Died on 8th day

August 8, 117 Trajan Roman emperor from 98 AD until his death. Officially declared by the Senate as optimus princeps , Trajan is remembered as a successful soldier-emperor who presided over the greatest military expansion in Roman history, leading the empire to attain its maximum territorial extent by the time of his death. He is also known for his philanthropic rule, overseeing extensive public building programs and implementing social welfare policies, which earned him his enduring reputation as the second of the Five Good Emperors who presided over an era of peace and prosperity in the Mediterranean world
April 8, 217 Caracalla the popular nickname of Antoninus , Roman emperor of Punic and Syrian descent from 198 to 217. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla is remembered as one of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Empire
January 8, 307 Emperor Hui of Jin the second emperor of the Jin Dynasty. Emperor Hui was a developmentally disabled ruler, and throughout his reign, there was constant internecine fighting between regents, imperial princes , and his wife Empress Jia Nanfeng for the right to control him , causing great suffering for the people and greatly undermining the stability of the Jin regime, eventually leading to Wu Hu rebellions that led to Jin's loss of northern and central China and the establishment of the competing Sixteen Kingdoms. He was briefly deposed by his granduncle Sima Lun, who usurped the throne himself, in 301, but later that year was restored to the throne and continued to be the emperor until 307, when he was poisoned, likely by the regent Sima Yue
November 8, 397 Martin of Tours Bishop of Tours, whose shrine in France became a famous stopping-point for pilgrims on the road to Santiago de Compostela in Spain. He has become one of the most familiar and recognisable Christian saints. As he was born in what is now Szombathely, Hungary, spent much of his childhood in Pavia, Italy, and lived most of his adult life in France, he is considered a spiritual bridge across Europe
January 8, 482 Severinus of Noricum a Roman Catholic saint, known as the "Apostle to Noricum". It has been speculated that he was born in either Southern Italy or in the Roman province of Africa. Severinus himself refused to discuss his personal history before his appearance along the Danube in Noricum, after the death of Attila in 453. However, he did mention experiences with eastern desert monasticism, and his vita draws connections between Severinus and Saint Anthony of Egypt
May 8, 535 Pope John II Pope from 2 January 533 to his death in 535.
February 8, 538 Severus of Antioch considered one of the founders of the Syriac Orthodox Church. Severus is also considered a Church father and a saint in Oriental Orthodoxy
November 8, 618 Pope Adeodatus I Pope from 13 November 615 to his death in 618.
April 8, 622 Prince Shōtoku a semi-legendary regent and a politician of the Asuka period in Japan who served under Empress Suiko. He was a son of Emperor Yōmei and his younger half-sister Princess Anahobe no Hashihito. His parents were relatives of the ruling Soga clan, and was involved in the defeat of the rival Mononobe Clan. The primary source of the life and accomplishments of Prince Shōtoku comes from the Nihon Shoki
June 8, 632 Muhammad full name Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim , from Mecca, unified Arabia into a single religious polity under Islam. Believed by Muslims as well as Bábists and Bahá'ís to be a messenger and prophet of God, Muhammad is almost universally considered by Muslims as the last prophet sent by God to mankind. While non-Muslims generally regard Muhammad as the founder of Islam, Muslims consider him to have restored the unaltered original monotheistic faith of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets in Islam. Muslims discuss Muhammad and other prophets of God with reverence, adding the phrase "peace be upon them" whenever their names are mentioned
March 8, 647 Felix of Burgundy a saint and the first bishop of the East Angles. He is widely credited as the man who introduced Christianity to the kingdom of East Anglia. Almost all that is known about the saint originates from The Ecclesiastical History of the English People, completed by Bede in about 731, and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Bede praised Felix for delivering "all the province of East Anglia from long-standing unrighteousness and unhappiness"
May 8, 685 Pope Benedict II Pope from 26 June 684 to his death in 685.
July 8, 689 Saint Kilian an Irish missionary bishop and the Apostle of Franconia , where he began his labours towards the end of the 7th century. His feast day is July 8
September 8, 701 Pope Sergius I Pope from 15 December 687 to his death in 701. He was elected at a time when two rivals, the archdeacon Paschal and the archpriest Theodore, and their supporters were locked in dispute about which of them should become pope
October 8, 705 Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan the 5th Umayyad Caliph. He was born in Medina, Hejaz. `Abd al-Malik was a well-educated man and capable ruler, despite the many political problems that impeded his rule. The 14th-century Muslim historian Ibn Khaldun states: "`Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan is one of the greatest Arab and Muslim Caliphs. He followed in the footsteps of `Umar ibn al-Khattab, the Commander of the Believers, in regulating state affairs"
September 8, 780 Leo IV the Khazar Byzantine Emperor from 775 to 780 AD.
