Born on 17th day

November 17, 9 Vespasian Roman Emperor from AD 69 to AD 79. Vespasian founded the Flavian dynasty that ruled the Empire for twenty seven years. Vespasian was from an equestrian family that rose into the senatorial rank under the Julio–Claudian emperors. Although he fulfilled the standard succession of public offices, and held the consulship in AD 51, Vespasian's renown came from his military success: he was legate of Legio II Augusta during the Roman invasion of Britain in 43 and subjugated Judaea during the Jewish rebellion of 66
August 17, 309 Pope Eusebius the Bishop of Rome from 18 April to his death in 309 or 310.
September 17, 397 Archbishop Nectarius of Constantinople the archbishop of Constantinople from AD 381 until his death, the successor to Saint Gregory Nazianzus.
September 17, 456 Remistus a general of the Western Roman Empire, commander-in-chief of the army under Emperor Avitus.
April 17, 617 Donnán of Eigg a Gaelic priest, likely from Ireland, who attempted to introduce Christianity to the Picts of northwestern Scotland during the Early Middle Ages. Donnán is the patron saint of Eigg, an island in the Inner Hebrides where he was martyred
February 17, 624 Wu Zetian a Chinese sovereign, who ruled officially under the name of her self-proclaimed "Zhou dynasty", from 690 to 705. She was the only female emperor of China in more than 4,000 years. She had previous imperial positions, however, under both Emperor Taizong of Tang and his son Emperor Gaozong of Tang, of the Tang dynasty of China. Wu was a concubine of Emperor Taizong. After his death she married his successor and ninth son, Emperor Gaozong, officially becoming Gaozong's furen in 655, although having considerable political power prior to this. After Gaozong's debilitating stroke in 690, Wu Zetian ruled as effective sovereign until 705. She is the only recorded woman to rule China in her own right
March 17, 763 Harun al-Rashid the fifth Abbasid Caliph. His birth date is debated, with various sources giving dates from 763 to 766. His surname translates to "the Just", "the Upright", or "the Rightly-Guided". Al-Rashid ruled from 786 to 809, during the peak of the Islamic Golden Age. His time was marked by scientific, cultural, and religious prosperity. Islamic art and music also flourished significantly during his reign. He established the legendary library Bayt al-Hikma in Baghdad in modern-day Iraq, and during his rule Baghdad began to flourish as a center of knowledge, culture and trade. During his rule, the family of Barmakids, which played a deciding role in establishing the Abbasid Caliphate, declined gradually. In 796, he moved his court and government to Ar-Raqqah in modern-day Syria
June 17, 801 Drogo of Metz an illegitimate son of Frankish emperor Charlemagne by the concubine Regina.
September 17, 879 Charles the Simple the King of Western Francia from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919–23. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty
June 17, 900 Fulk (archbishop of Reims) the Archbishop of Reims from 882 until his death. He was the chief opponent of the non-Carolingian king of France, Odo, in the last quarter of the 9th century. He was the brother of Anscar I, Margrave of Ivrea
September 17, 995 Ibn al-Nadim a Muslim scholar of Persian origin and bibliographer. He is famous as the author of the Kitāb al-Fihrist. It is, in his own words "an Index of the books of all nations, Arabs and non-Arabs alike, which are extant in the Arabic language and script, on every branch of knowledge; comprising information as to their compilers and the classes of their authors, together with the genealogies of those persons, the dates of their birth, the length of their lives, the times of their death, the places to which they belonged, their merits and their faults, since the beginning or every science that has been invented down to the present epoch : namely, the year 377 of the Hijra."
August 17, 1030 Ernest II Duke of Swabia Duke of Swabia from 1015 to 1030. A member of the Babenberg family, he was the son of Ernest I and Gisela of Swabia
July 17, 1134 Centule VI Viscount of Béarn the Viscount of Béarn from 1131 to his death. Like his father, he was an ideal Christian prince for his age, ready to serve the Church in the Reconquista
April 17, 1154 Sancho VII of Navarre the King of Navarre from 1194 to his death. His retirement at the end of his life has given rise to the alternate nickname el Encerrado or "the Retired."
May 17, 1155 Jien a Japanese poet, historian, and Buddhist monk.
