Died on 27th day

November 27, 8 Horace the leading Roman lyric poet during the time of Augustus. The rhetorician Quintillian regarded his Odes as just about the only Latin lyrics worth reading: "He can be lofty sometimes, yet he is also full of charm and grace, versatile in his figures, and felicitously daring in his choice of words."
January 27, 98 Nerva Roman Emperor from 96 to 98. Nerva became Emperor at the age of sixty-five, after a lifetime of imperial service under Nero and the rulers of the Flavian dynasty. Under Nero, he was a member of the imperial entourage and played a vital part in exposing the Pisonian conspiracy of 65. Later, as a loyalist to the Flavians, he attained consulships in 71 and 90 during the reigns of Vespasian and Domitian respectively
May 27, 366 Procopius (usurper) a Roman usurper against Valens, and member of the Constantinian dynasty.
December 27, 418 Pope Zosimus reigned from 18 March 417 to his death in 418. He was born in Mesoraca, Calabria
November 27, 450 Galla Placidia the Regent for Emperor Valentinian III from 423 until his majority in 437, and a major force in Roman politics for most of her life. She was consort to Ataulf, King of the Goths from 414 until his death in 415, and Empress consort to Constantius III from 417 until his death in 422
January 27, 457 Marcian Byzantine Emperor from 450 to 457. Marcian's rule marked a recovery of the Eastern Empire, which the Emperor protected from external menaces and reformed economically and financially. On the other side, the isolationistic policies of Marcian left the Western Roman Empire without help against barbarian attacks, which materialized in the Italian campaigns of Attila and in the Vandal sack of Rome. The Eastern Orthodox Church recognizes Marcian as a saint for his role in convoking the Council of Chalcedon
August 27, 542 Caesarius of Arles the foremost ecclesiastic of his generation in Gaul. William Klingshirn’s study of Caesarius depicts that Caesarius had the reputation of a "popular preacher of great fervour and enduring influence." In all the Christian West, only Gregory the Great and Gregory of Tours overshadow him
November 27, 602 Maurice (emperor) Byzantine Emperor from 582 to 602.
April 27, 629 Ardashir III king of the Sasanian Empire from 6 September 628 to 27 April 629.
February 27, 640 Pepin of Landen the Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia under the Merovingian king Dagobert I from 623 to 629. He was also the mayor for Sigebert III from 639 until his own death
November 27, 657 Clovis II succeeded his father Dagobert I in 639 as King of Neustria and Burgundy. His brother Sigebert III had been King of Austrasia since 634. He was initially under the regency of his mother Nanthild until her death in her early thirties in 642. This death allowed him to fall under the influence of the secular magnates, who reduced the royal power in their own favour. Clovis' wife, Balthild, was an Anglo-Saxon aristocrat sold into slavery in Gaul. She had been owned by Clovis' mayor of the palace, Erchinoald, who gave her to him to garner royal favour. She bore him three sons who all became kings after his death. The eldest, Chlothar, succeeded him and his second eldest, Childeric, was eventually placed on the Austrasian throne by Ebroin. The youngest, Theuderic, succeeded Childeric in Neustria and eventually became the sole king of the Franks
January 27, 672 Pope Vitalian reigned from 30 July 657 to his death in 672. He was born in Segni, Lazio, the son of Anastasius
December 27, 683 Emperor Gaozong of Tang the third emperor of the Tang Dynasty in China, ruling from 649 to 683. Emperor Gaozong was the son of Emperor Taizong and Empress Zhangsun
March 27, 710 Rupert of Salzburg a saint in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches and a founder of the Austrian city of Salzburg. He was a contemporary of Childebert III, king of the Franks
November 27, 784 Vergilius of Salzburg an Irish churchman, an early astronomer, bishop of Ossory and lster, bishop of Salzburg. He was called "the geometer"
August 27, 827 Pope Eugene II Pope from 11 May 824 to his death in 827. A native of Rome, he was chosen to succeed Paschal Another candidate, Zinzinnus, was proposed by the plebeian faction, and the presence of Lothair I, son of the Frankish emperor Louis the Pious, was necessary in order to maintain the authority of the new pope. Lothair took advantage of this opportunity to redress many abuses in the papal administration, to vest the election of the pope in the nobles, and to confirm the statute that no pope should be consecrated until his election had the approval of the Frankish emperor
May 27, 866 Ordoño I of Asturias King of Asturias from 850 until his death.
