Died on December 1

524 Ahkal Mo' Naab' I a ruler of the Maya city of Palenque. He ruled from June 5, 501 AD to his death
660 Saint Eligius the patron saint of goldsmiths, other metalworkers, and coin collectors. He is also the patron saint of the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers , a corps of the British Army, but he is best known for being the patron saint of horses and those who work with them. Eligius was chief counsellor to Dagobert I, Merovingian king of France. Appointed the bishop of Noyon-Tournai three years after the king's death in 642, Eligius worked for twenty years to convert the pagan population of Flanders to Christianity
1018 Thietmar of Merseburg a German chronicler who was also bishop of Merseburg.
1049 Ermesinda of Bigorre a daughter of Bernard-Roger, Count of Bigorre and his wife Garsenda, Heiress of Bigorre. She was a member of the House of Foix, the sister of Bernard II, Count of Bigorre, Roger I, Count of Foix, and perhaps of Stephanie who married García Sánchez III of Navarre
1135 Henry I of England King of England from 1100 to 1135. Henry was the fourth son of William the Conqueror and was educated in Latin and the liberal arts. On William's death in 1087, Henry's older brothers William Rufus and Robert Curthose inherited England and Normandy respectively, but Henry was left landless. Henry purchased the County of Cotentin in western Normandy from Robert, but William and Robert deposed him in 1091. Henry gradually rebuilt his power base in the Cotentin and allied himself with William against Robert. Henry was present when William died in a hunting accident in 1100, and he seized the English throne, promising at his coronation to correct many of William's less popular policies. Henry married Matilda of Scotland but continued to have a large number of mistresses, by whom he had many illegitimate children
1169 Owain Gwynedd King of Gwynedd, north Wales, from 1137 until his death in 1169, succeeding his father Gruffudd ap Cynan. He was called "Owain the Great" and the first to be styled "Prince of Wales". He is considered to be the most successful of all the North Welsh princes prior to his grandson, Llywelyn the Great. He became known as Owain Gwynedd to distinguish him from the contemporary king of southern Powys Owain ap Gruffydd ap Maredudd, who became known as "Owain Cyfeiliog"
1209 Alfonso II Count of Provence the second son of Alfonso II of Aragon and Sancha of Castile. His father transferred the County of Provence from his uncle Sancho to him in 1185. Alfonso II was born in Barcelona
1241 Isabella of England an English princess and, by marriage, Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, and Queen consort of Sicily.
1335 Abu Sa'id Bahadur Khan the ninth ruler of the Ilkhanate state in Iran.
1374 Magnus IV of Sweden King of Sweden from 1319 to 1364, King of Norway as Magnus VII from 1319 to 1343, and ruler of Scania from 1332 to 1360. By adversaries he has been called Magnus Smek
1398 Otto Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen the fourth and last husband of Joanna I of Naples. He also held the title of Prince of Taranto. He nickname was Otto the Tarantine
1433 Emperor Go-Komatsu the 100th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He is officially considered to have been a pretender from May 24, 1382 to October 21, 1392, when Emperor Go-Kameyama abdicated. He is understood to have been a legitimate emperor from that date until October 5, 1412. According to pre-Meiji scholars, his reign spanned the years from 1392 through 1412
1455 Lorenzo Ghiberti a Florentine Italian artist of the Early Renaissance best known as the creator of the bronze doors of the Florence Baptistery, called by Michelangelo the Gates of Paradise. Trained as a goldsmith and sculptor, he established an important workshop for sculpture in metal. His book of Commentari contains important writing on art, as well as what may be the earliest surviving autobiography by any artist
1463 Mary of Guelders the queen consort of Scotland as the wife of King James II of Scotland. She served as regent of Scotland from 1460 to 1463
1474 Nicolò Marcello the 69th Doge of Venice, elected in 1473. He held office for a short period, from August 13, 1473 to December 1, 1474. Said to have been inspired by a previous painting dating from the 15th century, Titian painted Nicolo Marcello's portrait long after his death
1476 Agnes of Burgundy Duchess of Bourbon Not to be confused with Agnes of Burgundy, Duchess of Aquitaine.
1483 Charlotte of Savoy queen of France as the second wife of Louis Of her three surviving children, Charles VIII became king, Anne regent and Joan queen of France.
1503 Bona of Savoy the second spouse of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan and a member of the noble Italian House of Savoy. She served as regent of Milan during the minority of her son 1476–1481
1503 George Duke of Bavaria the last Duke of Bavaria-Landshut. He was a son of Louis IX the Rich and Amalia of Saxony
1521 Pope Leo X Pope from 9 March 1513 to his death in 1521. The second son of Lorenzo the Magnificent, ruler of the Florentine Republic, he was elevated to the cardinalate in 1489
1530 Margaret of Austria Duchess of Savoy Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1507 to 1515 and again from 1519 to 1530.
