Died on 23rd day

August 23, 30 Caesarion the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, who reigned jointly with his mother Cleopatra VII of Egypt, from September 2, 44 Between the death of Cleopatra, on August 12, 30 BC, up to his own death on August 23, 30 BC, he was nominally the sole pharaoh. He was killed on the orders of Octavian, who would become the Roman emperor Augustus. He was the eldest son of Cleopatra VII, and possibly the only son of Julius Caesar, after whom he was named
October 23, 42 Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger a politician of the late Roman Republic. After being adopted by his uncle he used the name Quintus Servilius Caepio Brutus, but eventually returned to using his original name
June 23, 79 Vespasian Roman Emperor from AD 69 to AD 79. Vespasian founded the Flavian dynasty that ruled the Empire for twenty seven years. Vespasian was from an equestrian family that rose into the senatorial rank under the Julio–Claudian emperors. Although he fulfilled the standard succession of public offices, and held the consulship in AD 51, Vespasian's renown came from his military success: he was legate of Legio II Augusta during the Roman invasion of Britain in 43 and subjugated Judaea during the Jewish rebellion of 66
August 23, 93 Gnaeus Julius Agricola a Gallo-Roman general responsible for much of the Roman conquest of Britain. Written by his son-in-law Tacitus, the De vita et moribus Iulii Agricolae is the primary source for most of what is known about him, along with detailed archaeological evidence from northern Britain
December 23, 119 Salonina Matidia the daughter and only child of Ulpia Marciana and wealthy praetor Gaius Salonius Matidius Patruinus. Her maternal uncle was the Roman Emperor Trajan. Trajan had no children and treated her like his daughter. Her father died in 78 and Matidia went with her mother to live with Trajan and his wife, Pompeia Plotina
May 23, 230 Pope Urban I Bishop of Rome or pope from 222 to 23 May 230. He was born in Rome and succeeded Pope Callixtus I, who had been martyred. It was previously believed for centuries that Urban I was also martyred. However, recent historical discoveries now lead scholars to believe that he died of natural causes
April 23, 303 Saint George a soldier in the Roman army and was later venerated as a Christian martyr. His father was Gerontius, a Greek Christian from Cappadocia, and an official in the Roman army. His mother, Polychronia was a Christian from Roman Palestine. Saint George became an officer in the Roman army in the Guard of Diocletian. In hagiography, Saint George is one of the most venerated saints in the Catholic , Anglican, Eastern Orthodox, and the Oriental Orthodox churches. He is immortalized in the tale of Saint George and the Dragon and is one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers. His memorial is celebrated on 23 April , and he is regarded as one of the most prominent military saints
February 23, 375 Saint Gorgonia the daughter of Saint Gregory the Elder and Saint Nonna. She is remembered in both Western and Eastern Churches for her piety as a married woman
February 23, 572 Chihor-Vishnasp a Iranian military officer from the Suren family, who served as the governor of Persian Armenia from 564 until his murder in 23 February 572 by the Armenian rebel Vardan III Mamikonian.
January 23, 667 Ildefonsus a scholar and theologian who served as the metropolitan bishop of Toledo for the last decade of his life. His Gothic name was Hildefuns. Although his writings were less influential outside of Hispania, Ildefonsus was canonised and remained a potent force in the peninsula for centuries. Spanish and Portuguese missionaries spread his cult worldwide
December 23, 668 Mor Gabriel the 7th bishop of Tur Abdin in South-eastern Turkey.
