Died on 3rd day

August 3, 226 Julia Maesa a Roman citizen and daughter of Gaius Julius Bassianus, priest of the sun god Heliogabalus, the patron god of Emesa in the Roman province of Syria. Grandmother of both the Roman emperors Elagabalus and Alexander Severus, she figured prominently in the ascension of each to the title at the age of fourteen
January 3, 236 Pope Anterus the Bishop of Rome from 21 November 235 to his death in 236. He succeeded Pope Pontian, who had been deported from Rome to Sardinia, along with the antipope Hippolytus
September 3, 264 Sun Xiu the third emperor of the state of Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms period.
December 3, 311 Diocletian a Roman emperor from 284 to 305. Born to a family of low status in the Roman province of Dalmatia, Diocletian rose through the ranks of the military to become cavalry commander to the Emperor Carus. After the deaths of Carus and his son Numerian on campaign in Persia, Diocletian was proclaimed emperor. The title was also claimed by Carus' other surviving son, Carinus, but Diocletian defeated him in the Battle of the Margus. Diocletian's reign stabilized the empire and marks the end of the Crisis of the Third Century. He appointed fellow officer Maximian as augustus, co-emperor, in 286
January 3, 323 Emperor Yuan of Jin an emperor of the Jin Dynasty and the first of the Eastern Jin. His reign saw the steady gradual loss of Jin territory in the north, but entrenchment of Jin authority south of the Huai River and east of the Three Gorges, and for generations Jin was not seriously threatened by Wu Hu kingdoms to the north
November 3, 361 Constantius II Roman Emperor from 337 to 361. The second son of Constantine I and Fausta, he ascended to the throne with his brothers Constantine II and Constans upon their father's death
May 3, 369 Juvenal of Narni venerated as the first Bishop of Narni in Umbria. Historical details regarding Juvenal’s life are limited. A biography of Juvenal of little historical value was written after the seventh century; it states that Juvenal was born in Africa and was ordained by Pope Damasus I and was the first bishop of Narni and was buried in the Porta Superiore on the Via Flaminia on August 7, though his feast day was celebrated on May 3. This Vita does not call him a martyr but calls him a confessor. The martyrologies of Florus of Lyon and Ado describe Juvenal as a bishop and confessor rather than as a martyr
July 3, 458 Anatolius of Constantinople Patriarch of Constantinople.
January 3, 492 Pope Felix III Pope from 13 March 483 to his death in 492. His repudiation of the Henoticon is considered the beginning of the Acacian schism
March 3, 532 Winwaloe the founder and first abbot of Landévennec Abbey , also known as the Monastery of Winwaloe. It was just south of Brest in Brittany, now part of France
February 3, 583 Kan B'alam I a ruler of the Maya city of Palenque.
June 3, 618 Kevin of Glendalough an Irish saint who was known as the founder and first abbot of Glendalough in County Wicklow, Ireland. His feast day in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches is 3 June
November 3, 644 Umar one of the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs in history. He was a Sahabah or companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He succeeded Abu Bakr as the second Rashid of the Rashidun Caliphate on 23 August 634. He was an expert Islamic jurist and is best known for his pious and just nature, which earned him the title Al-Faruq. He is sometimes referred to as Umar I by historians of Islam, since a later Umayyad caliph, Umar II, also bore that name
December 3, 649 Birinus the first Bishop of Dorchester, and the "Apostle to the West Saxons" for his conversion of the Kingdom of Wessex to Christianity.
February 3, 700 Werburgh an Anglo-Saxon princess who became an English saint and the patron saint of Chester. Her feast day is February 3
July 3, 710 Emperor Zhongzong of Tang the fourth Emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China, ruling briefly in 684 and again from 705 to 710.
November 3, 753 Saint Pirmin a monk, strongly influenced by Celtic Christianity and Saint Amand.