July 27, 916 Clement of Ohrid a medieval Bulgarian saint, scholar, writer and enlightener of the Slavs. He was the most prominent disciple of Saints Cyril and Methodius and is often associated with the creation of the Glagolitic and Cyrillic scripts, especially their popularisation among Christianised Slavs. He was the founder of the Ohrid Literary School and is regarded as a patron of education and language by some Slavic nations. He is regarded to be the first bishop of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, one of the seven Apostles of the Bulgarian Empire , the patron saint of the Republic of Macedonia, the city of Ohrid and the Macedonian Orthodox Church
May 27, 927 Simeon I of Bulgaria the Great ruled over Bulgaria from 893 to 927, during the First Bulgarian Empire. Simeon's successful campaigns against the Byzantines, Magyars and Serbs led Bulgaria to its greatest territorial expansion ever, making it the most powerful state in contemporary Eastern Europe. His reign was also a period of unmatched cultural prosperity and enlightenment later deemed the Golden Age of Bulgarian culture
October 27, 939 Æthelstan King of the Anglo-Saxons from 924 to 927 and King of the English from 927 to 939. He was the son of King Edward the Elder and his first wife, Ecgwynn. Modern historians regard him as the first King of England and one of the greatest Anglo-Saxon kings. He never married, and was succeeded by his half-brother, Edmund
February 27, 956 Theophylact of Constantinople Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 2 February 933 to his death in 956.
July 27, 959 Chai Rong the second emperor of imperial China's short-lived Later Zhou during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, reigning from 954 until his death. He succeeded his uncle-in-law Guo Wei, whose surname he had adopted
March 27, 973 Hermann Billung the Margrave of the Billung March from 936 until his death. The first of the Saxon House of Billung, Hermann was a trusted lieutenant of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
June 27, 992 Conan I of Rennes the Duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He was the son of Judicael Berengar and Gerberga, and succeeded his father as Count of Rennes in 970
December 27, 1005 Nilus the Younger a monk, abbot, and founder of Italo-Greek monasticism in southern Italy. He is venerated as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches, and his feast day is celebrated on September 26
May 27, 1039 Dirk III Count of Holland Count of Holland from 993 to May 27, 1039, until 1005 under regency of his mother. It is thought that Dirk III went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land around 1030, hence his nickname of Hierosolymita
June 27, 1045 Hemma of Gurk a noblewoman and founder of religious houses in the Duchy of Carinthia. Buried at Gurk Cathedral in 1174, beatified in 1287 and canonized in 1938, she is venerated as a saint by the Catholic Church and as patroness of the current Austrian state of Carinthia
July 27, 1061 Pope Nicholas II Pope from 24 January 1059 to his death in 1061. At the time of his election, he was Bishop of Florence
January 27, 1062 Adelaide of Hungary the only daughter of King Andrew I of Hungary of the Árpád dynasty and Anastasia of Kiev. She was the second wife of Vratislav II of Bohemia, whom she married in 1058. She was a good dynastic match for Vratislav, as he profited from the alliance with her father. They had four children, including Bretislaus II of Bohemia and Judith of Bohemia. Vratislav became duke in 1061 after death of his brother, thus Adelaide was duchess for only a short time before her death early in 1062
June 27, 1065 George the Hagiorite a Georgian monk, calligrapher, religious writer, and translator, who spearheaded the activities of Georgian monastic communities in the Byzantine Empire. His epithets Mt'ats'mindeli and At'oneli, meaning "of the Holy Mountain" and "of Athos" respectively, are a reference to his association with the Iviron monastery on Mount Athos, where he served as hegumen
December 27, 1076 Sviatoslav II of Kiev Grand Prince of Kiev between 1073 and 1076. He was born as a younger son of Grand Prince Yaroslav the Wise. His baptismal name was Nicholas
December 27, 1087 Bertha of Savoy the first wife of Emperor Henry IV, and was Queen of Germany and Holy Roman Empress.
July 27, 1101 Hugh d'Avranches 1st Earl of Chester the second Norman Earl of Chester and one of the great magnates of early Norman England.
