Born on 19th day

September 19, 86 Antoninus Pius Roman Emperor from 138 to 161. He was a member of the Nerva–Antonine dynasty and the Aurelii
August 19, 232 Marcus Aurelius Probus Roman Emperor from 276 to 282.
January 19, 398 Pulcheria the second child of Eastern Roman Emperor Arcadius and Empress Aelia Eudoxia. Her older sister was Flaccilla, born in 397 but assumed to have died young. Her younger siblings were Arcadia, born in 400, Theodosius II, the future emperor, and Marina, both born in 401. When her father died in 408, Theodosius II was made Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire, at seven years of age. On July 4, 414 a fifteen-year-old Pulcheria proclaimed herself regent over him, then thirteen years of age, and made herself Augusta and Empress of the Eastern Roman Empire. According to the historian Sozomen, in his Ecclesiastical History, Pulcheria took a vow of virginity when she became Augusta, and her sisters followed suit. Theodosius II died on July 26, 450, and Pulcheria soon married Marcian on November 25, 450. Marcian and Pulcheria were proclaimed Emperor and Empress of the Eastern Roman Empire. Three years later, in July 453, Pulcheria died and was later made a saint by the Church. Pulcheria is known to have held a significant amount of power in her brother's reign as emperor. Pulcheria was also of great influence over the church and theological practices of this time, including over anti-pagan policies, church-building projects, and the debate over the Marian title Theotokos
April 19, 626 Eanflæd a Kentish princess, queen of Northumbria and later, the abbess of an influential Christian monastery in Whitby, England. She was the daughter of King Edwin of Northumbria and Æthelburg, who in turn was the daughter of King Æthelberht of Kent. In or shortly after 642 Eanflæd became the second wife of King Oswiu of Northumbria. After Oswiu's death in 670, she retired to Whitby Abbey, which had been founded by Hilda of Whitby. Eanflæd became the abbess around 680 and remained there until her death. The monastery had strong association with members of the Northumbrian royal family and played an important role in the establishment of Roman Christianity in England during that historical period
September 19, 643 Goeric of Metz a bishop of Metz.
July 19, 810 Muhammad al-Bukhari a Persian Islamic scholar who authored the hadith collection known as Sahih al-Bukhari, regarded by Sunni Muslims as one of the most sahih of all hadith compilations. He also wrote the books Al-Adab al-Mufrad
January 19, 840 Michael III Byzantine Emperor from 842 to 867. Michael III was the third and traditionally last member of the Amorian Dynasty, also known as the Phrygian Dynasty. He was given the disparaging epithet the Drunkard by the hostile historians of the succeeding Macedonian dynasty, but modern historical research has rehabilitated his reputation to some extent, demonstrating the vital role his reign played in the resurgence of Byzantine power in the 9th century
September 19, 866 Leo VI the Wise Byzantine Emperor from 886 to 912. The second ruler of the Macedonian dynasty , he was very well-read, leading to his surname. During his reign, the renaissance of letters, begun by his predecessor Basil I, continued; but the Empire also saw several military defeats in the Balkans against Bulgaria and against the Arabs in Sicily and the Aegean
August 19, 1012 Baldwin V Count of Flanders Count of Flanders from 1035 until his death.
September 19, 1147 Igor II of Kiev Olgovich , Prince of Chernigov and Grand Prince of Kiev. Son of Oleg Svyatoslavich of Chernigov. Saint - feast day: 5 June
November 19, 1168 Emperor Ningzong of Song the 13th emperor of the Song Dynasty who reigned from 1194 to 1224. His temple name means "Tranquil Ancestor". His reign was noted for the cultural and intellectual achievements. In particular, Zhu Xi wrote some of his most famous works during this period. However, Ningzong personally was known for aversion to the daoxue spread at court
October 19, 1183 Antipope Callixtus III Antipope from September 1168 to 29 August 1178.
