Died on December 11

384 Pope Damasus I Pope from October 366 to his death in 384.
420 Sabinus of Piacenza bishop of Piacenza until his death in the year 420.
711 Justinian II the last Byzantine Emperor of the Heraclian Dynasty, reigning from 685 to 695 and again from 705 to 711. Justinian II was an ambitious and passionate ruler who was keen to restore the Empire to its former glories, but he responded poorly to any opposition to his will and lacked the finesse of his father, Constantine Consequently, he generated enormous opposition to his reign, and it resulted in his deposition in 695 in a popular uprising, and he only returned to the throne in 705 with the help of a Bulgar and Slav army. His second reign was even more despotic than the first, and it too saw his eventual overthrow in 711, abandoned by his army who turned on him before killing him
861 Al-Mutawakkil an Abbasid caliph who reigned in Samarra from 847 until 861. He succeeded his brother al-Wāthiq and is known for putting an end to the Mihna "ordeal", the Inquisition-like attempt by his predecessors to impose a single Mu'tazili version of Islam
925 Sancho I of Pamplona king of Pamplona from 905 to 925. He was a son of García Jiménez, who was king of "another part of the kingdom" of Pamplona and Dadildis de Pallars, his second wife
1066 Conan II Duke of Brittany Duke of Brittany, from 1040 to his death. Conan was the eldest child and heir of Alan III, Duke of Brittany by his wife Bertha of Blois, and member of the House of Rennes. He was the elder brother of Hawise, who succeeded him as suo jure duchess
1121 Al-Afdal Shahanshah a vizier of the Fatimid caliphs of Egypt.
1139 Roger of Salisbury a Norman medieval Bishop of Salisbury and the seventh Lord Chancellor and Lord Keeper of England.
1241 Ögedei Khan the third son of Genghis Khan and second Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, succeeding his father. He continued the expansion of the empire that his father had begun, and was a world figure when the Mongol Empire reached its farthest extent west and south during the invasions of Europe and Asia. Like all of Genghis' primary sons, he participated extensively in conquests in China, Iran, and Central Asia. He was given the temple name of Taizong later by his nephew Kublai Khan, who founded the Yuan Dynasty
1282 Llywelyn ap Gruffudd Prince of Wales from 1258, until his death at Cilmeri, in 1282. The son of Gruffudd ap Llywelyn and grandson of Llywelyn Fawr, he was the last sovereign prince of Wales before its conquest by Edward I of England
1282 Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. He recovered Constantinople from the Latin Empire in 1261 and transformed the Empire of Nicaea into a restored Byzantine Empire
1474 Henry IV of Castile the last of the weak late medieval kings of Castile. During Henry's reign the nobles increased in power and the nation became less centralised
1532 Pietro Accolti an Italian Roman Catholic cardinal. He was born in Florence, the son of Benedetto Accolti the Elder, and died at Rome
1537 Andrey of Staritsa the youngest son of Ivan the Great by Sophia of Byzantium. Since 1519, his appanages included Volokolamsk and Staritsa
1552 Paolo Giovio an Italian physician, historian, biographer, and prelate.
1582 Fernando Álvarez de Toledo 3rd Duke of Alba a Spanish noble, general, and diplomat. He was titled the 3rd Duke of Alba de Tormes, 4th Marquis of Coria, 3rd Count of Salvatierra de Tormes, 2nd Count of Piedrahita, 8th Lord of Valdecorneja, Grandee of Spain, and a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. His motto in Latin was Deo patrum Nostrorum, which in English means "To the God of our fathers"
1583 Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo 4th Duke of Alba a commander in the Spanish army during the Eighty Years' War.
1610 Adam Elsheimer a German artist working in Rome who died at only thirty-two, but was very influential in the early 17th century. His relatively few paintings were small scale, nearly all painted on copper plates, of the type often known as cabinet paintings. They include a variety of light effects, and an innovative treatment of landscape. He was an influence on many other artists, including Rembrandt and Peter Paul Rubens
1652 Denis Pétau a French Jesuit theologian.
1668 Marquise-Thérèse de Gorla a French actress and ballet dancer. She was one of the stars of the Molière's company. She was also known for her love affairs and as an object of affection for many famous people
1669 Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin a German noblewoman, a member of the House of Mecklenburg and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels.
1686 Louis Grand Condé a French general and the most famous representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon. Prior to his father's death in 1646, he was styled the Duc d'Enghien. For his military prowess he was renowned as le Grand Condé
1694 Ranuccio II Farnese Duke of Parma the sixth Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1646 until his death nearly 50 years later.
