16th day events in history

April 16, 73 Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Great Jewish Revolt
February 16, 116 Emperor Trajan sends laureatae to the Roman Senate at Rome on account of his victories and being conqueror of Parthia
May 16, 218 Julia Maesa, aunt of the assassinated Caracalla, is banished to her home in Syria by the self-proclaimed emperor Macrinus and declares her 14-year old grandson Elagabalus, emperor of Rome
September 16, 307 Emperor Severus II is captured and imprisoned at Tres Tabernae. He is later executed (or forced to commit suicide) after Galerius unsuccessfully invades Italy
June 16, 363 Emperor Julian marches back up the Tigris and burns his fleet of supply ships. During the withdrawal Roman forces suffering several attacks from the Persians
January 16, 378 General Siyaj K'ak' conquers Tikal, enlarging the domain of King Spearthrower Owl of Teotihuacán
March 16, 455 Emperor Valentinian III is assassinated by two Hunnic retainers while training with the bow on the Campus Martius (Rome)
October 16, 456 Magister militum Ricimer defeats Emperor Avitus at Piacenza and becomes master of the Western Roman Empire
January 16, 550 Gothic War: The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison
July 16, 622 The beginning of the Islamic calendar
June 16, 632 Yazdegerd III ascends to the throne as king (shah) of the Persian Empire. He becomes the last ruler of the Sasanian dynasty (modern Iran)
October 16, 690 Empress Wu Zetian ascends to the throne of the Tang dynasty and proclaims herself ruler of the Chinese Empire
December 16, 714 Pepin of Herstal, mayor of the Merovingian palace, dies at Jupille (modern Belgium). He is succeeded by his infant grandson Theudoald while his wife Plectrude holds actual power in the Frankish Kingdom
December 16, 755 An Lushan revolts against Chancellor Yang Guozhong at Yanjing, initiating the An Lushan Rebellion during the Tang Dynasty of China
January 16, 929 Emir Abd-ar-Rahman III established the Caliphate of Córdoba
March 16, 934 Meng Zhixiang declares himself emperor and establishes Later Shu as a new state independent of Later Tang
July 16, 1054 Three Roman legates break relations between Western and Eastern Christian Churches through the act of placing an invalidly-issued Papal bull of Excommunication on the altar of Hagia Sophia during Saturday afternoon divine liturgy. Historians frequently describe the event as the start of the East–West Schism
January 16, 1120 The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem
March 16, 1190 Massacre of Jews at Clifford's Tower, York
May 16, 1204 Baldwin IX, Count of Flanders is crowned as the first Emperor of the Latin Empire
July 16, 1212 Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa: After Pope Innocent III calls European knights to a crusade, forces of Kings Alfonso VIII of Castile, Sancho VII of Navarre, Peter II of Aragon and Afonso II of Portugal defeat those of the Berber Muslim leader Almohad, thus marking a significant turning point in the Reconquista and in the medieval history of Spain
March 16, 1244 Over 200 Cathars are burned after the Fall of Montségur
February 16, 1249 Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khagan of the Mongol Empire
February 16, 1270 Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeats the Livonian Order in the Battle of Karuse
November 16, 1272 While travelling during the Ninth Crusade, Prince Edward becomes King of England upon Henry III of England's death, but he will not return to England for nearly two years to assume the throne
March 16, 1322 The Battle of Boroughbridge take place in the Despenser Wars
August 16, 1328 The House of Gonzaga seizes power in the Duchy of Mantua, and will rule until 1708
April 16, 1346 Dušan the Mighty is proclaimed Emperor, with the Serbian Empire occupying much of the Balkans
January 16, 1362 A storm tide in the North Sea destroys the German city of Rungholt on the island of Strand
July 16, 1377 Coronation of Richard II of England
October 16, 1384 Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, although she is a woman
September 16, 1400 Owain Glyndŵr is declared Prince of Wales by his followers
June 16, 1407 Ming–Hồ War: Retired King Hồ Quý Ly and his son King Hồ Hán Thương of Hồ dynasty are captured by the Ming armies
January 16, 1412 The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy
December 16, 1431 Hundred Years' War: Henry VI of England is crowned King of France at Notre Dame in Paris
June 16, 1487 Battle of Stoke Field, the final engagement of the Wars of the Roses
November 16, 1491 An auto-da-fé, held in the Brasero de la Dehesa outside of Ávila, concludes the case of the Holy Child of La Guardia with the public execution of several Jewish and converso suspects
January 16, 1492 The first grammar of the Spanish language is presented to Queen Isabella I
December 16, 1497 Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape of Good Hope, the point where Bartolomeu Dias had previously turned back to Portugal
August 16, 1513 Battle of Guinegate (Battle of the Spurs): King Henry VIII of England and his Imperial allies defeat French Forces who are then forced to retreat
April 16, 1520 The Revolt of the Comuneros begins in Spain against the rule of Charles V
April 16, 1521 Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther's first appearance before the Diet of Worms to be examined by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and the other estates of the empire
May 16, 1527 The Florentines drive out the Medici for a second time and Florence re-establishes itself as a republic
May 16, 1532 Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England
November 16, 1532 Francisco Pizarro and his men capture Inca Emperor Atahualpa at the Battle of Cajamarca
January 16, 1547 Ivan IV of Russia aka Ivan the Terrible becomes Czar of Russia
January 16, 1556 Philip II becomes King of Spain
May 16, 1568 Mary, Queen of Scots, flees to England
January 16, 1572 Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England
December 16, 1575 An earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 8.5 strikes Valdivia, Chile