Born on 21st day

July 21, 356 Alexander the Great a King of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander succeeded his father, Philip II, to the throne at the age of twenty. He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, until by the age of thirty he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to Egypt and into northwest ancient India. He was undefeated in battle and is considered one of history's most successful military commanders
July 21, 541 Emperor Wen of Sui the founder and first emperor of China's Sui Dynasty. He was a hard-working administrator and a micromanager. As a Buddhist, he encouraged the spread of Buddhism through the state. He is regarded as one of the most important emperors in Chinese history, reunifying China in 589 after centuries of division since the fall of Western Jin Dynasty in 316. During his reign began the construction of the Grand Canal
December 21, 583 Yohl Ik'nal a female ruler of the Mayan city of Palenque, ruling from 583 to 604, during the Mesoamerican Classic Period. Her name means "Heart of the Wind Place"
July 21, 628 Emperor Gaozong of Tang the third emperor of the Tang Dynasty in China, ruling from 649 to 683. Emperor Gaozong was the son of Emperor Taizong and Empress Zhangsun
September 21, 687 Antipope Theodore considered an antipope of the Roman Catholic Church.
September 21, 687 Antipope Paschal considered an antipope of the Roman Catholic Church.
April 21, 866 Bardas a Byzantine noble and high-ranking minister. As the brother of Empress Theodora, he rose to high office under Theophilos. Although sidelined after Theophilos's death by Theodora and Theoktistos, in 855 he engineered Theoktistos's murder and became the de facto regent for his nephew, Michael III. Rising to the rank of Caesar, he was the effective ruler of the Byzantine Empire for ten years, a period which saw military success, renewed diplomatic and missionary activity, and an intellectual revival that heralded the Macedonian Renaissance. He was assassinated in 866 at the instigation of Michael III's new favourite, Basil the Macedonian, who a year later would usurp the throne for himself and install his own dynasty on the Byzantine throne
March 21, 867 Ælla of Northumbria King of Northumbria, England in the middle of the 9th century. Sources on Northumbrian history in this period are limited. Ælla's descent is not known and the dating of his reign is problematic. He is a major character in the saga Ragnarssona þáttr
March 21, 867 Osberht of Northumbria king of Northumbria in the middle of the 9th century. Sources on Northumbrian history in this period are limited. Osberht's descent is not known and the dating of his reign is problematic
February 21, 921 Abe no Seimei an onmyōji, a leading specialist of onmyōdō during the middle of the Heian Period in Japan. In addition to his prominence in history, he is a legendary figure in Japanese folklore and has been portrayed in a number of stories and films
March 21, 927 Emperor Taizu of Song the founding emperor of imperial China's Song Dynasty, reigning from 960 until his death. A distinguished military general under the Later Zhou, he came to power by staging a coup d'état and forcing the young Emperor Gong of Later Zhou to abdicate power
June 21, 1002 Pope Leo IX Pope from 12 February 1049 to his death in 1054. He was a German aristocrat and a powerful secular ruler of central Italy while holding the papacy. He is regarded as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church, his feast day celebrated on 19 April
July 21, 1006 Gisela of Burgundy the daughter of Conrad the Peaceful, King of Burgundy and Adelaide of Bellay, Conrad's second wife whom he probably married for love, as he had already produced an heir by his first, more dynastic, marriage and was thus free to wed as he pleased. Gisela was a niece of the empress Adelaide
September 21, 1051 Bertha of Savoy the first wife of Emperor Henry IV, and was Queen of Germany and Holy Roman Empress.
April 21, 1132 Sancho VI of Navarre king of Navarre from 1150 until his death in 1194.