June 19, 1197 Bretislaus III Duke of Bohemia the duke of Bohemia from 1193 to his death. Being the bishop of Prague since 1182, he was also a prince of the Holy Roman Empire. He was a son of Henry, son of Vladislaus I
January 19, 1200 Dōgen a Japanese Zen Buddhist teacher born in Kyōto. He founded the Sōtō school of Zen in Japan after travelling to China and training under Rujing, a master of the Chinese Caodong lineage
August 19, 1217 Ninshō a Japanese Shingon Risshu priest during the Kamakura period. His was instrumental in reviving Ritsu Buddhism during this period, as well as establishing facilities to care for invalids. He was criticized by his contemporary Nichiren
July 19, 1223 Baibars the fourth Sultan of Egypt from the Mamluk Bahri dynasty. He was one of the commanders of the Egyptian forces that inflicted a defeat on the Seventh Crusade of King Louis IX of France. He also led the vanguard of the Egyptian army at the Battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, which marked the first substantial defeat of the Mongol army and is considered a turning point in history
November 19, 1235 Henry XIII Duke of Bavaria Duke of Lower Bavaria. As Duke of Lower Bavaria, he is also called Henry I
July 19, 1249 Jacopo Tiepolo Doge of Venice from 6 March 1229 to 2 May 1249. He had previously served as the first Venetian duke of Crete, and two terms as podestà in Constantinople. During his first term, following the capture and mysterious end of Peter of Courtenay, Tiepolo acted as de facto ruler of the Latin Empire, negotiating treaties on behalf of the Empire with Egypt and the Seljuk Turks
November 19, 1272 David of Augsburg a medieval German mystic, and a Franciscan friar. It is believed that he probably joined the Franciscan Order at Regensburg. He was the master of novices in the Franciscan houses at Regensburg and Augsburg. He wrote the acclaimed "Formula Novitiorum"
October 19, 1276 Prince Hisaaki the eighth shogun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan.
August 19, 1282 Hartmann von Heldrungen the 11th Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, serving from 1273 to 1282.
August 19, 1327 Aymeric of Piacenza an Italian Dominican scholar, who became Master of the Order of Preachers. He involved in both the suppression of the Fraticelli, and the downfall of the Templars
September 19, 1328 Joan of Kent the first post-conquest Princess of Wales as wife to Edward, the Black Prince, son and heir of King Edward III. Although the French chronicler Jean Froissart called her "the most beautiful woman in all the realm of England, and the most loving", the appellation "Fair Maid of Kent" does not appear to be contemporary. Joan assumed the title of 4th Countess of Kent and 5th Baroness Wake of Liddell after the death of her brother, John, in 1352
July 19, 1333 Alan Stewart of Dreghorn a Scottish nobleman.
August 19, 1342 Catherine of Bohemia Electress of Brandenburg, the second daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV and Blanche of Valois.
December 19, 1343 William I Margrave of Meissen Margrave of Meissen. His surname is related to the legend that Saint Benno appeared to him because of his disputes with the Church in a dream and he had an eye gouged out
November 19, 1350 Raoul II of Brienne Count of Eu the son of Raoul I of Brienne, Count of Eu and Guînes and Jeanne de Mello. He succeeded his father in 1344 as Count of Eu and Guînes, as well as in his post as Constable of France
September 19, 1377 Albert IV Duke of Austria a Duke of Austria.
August 19, 1398 Íñigo López de Mendoza 1st Marquis of Santillana a Castilian politician and poet who held an important position in society and literature during the reign of John II of Castile.
January 19, 1409 René of Anjou Duke of Anjou, Count of Provence , Count of Piedmont, Duke of Bar , Duke of Lorraine , King of Naples , titular King of Jerusalem and Aragon.
November 19, 1413 Frederick II Elector of Brandenburg a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg from 1440 until his abdication in 1470, and was a member of the House of Hohenzollern.
September 19, 1416 Piero di Cosimo de' Medici the de facto ruler of Florence from 1464 to 1469, during the Italian Renaissance. He was the father of Lorenzo the Magnificent and Giuliano de' Medici
June 19, 1417 Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta an Italian condottiero and nobleman, a member of the House of Malatesta and lord of Rimini, Fano, and Cesena from 1432. He was widely considered by his contemporaries as one of the most daring military leaders in Italy and commanded the Venetian forces in the 1465 campaign against the Ottoman Empire. He was also a poet and patron of the arts
July 19, 1420 William VIII Marquess of Montferrat the Marquess of Montferrat from 1464 until his death.
