19th day events in history

July 19, 64 Great Fire of Rome: a fire begins to burn in the merchant area of Rome and soon burns completely out of control. According to a popular, but untrue legend, Nero fiddled as the city burned
April 19, 65 The freedman Milichus betrayed Piso's plot to kill the Emperor Nero and all the conspirators are arrested
February 19, 197 Emperor Septimius Severus defeats usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum, the bloodiest battle between Roman armies
December 19, 211 Publius Septimius Geta, co-emperor of Rome, is lured to come without his bodyguards to meet his brother Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (Caracalla), to discuss a possible reconciliation. When he arrives, the Praetorian Guard murders him and he dies in the arms of his mother, Julia Domna
September 19, 335 Flavius Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle, emperor Constantine I
February 19, 356 Emperor Constantius II issues a decree closing all pagan temples in the Roman Empire
January 19, 379 Emperor Gratian elevates Flavius Theodosius at Sirmium to Augustus, and gives him power over all the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire
October 19, 439 The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa
November 19, 461 Libius Severus is declared emperor of the Western Roman Empire. The real power is in the hands of the magister militum Ricimer
July 19, 484 Leontius, Roman usurper, is crowned Eastern emperor at Tarsus (modern Turkey). He is recognized in Antioch and makes it his capital
April 19, 531 Battle of Callinicum: A Byzantine army under Belisarius is defeated by the Persian at Ar-Raqqah (northern Syria)
September 19, 634 Siege of Damascus: The Rashidun Arabs under Khalid ibn al-Walid capture Damascus from the Byzantine Empire
November 19, 636 The Rashidun Caliphate defeated the Sasanian Empire at the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah in Iraq
January 19, 639 Clovis II, king of Neustria and Burgundy, is crowned
May 19, 639 Ashina Jiesheshuai and his tribesmen assaulted Tai zong at Jiucheng Palace
January 19, 649 Conquest of Kucha: The forces of Kucha surrender after a forty-day siege led by Tang Dynasty general Ashina She'er, establishing Tang control over the northern Tarim Basin in Xinjiang
July 19, 711 Umayyad conquest of Hispania: Battle of Guadalete – Umayyad forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by King Roderic
May 19, 715 Pope Gregory II is elected
April 19, 1012 Martyrdom of Ælfheah in Greenwich, London
May 19, 1051 Henry I of France is married to Anne of Kiev
November 19, 1095 The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land, begins
August 19, 1153 Baldwin III of Jerusalem takes control of the Kingdom of Jerusalem from his mother Melisende, and also captures Ascalon
December 19, 1154 Henry II of England is crowned at Westminster Abbey
June 19, 1179 The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Earl Erling Skakke is killed, and the battle changes the tide of the civil wars
October 19, 1216 King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry
June 19, 1269 King Louis IX of France orders all Jews found in public without an identifying yellow badge to be fined ten livres of silver
March 19, 1279 A Mongolian victory at the Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China
June 19, 1306 The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven
July 19, 1333 Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Halidon Hill – The English win a decisive victory over the Scots
September 19, 1356 Battle of Poitiers: An English army under the command of Edward, the Black Prince defeats a French army and captures the French king, John II
October 19, 1386 The Universität Heidelberg held its first lecture, making it the oldest German university
January 19, 1419 Hundred Years' War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England, completing his reconquest of Normandy
May 19, 1445 John II of Castile defeats the Infantes of Aragon at the First Battle of Olmedo
October 19, 1466 The Thirteen Years' War ends with the Second Treaty of Thorn
October 19, 1469 Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain
December 19, 1490 Anne, Duchess of Brittany, is married to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor by proxy
November 19, 1493 Christopher Columbus goes ashore on an island he first saw the day before. He names it San Juan Bautista (later renamed Puerto Rico)
May 19, 1499 Catherine of Aragon is married by proxy to Arthur, Prince of Wales. Catherine is 13 and Arthur is 12
August 19, 1504 In Ireland, the Hiberno-Norman de Burghs (Burkes) and Anglo-Norman Fitzgeralds fight in the Battle of Knockdoe
January 19, 1511 Mirandola surrenders to the French
October 19, 1512 Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia)
January 19, 1520 Sten Sture the Younger, the Regent of Sweden, is mortally wounded at the Battle of Bogesund
April 19, 1529 Beginning of the Protestant Reformation: After the Second Diet of Speyer bans Lutheranism, a group of rulers (German: Fürst) and independent cities (German: Reichsstadt) protests the reinstatement of the Edict of Worms
May 19, 1535 French explorer Jacques Cartier sets sail on his second voyage to North America with three ships, 110 men, and Chief Donnacona's two sons (whom Cartier had kidnapped during his first voyage)
May 19, 1536 Anne Boleyn, the second wife of Henry VIII of England, is beheaded for adultery, treason, and incest
April 19, 1539 Charles V and Protestants signs Treaty of Frankfurt
May 19, 1542 The Prome Kingdom falls to the Taungoo Dynasty in present-day Burma
July 19, 1544 Italian War of 1542–46: the first Siege of Boulogne begins
July 19, 1545 The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth; in 1982 the wreck is salvaged in one of the most complex and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology
July 19, 1553 Lady Jane Grey is replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after only nine days on the throne