July 27, 1101 Conrad II of Italy the Duke of Lower Lorraine , King of Germany and King of Italy. He was the second son of Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and Bertha of Savoy, and their eldest son to reach adulthood, his older brother Henry having been born and died in the same month of August 1071. Although Conrad's rule in Lorraine and Germany was nominal, he spent most of his life in Italy and there he was king in fact as well as in name
August 27, 1101 Guilliaume de Montfort a French bishop, most notably the Bishop of Paris from 1095 to 1101.
September 27, 1125 Richeza of Berg the wife of Vladislav I of Bohemia and the Duchess of Bohemia. She was the daughter of count Henry I of Berg and his wife Adelheid of Mochental
January 27, 1142 Yue Fei a military general who lived in the Southern Song dynasty. His ancestral home was in Xiaoti, Yonghe Village, Tangyin, Xiangzhou, Henan. He is best known for leading Southern Song forces in the wars in the 12th century between Southern Song and the Jurchen-ruled Jin dynasty in northern China before being put to death by the Southern Song government in 1142. He was granted the posthumous name Wumu by Emperor Xiaozong in 1169, and later granted the posthumous title King of È by Emperor Ningzong in 1211. Widely seen as a patriot and national folk hero in China, since after his death, Yue Fei has evolved into a standard epitome of loyalty in Chinese culture
August 27, 1146 Eric III of Denmark the King of Denmark from 1137 until 1146. He was the grandson of Eric I of Denmark and the nephew of Eric II of Denmark, whom he succeeded on the throne. He abdicated in 1146, as the first and only Danish monarch to do His succession led to a period of civil war between Sweyn III, Canute V, and Valdemar I
June 27, 1151 Berthold II Count of Andechs a German nobleman. He was a ruling count of Dießen and Andechs in the Duchy of Bavaria, of Plassenburg and Kulmbach in Franconia, as well as bailiff of Benediktbeuern Abbey
July 27, 1158 Geoffrey Count of Nantes Count of Nantes from 1156 to 1158. He was also known as Geoffrey of Anjou and Geoffrey FitzEmpress
September 27, 1162 Odo II Duke of Burgundy Duke of Burgundy between 1143 and 1162. Eudes was the eldest son of duke Hugh II and Matilda de Turenne. He married Marie de Champagne, daughter of Theobald II, Count of Champagne and Matilda of Carinthia. They had three children:
June 27, 1180 Turan-Shah a Kurdish ruler, the Ayyubid prince of Yemen , Baalbek , Damascus and finally Alexandria where he died in 1180. He is noted for strengthening the position of his younger brother, Saladin, in Egypt and playing the leading role in the Ayyubid conquests of both Nubia and Yemen. Like many of the Ayyubids, little is known of his early life before his arrival in Egypt
March 27, 1184 George III of Georgia king of Georgia from 1156 to 1184. His reign, and that of Tamar, are seen as the Golden Age of Georgia - the era of empire, diplomatic success, military triumphs, great learning, cultural, spiritual, and artistic flowering
June 27, 1194 Sancho VI of Navarre king of Navarre from 1150 until his death in 1194.
November 27, 1198 Constance Queen of Sicily the heiress of the Norman kings of Sicily and the wife of Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor. She was Queen of Sicily in 1194–98, jointly with her husband from 1194 to 1197, and with her infant son Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, in 1198
August 27, 1208 Irene Angelina a Byzantine princess member of the Angelos dynasty and by her two marriages Queen of Sicily in 1193 and Queen of Germany from 1198 to 1208.
March 27, 1221 Berengaria of Portugal a Portuguese infanta, later Queen consort of Denmark. She was the fifth daughter of Portuguese King Sancho I and Dulce of Aragon. She married Danish King Valdemar II and was the mother of Danish kings Eric IV, Abel and Christopher I
July 27, 1233 Ferdinand Count of Flanders reigned as jure uxoris Count of Flanders and Hainaut from his marriage to Countess Joan, celebrated in Paris in 1212, until his death. He was born in Coimbra, and he was an Infante of Portugal as the fourth son of King Sancho I of Portugal and Dulce of Aragon
March 27, 1237 John of Brienne a French nobleman who became King of Jerusalem by marriage, and ruled the Latin Empire of Constantinople as regent.
September 27, 1249 Raymond VII Count of Toulouse Count of Toulouse, Duke of Narbonne and Marquis of Provence from 1222 until his death.