August 21, 1165 Philip II of France a Capetian King of France who reigned from 1180 to 1223, and the first to be called by that title. His predecessors had been known as kings of the Franks but from 1190 onward Philip styled himself king of France. The son of Louis VII and of his third wife, Adela of Champagne, he was originally nicknamed "God-given" because he was the first son of Louis VII and born late in his father's life
May 21, 1173 Shinran a Japanese Buddhist monk, who was born in Hino at the turbulent close of the Heian Period and lived during the Kamakura Period. Shinran was a pupil of Hōnen, and the founder of what ultimately became the Jōdo Shinshū sect, in Japan
January 21, 1183 Ardoino da Piacenza an Italian cardinal. Hi first name is listed also as Arduino
October 21, 1204 Robert de Beaumont 4th Earl of Leicester an English nobleman, the last of the Beaumont earls of Leicester. He is sometimes known as Robert FitzPernel
September 21, 1217 Caupo of Turaida now part of Latvia and Estonia. He is sometimes called 'King of Livonia', Chronicle of Henry of Livonia calls him quasi rex, 'like a king'
June 21, 1226 Bolesław V the Chaste Duke of Sandomierz in Lesser Poland from 1232 and High Duke of Poland from 1243 until his death.
March 21, 1227 Charles I of Naples the King of Sicily by conquest from 1266, though he had received it as a papal grant in 1262 and was expelled from the island in the aftermath of the Sicilian Vespers of 1282. Thereafter, he claimed the island, though his power was restricted to the peninsular possessions of the kingdom, with his capital at Naples
August 21, 1229 Iwo Odrowąż a medieval Polish humanist, statesman, and bishop.
March 21, 1256 Henry I Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal a member of the House of Ascania and Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal and Landsberg.
October 21, 1258 Przemysław of Racibórz a Duke of Racibórz since 1282 until his death.
October 21, 1258 Bolko I of Opole a Duke of Opole from 1282 , Niemodlin and Strzelce Opolskie until his death.
January 21, 1264 Alexander Prince of Scotland the son of Alexander III of Scotland and Margaret of England, and heir to the throne of Scotland. He was the grandson of Henry III of England and Alexander II of Scotland
February 21, 1267 Baldwin of Ibelin Seneschal of Cyprus the fourth of five sons of John I of Beirut and his second wife Melisende of Arsuf.
January 21, 1277 Galeazzo I Visconti lord of Milan from 1322 to 1327.
March 21, 1295 Henry Suso O.P. was a German Dominican friar, who was a noted spiritual writer and mystic. He died in the Free Imperial City of Ulm on 25 January 1366. He was beatified by the Catholic Church in 1831
January 21, 1300 Roger de Clifford 2nd Baron de Clifford a member of the Clifford family which held the seat of Skipton from 1310 to 1676. He inherited his title when his father, Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford died at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314. His mother was Maud de Clare, eldest daughter of Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond and Juliana FitzGerald. Roger was also hereditary High Sheriff of Westmorland
October 21, 1328 Hongwu Emperor the founder and first emperor of the Ming Dynasty of China. His era name Hongwu means "vastly martial."
December 21, 1336 Balthasar Landgrave of Thuringia Margrave of Meissen and Landgrave of Thuringia from the House of Wettin.
January 21, 1338 Charles V of France a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1364 to his death.
March 21, 1364 Sohier Count of Enghien the titular Duke of Athens, and Count of Brienne and Lord of Enghien from 1356 to 1364.
September 21, 1371 Frederick I Elector of Brandenburg Burgrave of Nuremberg as Frederick VI and Elector of Brandenburg as Frederick He was a son of Burgrave Frederick V of Nuremberg and Elisabeth of Meissen, and was the first member of the House of Hohenzollern to rule the Margraviate of Brandenburg.
June 21, 1390 Blessed Margaret of Savoy Marchioness of Montferrat, and a Dominican Sister.
April 21, 1393 John Capgrave an English historian, hagiographer and scholastic theologian.
