24th day events in history

January 24, 41 Roman Emperor Caligula, known for his eccentricity and sadistic despotism, is assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. The Guard then proclaims Caligula's uncle Claudius as Emperor
October 24, 69 Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus, the commander of the Danube armies, loyal to Vespasian, defeat the forces of Emperor Vitellius
August 24, 79 Mount Vesuvius erupts. The cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae are buried in volcanic ash (note: this traditional date has been challenged, and many scholars believe that the event occurred on October 24)
June 24, 109 Roman emperor Trajan inaugurates the Aqua Traiana, an aqueduct that channels water from Lake Bracciano, 40 kilometres (25 miles) north-west of Rome
February 24, 303 Galerius publishes his edict that begins the persecution of Christians in his portion of the Roman Empire
November 24, 380 Theodosius I makes his adventus, or formal entry, into Constantinople
August 24, 410 The Visigoths under king Alaric I begin to pillage Rome
August 24, 455 The Vandals, led by king Genseric, begin to plunder Rome. Pope Leo I requests Genseric not destroy the ancient city or murder its citizens. He agrees and the gates of Rome are opened. However, the Vandals loot a great amount of treasure
June 24, 474 Julius Nepos forces Roman usurper Glycerius to abdicate the throne and proclaims himself Emperor of the Western Roman Empire
February 24, 484 King Huneric removes the Christian bishops from their offices and banished some to Corsica. A few are martyred, including former proconsul Victorian along with Frumentius and other merchants. They are killed at Hadrumetum after refusing to become Arians
June 24, 637 The Battle of Moira is fought between the High King of Ireland and the Kings of Ulster and Dalriada. It is claimed to be the largest battle in the history of Ireland
December 24, 640 Pope John IV is elected
December 24, 759 Tang Dynasty poet Du Fu departs for Chengdu, where he is hosted by fellow poet Pei Di
June 24, 972 Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces, takes place
June 24, 1128 Battle of São Mamede, near Guimarães: forces led by Alfonso I defeat forces led by his mother Teresa of León and her lover Fernando Pérez de Traba. After this battle, the future king calls himself "Prince of Portugal", the first step towards "official independence" that will be reached in 1139 after the Battle of Ourique
July 24, 1132 Battle of Nocera between Ranulf II of Alife and Roger II of Sicily
December 24, 1144 The capital of the crusader County of Edessa falls to Imad ad-Din Zengi, the atabeg of Mosul and Aleppo
October 24, 1147 After a siege of four months crusader knights led by Afonso Henriques reconquered Lisbon
July 24, 1148 Louis VII of France lays siege to Damascus during the Second Crusade
September 24, 1180 Manuel I Komnenos, last Emperor of the Komnenian restoration dies. The Byzantine Empire slips into terminal decline
August 24, 1185 Sack of Thessalonica by the Normans
August 24, 1200 King John of England, signer of the first Magna Carta, marries Isabella of Angoulême in Bordeaux Cathedral
August 24, 1215 Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid
May 24, 1218 The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt
November 24, 1227 Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Piast dukes at Gąsawa
June 24, 1230 The Siege of Jaén started in the context of the Spanish Reconquista
November 24, 1248 In the middle of the night a mass on the north side of Mont Granier suddenly collapsed, in one of the largest historical rockslope failures known in Europe
October 24, 1260 The Cathedral of Chartres is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France; the cathedral is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site
October 24, 1260 Saif ad-Din Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt, is assassinated by Baibars, who seizes power for himself
May 24, 1276 Magnus Ladulås is crowned King of Sweden in Uppsala Cathedral
December 24, 1294 Pope Boniface VIII is elected Pope, replacing St. Celestine V, who had resigned
February 24, 1303 Battle of Roslin, of the First War of Scottish Independence
June 24, 1314 First War of Scottish Independence: the Battle of Bannockburn concludes with a decisive victory by Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce, though England did not recognize Scottish independence until 1328 with the signing of the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton
June 24, 1340 Hundred Years' War: Battle of Sluys – The French fleet is almost completely destroyed by the English Fleet commanded in person by King Edward III
August 24, 1349 Six thousand Jews are killed in Mainz after being blamed for the bubonic plague
October 24, 1360 The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years' War
June 24, 1374 A sudden outbreak of St. John's Dance causes people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapse from exhaustion
February 24, 1387 King Charles III of Naples and Hungary is assassinated at Buda
August 24, 1391 Jews are massacred in Palma de Mallorca
March 24, 1401 Turko-Mongol emperor Timur sacks Damascus
July 24, 1411 Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles in Scotland, takes place
November 24, 1429 Hundred Years' War: Joan of Arc unsuccessfully besieges La Charité
January 24, 1438 The Council of Basel suspends Pope Eugene IV
August 24, 1456 The printing of the Gutenberg Bible is completed
January 24, 1458 Matthias I Corvinus becomes king of Hungary
August 24, 1482 The town and castle of Berwick upon Tweed is captured from Scotland by an English army
May 24, 1487 The ten-year-old Lambert Simnel is crowned in Christ Church Cathedral in Dublin, Ireland, with the name of Edward VI in a bid to threaten King Henry VII's reign
July 24, 1487 Citizens of Leeuwarden, Netherlands strike against a ban on foreign beer
June 24, 1497 John Cabot lands in North America at Newfoundland leading the first European exploration of the region since the Vikings
December 24, 1500 A joint Venetian–Spanish fleet captures the Castle of St. George on the island of Cephalonia