November 8, 789 Willehad a Christian missionary and the Bishop of Bremen from 787.
July 8, 810 Pepin of Italy the son of Charlemagne and King of the Lombards under the authority of his father.
December 8, 855 Drogo of Metz an illegitimate son of Frankish emperor Charlemagne by the concubine Regina.
August 8, 869 Lothair II the king of Lotharingia from 855 until his death. He was the second son of Emperor Lothair I and Ermengarde of Tours. He was married to Teutberga , daughter of Boso the Elder
October 8, 892 Muhammad ibn Isa at-Tirmidhi a Persian Islamic scholar and collector of hadith who wrote al-Jami` as-Sahih , one of the six canonical hadith compilations in Sunni Islam. He also wrote Shama'il Muhammadiyah , a compilation of hadiths concerning the person and character of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. At-Tirmidhi was also well versed in Arabic grammar, favoring the school of Kufa over Basra due to the former's preservation of Arabic poetry as a primary source
December 8, 899 Arnulf of Carinthia the Carolingian King of East Francia from 887, the disputed King of Italy from 894 and the disputed Holy Roman Emperor from 22 February 896 until his death at Regensburg, Bavaria.
July 8, 903 Grimbald a 9th-century Benedictine monk at the Abbey of Saint Bertin near Saint-Omer, France. Around 892 Alfred invited Grimbald to England; he accepted, but declined the Diocese of Canterbury, preferring to remain a monk. He took a leading part in the school that Alfred established for the education of young nobles. In the Introduction of his translation of Gregory the Great's Pastoral Care, Alfred mentions the help he received from Grimbald in construing Latin
January 8, 926 Athelm an English churchman, who was the first Bishop of Wells, and later Archbishop of Canterbury. His translation, or moving from one bishopric to another, was a precedent for later translations of ecclesiastics, because prior to this time period such movements were considered illegal. While archbishop, Athelm crowned the new king and perhaps wrote the coronation service for the event. An older relative of Dunstan, a later Archbishop of Canterbury, Athelm helped promote Dunstan's early career. After Athelm's death, he was considered a saint
November 8, 955 Pope Agapetus II Pope from 10 May 946 to his death in 955. A nominee of the Princeps of Rome, Alberic II, his pontificate occurred during the period known as the Saeculum obscurum
July 8, 975 Edgar the Peaceful king of England from 959 to 975. Edgar was the younger son of Edmund I
October 8, 976 Helen of Zadar the queen consort of the Kingdom of Croatia, as the wife of King Michael Krešimir II, from 946 to 969, a period which was allegedly marked by "peace, order and expeditious growth". She became the queen dowager of Croatia after her husband and reigned until her death. Queen Helen was "revered by her subjects" and "most adored for her charity"
May 8, 997 Emperor Taizong of Song the 2nd emperor of imperial China's Song Dynasty, reigning from 976 until his death. He succeeded his elder brother Emperor Taizu
August 8, 1002 Almanzor the de facto ruler of Muslim Iberia in the late 10th to early 11th centuries. His rule marked the peak of power for al-Andalus
February 8, 1008 Emperor Kazan the 65th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
June 8, 1042 Harthacnut King of Denmark from 1035 to 1042 and King of England from 1040 to 1042.
May 8, 1063 Ramiro I of Aragon de facto the first King of Aragon from 1035 until his death. Apparently born before 1007, he was the illegitimate son of Sancho III of Navarre by his mistress Sancha de Aybar. Ramiro was reputed to have been adopted by his father's wife Mayor after he was the only of his father's children to come to her aid when needed, although there is no surviving record of these events and the story is probably apocryphal
August 8, 1086 Conrad I Count of Luxembourg count of Luxembourg , succeeding his father Giselbert of Luxembourg.