February 21, 1397 Isabella of Portugal Duchess of Burgundy Duchess of Burgundy as the third wife of Duke Philip the Good. Born a Portuguese infanta of the House of Aviz, Isabella was the only surviving daughter of King John I of Portugal and his wife Philippa of Lancaster. Her son by Philip was Charles the Bold, the last Valois Duke of Burgundy. Isabella was the regent of the Burgundian Low Countries during the absence of her spouse in 1432 and in 1441–1443. She served as her husband's representative in negotiations with England regarding trade relations in 1439 and those with the rebellious cities of Holland in 1444
December 21, 1401 Masaccio the first great Italian painter of the Quattrocento period of the Italian Renaissance. According to Vasari, Masaccio was the best painter of his generation because of his skill at recreating lifelike figures and movements as well as a convincing sense of three-dimensionality. Masaccio died at twenty-six and little is known about the exact circumstances of his death
September 21, 1407 Leonello d'Este Marquis of Ferrara marquis of Ferrara and Duke of Modena and Reggio Emilia from 1441 to 1450.
October 21, 1409 Alessandro Sforza an Italian condottiero and lord of Pesaro, the first of the Pesaro line of the Sforza family.
September 21, 1411 Richard of York 3rd Duke of York a leading English magnate, a great-grandson of King Edward III through his father and a great-great-great-grandson of that king through his mother. He inherited great estates, and served in various offices of state in France at the end of the Hundred Years' War, and in England, ultimately governing the country as Lord Protector during Henry VI's madness. His conflicts with Henry's wife, Margaret of Anjou, and other members of Henry's court, as well as his competing claim on the throne, were a leading factor in the political upheaval of mid-fifteenth-century England, and a major cause of the Wars of the Roses. Richard eventually attempted to take the throne but was dissuaded, although it was agreed that he would become King on Henry's death Within a few weeks of securing this agreement, he died in battle
July 21, 1414 Pope Sixtus IV Pope from 9 August 1471 to his death in 1484. His accomplishments as pope included building the Sistine Chapel; the group of artists that he brought together introduced the Early Renaissance into Rome with the first masterpieces of the city's new artistic age. He also established the Vatican Archives. Sixtus furthered the agenda of the Spanish Inquisition and annulled the decrees of the Council of Constance. He was famed for his nepotism and was personally involved in the infamous Pazzi Conspiracy
September 21, 1415 Frederick III Holy Roman Emperor the Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death. Prior to his imperial coronation, he was hereditary Duke of Austria from 1424 and elected King of Germany from 1440. He was the first emperor of the House of Habsburg. In 1493, he was succeeded by his son Maximilian I after ten years of joint rule
September 21, 1428 Jingtai Emperor Emperor of China from 1449 to 1457. The second son of the Xuande Emperor, he was selected in 1449 to succeed his older brother, the Zhengtong Emperor, when the latter was captured by Mongols following the Tumu Crisis. He reigned for 8 years before being removed from the throne by his brother, who was restored as the Tianshun Emperor. The Jingtai Emperor's era name means "Exalted View"
September 21, 1433 Guillaume Fichet a French scholar who cooperated with Johann Heynlin to establish the first printing press in France in 1470.
October 21, 1449 George Plantagenet 1st Duke of Clarence the third son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville, and the brother of English Kings Edward IV and Richard III. He played an important role in the dynastic struggle between rival factions of the Plantagenets known as the Wars of the Roses
September 21, 1452 Girolamo Savonarola an Italian Dominican friar and preacher active in Renaissance Florence, and known for his prophecies of civic glory, destruction of secular art and culture, and calls for Christian renewal. He denounced clerical corruption, despotic rule and the exploitation of the poor. He prophesied the coming of a biblical flood and a new Cyrus from the north who would reform the Church. This seemed confirmed when Charles VIII of France invaded Italy and threatened Florence. While Savonarola intervened with the king, the Florentines expelled the ruling Medici and, at the friar’s urging, established a "popular" republic. Declaring that Florence would be the New Jerusalem, the world center of Christianity and "richer, more powerful, more glorious than ever", he instituted an extreme puritanical campaign, enlisting the active help of Florentine youth
September 21, 1457 Hedwig Jagiellon Duchess of Bavaria the eldest daughter of King Casimir IV Jagiellon of Poland and Archduchess Elisabeth Habsburg of Hungary.