Born on 25th day

January 25, 17 Messalina the third wife of the Roman Emperor Claudius. She was also a paternal cousin of the Emperor Nero, second cousin of the Emperor Caligula, and great-grandniece of the Emperor Augustus. A powerful and influential woman with a reputation for promiscuity, it was claimed that she conspired against her husband and was executed when the plot was discovered. Her notorious reputation is arguably the result of political bias. It has been perpetuated by works of art and literature into modern times
September 25, 71 Valter hugo mãe the artistic name of the Portuguese writer, Valter Hugo Lemos. He is also an editor, singer, plastic artist. valter hugo mãe received the José Saramago Prize in Literature in 2007 for his novel o remorso de baltazar serapião
December 25, 317 Philip III of Macedon a Greek king of Macedon from after June 11, 323 BC until his death. He was a son of King Philip II of Macedonia by Philinna of Larissa and a half-brother of Alexander the Great. Named Arrhidaeus at birth, he assumed the name Philip when he ascended to the throne
February 25, 586 Prætextatus (bishop of Rouen) the bishop of Rouen from 549 until his assassination in 586.
January 25, 750 Leo IV the Khazar Byzantine Emperor from 775 to 780 AD.
March 25, 826 Al-Mubarrad an Arab grammarian. After studying grammar in that city, he was called to the court of the Abbasid caliph al-Mutawakkil at Samarra in 860. When the caliph was killed in 861, he went to Baghdad, remaining there most of his life as a teacher
June 25, 841 Ricwin of Nantes the Count of Nantes from 831 to 841. A Rihwinus comes witnessed the will of Charlemagne in 811
July 25, 885 Ragenold of Neustria the Count of Herbauges from 852 and Count of Maine and Margrave of Neustria from 878. His family is unidentified, but he may have been a son of Reginald of Herbauges
June 25, 891 Sunderolt the Archbishop of Mainz from 889 until his death.
November 25, 902 Emperor Taizong of Liao the second emperor of the Khitan Empire.
December 25, 940 Makan ibn Kaki a Daylamite military leader active in northern Iran in the early 10th century. He became involved in the succession disputes of the Alids of Tabaristan, and managed to establish himself as the ruler of Tabaristan and Gurgan for short periods of time, in competition to other Daylamite warlords such as Asfar ibn Shiruya or the Ziyarid brothers Mardavij and Vushmgir. He alternately opposed and secured support from the Samanid governors of Khurasan, and eventually fell in battle against a Samanid army
July 25, 975 Thietmar of Merseburg a German chronicler who was also bishop of Merseburg.
December 25, 1003 Pope John XVIII Pope and ruler of the Papal states from January 1004 to his abdication in June 1009. He was born Fasanius at Rapagnano, near Ascoli Piceno, the son of a Roman priest named Leo
July 25, 1008 Anund Jacob King of Sweden from 1022 until around 1050. He is believed to have been born on July 25, in either 1008 or 1010 as Jakob. When the Swedish Thing was to elect him the co-ruler of Sweden, the people objected to his non-Scandinavian name. They then gave him the pronomen Anund. The line of kings appended to the Westrogothic law says that he was called Kolbränna as he had the habit of burning down the houses of his opponents
July 25, 1016 Casimir I the Restorer a Duke of Poland of the Piast dynasty and the de jure monarch of the entire country from 1034 until his death.
May 25, 1048 Emperor Shenzong of Song the sixth emperor of the Chinese Song dynasty. His personal name was Zhao He reigned from 1067 to 1085
October 25, 1102 William Clito the fourteenth Count of Flanders and titular Duke of Normandy. His surname "Clito" was a Latin term equivalent to the Anglo-Saxon "Aetheling", and the Germanic "Adelinus". Both "Clito" and "Atheling" signified "man of royal blood", or the modern equivalent, "prince"
June 25, 1109 Afonso I of Portugal the first King of Portugal. He achieved the independence of the southern part of the Kingdom of Galicia, the County of Portugal, from Galicia's overlord, the King of León, in 1139, establishing a new kingdom and doubling its area with the Reconquista, an objective that he pursued until his death, in 1185, after forty-six years of wars against the Moors
January 25, 1138 Antipope Anacletus II an Antipope who ruled from 1130 to his death, in a schism against the contested, hasty election of Pope Innocent II.
