Died on 31st day

March 31, 32 Titus Pomponius Atticus born Titus Pomponius , came from an old but not strictly noble Roman family of the equestrian class and the Gens Pomponia. He was a celebrated editor, banker, and patron of letters with residences in both Rome and Athens. He is best remembered as the closest friend of orator and philosopher Marcus Tullius Cicero as well leading contemporaries of upper class Roman society. Cicero's treatise on friendship, De Amicitia was dedicated to him. Their correspondence, often written in subtle code to disguise their political observations, is preserved in Epistulae ad Atticum compiled by Cicero's freedman and personal secretary, Marcus Tullius Tiro. Atticus was known for his elegant taste, sound judgment and financial acumen
December 31, 192 Commodus Roman Emperor from 180 to 192. He also ruled as co-emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180
December 31, 335 Pope Sylvester I also spelled "Silvester", was Pope from 31 January 314 to his death in 335. He succeeded Pope Miltiades. He filled the See of Rome at an important era in the history of the Catholic Church, yet very little is known of him. The accounts of his papacy preserved in the Liber Pontificalis contain little more than a record of the gifts said to have been conferred on the Church by Constantine I, but it does say that he was the son of a Roman named Rufinus
July 31, 450 Peter Chrysologus Bishop of Ravenna from about 433 until his death.
May 31, 455 Petronius Maximus Western Roman Emperor for two and a half months in 455. A wealthy senator and a prominent aristocrat, he was instrumental in the murders of the Western Roman magister militum, Flavius Aëtius, and the Western Roman Emperor Valentinian III. Maximus was killed during the events culminating in the sack of Rome by the Vandals in 455
July 31, 477 Pope Timothy II of Alexandria also known as Αἴλουρος/Aelurus , succeeded twice in supplanting the Chalcedonian Patriarch of Alexandria.
January 31, 579 Khosrau I the successor of his father Kavadh I on the Sasanian Persian throne. Khosrau I was the twenty-second Sasanian Emperor of Persia, and the most famous and celebrated of the Sasanian kings
December 31, 596 Marius Aventicensis the Bishop of Aventicum from 574, remembered for his terse chronicle. After his death in Lausanne, he was venerated in that city as a saint, and his feast day was celebrated on 9 or 12 February
January 31, 632 Máedóc of Ferns an Irish saint, founder and first bishop of Ferns in County Wexford and a patron of other churches, such as Rossinver in County Leitrim and Drumlane in County Cavan.
August 31, 651 Aidan of Lindisfarne an Irish monk and missionary credited with restoring Christianity to Northumbria. He founded a monastic cathedral on the island of Lindisfarne, served as its first bishop, and travelled ceaselessly throughout the countryside, spreading the gospel to both the Anglo-Saxon nobility and to the socially disenfranchised
December 31, 669 Li Shiji one of the most celebrated generals early in the Chinese Tang Dynasty. He was initially a follower of Li Mi, one of the rebel rulers rebelling against the preceding Sui Dynasty, and he submitted to Tang after Li Mi did so, upon which Emperor Gaozu, impressed with his loyalty to Li Mi, bestowed on him the imperial clan name of He later participated in destroying Xu Yuanlang and Fu Gongshi, two of Tang's competitors on Tang's campaign to reunify China. During the reign of Emperor Gaozu's son Emperor Taizong, he participated in the successful campaigns destroying Eastern Tujue and Xueyantuo, allowing Tang to become the dominant power in eastern Asia, and also served as a chancellor. During the reign of Emperor Gaozong, he served as chancellor and the commander of the army against Goguryeo, destroying Goguryeo in 668. He died the next year. He and Li Jing were considered the two most prominent early Tang generals
August 31, 731 Ōtomo no Tabito a Japanese poet, best known as the father of Ōtomo no Yakamochi, who contributed to compiling the Man'yōshū alongside his father. Tabito was a contemporary of Hitomaro, but lacked his success in the Imperial Court. While serving as Governor-General of Dazaifu, the military procuracy in northern Kyūshū from 728-730, Tabito hosted a plum-blossom party, encouraging the composition of poetry among his subordinates in imitation of Chinese style elegance. He also showed his Chinese education in his set of thirteen tanka in praise of sake
January 31, 733 Muhammad al-Baqir Known as al-Baqir. His full name was Muhammad bin 'Ali bin al-Husayn bin Ali bin Abi Talib and was the fifth Shiite Imam after his father zayn al-Abidin and before his son Ja'far al-Sadiq. He was the first for whom the birth of al-Hasan and al-Husayn, the grandsons of Muhammad came together. Many traditions and abundant knowledge were reported on his authority. He is revered by Shiite Muslims for his religious leadership and highly respected by Sunni Muslims for his knowledge and Islamic scholarship as a leading jurist of Medina
August 31, 836 Wala of Corbie a son of Bernard, son of Charles Martel, and one of the principal advisers of his cousin Charlemagne, of Charlemagne's son Louis the Pious, and of Louis's son Lothair He succeeded his brother Adalard as abbot of Corbie and its new daughter foundation, Corvey, in 826 or 827.