September 17, 1174 Pietro di Miso Italian cardinal. He was elevated to the cardinalate by Pope Adrian IV in the consistory of February 1158. Initially he was cardinal-deacon of Eustachio, but in 1166 he was promoted to the order of cardinal-priests and received titulus San Lorenzo in Damaso. After the double papal election in 1159 he supported the obedience of Pope Alexander III and served as his legate in Hungary. He signed the papal bulls between April 24, 1158 and July 17, 1174
September 17, 1192 Minamoto no Sanetomo the third shogun of the Kamakura shogunate Sanetomo was the second son of the founder of the Kamakura shogunate Minamoto no Yoritomo, his mother was Hōjō Masako, and his older brother was the second Kamakura shogun Minamoto no Yoriie.
February 17, 1201 Nasir al-Din al-Tusi a Persian polymath and prolific writer: An architect, astronomer, biologist, chemist, mathematician, philosopher, physician, physicist, scientist, theologian and Marja Taqleed. He was of the Ismaili-, and subsequently Twelver Shī‘ah Islamic belief. The Muslim scholar Ibn Khaldun considered Tusi to be the greatest of the later Persian scholars
March 17, 1231 Emperor Shijō the 87th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spanned the years 1232 through 1242
December 17, 1239 Kujō Yoritsugu the fifth shogun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan. His father was the 4th Kamakura shogun, Kujō Yoritsune
January 17, 1245 Roger of Lauria a Sicilian admiral in Aragonese service, who was the commander of the fleet of Aragon during the War of the Sicilian Vespers. He was probably the most successful and talented naval tactician of the medieval period. He is known as Ruggero or Ruggiero di Lauria in Italian
October 17, 1253 Ivo of Kermartin Saint Ivo of Kermartin, T.O.S.F. also known Yvo or Ives, as Erwann and as Yves Hélory , was a parish priest among the poor of Louannec, the only one of his station to be canonized in the Middle Ages. He is the patron of Brittany, lawyers and abandoned children. His feast day is 19 May. Poetically, he is referred to as "Advocate of the Poor"
December 17, 1267 Emperor Go-Uda the 91st emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1274 through 1287
April 17, 1277 Michael IX Palaiologos or Palaeologus , , reigned as Byzantine co-emperor with full imperial style 1294/1295–1320. Michael IX was the eldest son of Andronikos II Palaiologos and Anna of Hungary , daughter of Stephen V of Hungary
April 17, 1313 Constantine III King of Armenia the King of Armenian Cilicia from 1344 to 1362. He was the son of Baldwin, Lord of Neghir, a nephew of Hethum I of Armenia, and a distant cousin of Constantine II
January 17, 1342 Philip the Bold Duke of Burgundy and jure uxoris Count of Flanders , Artois and Burgundy. The fourth and youngest son of King John II of France and his wife, Bonne of Luxembourg, Philip was the founder of the Burgundian branch of the House of Valois
April 17, 1344 Constantine II King of Armenia elected the first Latin King of Armenian Cilicia of the Lusignan dynasty, ruling from 1342 until his death in 1344.
January 17, 1345 Henry of Asti the titular Roman Catholic patriarch of Constantinople from 1339 and bishop of Negroponte in Frankish Greece. His fame rests on his leadership of the first Smyrniote crusade , on which he died
July 17, 1383 James of Baux Prince of Taranto and the last titular Latin Emperor of Constantinople from 1374 to 1383, and Prince of Achaea from 1382 to 1383.
January 17, 1429 Antonio del Pollaiolo an Italian painter, sculptor, engraver and goldsmith during the Renaissance.
November 17, 1433 Ferdinand Duke of Viseu the third son of Edward of Portugal and his wife Eleanor of Aragon.
May 17, 1443 Edmund Earl of Rutland the fifth child and second surviving son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville. He was born in Rouen
November 17, 1453 Alfonso Prince of Asturias (1453–1468) the figurehead of rebelling magnates against his half brother Henry IV of Castile.
