Born on 18th day

September 18, 18 Giuseppe Cavanna an Italian football goalkeeper. Born in Vercelli, he played in the 1920s and 1930s for Pro Vercelli and S.S.C. Napoli. He played 151 matches in Serie In the 1934-35 season he had the lowest goals conceded per game average for Napoli, a record which stood until Dino Zoff broke it in the 1970-71 season
September 18, 53 Trajan Roman emperor from 98 AD until his death. Officially declared by the Senate as optimus princeps , Trajan is remembered as a successful soldier-emperor who presided over the greatest military expansion in Roman history, leading the empire to attain its maximum territorial extent by the time of his death. He is also known for his philanthropic rule, overseeing extensive public building programs and implementing social welfare policies, which earned him his enduring reputation as the second of the Five Good Emperors who presided over an era of peace and prosperity in the Mediterranean world
July 18, 390 Brennus (4th century BC) a chieftain of the Senones. He defeated the Romans at the Battle of the Allia. In 387 BC he led an army of Cisalpine Gauls in their attack on Rome and captured most of the city, holding it for several months. Brennus's sack of Rome was the only time the city was occupied by a non-Roman army before the fall of the city to the Goths in 410 AD
November 18, 709 Emperor Kōnin the 49th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Kōnin's reign lasted from 770 to 781
January 18, 748 Odilo Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria from 736 until his death. He had the Lex Baiuvariorum compilation edited, the first ancient Germanic law collection of the Bavarians
June 18, 816 Wulfar the archbishop of Reims from 812 until his death. He was an important administrator in the Carolingian Empire, both before and during his episcopate, under the emperors Charlemagne and Louis the Pious
May 18, 905 Constantine VII the fourth Emperor of the Macedonian dynasty of the Byzantine Empire, reigning from 913 to 959. He was the son of the emperor Leo VI and his fourth wife, Zoe Karbonopsina, and the nephew of his predecessor, the emperor Alexander
April 18, 963 Stephen Lekapenos the second son of the Byzantine emperor Romanos I Lekapenos , and co-emperor from 924 to 945. Along with his younger brother Constantine he deposed Romanos I in December 944, only to be themselves overthrown and exiled by the legitimate emperor Constantine VII a few weeks later. Stephen lived out his life in exile on the island of Lesbos, where he died on Easter 963
July 18, 1013 Hermann of Reichenau an 11th-century scholar, composer, music theorist, mathematician, and astronomer. He composed the Marian prayer Alma Redemptoris Mater. He was beatified in 1863
May 18, 1048 Omar Khayyám a sufi mystic, Persian polymath, philosopher, mathematician, astronomer and poet. He also wrote treatises on mechanics, geography, mineralogy, music, and Islamic theology
October 18, 1081 Nikephoros Palaiologos a Byzantine general of the 11th century.
November 18, 1092 Adelaide of Maurienne the second spouse but first Queen consort of Louis VI of France.
April 18, 1115 Gertrude of Süpplingenburg a Margravine consort of Austria and Tuscany and a Duchess consort of Saxony and Bavaria. She was a member of the Süpplingenburg dynasty
October 18, 1125 Emperor Go-Shirakawa the 77th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1155 through 1158
October 18, 1130 Zhu Xi a Song dynasty Confucian scholar who was the leading figure of the School of Principle and the most influential rationalist Neo-Confucian in China. His contributions to Chinese philosophy including his assigning special significance to the Analects, the Mencius, the Great Learning, and the Doctrine of the Mean , his emphasis on the investigation of things , and the synthesis of all fundamental Confucian concepts, formed the basis of Chinese bureaucracy and government for over 700 years. He has been called the second most influential thinker in Chinese history, after Confucius himself
May 18, 1186 Konstantin of Rostov the eldest son of Vsevolod the Big Nest and Maria Shvarnovna.