June 23, 679 Æthelthryth the name for the Anglo-Saxon saint known, particularly in a religious context, as Etheldreda or Audrey. She was an East Anglian princess, a Fenland and Northumbrian queen and Abbess of Ely
December 23, 679 Dagobert II the king of Austrasia , the son of Sigebert III and Chimnechild of Burgundy. He is also accounted a saint by the Roman Catholic Church; his feast day is 23 December
April 23, 711 Childebert III seemingly but a puppet of the mayor of the palace, Pepin of Heristal, though his placita show him making judicial decisions of his own will, even against the Arnulfing clan. His nickname has no comprehensible justification except possibly as a result of these judgements, but the Liber Historiae Francorum calls him a "famous man" and "the glorious lord of good memory, Childebert, the just king." He had a son named Dagobert, who succeeded him, as Dagobert III but his wife was not Edonne, the invention of later fantasists. It is possible, though not likely, that Chlothar IV was also his son. He spent almost his entire life in a royal villa on the Oise
February 23, 715 Al-Walid I an Umayyad caliph who ruled from 705 until his death in 715. His reign saw the greatest expansion of the Caliphate, as successful campaigns were undertaken in Transoxiana, Sind, Hispania and against the Byzantines
April 23, 725 Wihtred of Kent king of Kent from about 690 or 691 until his death. He was a son of Ecgberht I and a brother of Eadric. Wihtred acceded to the throne after a confused period in the 680s, which included a brief conquest of Kent by Cædwalla of Wessex and subsequent dynastic conflicts. His immediate predecessor was Oswine of Kent, who was probably descended from Eadbald of Kent, though not through the same line as Wihtred. Shortly after the start of his reign, Wihtred issued a code of laws—the Law of Wihtred—that has been preserved in a manuscript known as the Textus Roffensis. The laws pay a great deal of attention to the rights of the Church, including punishment for irregular marriages and for pagan worship. Wihtred's long reign had few incidents recorded in the annals of the day. He was succeeded in 725 by his sons, Æthelberht II, Eadberht I, and Ælfric
December 23, 761 Gaubald the first bishop of Regensburg after the foundation of the diocese of Regensburg. He has been beatified. His name is also spelled Gawibald, Geupald or Gaibald
May 23, 779 Emperor Daizong of Tang an emperor of the Chinese Tang Dynasty.
September 23, 788 Ælfwald I of Northumbria king of Northumbria from 779 to 788. He is thought to have been a son of Oswulf, and thus a grandson of Eadberht Eating
March 23, 851 Zhou Chi an official of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty, serving as a chancellor during the reign of Emperor Xuānzong.
April 23, 871 Æthelred of Wessex King of Wessex from 865 to 871. He was the fourth son of King Æthelwulf of Wessex. He succeeded his brother, Æthelberht , as King of Wessex and Kent in 865
October 23, 877 Patriarch Ignatius of Constantinople a Patriarch of Constantinople from July 4, 847, to October 23, 858, and from November 23, 867, to his death on October 23, 877. In the Roman Martyrology of the Roman Catholic Church, he is regarded as a saint, with a feast day of October 23
December 23, 910 Saint Naum a medieval Bulgarian writer, enlightener, one of the seven Apostles of the First Bulgarian Empire and missionary among the Slavs. He was among the disciples of Saints Cyril and Methodius and is associated with the creation of the Glagolitic and Cyrillic scripts. Naum was among the founders of the Pliska Literary School and is venerated as a saint in the Orthodox Church
December 23, 918 Conrad I of Germany Duke of Franconia from 906 and King of Germany from 911 to 918, the only king of the Conradine dynasty. Though Conrad never used the title rex Teutonicorum nor rex Romanorum , he was the first king of East Francia who was elected by the rulers of the German stem duchies as successor of the last Carolingian ruler Louis the Child. His Kingdom of Germany evolved into the Holy Roman Empire upon the coronation of Emperor Otto I in 962
October 23, 930 Emperor Daigo the 60th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
December 23, 940 Ar-Radi the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 934 to his death at the age of thirty-three in 940.
November 23, 947 Berthold Duke of Bavaria the younger son of Margrave Luitpold of Bavaria and Cunigunda, sister of Duke Erchanger of Swabia. He followed his nephew Eberhard as Duke of Bavaria in 938
November 23, 955 Eadred the king of England from 946 until his death in 955, in succession to his elder brother Edmund I.
September 23, 965 Al-Mutanabbi an Arab poet. He is considered as one of the greatest poets in the Arabic language. Much of his poetry revolves around praising the kings he visited during his lifetime. Some consider his 326 poems to be a great representation of his life story. He started writing poetry when he was nine years old. He is well known for his sharp intelligence and wittiness. Al-Mutanabbi had a great pride in himself through his poetry. Among the topics he discussed were courage, the philosophy of life, and the description of battles. Many of his poems were and still are widely spread in today's Arab world and are considered to be proverbial
April 23, 997 Adalbert of Prague a Czech Roman Catholic saint, a Bishop of Prague and a missionary who was martyred in his efforts to convert the Baltic Prussians. He evangelized Poles and Hungarians. Adalbert was later made the patron saint of Bohemia, Poland, Hungary and Prussia
July 23, 997 Nuh II amir of the Samanids. He was the son and successor of Mansur I
January 23, 1002 Otto III Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor from 996 until his early death in 1002. A member of the Ottonian dynasty, Otto III was the only son of the Emperor Otto II and his wife Theophanu
February 23, 1011 Willigis Archbishop of Mainz from 975 until his death as well as a statesman of the Holy Roman Empire.
