courtenay
June 16, 1185 Richeza of Poland Queen of Castile a Polish princess of the House of Piast in the Silesian branch. By her marriages she was Queen consort of León and Castile, Countess of Provence, and Countess of Everstein
August 16, 1190 Dedi III Margrave of Lusatia Count of Wettin as Dido From 1144, he was Lord of Groitzsch. From 1156, Count of Groitzsch and also Count of Rochlitz, and from 1185 also Margrave of Lusatia and Count of Eilenburg and Landsberg
October 16, 1190 Louis III Landgrave of Thuringia a German nobleman. He was a member of the Ludowingians dynasty and was the ruling Landgrave of Thuringia from 1172 until his death
April 16, 1198 Frederick I Duke of Austria (Babenberg) the Duke of Austria from 1195 to 1198. He was a member of the House of Babenberg
May 16, 1211 Mieszko IV Tanglefoot a Duke of Silesia from 1163 to 1173 , Duke of Racibórz from 1173, Duke of Opole from 1202 and from 9 June 1210 until his death, Duke of Kraków and High Duke of Poland.
July 16, 1216 Pope Innocent III reigned from 8 January 1198 to his death. His birth name was Lotario dei Conti di Segni, sometimes anglicised to Lothar of Segni
April 16, 1234 Richard Marshal 3rd Earl of Pembroke the son of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and brother of William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, whom he succeeded to the Earldom of Pembroke and Lord Marshal of England upon his brother's death on 6 April 1231.
November 16, 1240 Edmund Rich a 13th-century Archbishop of Canterbury in England. Today he is remembered for his connection to St Edmund Hall, Oxford, St Edmund's College, Cambridge, St Edmund's School, Canterbury and Edmund's College, Ware