Died on 30th day

April 30, 65 Lucan a Roman poet, born in Corduba , in the Hispania Baetica. Despite his short life, he is regarded as one of the outstanding figures of the Imperial Latin period. His youth and speed of composition set him apart from other poets
March 30, 116 Quirinus of Neuss venerated as a martyr and saint of the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. His cult was centered at Neuss in Germany, though he was a Roman martyr
October 30, 130 Antinous a Bithynian Greek youth and a favourite, or lover, of the Roman emperor Hadrian. He was deified after his death, being worshiped in both the Greek East and Latin West, sometimes as a god and sometimes merely as a deified mortal
December 30, 274 Pope Felix I the Bishop of Rome or Pope from 5 January 269 to his death in 274.
June 30, 350 Nepotianus a member of the Constantinian dynasty who reigned as a short-lived usurper of the Roman Empire. He ruled the city of Rome for twenty-eight days, before being killed by his rival usurper Magnentius' general Marcellinus
March 30, 365 Emperor Ai of Jin an emperor of the Eastern Jin Dynasty. During his brief reign, the actual powers were largely in the hands of his granduncle Sima Yu the Prince of Kuaiji, and the paramount general Huan Wen. According to historical accounts, he had an obsession with immortality, which ironically resulted in his death, as he became poisoned by pills that were given him by magicians in 364 and eventually died in 365
September 30, 420 Jerome an Illyrian Latin Christian priest, confessor, theologian and historian, who also became a Doctor of the Church. He was the son of Eusebius, of the city of Stridon, on the border of Dalmatia and Pannonia. He is best known for his translation of the Bible into Latin , and his commentaries on the Gospel of the Hebrews. His list of writings is extensive
August 30, 526 Theoderic the Great king of the Germanic Ostrogoths , ruler of Italy , regent of the Visigoths , and a patricius of the Eastern Roman Empire. His Gothic name Þiudareiks translates into "people-king" or "ruler of the people". Theodoric was born in Pannonia in 454, after his people had defeated the Huns at the Battle of Nedao. His father was King Theodemir, a Germanic Amali nobleman, and his mother was Ereleuva. Theodoric grew up as a hostage in Constantinople, receiving a privileged education, and he succeeded his father as leader of the Pannonian Ostrogoths in 473. Settling his people in lower Moesia, Theoderic came into conflict with Thracian Ostrogoths led by Theodoric Strabo, whom he eventually supplanted, uniting the peoples in 484
July 30, 578 Jacob Baradaeus Bishop of Edessa from 543 until his death. One of the most important figures in the history of the Syriac Orthodox Church, and the Oriental Orthodox churches generally, he was a defender of the Miaphysite movement in a time when its strength was declining. His instrumental efforts in reorganizing and revitalizing the community gave it its alternate name, the Jacobites
July 30, 579 Pope Benedict I Pope from 2 June 575 to his death in 579.
September 30, 653 Honorius of Canterbury a member of the Gregorian mission to Christianize the Anglo-Saxons from their native Anglo-Saxon paganism in 597 AD who later became Archbishop of Canterbury. During his archiepiscopate, he consecrated the first native English bishop of Rochester as well as helping the missionary efforts of Felix among the East Anglians. Honorious was the last to die among the Gregorian missionaries
January 30, 680 Balthild the wife and queen of Clovis II, the king of Burgundy and Neustria. Her hagiography was intended to further her successful candidature for sainthood
June 30, 710 Saint Erentrude a virgin saint of the Roman Catholic Church and was the niece of Saint Rupert of Salzburg. Her date and place of birth are unknown, but it may be presumed that she was born in present-day Germany or Austria, in the latter part of the 7th century. She followed her uncle from Worms to Salzburg, where she was installed by him as the first abbess of Nonnberg Abbey. She died on 30 June 710, the same year as Saint Rupert
July 30, 734 Tatwine the tenth Archbishop of Canterbury from 731 to 734. Prior to becoming archbishop, he was a monk and abbot of a Benedictine monastery. Besides his ecclesiastical career, Tatwine was a writer, and riddles he composed survive. Another work he composed was on the grammar of the Latin language, which was aimed at advanced students of that language. He was subsequently considered a saint
April 30, 783 Hildegard of the Vinzgau daughter of the Germanic Count Gerold of Vinzgau and Emma of Alemannia. She was the second wife of Charlemagne, who married her around 771. They had the following children:
August 30, 832 Feologild likely a medieval English Archbishop of Canterbury, although slight controversy surrounds his election, with at least a couple of modern historians arguing that instead of being elected, he was merely an unsuccessful candidate for the office. He died soon after his consecration, if he was consecrated
June 30, 888 Æthelred (bishop) an Anglo-Saxon Archbishop of Canterbury in medieval England. Although one source states that he was Bishop of Wiltshire prior to his elevation to Canterbury, this has been shown to be false. Much of Æthelred's time in office was spent dealing with the dislocations caused by the invasion of England by Vikings. There were also conflicts with King Alfred the Great over ecclesiastical matters as well as the desire of the papacy to reform the English clergy
November 30, 912 Otto I Duke of Saxony the Duke of Saxony from 880 to his death.