April 23, 1014 Sigurd the Stout an Earl of Orkney. The main sources for his life are the Norse Sagas, which were first written down some two centuries or more after his death. These engaging stories must therefore be treated with caution rather than as reliable historical documents
April 23, 1014 Brian Boru an Irish king who ended the domination of the High Kingship of Ireland by the Uí Néill. Building on the achievements of his father, Cennétig mac Lorcain, and especially his elder brother, Mathgamain, Brian first made himself King of Munster, then subjugated Leinster, eventually becoming King of Ireland. He is the founder of the O'Brien dynasty
April 23, 1016 Æthelred the Unready King of England. He was the son of King Edgar and Queen Ælfthryth and was only about ten years old when his half-brother Edward was murdered. Æthelred was not personally suspected of participation, but as the murder was committed at Corfe Castle by the attendants of Ælfthryth, it made it more difficult for the new king to rally the nation against the military raids by Danes, especially as the legend of St Edward the Martyr grew
June 23, 1018 Henry I Margrave of Austria the Margrave of Austria from 994 to his death in 1018. He was a member of the House of Babenberg
April 23, 1038 Liudolf Margrave of Frisia Margrave of Frisia, Count of Brunswick, Count in the Derlingau and the Gudingau. He was a member of the Brunonen family
October 23, 1046 Uta von Ballenstedt the Margravine of Meissen, the wife of Eckard II, and the subject of a famous portrait by the Naumburg Master.
March 23, 1078 Anawrahta the founder of the Pagan Empire. Considered the father of the Burmese nation, Anawrahta turned a small principality in the dry zone of Upper Burma into the first Burmese Empire that formed the basis of modern-day Burma. Historically verifiable Burmese history begins with his accession to the Pagan throne in 1044
February 23, 1100 Emperor Zhezong of Song the seventh emperor of the Song Dynasty of China. His personal name was Zhào Xù. He reigned from 1085 to 1100
February 23, 1103 Constantine I Prince of Armenia the second lord of Armenian Cilicia or “Lord of the Mountains”. During his rule, he controlled the greater part of the regions around the Taurus Mountains, and invested much of his efforts in cultivating the lands and rebuilding the towns within his domain. He provided ample provisions to the Crusaders, for example during the difficult period of the siege of Antioch in the winter of 1097. He was a passionate adherent of the separated Armenian Church
March 23, 1103 Odo I Duke of Burgundy Duke of Burgundy between 1079 and 1103. Odo was the second son of Henry of Burgundy and grandson of Robert He became the duke following the abdication of his older brother, Hugh I, who retired to become a Benedictine monk
August 23, 1106 Magnus Duke of Saxony the duke of Saxony from 1072 to 1106. Eldest son and successor of Ordulf and Wulfhild of Norway, he was the last member of the House of Billung
December 23, 1115 Ivo of Chartres the Bishop of Chartres from 1090 until his death and an important canon lawyer during the Investiture Crisis.
April 23, 1124 Alexander I of Scotland King of the Scots from 1107 to his death.
May 23, 1125 Henry V Holy Roman Emperor King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor , the fourth and last ruler of the Salian dynasty. Henry's reign coincided with the final phase of the great Investiture Controversy, which had pitted pope against emperor. By the settlement of the Concordat of Worms, he surrendered to the demands of the second generation of Gregorian reformers
October 23, 1134 Abu al-Salt an Andalusian polymath whose works on astronomical instruments were read both in the Islamic world and Europe. He also worked as a physician, a teacher of alchemy, and wrote treatises on medicine, philosophy, music, and history. He became well known in Europe through translations of his works made in the Iberian Peninsula and in southern France. He is also credited with introducing Andalusian music to Tunis, which later led to the development of the Tunisian ma'luf
April 23, 1151 Adeliza of Louvain Queen of England from 1121 to 1135, as the second wife of King Henry She was the daughter of Godfrey I, Count of Louvain.
October 23, 1157 Sweyn III of Denmark the King of Denmark between 1146 and 1157, in shifting alliances with Canute V and his own cousin Valdemar In 1157, the three agreed a tripartition of Denmark. Sweyn attempted to kill his rivals at the peace banquet, and was subsequently defeated by Valdemar I at the Battle of Grathe Heath and killed