May 3, 762 Emperor Xuanzong of Tang the seventh emperor of the Tang dynasty in China, reigning from 712 to 756. His reign of 43 years was the longest during the Tang Dynasty. In the early half of his reign he was a diligent and astute ruler, ably assisted by capable chancellors like Yao Chong and Song Jing, and was credited with bringing Tang China to a pinnacle of culture and power
June 3, 800 Staurakios (eunuch) a Byzantine eunuch official, who rose to be one of the most important and influential associates of Byzantine empress Irene of Athens. He effectively acted as chief minister during her regency for her young son, Emperor Constantine VI in 780–790, until overthrown and exiled by a military revolt in favour of the young emperor in 790. Restored to power by Constantine along with Irene in 792, Staurakios aided her in the eventual removal, blinding, and possible murder of her son in 797. His own position thereafter was threatened by the rise of another powerful eunuch, Aetios. Their increasing rivalry, and Staurakios's own imperial ambitions, were only resolved by Staurakios's death
October 3, 818 Ermengarde of Hesbaye Queen of the Franks and Holy Roman Empress as the wife of Emperor Louis She was Frankish, the daughter of Ingeram, count of Hesbaye, and Hedwig of Bavaria.
September 3, 863 Umar al-Aqta the semi-independent Arab emir of Malatya from the 830s until his death in the Battle of Lalakaon on September 3, 863. During this time, he was one of the greatest enemies of the Byzantine Empire on its eastern frontier, and became a prominent figure in later Arabic and Turkish epic literature
February 3, 865 Ansgar an Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen. The see of Hamburg was designated a mission to bring Christianity to Northern Europe, and Ansgar became known as the "Apostle of the North"
May 3, 886 Wulgrin I of Angoulême the Count of Angoulême, Périgueux, and possible Saintonge from 866 to his death. His parents were Vulfard , Count of Flavigny, and Suzanne, who was a daughter of the Bego I, Count of Paris. His brother Hilduin the Young was the abbot of Saint-Denis. Ademar of Chabannes is the chief source on his active reign in preserving and moulding Angoulême
October 3, 900 Muhammad ibn Zayd an Alid who succeeded his brother, Hasan , as ruler of the Zaydid dynasty of Tabaristan in 884. Little is known of his early life, before coming to Tabaristan after Hasan established Zaydid rule there in 864. He served his brother as a general and governor, and continued his policies after his accession. His reign was troubled by rebellions and wars, most notably by the invasion of Rafi' ibn Harthama in 889–892, which occupied most of his domains. After Rafi' fell out of favour with the Abbasids, Muhammad recovered his position and secured the allegiance of Rafi', but did not particularly support him against the Saffarids. In 900, following the Saffarids' defeat by the Samanids, he tried to invade Khurasan, but was defeated and died of his wounds, whereupon Tabaristan fell to the Samanids
April 3, 963 William III Duke of Aquitaine the "Count of the Duchy of Aquitaine" from 959 and Duke of Aquitaine from 962 to his death. He was also the Count of Poitou from 935 and Count of Auvergne from 950. The primary sources for his reign are Ademar of Chabannes, Dudo of Saint-Quentin, and William of Jumièges
August 3, 979 Thietmar Margrave of Meissen the Margrave of Meissen from 970 until his death. Thietmar was the eldest of three brothers, all sons of Hidda, sister of Gero the Great, and Count Christian of Thuringia. His brothers were Gero, Archbishop of Cologne, and Odo I, Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark
February 3, 994 William IV Duke of Aquitaine the Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Poitou from 963 to his retirement in 990.
August 3, 1003 At-Ta'i the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 974 to 991. Very little is known about his personal and official life. During his Caliphate, Syria was torn by contending factions — Fatimid, Turkish, and Carmathian; while the Buwayhid dynasty was split up into parties that were fighting among themselves. To top this all off, the Byzantine Emperor John Tzimisces stormed the east in a victorious campaign in 975. After holding the office for seventeen years, al-Ta'i was deposed in 991 by the Buwayhid emir Baha' al-Dawla
February 3, 1014 Sweyn Forkbeard king of Denmark and England, as well as parts of Norway. His name appears as Swegen in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. He was the son of King Harald Bluetooth of Denmark. He was the father of Cnut the Great
January 3, 1028 Fujiwara no Michinaga represents the highpoint of the Fujiwara clan's control over the government of Japan.
July 3, 1035 Robert I Duke of Normandy the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. Owing to uncertainty over the numbering of the Dukes of Normandy he is usually called Robert I, but sometimes Robert II with his ancestor Rollo as Robert He was the father of William the Conqueror who became in 1066 King of England and founded the House of Normandy
June 3, 1052 Guaimar IV of Salerno Prince of Salerno , Duke of Amalfi , Duke of Gaeta , and Prince of Capua in Southern Italy over the period from 1027 to 1052. He was an important figure in the final phase of Byzantine authority in the Mezzogiorno and the commencement of Norman power. He was, according to Amatus of Montecassino, "more courageous than his father, more generous and more courteous; indeed he possessed all the qualities a layman should have—except that he took an excessive delight in women."
