Died on 29th day

September 29, 48 Pompey a military and political leader of the late Roman Republic. He came from a wealthy Italian provincial background, and his father had been the first to establish the family among the Roman nobility. Pompey's immense success as a general while still very young enabled him to advance directly to his first consulship without meeting the normal requirements for office. Military success in Sulla's Second Civil War led him to adopt the nickname Magnus, "the Great". He was consul three times and celebrated three triumphs
November 29, 83 Pope Anianus of Alexandria 2nd Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of Mark. He was ordained as the successor of Saint Mark the Evangelist, and was also the first convert Mark won to Christianity in the region
March 29, 87 Emperor Wu of Han the fifth emperor of the Han dynasty of China, ruling from 141 to 87 BC.
June 29, 226 Cao Pi the first emperor of the state of Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period. He was born in Qiao as the second son of Cao Cao, a warlord who lived in the late Eastern Han Dynasty. However, he was the eldest son among all the children born to Cao Cao by his concubine Lady Bian. Of all his brothers, Cao Pi was the shrewdest. Instead of focusing on academic studies or administering military affairs, he was always in the presence of court officials in order to gain their support. He was mostly in charge of defence at the start of his career. After the defeat of Cao Cao's rival Yuan Shao at the Battle of Guandu, he took the widow of Yuan Shao's son Yuan Xi, Lady Zhen, as a concubine, but in 221 Lady Zhen died and Guo Nüwang became empress
July 29, 238 Pupienus Roman Emperor with Balbinus for three months in 238, during the Year of the Six Emperors. The sources for this period are scant, and thus knowledge of the emperor is limited. In most contemporary texts Pupienus is referred by his agnomen "Maximus" rather than by his cognomen Pupienus
July 29, 238 Balbinus Roman Emperor with Pupienus for three months in 238, the Year of the Six Emperors.
April 29, 409 Severus of Naples a bishop of Naples during the 4th and 5th centuries. He is considered the twelfth bishop of Naples, succeeding Maximus. His episcopate ran from February 363 to April 29, 409, the traditional date of his death. Maximus is actually considered the 10th bishop by the Catholic Church; between the episcopates of Maximus and Severus was the episcopate of Zosimus, who was Arian and thus considered heretical by the Catholic Church
April 29, 505 Pope John I (II) of Alexandria 29th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of Mark.
November 29, 521 Jacob of Serugh one of the foremost Syriac poet-theologians among the Syriac, perhaps only second in stature to Ephrem the Syrian and equal to Narsai. Where his predecessor Ephrem is known as the 'Harp of the Spirit', Jacob is the 'Flute of the Spirit'. He is best known for his prodigious corpus of more than seven-hundred verse homilies, or mêmrê , of which only 225 have thus far been edited and published
November 29, 561 Chlothar I one of the four sons of Clovis I of the Merovingian dynasty.
January 29, 702 Princess Ōku a Japanese princess during the Asuka period in Japanese history. She was the daughter of Emperor Temmu and sister of Prince Ōtsu. As a young girl, she witnessed the Jinshin War. According to the Man'yōshū , she became the first Saiō to serve at Ise Grand Shrine. After the death of her brother in 686, she returned from Ise to Yamato to enshrine his remains on Futakami, before a quiet end to her life at age 40
December 29, 721 Empress Genmei the 43rd monarch of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
September 29, 722 Leudwinus Saint Leudwinus, Count of Treves founded an abbey in Mettlach. He was Archbishop of Treves and Laon. His feast day is September 23. He is the patron saint of Mettlach parish and his relics are carried by procession at the annual Pentecost celebration through the town
January 29, 757 An Lushan a general who rebelled against the Tang dynasty in China. His name was also transcribed into Chinese as Āluòshān or Gáluòshān , and he was posthumously named Prince La of Yan by his deputy Shi Siming
July 29, 796 Offa of Mercia King of Mercia, a kingdom of Anglo-Saxon England, from 757 until his death in July 796. The son of Thingfrith and a descendant of Eowa, Offa came to the throne after a period of civil war following the assassination of Æthelbald. Offa defeated the other claimant, Beornred. In the early years of Offa's reign, it is likely that he consolidated his control of midland peoples such as the Hwicce and the Magonsæte. Taking advantage of instability in the kingdom of Kent to establish himself as overlord, Offa also controlled Sussex by 771, though his authority did not remain unchallenged in either territory. In the 780s he extended Mercian Supremacy over most of southern England, allying with Beorhtric of Wessex, who married Offa's daughter Eadburh, and regained complete control of the southeast. He also became the overlord of East Anglia and had King Æthelberht II of East Anglia beheaded in 794, perhaps for rebelling against him