June 30, 945 Ki no Tsurayuki a Japanese author, poet and courtier of the Heian period. He is best known as the principal compiler of the Kokin Wakashū and as a possible author of the Tosa Diary, although this was published anonymously
September 30, 954 Louis IV of France called d'Outremer or Transmarinus , reigned as King of Western Francia from 936 to 954. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, the son of Charles III and Eadgifu, a daughter of King Edward the Elder
January 30, 970 Peter I of Bulgaria emperor of Bulgaria from 27 May 927 to 969.
April 30, 971 Adalbert of Italy the Margrave of Ivrea and a joint king of Italy with his father from 950 to 961.
March 30, 987 Arnulf II Count of Flanders Count of Flanders from 965 until his death.
November 30, 1016 Edmund Ironside King of England from 23 April to 18 October 1016 and of Wessex from 23 April to 30 November 1016. His cognomen "Ironside" is not recorded until 1057, but may have been contemporary. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, it was given to him "because of his valour" in resisting the Danish invasion led by Cnut the Great. He fought five battles against the Danes, ending in defeat against Cnut on 18 October at the Battle of Assandun, after which they agreed to divide the kingdom, Edmund taking Wessex and Cnut the rest of the country. Edmund died shortly afterwards on 30 November, and Cnut became the king of all England
April 30, 1030 Mahmud of Ghazni the most prominent ruler of the Ghaznavid Empire. He conquered the eastern Iranian lands and the northwestern Indian subcontinent from 997 to his death in 1030. Mahmud turned the former provincial city of Ghazna into the wealthy capital of an extensive empire which covered most of today's Afghanistan, eastern Iran, and Pakistan, by looting the riches and wealth from the then Indian subcontinent. He was the first ruler to carry the title Sultan , signifying the extent of his power, though preserving the ideological link to the suzerainty of the Abbassid Caliphate. During his rule, he invaded and plundered parts of Hindustan 17 times
May 30, 1035 Baldwin IV Count of Flanders Count of Flanders.
January 30, 1039 Sophia I Abbess of Gandersheim an Ottonian princess who was Abbess of Gandersheim from 1002, and from 1011 Abbess of Essen. She was an important kingmaker of medieval Germany
September 30, 1057 Leofric Earl of Mercia the Earl of Mercia. He founded monasteries at Coventry and Much Wenlock. Leofric is most remembered as the husband of Lady Godiva. He died at Kings Bromley in Staffordshire of old age
April 30, 1063 Emperor Renzong of Song the fourth emperor of the Song Dynasty of China, ruling from 1022 to 1063. Renzong was the son of Emperor Zhenzong of Song. Despite his long reign of over 40 years, Renzong is not widely known. His reign marked the high point of Song influences and powers but was also the beginning of its slow disintegration that would persist over the next century and a half
May 30, 1078 Gleb Svyatoslavich Prince of Tmutarakan and Novgorod. He ruled Tmutarakan under the overall authority of his father Sviatoslav Iaroslavich, Prince of Chernigov. He was twice expelled from his principality by one of his cousins Rostislav Vladimirovich
July 30, 1093 Bertha of Holland queen consort of the Franks from 1072 until 1092, as the first wife of King Philip Bertha's marriage to the king in 1072 was a result of peace negotiations between him and her stepfather, Count Robert the Frisian of Flanders. After nine years of childlessness, the royal couple had three children, including Philip's successor, Louis the Fat. Philip, however, grew tired of his wife by 1090, and repudiated her in 1092 in order to marry the already married Bertrada of Montfort. That marriage was a scandal since both Philip and Bertrada were already married to other people, at least until Queen Bertha died the next year
December 30, 1115 Theodoric II Duke of Lorraine the duke of Lorraine from 1070 to his death. He was the son and successor of Gerhard and Hedwige of Namur. He is sometimes numbered Theodoric I if the dukes of the House of Ardennes, who ruled in Upper Lorraine from 959 to 1033, are ignored in favour of the dukes of Lower Lorraine as predecessors of the later dukes of Lorraine
April 30, 1131 Adjutor venerated as a saint by the Catholic Church. He was born in Normandy, France, where he was made a knight in the First Crusade. He is credited to be the patron saint of swimmers, boaters, and drowning victims, and the patron saint of Vernon, France. The stories given for his patronage of boaters vary. Some state that he was captured by Muslims in The Crusade, who tried to force him to abandon his faith, and when refusing, he escaped persecution by swimming. He swam back to France and entered the Abbey of Trion. There he became a recluse remaining up until his death of April 30th
June 30, 1139 Otto of Bamberg a medieval German bishop and missionary who, as papal legate, converted much of Pomerania to Christianity.