July 25, 1165 Ibn Arabi an Arab Andalusian Sufi mystic and philosopher.
July 25, 1186 Hugh de Lacy Lord of Meath an Anglo-Norman magnate. He had substantial land holdings in Herefordshire and Shropshire, England. Following his participation in the Norman Invasion of Ireland, he was granted the lands of the Kingdom of Meath by the Anglo-Norman King Henry II of England in 1172. The Lordship of Meath was the most extensive liberty in Ireland
April 25, 1194 Ezzelino III da Romano an Italian feudal lord in the March of Treviso who was a close ally of the emperor Frederick II and ruled Verona, Vicenza and Padua for almost two decades. He became infamous as a cruel tyrant though much of his sinister reputation may be due to the propaganda of his many enemies
July 25, 1201 Gruffydd ap Rhys II a prince of Deheubarth in south-west Wales.
April 25, 1211 Frederick II Duke of Austria the Duke of Austria and the Duke of Styria from 1230 to his death in 1246. He was the fifth and last Duke of Austria from the House of Babenberg
April 25, 1214 Louis IX of France a Capetian King of France who reigned from 1226 until his death. Louis was crowned in Reims at the age of 12, following the death of his father Louis VIII the Lion, although his mother, Blanche of Castile, ruled the kingdom until he reached majority. During Louis's minority, Blanche dealt with the opposition of rebellious vassals and put an end to the Albigensian crusade which had started 20 years earlier
September 25, 1216 Robert I Count of Artois the first Count of Artois, the fifth son of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile.
January 25, 1217 Isabella Queen of Armenia the queen regnant of Cilician Armenia.
April 25, 1228 Conrad IV of Germany Duke of Swabia , King of Jerusalem , King of Germany , and of King of Sicily.
June 25, 1242 Beatrice of England a Princess of England as the daughter of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence. Her siblings were Edward I of England, Margaret, Queen of Scotland, Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, Richard of England, John of England, Katherine of England, William of England, and Henry of England. She and her family were members of the Royal house of Plantagenet, which first ruled in the 12th century and was founded by Henry II of England
December 25, 1250 John IV Laskaris emperor of Nicaea from August 18, 1258 to December 25, 1261. This empire was one of the Greek states formed from the remaining fragments of the Byzantine Empire, after the capture of Constantinople by Roman Catholics during the Fourth Crusade in 1204
March 25, 1252 Conradin the Duke of Swabia , King of Jerusalem , and King of Sicily.
March 25, 1259 Andronikos II Palaiologos Byzantine emperor from 11 December 1282 to 23/24 May 1328. He was the eldest surviving son of Michael VIII Palaiologos and Theodora Doukaina Vatatzina, grandniece of John III Doukas Vatatzes. On 8 November 1273, Andronikos II married Anne of Hungary , daughter of the king Stephen V of Hungary
July 25, 1261 Arthur II Duke of Brittany Duke of Brittany from 1305 to his death. He was the first son of John II and Beatrice, daughter of Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence
October 25, 1268 John I de Balliol a leading figure of Scottish and Anglo-Norman life of his time. Balliol College, in Oxford, is named after him
November 25, 1274 Catherine of Courtenay Titular Empress of Constantinople from 1283 to her death in 1307. In 1301, she became the second wife of Charles of Valois, by whom she had one son and three daughters; the eldest of these, Catherine II of Valois, Princess of Achaea succeeded her as titular empress
April 25, 1284 Edward II of England King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327. The fourth son of Edward I, Edward became the heir to the throne following the death of his older brother Alphonso. He grew up to be tall and athletic, and was considered good-looking by his contemporaries. From 1300 onward, Edward accompanied his father on campaigns to pacify Scotland, and in 1307 he was knighted in a grand ceremony at Westminster Abbey. Edward succeeded to the throne later that year, following his father's death. In 1308, he married Isabella of France, the daughter of the powerful King Philip IV, as part of a long-running effort to resolve the tensions between the English and French crowns