November 29, 835 Muhammad al-Jawad the ninth of the Twelve Imams of Twelver Shi'ism. His given name was Muhammad ibn ‘Alī ibn Mūsā, and among his titles, al-Taqī and al-Jawād are the most renowned. Muhammad al-Taqī was the shortest-lived of the Twelve Imāms, dying at the age of 25
September 29, 855 Lothair I the Emperor of the Romans , co-ruling with his father until 840, and the King of Bavaria , Italy and Middle Francia. The territory of Lorraine is named after him
September 29, 866 Charles the Child the King of Aquitaine from October 855 until his death in 866. If his father, Charles the Bald, and great grandfather, Charlemagne, are counted as rulers of Aquitaine, he would be numbered Charles III
August 29, 886 Basil I a Byzantine Emperor who reigned from 867 to 886. Born a simple peasant in the Byzantine theme of Macedonia, he rose in the Imperial court, and usurped the Imperial throne from Emperor Michael III. Despite his humble origins, he showed great ability in running the affairs of state, leading to a revival of Imperial power and a renaissance of Byzantine art. He was perceived by the Byzantines as one of their greatest emperors, and the dynasty he founded, the Macedonian , ruled over what is regarded as the most glorious and prosperous era of the Byzantine Empire
April 29, 926 Burchard II Duke of Swabia the Hunfriding Duke of Swabia and Count of Raetia. He was the son of Burchard I and Liutgard of Saxony
June 29, 976 Gero (archbishop of Cologne) Archbishop of Cologne from 969 until his death.
August 29, 979 Abu Taghlib the third Hamdanid ruler of the Emirate of Mosul, encompassing most of the Jazira.
February 29, 992 Oswald of Worcester Archbishop of York from 972 to his death in 992. He was of Danish ancestry, but brought up by his uncle, Oda, who sent him to France to the abbey of Fleury to become a monk. After a number of years at Fleury, Oswald returned to England at the request of his uncle, who died before Oswald returned. With his uncle's death, Oswald needed a patron and turned to another kinsman, Oskytel, who had recently become Archbishop of York. His activity for Oskytel attracted the notice of Archbishop Dunstan who had Oswald consecrated as Bishop of Worcester in 961. In 972 Oswald was promoted to the see of York, although he continued to hold Worcester also
August 29, 993 William I of Provence Count of Provence from 968 to his abdication. In 975 or 979, he took the title of marchio or margrave. He is often considered the founder of the county of Provence. He and his elder brother Rotbold II were sons of Boso II of Arles and Constance of Viennois, daughter of Charles-Constantine. They both carried the title of comes or count concurrently, but it is unknown if they were joint-counts of the whole of Provence or if the region was divided. His brother never bore any other title than count so long as William lived, so the latter seems to have attained a certain supremacy
July 29, 1030 Olaf II of Norway King of Norway from 1015 to 1028. He was posthumously given the title Rex Perpetuus Norvegiae and canonised in Nidaros by Bishop Grimkell, one year after his death in the Battle of Stiklestad on 29 July 1030. His remains were enshrined in Nidaros Cathedral, built over his burial site
November 29, 1031 Al-Qadir the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 991 to 1031. Grandson of al-Muqtadir, he was chosen in place of the deposed Caliph, at-Ta'i, his cousin. Banished from the capital, Baghdad, earlier, he was now recalled and appointed to the office he had long desired. He held the Caliphate for 40 years. It was during his Caliphate that Mahmud of Ghazni arose, threatening the empire; and but for the conflicts that broke out in Mahmud's family upon his death, the Buwayhid kingdom, paralysed by damaging war, would have been swallowed. The global Muslim population had climbed to about 4 per cent as against the Christian population of 10 per cent by 1000
November 29, 1039 Adalbero Duke of Carinthia Duke of Carinthia and Margrave of Verona from 1011 or 1012 until 1035.
May 29, 1040 Renauld I Count of Nevers a French nobleman. He was the ruling count of Nevers from 1028 until his death
October 29, 1050 Eadsige Archbishop of Canterbury, and crowned Edward the Confessor as king of England.
March 29, 1058 Pope Stephen IX Pope from 3 August 1057 to his death in 1058.