January 17, 1463 Frederick III Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony from 1486 to his death. Frederick was the son of Ernest, Elector of Saxony and his wife Elisabeth, daughter of Albert III, Duke of Bavaria. He is notable as being one of the most powerful early defenders of Martin Luther, Lutheranism and the Protestant Reformation although he had little personal contact with Luther himself. Fredericks' treasurer Degenhart Pfaffinger , spoke on behalf of him to Martin Luther. Pfaffinger supported Frederick since the joint pilgrimage to the holy land. He is considered to have remained a Roman Catholic all his life, yet gradually inclining toward doctrines of the Reformation
January 17, 1463 Antoine Duprat a French Cardinal and politician, who was chancellor of France.
August 17, 1465 Philibert I Duke of Savoy the son of Amadeus IX, Duke of Savoy and Yolande of Valois. Philibert was Duke of Savoy from 1472 to 1482
January 17, 1472 Guidobaldo da Montefeltro an Italian condottiero and the Duke of Urbino from 1482 to 1508.
March 17, 1473 James IV of Scotland the King of Scots from 11 June 1488 to his death. He is generally regarded as the most successful of the Stewart monarchs of Scotland, but his reign ended with the disastrous defeat at the Battle of Flodden Field, where he became the last monarch from not only Scotland, but also from all of Great Britain, to be killed in battle
August 17, 1473 Richard of Shrewsbury Duke of York the sixth child and second son of King Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville, born in Shrewsbury. He and his older brother, who briefly reigned as King Edward V of England, mysteriously disappeared shortly after Richard III of England seized the throne in 1483
January 17, 1484 George Spalatin the pseudonym taken by Georg Burkhardt , an important German figure in the history of the Reformation.
July 17, 1487 Ismail I Shah of Iran and the founder of the Safavid dynasty which survived until 1736. Isma'il started his campaign in Iranian Azerbaijan in 1500 as the leader of the Safaviyya, a Twelver Shia militant religious order, and unified all of Iran by 1509. Born in Ardabil in Northwestern Iran, he reigned as Shah Ismail I of Iran from 1501 to 1524
October 17, 1488 Ursula of Brandenburg a German noblewoman.
February 17, 1490 Charles III Duke of Bourbon a French military leader, the Count of Montpensier and Dauphin of Auvergne. He commanded the Imperial troops of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in what became known as the Sack of Rome in 1527, where he was killed
May 17, 1490 Albert Duke of Prussia the last Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, who after converting to Lutheranism, became the first monarch of the Duchy of Prussia, the secularized state that emerged from the former Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights. Albert was the first European ruler to establish Protestantism as the official state religion of his lands. He proved instrumental in the political spread of Protestantism in its early stage, ruling the Prussian lands for nearly six decades
October 17, 1493 Bartolommeo Bandinelli a Renaissance Italian sculptor, draughtsman and painter.
April 17, 1497 Pedro de Valdivia a Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile. After serving with the Spanish army in Italy and Flanders, he was sent to South America in 1534, where he served as lieutenant under Francisco Pizarro in Peru, acting as his second in command. In 1540 he led an expedition of 150 Spaniards into Chile, where he defeated a large force of Indians and founded Santiago in 1541. He extended Spanish rule south to the Bío-Bío River in 1546, fought again in Peru , and returned to Chile as governor in 1549. He began to conquer Chile south of the Bío-Bío and founded Concepción in 1550. He was captured and killed in a campaign against the Araucanian Indians. The city of Valdivia in Chile is named after him
July 17, 1499 Maria Salviati an Italian noblewoman, the daughter of Lucrezia di Lorenzo de' Medici and Jacopo Salviati. She married Giovanni dalle Bande Nere and was the mother of Cosimo I de Medici. Her husband died 30 November 1526, leaving her a widow at the age of 27. Salviati never remarried; after her husband's death she adopted the somber garb of a novice, which is how she is remembered today as numerous late portraits show her attired in black and white
May 17, 1500 Federico II Gonzaga Duke of Mantua the ruler of the Italian city of Mantua from 1519 until his death. He was also Marquis of Montferrat from 1536
November 17, 1503 Bronzino an Italian Mannerist painter from Florence. His sobriquet, Bronzino, in all probability refers to his relatively dark skin
January 17, 1504 Pope Pius V Pope from 8 January 1566 to his death in 1572. He is venerated as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church. He is chiefly notable for his role in the Council of Trent, the Counter-Reformation, and the standardization of the Roman rite within the Latin Church. Pius V declared Thomas Aquinas a Doctor of the Church and patronized prominent sacred music composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina