Died on 4th day

February 4, 211 Septimius Severus Roman emperor from 193 to 211. Severus was born in Leptis Magna in the Roman province of Africa. As a young man he advanced through the cursus honorum—the customary succession of offices—under the reigns of Marcus Aurelius and Commodus. Severus seized power after the death of Emperor Pertinax in 193 during the Year of the Five Emperors
April 4, 397 Ambrose a bishop of Milan who became one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the 4th century. He was consular prefect of Liguria and Emilia, headquartered in Milan, before being made bishop of Milan by popular acclamation in 374. Ambrose was a staunch opponent of Arianism, and has been accused of fostering persecutions both of Arians and of Jews and pagans
September 4, 422 Pope Boniface I Pope from 28 December 418 to his death in 422. He was a contemporary of Saint Augustine of Hippo, who dedicated to him some of his works
March 4, 480 Landry of Sées a French saint and bishop. The earliest record found of a person named Landry was in the 5th Century 450 in the person of Landry, third Bishop of Sées who died on March 4, 480 and whose feast day is July 16
December 4, 530 Cyrus the Great the founder of the Achaemenid Empire. Under his rule, the empire embraced all the previous civilized states of the ancient Near East, expanded vastly and eventually conquered most of Southwest Asia and much of Central Asia and the Caucasus. From the Mediterranean Sea and Hellespont in the west to the Indus River in the east, Cyrus the Great created the largest empire the world had yet seen. Under his successors, the empire eventually stretched from parts of the Balkans and Thrace-Macedonia in the west, to the Indus Valley in the east. His regal titles in full were The Great King, King of Persia, King of Anshan, King of Media, King of Babylon, King of Sumer and Akkad, and King of the Four Corners of the World. He also proclaimed what has been identified by scholars and archaeologists to be the oldest known declaration of human rights, which was transcribed onto the Cyrus Cylinder sometime between 539 and 530 This view has been criticized by some as a misunderstanding of what they claim to be the Cylinder's generic nature as a traditional statement of the sort that new monarchs may make at the beginning of their reign
March 4, 561 Pope Pelagius I Pope from 556 to his death in 561. He was the second pope of the Byzantine Papacy, and like his predecessor, a former apocrisiarius to Constantinople
January 4, 581 Ferréol of Uzès bishop of Uzès and possibly bishop of Nîmes. His Feast Day is January 4
April 4, 636 Isidore of Seville considered, as the 19th-century historian Montalembert put it in an oft-quoted phrase, "The last scholar of the ancient world".
February 4, 708 Pope Sisinnius Pope from 15 January to his death in 708.
July 4, 712 Andrew of Crete For the martyr of 766 of the same name, see Andrew of Crete.
December 4, 749 John of Damascus a Syrian monk and priest. Born and raised in Damascus, he died at his monastery, Mar Saba, near Jerusalem
June 4, 756 Emperor Shōmu the 45th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
December 4, 771 Carloman I the king of the Franks from 768 until his death in 771. He was the second surviving son of Pepin the Short and Bertrada of Laon and was a younger brother of Charlemagne. Little is known of him, except such as touches upon his more famous father and brother
May 4, 784 Arbeo of Freising an early medieval author and Bishop of Freising from 764.
August 4, 785 Al-Mahdi the third Abbasid Caliph who reigned from 158 AH to 169 He succeeded his father, al-Mansur.
September 4, 799 Musa al-Kadhim known for his nickname al-Kadhim , and is the seventh Shiite Imam after his father Ja'far al-Sadiq. He is regarded by Sunnis as a renowned scholar and was contemporary with the Abbasid caliphs, Al-Mansur, Al-Hadi, Al-Mahdi and Harun al-Rashid. He lived in very difficult times, in hiding, until he finally died in Baghdad in the Sindi ibn Shahak prison through poisoning. Ali al-Ridha, the eighth Imām, and Fatemah Masume were among his children
December 4, 811 Charles the Younger the second son of Charlemagne and the first by his second wife, Hildegard of Swabia. When Charlemagne divided his empire among his sons, his son Charles was designated King of the Franks
April 4, 814 Plato of Sakkoudion a Byzantine minor official who became a monk in 759. After refusing the metropolitan see of Nicomedia or the headship of a monastery in Constantinople, in 783 he founded the monastery of Sakkoudion on Mount Olympus in Bithynia, of which he became the first abbot. He is notable, along with his nephew Theodore Stoudites, for his iconodule stance during the Byzantine Iconoclasm and his participation in the Second Council of Nicaea, and to his firm opposition to the second marriage of Emperor Constantine VI to his niece Theodote. He was canonized by the Church, and his feast day is 18 April
November 4, 846 Joannicius the Great Venerable Saint Joannicius the Great, in original Greek Ioannikios the Great - respected Byzantine Christian saint, sage, theologian, prophet and wonderworker, the hermit of Mount Olympus , monk and abbot. One of the greatest monks of Christian East
February 4, 856 Rabanus Maurus a Frankish Benedictine monk, the archbishop of Mainz in Germany and a theologian. He was the author of the encyclopaedia De rerum naturis. He also wrote treatises on education and grammar and commentaries on the Bible. He was one of the most prominent teachers and writers of the Carolingian age, and was called "Praeceptor Germaniae," or "the teacher of Germany." On the Roman calendar , he is celebrated on 4 February and listed as 'sanctus,' though the online version of the Catholic Encyclopedia of nearly a century earlier lists him as 'beatus.'
June 4, 863 Charles (archbishop of Mainz) the second son of Pepin I of Aquitaine and Engelberga.
February 4, 870 Ceolnoth a medieval English Archbishop of Canterbury. Although later chroniclers stated he had previously held ecclesiastical office in Canterbury, there is no contemporary evidence of this, and his first appearance in history is when he became archbishop in 833. Ceolnoth faced two problems as archbishop — raids and invasions by the Vikings and a new political situation resulting from a change in overlordship from one kingdom to another during the early part of his archiepiscopate. Ceolnoth attempted to solve both problems by coming to an agreement with his new overlords for protection in 838. Ceolnoth's later years in office were marked by more Viking raids and a decline in monastic life in his archbishopric
January 4, 874 Hasan al-Askari the eleventh and the penultimate Imam of the Twelver Shia Muslims. His title al-Askari is derived from the Arabic word Asker for army. He was given this title because he lived in Samarra, a garrison town. He was 22, when his father was killed. The period of his Imāmate was six years and he died at the age of 28 and was buried in Samarra
April 4, 896 Pope Formosus Pope from 6 October 891 to his death in 896. His brief reign as Pope was troubled, and his remains were exhumed and put on trial in the notorious Cadaver Synod
March 4, 934 Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah the founder of the Fatimid Caliphate, the only major Shi'a caliphate in Islam, and established Fatimid rule throughout much of North Africa.
July 4, 943 Taejo of Goryeo the founder of the Goryeo Dynasty, which ruled Korea from the 10th to the 14th century. Taejo ruled from 918 to 943
July 4, 965 Pope Benedict V Pope from 22 May to 23 June 964, in opposition to Pope Leo VIII. He was overthrown by emperor Otto His pontificate occurred at the end of a period known as the Saeculum obscurum
August 4, 966 Berengar II of Italy the King of Italy from 950 until his deposition in 961. He was a scion of the Anscarid and Unruoching dynasties, and was named after his maternal grandfather, Berengar He succeeded his father as Margrave of Ivrea around 923 , and after 940 led the aristocratic opposition to Kings Hugh and Lothair In 950 he succeeded the latter and had his son, Adalbert crowned as his co-ruler. In 952 he recognised the suzerainty of Otto I of Germany, but he later joined a revolt against him. In 960 he invaded the Papal States, and the next year his kingdom was conquered by Otto. Berengar remained at large until his surrender in 964. He died imprisoned in Germany two years later
July 4, 973 Ulrich of Augsburg Bishop of Augsburg and a leader of the Roman Catholic Church in Germany. He was the first saint to be canonized
May 4, 1003 Herman II Duke of Swabia a member of the Conradine dynasty. He was duke of Swabia from 997 to his death. Between January and October 1002 Herman II attempted, unsuccessfully, to become king of Germany
November 4, 1004 Otto I Duke of Carinthia Duke of Carinthia from 978 to 985 and again from 1002 until his death.
November 4, 1035 Jaromír Duke of Bohemia the second son of Boleslaus II the Pious and Emma of Mělník. In 1003, he rebelled against his elder brother Boleslaus III, who had him castrated, but was unable to secure the throne, which was subsequently taken by Bolesław the Brave, King of Poland. Jaromír and his brother Oldřich then sought military backing from the German King Henry At Merseburg, Jaromír promised to hold Bohemia as a vassal of Henry. This action definitively placed Bohemia within the jurisdiction of the Holy Roman Empire
September 4, 1037 Bermudo III of León the last scion of Peter of Cantabria to rule in the Leonese kingdom. He was called Emperor in Galicia in 1025
June 4, 1039 Conrad II Holy Roman Emperor Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1027 until his death in 1039. The founder of the Salian dynasty of emperors, Conrad also served as King of Germany from 1024, King of Italy from 1026, and King of Burgundy from 1033
November 4, 1039 Hugh of Chalon (Auxerre) a member of the house of Chalon. He was bishop of Auxerre and Count of Chalon
October 4, 1052 Vladimir of Novgorod Yaroslavich reigned as prince of Novgorod from 1036 until his death. He was the eldest son of Yaroslav I the Wise of Kiev by Ingigerd, daughter of king Olof Skötkonung of Sweden
August 4, 1060 Henry I of France the King of the Franks from 1031 to his death. The royal demesne of France reached its smallest size during his reign, and for this reason he is often seen as emblematic of the weakness of the early Capetians. This is not entirely agreed upon, however, as other historians regard him as a strong but realistic king, who was forced to conduct a policy mindful of the limitations of the French monarchy
September 4, 1063 Tughril the founder of the Seljuk Empire, ruling from 1037 to 1063. Tughril united the Turkmen warriors of the Great Eurasian Steppes into a confederacy of tribes, who traced their ancestry to a single ancestor named Seljuq, and led them in conquest of eastern Iran. He would later establish the Seljuq Sultanate after conquering Persia and retaking the Abbasid capital of Baghdad from the Buyid dynasty in 1055. Tughril relegated the Abbasid Caliphs to state figureheads and took command of the caliphate's armies in military offensives against the Byzantine Empire and the Fatimid Caliphate in an effort to expand his empire's borders and unite the Islamic world
December 4, 1075 Anno II Archbishop of Cologne from 1056 to 1075.
June 4, 1076 Sancho IV of Navarre King of Navarre from 1054 to 1076. He was the eldest son and heir of García Sánchez III and his wife Estefanía
June 4, 1094 Sancho Ramírez King of Aragon and King of Navarre. He was the son of Ramiro I of Aragon and Ermesinda of Bigorre, and he succeeded his father in 1063
June 4, 1102 Władysław I Herman a Duke of Poland from 1079 until his death.
January 4, 1108 Gertrude of Poland the daughter of King Mieszko II of Poland and Queen Richeza of Lotharingia, and the great-granddaughter of German Emperor Otto II.
August 4, 1113 Gertrude of Saxony a countess consort of Holland, and a countess consort of Flanders by marriage. She was regent of Holland during the minority of her son
December 4, 1131 Omar Khayyám a sufi mystic, Persian polymath, philosopher, mathematician, astronomer and poet. He also wrote treatises on mechanics, geography, mineralogy, music, and Islamic theology
December 4, 1133 Bernard degli Uberti an abbot of Vallombrosa, a bishop of Parma, papal legate, and a cardinal. A member of the noble Uberti family of Florence, he became a Vallumbrosan monk. He became abbot of San Salvi and was eventually elected the general-superior of the congregation. Pope Urban II made him a cardinal in 1097, and Bernard also served as bishop of Parma
June 4, 1134 Magnus I of Sweden a Danish duke who ruled Gothenland in southern Sweden from 1125 to 1130. His status as ruler of Sweden was disputed in his own time, but today he is recognized as one of the historical Swedish monarchs. Snorri Sturlason invented an epithet for him: Magnus the Strong
June 4, 1135 Emperor Huizong of Song the eighth and one of the most famous emperors of the Song dynasty of China, with a personal life spent amidst luxury, sophistication and art but ending in tragedy. It was during his reign that the Jurchens of the Jin dynasty invaded, beginning the Jin–Song wars. He was captured by the Jurchens and taken to Manchuria in the Jingkang Incident
December 4, 1137 Lothair II Holy Roman Emperor Duke of Saxony as well as King of Germany from 1125 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1133 until his death. The son of the Saxon count Gebhard of Supplinburg, his reign was troubled by the constant intriguing of the Hohenstaufen duke Frederick II of Swabia and Duke Conrad of Franconia. He died whilst returning from a successful campaign against the Norman Kingdom of Sicily
September 4, 1154 Gilbert de la Porrée a scholastic logician and theologian.