June 29, 1059 Bernard II Duke of Saxony the Duke of Saxony , the third of the Billung dynasty, a son of Bernard I and Hildegard. He had the rights of a count in Frisia
August 29, 1093 Hugh I Duke of Burgundy duke of Burgundy between 1076 and 1079. Hugh was son of Henry of Burgundy and grandson of duke Robert He inherited Burgundy from his grandfather, following the premature death of Henry, but abdicated shortly afterwards to his brother Eudes He briefly fought the Moors in the Iberian Peninsula with Sancho of Aragón. Hugh retired to a monastery, took vows as a monk and later became abbot of the Benedictine Abbey of Cluny. He married Sybil of Nevers, who died in 1078, but had no known descendants
November 29, 1094 Roger de Beaumont a powerful Norman nobleman and close advisor to William the Conqueror.
July 29, 1095 Ladislaus I of Hungary King of Hungary from 1077 and King of Croatia from 1091. He was the second son of King Béla I of Hungary who died in 1063. He and his elder brother, Géza concluded a treaty with their cousin, Solomon: they acknowledged Solomon's reign in exchange for receiving their father's former duchy which included one third of the Kingdom of Hungary. Ladislaus was an influential advisor of his brother who was proclaimed king against their cousin in 1074
July 29, 1099 Pope Urban II Pope from 12 March 1088 to his death in 1099. He is best known for initiating the First Crusade and setting up the modern-day Roman Curia in the manner of a royal ecclesiastical court to help run the Church
July 29, 1108 Philip I of France King of the Franks from 1060 to his death. His reign, like that of most of the early Capetians, was extraordinarily long for the time. The monarchy began a modest recovery from the low it reached in the reign of his father and he added to the royal demesne the Vexin and Bourges
November 29, 1114 Richard of Salerno not to be confused with his homonym cousin Richard of Hauteville, was a participant in the First Crusade and regent of the County of Edessa from 1104 to 1108.
January 29, 1119 Pope Gelasius II Pope from 24 January 1118 to his death in 1119.
August 29, 1123 Eystein I of Norway King of Norway from 1103 to 1123 together with his brothers Sigurd the Crusader and Olaf Magnusson, although since Olaf died before adulthood, only Eystein and Sigurd were effective rulers of the country.
August 29, 1135 Al-Mustarshid the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1118 to 1135.
June 29, 1149 Raymond of Poitiers Prince of Antioch from 1136 to 1149. He was the younger son of William IX, Duke of Aquitaine and his wife Philippa, Countess of Toulouse, born in the very year that his father the Duke began his infamous liaison with Dangereuse de Chatelherault
August 29, 1159 Bertha of Sulzbach the first wife and Empress of Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Comnenus.
July 29, 1162 Guigues V of Albon the Count of Albon and Grenoble from 1142 until his death. He was the first to take the title Dauphin du Viennois
December 29, 1170 Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 until his murder in 1170. He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion. He engaged in conflict with Henry II of England over the rights and privileges of the Church and was murdered by followers of the king in Canterbury Cathedral. Soon after his death, he was canonised by Pope Alexander III
September 29, 1186 William of Tyre a medieval prelate and chronicler. As archbishop of Tyre, he is sometimes known as William II to distinguish him from a predecessor, William of Malines. He grew up in Jerusalem at the height of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, which had been established in 1099 after the First Crusade, and he spent twenty years studying the liberal arts and canon law in the universities of Europe
July 29, 1189 Maud of Gloucester Countess of Chester an Anglo-Norman noblewoman and the daughter of Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, an illegitimate son of King Henry I of England and Mabel, daughter of Robert fitz Hamon. Her husband was Ranulf de Gernon, 4th Earl of Chester
November 29, 1198 Al-Aziz Uthman a Kurdish ruler and the second Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt. He was the second son of Saladin
February 29, 1212 Hōnen the religious reformer and founder of the first independent branch of Japanese Pure Land Buddhism called Jōdo-shū. In the related Jōdo Shinshū sect, he is considered the Seventh Patriarch. Hōnen became a monk of the Tendai sect at an early age, but grew disaffected, and sought an approach to Buddhism that anyone could follow, even during the perceived Age of Dharma Decline. After discovering the writings of Chinese Buddhist, Shan-tao, he undertook the teaching of rebirth in the Pure Land of Amitabha through reciting the Buddha's name, or nembutsu
September 29, 1227 Conrad of Urach a Cistercian monk and abbot, and Cardinal Bishop of Porto and Santa Rufina; he declined the papacy.
July 29, 1236 Ingeborg of Denmark Queen of France a French queen. She was a daughter of Valdemar I of Denmark and Sofia of Minsk, and wife of Philip II of France