September 8, 1100 Antipope Clement III an Italian prelate, archbishop of Ravenna, who was elected pope in 1080 in opposition to Pope Gregory VII. Gregory was the leader of the movement in the church which opposed the traditional claim of European monarchs to control ecclesiastical appointments, and this was opposed by supporters of monarchical rights led by the Holy Roman Emperor. This led to the conflict known as the Investiture Controversy. Gregory was felt by many to have gone too far when he excommunicated the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and supported a rival claimant as emperor, and in 1080 the pro-imperial Synod of Brixen pronounced that Gregory was deposed and replaced as pope by Guibert
January 8, 1107 Edgar King of Scotland king of Alba from 1097 to 1107. He was the fourth son of Malcolm III and Margaret of Wessex but the first to be considered eligible for the throne after the death of his father
November 8, 1111 Otto II Count of Habsburg a Graf of Habsburg and one of the founding members of the Habsburg family. He was the son of Werner I, Count of Habsburg. In 1108, Otto accompanied Kaiser Heinrich V on a campaign against Hungary. On his return, in 1111, he was murdered. Otto was probably the first person to adopt the title "Graf von Habsburg"
July 8, 1113 Zbigniew of Poland a Prince of Poland during 1102-1107. He was first-born son of Władysław I Herman and probably Przecława, a member of the Prawdzic family
July 8, 1115 Peter the Hermit a priest of Amiens and a key figure during the First Crusade.
March 8, 1126 Urraca of León and Castile Queen of León, Castile, and Galicia, and claimed the imperial title as suo jure Empress of All the Spains from 1109 until her death in childbirth, as well as Empress of All Galicia.
March 8, 1129 Gerard I Count of Guelders Count of Guelders. He was born as Gerard of Wassenberg, the son of Dietrich of Wassenberg. He was the first count of Guelders
February 8, 1135 Elvira of Castile Queen of Sicily the first Queen of Sicily.
March 8, 1137 Adela of Normandy also known as Adela of Blois and Adela of England , and Saint Adela in Roman Catholicism, was, by marriage, Countess of Blois, Chartres, and Meaux. She was a daughter of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders. She was also the mother of Stephen, King of England and Henry of Blois, Bishop of Winchester
April 8, 1143 John II Komnenos Byzantine Emperor from 1118 to 1143. Also known as "John the Beautiful" or "John the Good" , he was the eldest son of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina and the second emperor to rule during the Komnenian restoration of the Byzantine Empire. John was a pious and dedicated monarch who was determined to undo the damage his empire had suffered following the battle of Manzikert, half a century earlier
March 8, 1144 Pope Celestine II Pope from 25 September 1143 to his death in 1144.
January 8, 1152 Conrad I Duke of Zähringen Duke of Zähringen from 1122 until his death and from 1127 also Rector of Burgundy. He spent most of his life stemming the growing power of the House of Hohenstaufen and to this end, allied himself with the House of Guelph
July 8, 1153 Pope Eugene III Pope from 15 February 1145 to his death in 1153. He was the first Cistercian to become Pope. He was beatified on 28 December 1872 by Pope Pius IX
June 8, 1154 William of York an English priest and Archbishop of York. William has the unusual distinction of having been Archbishop of York twice, both before and after his rival Henry Murdac. He was a relative of King Stephen of England, and the king helped secure FitzHerbert's election to York after a number of candidates had failed to secure papal confirmation. William faced opposition from the Cistercians who, after the election of the Cistercian Pope Eugene III, managed to have the archbishop deposed in favour of the Cistercian Murdac. From 1147 until 1153, William worked to secure his restoration to York, which he finally achieved after the deaths of both Murdac and Eugene III. He did not retain the see long, as he died shortly after returning to York, allegedly having been poisoned. After William's death miracles were reported at his tomb from the year 1177 onwards, and in the year 1227 he was declared a saint
May 8, 1157 Ahmad Sanjar the Sultan of the Seljuq Empire from 1118 to 1153. He was initially the sultan of Khorasan until he gained the rest of the territory upon the death of Muhammad Bosworth notes Sanjar is a Turkic name, denoting "he who pierces", "thrusts"
August 8, 1171 Henry of Blois Abbot of Glastonbury Abbey from 1126, and Bishop of Winchester from 1129 to his death. He was a younger son of Stephen Henry, Count of Blois by Adela of Normandy, daughter of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders. Thus, he was a younger brother of Stephen, King of England
November 8, 1171 Baldwin IV Count of Hainaut count of Hainaut from 1120 to his death. He was the son of Baldwin III, Count of Hainaut, and Yolande de Wassenberg