December 1 events in history

800 Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican
1420 Henry V of England enters Paris
1577 Francis Walsingham is knighted
1640 End of the Iberian Union: Portugal acclaims as King João IV of Portugal, ending 60 years of personal union of the crowns of Portugal and Spain and the end of the rule of the Philippine Dynasty
1768 The former slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøy in Norway
1822 Peter I is crowned Emperor of Brazil
1824 United States presidential election, 1824: Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives is given the task of deciding the winner in accordance with the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution
1826 French philhellene Charles Nicolas Fabvier forces his way through the Turkish cordon and ascends the Acropolis of Athens, which had been under siege
1828 Argentine general Juan Lavalle makes a coup against governor Manuel Dorrego, beginning the Decembrist revolution
1834 Slavery is abolished in the Cape Colony in accordance with the Slavery Abolition Act 1833
1862 In his State of the Union Address President Abraham Lincoln reaffirms the necessity of ending slavery as ordered ten weeks earlier in the Emancipation Proclamation
1864 Great Fire of Brisbane
1865 Shaw University, the first historically black university in the southern United States, is founded in Raleigh, North Carolina
1885 First serving of the soft drink Dr Pepper at a drug store in Waco, Texas
1913 The Buenos Aires Metro, the first underground railway system in the Southern Hemisphere and in Latin America, begins operation
1913 The Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line
1913 Crete, having obtained self rule from Turkey after the First Balkan War, is annexed by Greece
1918 Transylvania unites with the Kingdom of Romania, following the incorporation of Bessarabia (March 27) and Bukovina (November 28), thus concluding the Great Union
1918 The Kingdom of Iceland becomes a sovereign state, yet remains a part of the Danish kingdom
1918 The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) is proclaimed
1919 Lady Astor becomes the first female Member of Parliament to take her seat in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. (She had been elected to that position on November 28.)
1919 The first issue of Diário de Noite is published from Goa
1934 In the Soviet Union, Politburo member Sergey Kirov is shot dead by Leonid Nikolaev at the Communist Party headquarters in Leningrad
1941 World War II: Emperor Hirohito of Japan gives the final approval to initiate war against the United States
1941 World War II: Fiorello La Guardia, Mayor of New York City and Director of the Office of Civilian Defense, signs Administrative Order 9, creating the Civil Air Patrol
1948 Taman Shud Case: The body of an unidentified man is found in Adelaide, Australia, involving an undetectable poison and a secret code in a very rare book; the case remains unsolved and is "one of Australia's most profound mysteries."
1952 The New York Daily News reports the news of Christine Jorgensen, the first notable case of sexual reassignment surgery
1955 American Civil Rights Movement: In Montgomery, Alabama, seamstress Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white man and is arrested for violating the city's racial segregation laws, an incident which leads to the Montgomery Bus Boycott
1958 The Central African Republic attains self-rule within the French Union
1958 The Our Lady of the Angels School fire in Chicago kills 92 children and three nuns
1959 Cold War: Opening date for signature of the Antarctic Treaty, which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on the continent
1960 Paul McCartney and Pete Best are arrested (and later deported) from Hamburg, Germany, after accusations of attempted arson
1963 Nagaland becomes the 16th state of India
1964 Vietnam War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and his top-ranking advisers meet to discuss plans to bomb North Vietnam
1964 Malawi, Malta and Zambia join the United Nations
1965 India's Border Security Force is established
1966 The first Gävle goat, an annual Swedish Yule Goat tradition, is erected in Gävle
1969 Vietnam War: The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II
1971 Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray
1973 Papua New Guinea gains self-governance from Australia
1974 TWA Flight 514, a Boeing 727, crashes northwest of Dulles International Airport, killing all 92 people on board
1974 Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 6231, another Boeing 727, crashes northwest of John F. Kennedy International Airport
1976 Angola joins the United Nations
1981 Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 1308, a McDonnell Douglas MD-80, crashes in Corsica, killing all 180 people on board
1984 NASA conducts the Controlled Impact Demonstration, wherein an airliner is deliberately crashed in order to test technologies and gather data to help improve survivability of crashes
1988 Benazir Bhutto is appointed Prime Minister of Pakistan
1989 Philippine coup attempt: The right-wing military rebel Reform the Armed Forces Movement attempts to oust Philippine President Corazon Aquino in a failed bloody coup d'état
1989 Cold War: East Germany's parliament abolishes the constitutional provision granting the Communist Party the leading role in the state
1990 Channel Tunnel sections started from the United Kingdom and France meet 40 metres beneath the seabed
1991 Cold War: Ukrainian voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum for independence from the Soviet Union