October 18, 1239 Stephen V of Hungary King of Hungary and Croatia between 1270 and 1272, and Duke of Styria from 1258 to 1260. He was the oldest son of King Béla IV and Maria Laskarina. King Béla had his son crowned king at the age of six and appointed him Duke of Slavonia. Still a child, Stephen married Elizabeth, a daughter of a chieftain of the Cumans whom his father settled in the Great Hungarian Plain
October 18, 1262 Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville de Raby a Norman nobleman and member of the powerful Neville family, son of Robert de Neville and Mary fitz Ranulf.
June 18, 1269 Eleanor of England Countess of Bar an English princess, the eldest surviving daughter of King Edward I of England and his first wife, Queen Eleanor of Castile.
May 18, 1296 William de Valence 1st Earl of Pembroke a French nobleman and Knight, who became important in English politics due to his relationship to Henry III. He was heavily involved in the Second Barons' War, supporting the King and Prince Edward against the rebels led by Simon de Montfort. He took the name de Valence
August 18, 1305 Ashikaga Takauji the founder and first shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate. His rule began in 1338, beginning the Muromachi period of Japan, and ended with his death in 1358. He was a descendant of the samurai of the Seiwa Genji line who had settled in the Ashikaga area of Shimotsuke Province, in present day Tochigi Prefecture
June 18, 1318 Eleanor of Woodstock an English princess and countess consort of Guelders by marriage. She was regent of Guelders as the guardian of her minor son from 1343 until 1344
June 18, 1332 John V Palaiologos a Byzantine emperor, who succeeded his father in 1341, at age nine.
September 18, 1344 Marie of Valois Duchess of Bar the sixth child and second daughter of John II of France and Bonne of Bohemia.
February 18, 1372 Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani a medieval Shafiite Sunni scholar of Islam who represents the entire realm of the Sunni world in the field of Hadith. He is also known as Shaykh al Islam
March 18, 1380 Lidwina honored as a saint by the Catholic Church.
December 18, 1392 John VIII Palaiologos the penultimate reigning Byzantine Emperor, ruling from 1425 to 1448.
March 18, 1395 John Holland 2nd Duke of Exeter an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War.
October 18, 1405 Pope Pius II Pope from 19 August 1458 to his death in 1464. He was born at Corsignano in the Sienese territory of a noble but decayed family. His longest and most enduring work is the story of his life, the Commentaries, which is the only autobiography ever written by a reigning Pope. He is also known for his erotic writings done before he was ordained a priest
September 18, 1434 Eleanor of Portugal Holy Roman Empress Empress of the Holy Roman Empire. A Portuguese infanta , daughter of King Edward of Portugal and his wife Leonor of Aragon, she was the consort of Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick III, and the mother of Emperor Maximilian I
April 18, 1446 Ippolita Maria Sforza a member of the powerful Italian condottieri Sforza family which ruled the Duchy of Milan from 1450 until 1535. She was the first wife of Alfonso, Duke of Calabria, who later reigned as King Alfonso II of Naples
September 18, 1446 Ōuchi Masahiro a member of the Ōuchi family and general in the Ōnin War, serving Yamana Sōzen. He battled numerous times with Yamana's rival, Hosokawa Katsumoto, at one point commanding 20,000 men and 2,000 boats, moving his troops by land as well as by sea. These battles took place mostly in Kyoto, but also across the Hosokawa family's holdings, and other territories
May 18, 1450 Piero Soderini an Italian statesman of the Republic of Florence.