1580 Giovanni Morone an Italian cardinal. He was named Bishop of Modena in 1529 and was created Cardinal in 1542 by Pope Paul III. As a cardinal, he resided in the Vatican's Apostolic Palace and was consulted by Saint Ignatius, founder of the Jesuits
1581 Ralph Sherwin an English Roman Catholic martyr and saint. He was born at Rodsley, Derbyshire, and was educated at Eton College. In 1568, he was nominated by Sir William Petre to one of the eight fellowships which he had founded at Exeter College, Oxford, probably influenced by Sherwin's uncle, John Woodward, who from 1556 to 1566 had been rector of Ingatestone, Essex, where Petre lived. A talented classical scholar, Sherwin graduated Master of Arts on 2 July 1574, and the following year converted to Roman Catholicism and fled abroad to the English College at Douai, where he was ordained a priest by the Bishop of Cambrai on 23 March 1577. On 2 August 1577, he left for Rome, where he stayed at the English College, Rome for nearly three years
1581 Alexander Briant an English Jesuit and martyr, executed at Tyburn.
1581 Edmund Campion an English Roman Catholic Jesuit priest and martyr. While conducting an underground ministry in officially Anglican England, Campion was arrested by priest hunters. Convicted of high treason, he was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn. Campion was beatified by Pope Leo XIII in 1886 and canonised in 1970 by Pope Paul VI as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales. His feast is celebrated on 1 December
1602 Kobayakawa Hideaki the fifth son of Kinoshita Iesada and the nephew of Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
1633 Isabella Clara Eugenia sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands in the Low Countries and the north of modern France, together with her husband Albert. In some sources, she is referred to as Clara Isabella Eugenia. By birth, she was an infanta of Spain and Portugal
1635 Melchior Teschner a German cantor, composer and theologian.
1640 George William Elector of Brandenburg margrave and elector of Brandenburg and duke of Prussia from 1619 until his death. His reign was marked by ineffective governance during the Thirty Years' War. He was the father of Frederick William, the "Great Elector"
1660 Pierre d'Hozier a French genealogist.
1676 Aaron Samuel Kaidanover a Polish-Lithuanian rabbi. Among his teachers were Jacob Hoeschel and his son Joshua Hoeschel
1691 Louis Henri de Pardaillan de Gondrin a French nobleman, most notable as the husband of Louis XIV's mistress Madame de Montespan.
1707 Jeremiah Clarke an English baroque composer and organist.
1723 Susanna Centlivre an English poet, actress, and "the most successful female playwright of the eighteenth century". During a long career at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, she became known as the second woman of the English stage after Aphra Behn. Many actors and actresses of the 18th and 19th centuries won fame through their performances of characters in her celebrated plays. Perhaps the best known of these was David Garrick, who chose to end his acting career as Don Felix in The Wonder, a role that had brought him critical acclaim
1727 Johann Heinrich Buttstett a German Baroque organist and composer. Although he was Johann Pachelbel's most important pupil and one of the last major exponents of the south German organ tradition, Buttstett is best remembered for a dispute with Johann Mattheson
1729 Giacomo F. Maraldi a French-Italian astronomer and mathematician. His name is also given as Jacques Philippe Maraldi. Born in Perinaldo he was the nephew of Giovanni Cassini, and worked most of his life at the Paris Observatory. He also is the uncle of Jean-Dominique Maraldi
1737 Louis Alexandre Count of Toulouse the son of Louis XIV and of his mistress Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan. At the age of five, he became grand admiral of France
1740 John Abernethy (minister) an Irish Presbyterian church leader, the grandfather of the surgeon John Abernethy.
1750 Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr a German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer.
1755 Maurice Greene (composer) an English composer and organist.
1767 Henry Erskine 10th Earl of Buchan a Scottish peer.
1803 Thomas Astle an English antiquary and palaeographer.
1804 Philippe le Bon a French engineer, born in Brachay, France.
1805 Joseph Bernard de Chabert a French sailor, geographer and astronomer.
1810 Jean Baptiste Treilhard an important French statesman of the revolutionary period. He passed through the troubled times of the Republic and Empire with great political savvy, playing a decisive role at important times
1811 Ludwik Szymon Gutakowski the second Prime Minister of Poland, and the President of the Council of State and of the Cabinet.
1812 Katsukawa Shunkō I a Japanese artist who designed ukiyo-e-style woodblock prints and paintings in Edo. He was a student of Katsukawa Shunshō, and is generally credited with designing the first large-head actor portraits. As his teacher, Shunkō used a jar-shaped seal and was known as kotsubo. At 45, the right-handed Shunkō became partially paralyzed and ceased designing prints, although he continued producing paintings with his left hand
1813 Ferdinando Bertoni an Italian composer and organist.
1817 Justin Heinrich Knecht a German composer, organist, and music theorist.
1825 Alexander I of Russia reigned as Emperor of Russia from 23 March 1801 to 1 December 1825. He was the first Russian King of Poland, reigning from 1815 to 1825, as well as the first Russian Grand Duke of Finland