April 25, 1287 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl of March an English nobleman and powerful Marcher lord who had gained many estates in the Welsh Marches and Ireland following his advantageous marriage to the wealthy heiress Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville. In November 1316, he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1322 for having led the Marcher lords in a revolt against King Edward II in what became known as the Despenser War. He later escaped to France, where he was joined by Edward's queen consort Isabella, whom he took as his mistress. After he and Isabella led a successful invasion and rebellion, Edward was subsequently deposed; Mortimer allegedly arranged his murder at Berkeley Castle. For three years, Mortimer was de facto ruler of England before being himself overthrown by Edward's eldest son, Edward III. Accused of assuming royal power and other crimes, Mortimer was executed by hanging at Tyburn
March 25, 1297 Andronikos III Palaiologos Byzantine emperor from 1328 to 1341. Andronikos III was the son of Michael IX Palaiologos and Rita of Armenia. He was roclaimed co-emperor in his youth, before 1313, and in April 1321 he rebelled in opposition to his grandfather, Andronikos II Palaiologos. He was formally crowned co-emperor on February 1325, before ousting his grandfather outright and becoming sole emperor on 24 May 1328. His reign saw the last failed attempts to stem the Ottoman Turks in Bithynia and the defeat at Rusokastro against the Bulgarians, but also the successful recovery of Chios, Lesbos, Phocaea, Thessaly and Epirus. His early death left a power vacuum that resulted in the disastrous seven-year civil war between his Empress-dowager, Anna of Savoy, and his closest friend and supporter, John VI Kantakouzenos
March 25, 1297 Arnošt of Pardubice the first Archbishop of Prague. He was also an advisor and diplomat to Emperor Charles IV
February 25, 1304 Ibn Battuta a Moroccan explorer of Berber descent. He is known for his extensive travels, accounts of which were published in the Rihla. Over a period of thirty years, Ibn Battuta visited most of the known Islamic world as well as many non-Muslim lands. His journeys included trips to North Africa, the Horn of Africa, West Africa and Eastern Europe, and to the Middle East, South Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and China. Ibn Battuta is generally considered one of the greatest travellers of all time
August 25, 1316 John of Eltham Earl of Cornwall the second son of king Edward II of England and his queen Isabella of France. He was heir to the English throne from the date of the abdication of his father to the birth of his nephew Edward, the Black Prince
May 25, 1320 Toghon Temür considered the last Khagan of the Mongol Empire.
June 25, 1328 William de Montacute 2nd Earl of Salisbury an English nobleman and commander in the English army during King Edward III's French campaigns in the Hundred Years War.
November 25, 1328 Antipope Benedict XIII officially considered by the Catholic Church to be an antipope.
October 25, 1330 Louis II Count of Flanders Count of Flanders, Nevers and Rethel from 1346 as well as Count of Artois and Burgundy from 1382 until his death.
May 25, 1334 Emperor Sukō the third of Ashikaga Pretenders during the Period of the Northern and Southern Courts in Japan. According to pre-Meiji scholars, his reign spanned the years from 1348 through 1351
July 25, 1336 Albert I Duke of Bavaria a feudal ruler of the counties of Holland, Hainaut, and Zeeland in the Low Countries. Additionally, he held a portion of the Bavarian province of Straubing, his Bavarian ducal line's appanage and seat
February 25, 1337 Wenceslaus I Duke of Luxembourg the first Duke of Luxembourg from 1354. He was the son of John the Blind, King of Bohemia, and Beatrice of Bourbon
March 25, 1341 Humphrey de Bohun 7th Earl of Hereford the son of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere, and grandson of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford by Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, daughter of King Edward He became heir to the Earldom of Hereford after the death of his childless uncle Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford.
March 25, 1345 Blanche of Lancaster a member of the English royal House of Plantagenet, daughter of the kingdom's wealthiest and most powerful peer, Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster. She was the first wife of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and the mother of King Henry IV