August 18, 1450 Marko Marulić a Croatian national poet and Christian humanist, known as the Crown of the Croatian Medieval Age and the father of the Croatian Renaissance. He signed his works as Marko Marulić Splićanin , Marko Pečenić, Marcus Marulus Spalatensis, or Dalmata. He was also the first who defined and used the notion of psychology, which is today in current use
June 18, 1466 Ottaviano Petrucci an Italian printer. His Harmonice Musices Odhecaton, a collection of chansons printed in 1501, is commonly misidentified as the first book of sheet music printed from movable type. Actually that distinction belongs to the Roman printer Ulrich Han's Missale Romanum of 1476. Nevertheless, Petrucci's later work was extraordinary for the complexity of his white mensural notation and the smallness of his font, and he did in fact print the first book of polyphony using movable type. He also published numerous works by the most highly regarded composers of the Renaissance, including Josquin des Prez and Antoine Brumel
May 18, 1474 Isabella d'Este Marchesa of Mantua and one of the leading women of the Italian Renaissance as a major cultural and political figure. She was a patron of the arts as well as a leader of fashion, whose innovative style of dressing was copied by women throughout Italy and at the French court. The poet Ariosto labeled her as the "liberal and magnanimous Isabella", while author Matteo Bandello described her as having been "supreme among women". Diplomat Niccolò da Correggio went even further by hailing her as "The First Lady of the world"
April 18, 1480 Lucrezia Borgia the daughter of Pope Alexander VI and Vannozza dei Cattanei. Her brothers included Cesare Borgia, Giovanni Borgia, and Gioffre Borgia
September 18, 1495 Louis X Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria , together with his older brother William IV, Duke of Bavaria. His parents were Albert IV and Kunigunde of Austria, a daughter of Emperor Frederick III
March 18, 1496 Mary Tudor Queen of France Queen of France. Mary became the third wife of Louis XII of France, more than 30 years her senior. Following his death, she married Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk. The marriage, which was performed secretly in France, took place without her brother's consent. This necessitated the intervention of Thomas Wolsey and the couple were eventually pardoned by Henry VIII, although they were forced to pay a large fine
August 18, 1497 Francesco Canova da Milano an Italian lutenist and composer. He was born in Monza, near Milan, and worked for the papal court for almost all of his career. Francesco was heralded throughout Europe as the foremost lute composer of his time. More of his music is preserved than of any other lutenist of the period, and his work continued to influence composers for more than a century after his death
July 18, 1501 Isabella of Austria Queen of Denmark, Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Christian She was the daughter of King Philip I and Queen Joanna of Castile and the sister of Emperor Charles She was born at Brussels. She served as regent of Denmark in 1520
March 18, 1502 Philibert of Chalon the last prince of Orange from the house of Chalon.
April 18, 1503 Henry II of Navarre born at Sangüesa, was the King of Navarre from 1517, although his kingdom had been reduced to a small territory north of the Pyrenees by the Spanish conquest of 1512. Henry succeeded his mother, Queen Catherine, and her husband, King John III
July 18, 1504 Heinrich Bullinger a Swiss reformer, the successor of Huldrych Zwingli as head of the Zurich church and pastor at Grossmünster. A much less controversial figure than John Calvin or Martin Luther, his importance has long been underestimated; recent research shows that he was one of the most influential theologians of the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century
December 18, 1507 Ōuchi Yoshitaka a daimyo of Suō Province and a son of Ōuchi Yoshioki.
October 18, 1508 Patrick Hepburn 1st Earl of Bothwell Lord High Admiral of Scotland. He rose to political prominence after supporting James IV against his father, and was proxy at the King's marriage
June 18, 1511 Bartolomeo Ammannati an Italian architect and sculptor, born at Settignano, near Florence. He studied under Baccio Bandinelli and Jacopo Sansovino and closely imitated the style of Michelangelo
February 18, 1515 Valerius Cordus a German physician and botanist who authored one of the greatest pharmacopoeias and one of the most celebrated herbals in history. He is also widely credited with developing a method for synthesizing ether
February 18, 1516 Mary I of England Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her executions of Protestants caused her opponents to give her the sobriquet "Bloody Mary"
June 18, 1517 Emperor Ōgimachi the 106th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from October 27, 1557 to December 17, 1586, corresponding to the transition between the Warring States Era and the Azuchi-Momoyama period. His personal name was Michihito