October 19, 1433 Marsilio Ficino an Italian scholar and Catholic priest who was one of the most influential humanist philosophers of the early Italian Renaissance. He was also an astrologer and a reviver of Neoplatonism who was in touch with every major academic thinker and writer of his day, and became the first translator of Plato's complete extant works into Latin. His Florentine Academy, an attempt to revive Plato's school, had enormous influence on the direction and tenor of the Italian Renaissance and the development of European philosophy
March 19, 1434 Ashikaga Yoshikatsu the 7th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1442 to 1443 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshikatsu was the son of 6th shogun Ashikaga Yoshinori
April 19, 1452 Frederick of Naples the last King of Naples of the Neapolitan branch of the House of Trastámara, ruling from 1496 to 1501. He was the second son of Ferdinand I, younger brother of Alfonso II, and uncle of Ferdinand II, his predecessor
February 19, 1461 Domenico Grimani an Italian nobleman, theologian and cardinal. Like most noble churchman of his era Grimani was an ecclesiastical pluralist, holding numerous posts and benefices. Desiderius Erasmus dedicated to Grimani his Musica
November 19, 1462 Emperor Go-Kashiwabara the 104th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from November 16, 1500 to May 19, 1526. His personal name was Katsuhito. His reign marked the nadir of Imperial authority during the Ashikaga shogunate
October 19, 1469 John Fisher an English Catholic Cardinal-Priest, Bishop, and theologian. He was a man of learning, associated with the intellectuals and political leaders of his day, and eventually became Chancellor of the University of Cambridge
February 19, 1473 Nicolaus Copernicus a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at its center. The publication of this model in his book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium just before his death in 1543 is considered a major event in the history of science, triggering the Copernican Revolution and making an important contribution to the Scientific Revolution
May 19, 1476 Helena of Moscow daughter of Ivan III the Great, Grand Prince of Moscow, and an uncrowned Grand Duchess of Lithuania and Queen of Poland as she would not convert from Eastern Orthodoxy to Catholicism. Her childless marriage to Grand Duke of Lithuania and later King of Poland Alexander Jagiellon was a constant source of tension between the Grand Duchy of Moscow and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Instead of guaranteeing peace, Helena's marriage gave her father Ivan III an excuse to interfere in Lithuanian affairs accusing Alexander of mistreating Helena and repressing Orthodox believers. This became the pretext to renew the Muscovite–Lithuanian War in 1500. The war ended with a six-year truce in 1503; the Grand Duchy of Lithuania lost about a third of its territory. Despite political tensions and religious differences, the marriage was a loving one and the royal couple was close. After her husband's death in 1506, Helena wanted to return to Moscow but was not allowed. When she planned to run away, she was arrested and reportedly poisoned
April 19, 1483 Paolo Giovio an Italian physician, historian, biographer, and prelate.
March 19, 1488 Johannes Magnus the last functioning Catholic Archbishop in Sweden, and also a theologian, genealogist, and historian.
December 19, 1498 Andreas Osiander a German Lutheran theologian.
November 19, 1503 Pier Luigi Farnese Duke of Parma the first Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Castro, from 1545 to 1547.
October 19, 1507 Viglius the name taken by Wigle Aytta van Zwichem, a Dutch statesman and jurist, a Frisian by birth.
February 19, 1526 Carolus Clusius a Flemish doctor and pioneering botanist, perhaps the most influential of all 16th-century scientific horticulturists.
February 19, 1532 Jean-Antoine de Baïf a French poet and member of the Pléiade.
March 19, 1534 José de Anchieta a Spanish Jesuit missionary to the Portuguese colony of Brazil in the second half of the 16th century. A highly influential figure in Brazil's history in the first century after its European discovery, Anchieta was one of the founders of São Paulo in 1554 and of Rio de Janeiro in 1565. He is the first playwright, the first grammarian and the first poet born in the Canary Islands, and the father of Brazilian literature. Anchieta was also involved in the religious instruction and conversion to the Catholic faith of the Indian population. His efforts along with those of another Jesuit missionary, Manuel da Nóbrega, at Indian pacification were crucial to the establishment of stable colonial settlements in the colony