1730 Daidōji Yūzan a samurai and military strategist of Edo period Japan. He was born in Fushimi in Yamashiro Province. Among the works he wrote in his late years was the widely circulated Budō Shoshin-shū , an introduction to bushidō that was influential among middle- and lower-class samurai. It is available in an English translation by William Scott Wilson as Budoshoshinshu: The Warrior's Primer
1737 John Strype an English clergyman, historian and biographer.
1747 Edmund Curll an English bookseller and publisher. His name has become synonymous, through the attacks on him by Alexander Pope, with unscrupulous publication and publicity. Curll rose from poverty to wealth through his publishing, and he did this by approaching book printing in a mercenary and unscrupulous manner. By cashing in on scandals, publishing pornography, offering up patent medicine, using all publicity as good publicity, he managed a small empire of printing houses. He would publish high and low quality writing alike, so long as it sold. He was born in the West Country, and his late and incomplete recollections say that his father was a tradesman. He was an apprentice to a London bookseller in 1698 when he began his career
1752 Adolphus Frederick III Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz a Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
1756 Theodore of Corsica a German adventurer who was briefly King of Corsica. Theodore is the subject of an opera by Paisiello, Il Re Teodoro in Venezia and one of the six kings in Venice
1756 Maria Amalia of Austria Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Germans, Queen of Bohemia, Electress and Duchess of Bavaria etc. as the spouse of Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor. By birth, she was an Archduchess of Austria as the daughter of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor and Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1779 Alessandro Albani a leading collector of antiquities in Rome and a commissioner of works of art. He supported the art historian, Johann Joachim Winckelmann and commissioned paintings from Anton Raphael Mengs. As a Roman Catholic cardinal he furthered the interests of the governments of Austria, Savoy and Britain against those of France and Spain
1783 Raghunathrao Peshwa of the Maratha Empire from 1773 to 1774. He was instrumental in the downfall of the Peshwa clan
1784 Anders Johan Lexell known as Andrei Ivanovich Leksel.
1787 Robert de Lamanon a French botanist, physicist and meteorologist. He joined several scientific expeditions and eventually died on one
1796 Johann Daniel Titius a German astronomer and a professor at Wittenberg.
1797 Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry also sometimes written Joseph-Gaspard. He was a military engineer and a political figure in Lower Canada. During the Seven Years' War he proved himself to be an outstanding officer and was one of only a few colonial officers held in high esteem by the Marquis de Montcalm. In recognition of his military service, in 1759 he was made a Chevalier of the Order of Saint Louis. n 1763, after the British Conquest of New France, he and his wife, Louise Martel de Brouage, were the first French Canadian couple to be presented to the English Court, drawing the compliment from King George III that if all Canadian ladies resembled Mme de Léry then he had "indeed made a conquest"
1797 Richard Brocklesby born at Minehead, Somerset.
1811 Seweryn Rzewuski a Polish nobleman, Field Hetman of the Crown, general of the Royal Army, one of the leaders of the Confederation of Targowica. Voivode of Podolian Voivodeship
1814 Marie-Louise O'Murphy one of the younger mistresses of King Louis XV of France. Her original surname is also given in sources as Murphy, Morphy, or O'Morphy, and she is sometimes referred to as "La Morphise" or "La Belle Morphise"
1817 Max von Schenkendorf a German poet, born in Tilsit and educated at Königsberg. During the War of Liberation, in which he took an active part, Schenkendorf was associated with Arndt and Körner in the writing of patriotic songs. His poems were published as Gedichte , Poetischer Nachlass , and Sämtliche Gedichte. For his Life, consult Hagen ; Knaake ; von Klein, von Schenkendorf
1817 Marie Walewska a Polish noblewoman and a mistress of Emperor Napoleon. In her later years she married count Philippe Antoine d'Ornano, an influential Napoleonic officer
1824 Dmitry Gorchakov a Russian writer, dramatist and poet, best known for his satirical verses and three comical operas, staged at the end of the 18th century.
1824 Sir Alexander Campbell 1st Baronet a senior officer of the British Army during the early nineteenth century. His long and varied career saw extensive action, including engagements in Europe during the American Revolutionary War, in India during the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War and subsequently in the Peninsular War as one of the Duke of Wellington's generals. Badly wounded during the Peninsular campaign, Campbell was rewarded with a knighthood and a baronetcy, later holding a number of prestigious military commands
1826 Maria Leopoldina of Austria an archduchess of Austria, Empress consort of Brazil and Queen consort of Portugal.
1828 Ayşe Seniyeperver Sultan the wife of Sultan Abdulhamid I and Valide Sultan to her adoptive/step-son Mustafa IV.
1829 Henry Clinton (Napoleonic Wars) a British Army officer and a general officer during the Napoleonic Wars.
1840 Emperor Kōkaku the 119th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1843 Casimir Delavigne a French poet and dramatist.
1854 Matija Nenadović a Serbian archpriest, writer, and a notable leader of the First Serbian Uprising.
1857 Castil-Blaze a French musicologist, music critic, composer, and music editor.
1872 Kamehameha V born as Lot Kapuāiwa, reigned as monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi from 1863 to 1872. His motto was "Onipa`a": immovable, firm, steadfast or determined; he worked diligently for his people and kingdom and was described as the last great traditional chief. His full Hawaiian name prior to his succession was Lota Liholiho Kapuāiwa Kalanimakua Kalanikupuapaikalaninui Aliʻiolani Kalani-a-Kekūanaōʻa