January 31, 876 Hemma the wife of Louis the German, and Queen consort of Eastern Francia.
December 31, 878 Emperor Seiwa the 56th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
October 31, 932 Al-Muqtadir the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 908 AD to 932 AD.
October 31, 994 Wolfgang of Regensburg bishop of Regensburg in Bavaria from Christmas 972 until his death. He is a saint of the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. He is regarded as one of the three great German saints of the 10th century, the other two being Saint Ulrich and Saint Conrad of Constance
October 31, 1005 Abe no Seimei an onmyōji, a leading specialist of onmyōdō during the middle of the Heian Period in Japan. In addition to his prominence in history, he is a legendary figure in Japanese folklore and has been portrayed in a number of stories and films
October 31, 1007 Heriger of Lobbes remembered for his writings as theologian and historian.
January 31, 1030 William V Duke of Aquitaine Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Poitou from 990 until his death.
May 31, 1076 Waltheof Earl of Northumbria the last of the Anglo-Saxon earls and the only English aristocrat to be executed during the reign of William I.
October 31, 1147 Robert 1st Earl of Gloucester an illegitimate son of King Henry I of England. He was the half-brother of the Empress Matilda, and her chief military supporter during the civil war known as The Anarchy, in which she vied with Stephen of Blois for the throne of England
August 31, 1158 Sancho III of Castile King of Castile and Toledo for one year, from 1157 to 1158. During the Reconquista, in which he took an active part, he founded the Order of Calatrava. He was called el Deseado due to his position as the first child of his parents, born after eight years of childless marriage
May 31, 1162 Géza II of Hungary King of Hungary and Croatia from 1141 to 1162. He was still a child when he succeeded his father, Béla the Blind, such that his mother, Helena of Rascia, and her brother, Beloš, ruled Hungary until he came of age in 1146. Géza was one of the most powerful monarchs of Hungary, and intervened successfully in the internal affairs of neighbouring countries
December 31, 1164 Ottokar III of Styria Margrave of Styria from 1129 until 1164. He was the son of Leopold the Strong and father of Ottokar IV, the last of the dynasty of the Otakars. His wife was Kunigunde of Chamb-Vohburg
December 31, 1178 Ioveta of Bethany the fourth and youngest daughter of King Baldwin II and Morphia of Melitene. She was the princess of Jerusalem
December 31, 1194 Leopold V Duke of Austria the Duke of Austria from 1177 and the Duke of Styria from 1192 until his death in 1194. He was a member of the House of Babenberg, the son of Henry II Jasomirgott and his Byzantine wife, Theodora Comnena, a daughter of Andronicus Comnenus, the second eldest son of the Emperor John II Komnenos
October 31, 1214 Eleanor of England Queen of Castile Queen of Castile and Toledo as wife of Alfonso VIII of Castile. She was the sixth child and second daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine and received her first name as a namesake of her mother
May 31, 1223 Mstislav II Svyatoslavich a Rus' prince. His baptismal name was Panteleymon. He was probably prince of Kozelsk , of Novgorod-Seversk , and of Chernigov. He was killed in the Battle of the Kalka River
August 31, 1234 Emperor Go-Horikawa the 86th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spanned the years from 1221 through 1232
August 31, 1240 Raymond Nonnatus a saint from Catalonia in Spain. His nickname refers to his birth by Caesarean section, his mother having died while giving birth to him
August 31, 1247 Konrad I of Masovia the sixth Duke of Masovia from 1194 until his death as well as High Duke of Poland from 1229 to 1232 and again from 1241 to 1243.