February 3, 1066 Rostislav of Tmutarakan a landless prince from the Rurikid dynasty of Kievan Rus’. He was baptized as Mikhail. According to the Russian genealogist Nikolai Baumgarten, the mother of Rostislav was Oda of Stade, a daughter of the Stade Count Leopold. That claim is also supported by other historians
October 3, 1078 Iziaslav I of Kiev Yaroslavich Kniaz' of Turov, Veliki Kniaz of Kiev.
October 3, 1078 Boris Vyacheslavich Prince of Chernigov for eight days in 1077. He was the son of Vyacheslav Yaroslavich, Prince of Smolensk. Following his father's death in 1057, the child Boris was debarred from his inheritance. He died fighting against his uncles—Vsevolod Yaroslavich, Prince of Chernigov and Izyaslav Yaroslavich, Grand Prince of Kiev—on 3 October 1078
April 3, 1081 Bolesław II the Generous Duke of Poland from 1058 to 1076 and third King of Poland from 1076 to 1079. He was the eldest son of Duke Casimir I the Restorer and Maria Dobroniega of Kiev
July 3, 1090 Egbert II Margrave of Meissen Count of Brunswick and Margrave of Meissen. He was the eldest son of the Margrave Egbert I of the Brunonen family
January 3, 1098 Walkelin the first Norman bishop of Winchester.
March 3, 1111 Bohemond I of Antioch one of the leaders of the First Crusade. The Crusade had no outright military leader, but instead was ruled by a committee of nobles. Bohemond was one of the most important of these leaders
February 3, 1116 Coloman King of Hungary King of Hungary from 1095 and King of Croatia from 1097. Coloman and his younger brother Álmos were still under-age when their father King Géza I of Hungary died and their uncle Ladislaus I ascended the throne in 1077. According to late medieval Hungarian chronicles, the king decided to prepare Coloman—who was physically challenged—for a church career. Coloman was appointed bishop of Eger or Várad in the early 1090s
September 3, 1120 Gerard Thom accredited as the founder of the Knights Hospitaller which is currently divided into the Military and Hospitaller Order of Lazarus of Jerusalem, the Order of the Knights of John of Jerusalem and the Order of Malta, as well as numerous other groups who trace their descent and/or inspiration to the original Hospitaller's order.
February 3, 1134 Robert Curthose the Duke of Normandy from 1087 until 1106 and an unsuccessful claimant to the throne of the Kingdom of England.
May 3, 1152 Matilda of Boulogne suo jure Countess of Boulogne. She was also queen consort of England as the wife of King Stephen
December 3, 1154 Pope Anastasius IV Pope from 9 July 1153 to his death in 1154.
August 3, 1159 Waltheof of Melrose a 12th-century English abbot and saint. He was the son of Simon I of St Liz, 1st Earl of Northampton and Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon, thus stepson to David I of Scotland, and the grandson of Waltheof, Earl of Northampton
February 3, 1161 Inge I of Norway king of Norway from 1136 to 1161. Inge’s reign fell within the start of the period known in Norwegian history as the civil war era. He was never the sole ruler of the country. He is often known as Inge the Hunchback , because of his physical disability. However, this epithet does not appear in medieval sources
April 3, 1171 Philip of Milly a baron in the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the seventh Grand Master of the Knights Templar. He briefly employed the troubadour Peire Bremon lo Tort in the Holy Land
April 3, 1194 Sigurd Magnusson a Norwegian nobleman who campaigned against King Sverre of Norway during the Civil war era in Norway.
April 3, 1203 Arthur I Duke of Brittany 4th Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany between 1196 and 1202. He was the posthumous son of Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany and Constance, Duchess of Brittany. Geoffrey was a son of Henry II of England, younger than Richard I but older than John. In 1190 Arthur was designated heir to the throne of England and its French territory by his uncle, Richard I, the intent being that Arthur would succeed Richard in preference to Richard's younger brother John. Nothing is recorded of Arthur after his incarceration in Rouen Castle in 1203, and his precise fate is unknown
November 3, 1220 Urraca of Castile Queen of Portugal a daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonor of England. Her maternal grandparents were Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Urraca was originally considered as a prospective bride for Louis VIII of France, but Eleanor objected to her name , preferring the Castilian name of Urraca's sister Blanche, Blanca