May 30, 1159 Władysław II the Exile a High Duke of Poland and Duke of Silesia from 1138 until his expulsion in 1146. He is the progenitor of the Silesian Piasts
January 30, 1164 William FitzEmpress the youngest of the three sons of Geoffrey, Count of Anjou and Empress Matilda, daughter of King Henry I of England.
May 30, 1169 Nigel (bishop of Ely) an Anglo-Norman Bishop of Ely. He came from an ecclesiastical family; his uncle Roger of Salisbury was a bishop and government minister for King Henry I, and other relatives also held offices in the English Church and government. Nigel owed his advancement to his uncle, as did Nigel's probable brother Alexander, who like Nigel was advanced to episcopal status. Nigel was educated on the continent before becoming a royal administrator. He served as Treasurer of England under King Henry, before being appointed to the see, or bishopric, of Ely in 1133. His tenure was marked by conflicts with the monks of his cathedral chapter, who believed that Nigel kept income for himself that should properly have gone to them
December 30, 1178 Pribislav of Mecklenburg an Obotrite prince and the first Prince of Mecklenburg.
March 30, 1180 Al-Mustadi the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1170 to 1180. Like his predecessor, he continued to occupy a more or less independent position, with a vizier and courtly surroundings, and supported by only a small force sufficient for an occasional local campaign. During his reign Saladin ended the Fatimid caliphate, became the sultan of Egypt and declared his allegiance to the Abbasids. The famous chronicler Ibn Abu-al-Faraj ibn Al-Jawzi wrote that he reduced the taxes, was very fair with his subjects and built many mosques, schools and ribats
January 30, 1181 Emperor Takakura the 80th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1168 through 1180
June 30, 1181 Hugh de Kevelioc 5th Earl of Chester the son of Ranulf de Gernon, 4th Earl of Chester and Maud of Gloucester, daughter of Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester.
August 30, 1181 Pope Alexander III Pope from 7 September 1159 to his death in 1181. He laid the foundation stone for the famous Notre-Dame de Paris
March 30, 1185 Beatrice of Rethel a French noblewoman and the third Queen consort of the King Roger II of Sicily.
March 30, 1202 Joachim of Fiore the founder of the monastic order of San Giovanni in Fiore. He was a mystic, a theologian, and an esotericist. His followers are called Joachimites
November 30, 1204 Emeric King of Hungary King of Hungary and Croatia between 1196 and 1204. His father, Béla III of Hungary, had him crowned king in 1184, and appointed him to rule Croatia and Dalmatia around 1195. Emeric mounted the throne after the death of his father. He spent the first years of his reign fighting against his rebellious brother, Andrew, who forced Emeric to grant him Croatia and Dalmatia as an appanage
June 30, 1222 Adolf of Osnabrück born in Tecklenburg about 1185, a member of the family of the Counts of Tecklenburg in the Duchy of Westphalia. During his lifetime, he became known as the "Almoner of the Poor", and is honored as a saint by the Catholic Church
January 30, 1230 Pelagio Galvani a Leonese Cardinal, and canon lawyer. He became a papal legate and leader of the Fifth Crusade
July 30, 1233 Konrad von Marburg a medieval, German priest and nobleman. He was commissioned by the pope to combat the Albigensians
September 30, 1246 Yaroslav II of Vladimir the Grand Prince of Vladimir who helped to restore his country and capital after the Mongol invasion of Russia.
May 30, 1252 Ferdinand III of Castile King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230 as well as King of Galicia from 1231. He was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. Ferdinand III was one of the most successful kings of Castile, securing not only the permanent union of the crowns of Castile and León, but also masterminding the most expansive campaign of Reconquista yet