December 31, 1278 Bolesław II Rogatka a Duke of Kraków briefly in 1241, of Southern Greater Poland during 1241–1247, and Duke of all Silesia–Wrocław from 1241 until 1248, when it was divided between him and his brothers. He was Duke of Środa Śląska in Silesia from 1277 onward. During his reign the second Mongol raid against Poland, led by Nogai Khan occurred
March 31, 1295 Robert de Brus 5th Lord of Annandale a feudal lord, Justice and Constable of Scotland and England, a Regent of Scotland, and a competitor for the Scottish throne in 1290/92 in the Great Cause. His grandson Robert the Bruce eventually became King of Scots
December 31, 1298 Humphrey de Bohun 3rd Earl of Hereford an English nobleman known primarily for his opposition to King Edward I over the Confirmatio Cartarum. He was also an active participant in the Welsh Wars and maintained for several years a private feud with the earl of Gloucester. His father, Humphrey de Bohun, fought on the side of the rebellious barons in the Barons' War. When Humphrey predeceased his father, Humphrey became heir to his grandfather, Humphrey. At Humphrey 's death in 1275, Humphrey inherited the earldoms of Hereford and Essex. He also inherited major possessions in the Welsh Marches from his mother, Eleanor de Braose
December 31, 1302 Frederick III Duke of Lorraine the Duke of Lorraine from 1251 to his death. He was the only son and successor of Matthias II and Catherine of Limburg
May 31, 1321 Birger King of Sweden King of Sweden from 1290 to 1318.
July 31, 1321 Ibn al-Banna' al-Marrakushi al-Azdi, also known as Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Uthman al-Azdi. [29 December 1256 – 1321, was a Moroccan mathematician, astronomer, Islamic scholar, Sufi, and a one-time astrologer
December 31, 1328 Giovanni Soranzo a Venetian statesman who served as the fiftieth Doge of Venice. He ascended to the position on July 13, 1312, and served until his death. Soranzo was a member of a noble and ancient family; he was married to Franchesina. In 1310 his son-in-law, Niccolo' Querini was exiled for life from Venice for taking part in Bajamonte Tiepolo's conspiracy to overthrow the state. Soranzo was succeeded as Doge by Francesco Dandolo
May 31, 1329 Albertino Mussato an Early Renaissance Italian statesman, poet, historian and dramatist credited with providing an impetus to the revival of literary Latin. He was a pupil of Italian poet and humanist Lovato Lovati
January 31, 1330 John I Marquis of Namur the ruler of Namur from 1305 to 1330. He was a member of the House of Dampierre, the son of Guy of Dampierre, Count of Flanders and Marquis of Namur, and his second wife Isabelle of Luxembourg. John was the father of Blanche of Namur, Queen of Sweden and Norway
July 31, 1330 Michael Shishman of Bulgaria Asen III ,a ruled as emperor of Bulgaria from 1323 to 1330. The exact year of his birth is unknown but it was between 1280 and 1292. He was the founder of the last ruling dynasty of the Second Bulgarian Empire, the Shishman dynasty. After he was crowned, however, Michael used the name Asen to emphasize his connection with the Asen dynasty, the first one to rule over the Second Empire
October 31, 1335 Marie of Évreux the eldest child of Louis d'Évreux and his wife Margaret of Artois. She was a member of the House of Capet
March 31, 1340 Ivan I of Moscow Prince of Moscow from 1325 and Grand Prince of Vladimir from 1328.
December 31, 1344 Otto I Duke of Pomerania Duke of Pomerania-Stettin.
May 31, 1349 Thomas Wake 2nd Baron Wake of Liddell summoned to parliament as a baron in 1295, and the grandson of Baldwin Wake , both warriors of repute.
July 31, 1358 Étienne Marcel provost of the merchants of Paris under King John II, called John the Good. He distinguished himself in the defense of the small craftsmen and guildsmen who made up most of the city population
December 31, 1369 John Chandos a medieval English knight who hailed from Radbourne Hall, Derbyshire. Chandos was a close friend of Edward, the Black Prince and a founding member and 19th Knight of the Order of the Garter in 1348. Chandos was a gentleman by birth, but unlike most commanders of the day he held no title of nobility
August 31, 1372 Ralph de Stafford 1st Earl of Stafford an English nobleman and notable soldier during the Hundred Years War against France.