December 11 events in history

220 Cao Pi forces Emperor Xian of Han to abdicate the Han Dynasty throne. The Cao Wei empire is established. The Three Kingdoms period begins
361 Julian the Apostate enters Constantinople as sole Emperor of the Roman Empire
630 Muhammad leads an army of 10,000 to conquer Mecca
969 Byzantine Emperor Nikephoros II Phokas is assassinated by his wife Theophano and her lover, the later Emperor John I Tzimiskes
1282 Battle of Orewin Bridge: Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, the last native Prince of Wales, is killed at Cilmeri, near Builth Wells, in mid-Wales
1602 A surprise attack by forces under the command of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, and his brother-in-law, Philip III of Spain, is repelled by the citizens of Geneva. (Commemorated annually by the Fête de l'Escalade.)
1688 Glorious Revolution: James II of England, while trying to flee to France, allegedly throws the Great Seal of the Realm into the River Thames
1789 The University of North Carolina is chartered by the North Carolina General Assembly
1792 French Revolution: King Louis XVI of France is put on trial for treason by the National Convention
1815 The U.S. Senate creates a select committee on finance and a uniform national currency, predecessor of the United States Senate Committee on Finance
1816 Indiana becomes the 19th U.S. state
1868 Paraguayan War: Brazilian troops defeat Paraguayan at the Battle of Avay
1905 A workers' uprising occurs in Kiev, Ukraine (then part of the Russian Empire), and establishes the Shuliavka Republic
1907 The New Zealand Parliament Buildings are almost completely destroyed by fire
1917 World War I: British General Edmund Allenby enters Jerusalem on foot and declares martial law
1920 Irish War of Independence: In retaliation for an IRA ambush, British forces burn and loot numerous buildings in Cork city. Many civilians also reported being beaten, shot at, robbed and verbally abused by British forces
1925 Roman Catholic papal encyclical Quas Primas introduces the Feast of Christ the King
1927 Guangzhou Uprising: Communist Red Guards launch an uprising in Guangzhou, China, taking over most of the city and announcing the formation of a Guangzhou Soviet
1931 Statute of Westminster 1931: The British Parliament establishes legislative equality between the UK and the Dominions of the Commonwealth—Australia, Canada, Newfoundland, New Zealand, South Africa, and Ireland
1934 Bill Wilson, co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous, takes his last drink and enters treatment for the last time
1936 Abdication Crisis: Edward VIII's abdication as King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India, becomes effective
1937 Second Italo–Ethiopian War: Italy leaves the League of Nations
1941 World War II: Germany and Italy declare war on the United States, following the Americans' declaration of war on the Empire of Japan in the wake of the attack on Pearl Harbor. The United States, in turn, declares war on them
1941 World War II: Poland declares war on the Empire of Japan
1946 The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is established
1948 1948 Arab–Israeli War: The United Nations passes General Assembly Resolution 194, creating a Conciliation Commission to mediate the conflict
1958 French Upper Volta and French Dahomey gain self-government from France, becoming the Republic of Upper Volta and the Republic of Dahomey (now Benin), respectively, and joining the French Community
1960 French forces crack down in a violent clash with protesters in French Algeria during a visit by French President Charles de Gaulle
1962 Arthur Lucas, convicted of murder, is the last person to be executed in Canada
1964 Che Guevara speaks at the United Nations General Assembly in New York, New York
1968 The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus, featuring the Rolling Stones, Jethro Tull, the Who, Taj Mahal, Marianne Faithfull, and the Dirty Mac with Yoko Ono, is filmed in Wembley, London
1972 Apollo 17 becomes the sixth and last Apollo mission to land on the Moon
1978 The Lufthansa heist is committed by a group led by Lucchese family associate Jimmy Burke. It was the largest cash robbery ever committed on American soil, at that time
1980 The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (Superfund) is enacted by the U.S. Congress
1981 El Mozote massacre: Armed forces in El Salvador kill an estimated 900 civilians in an anti-guerrilla campaign during the Salvadoran Civil War
1990 Demonstrations by students and workers across Albania begin, which eventually triggers the fall of communism in Albania
1993 Forty-eight people are killed when a block of the Highland Towers collapses near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
1994 First Chechen War: Russian President Boris Yeltsin orders Russian troops into Chechnya
1994 A bomb explodes on Philippine Airlines Flight 434, en route from Manila, Philippines, to Tokyo, Japan, killing one. The captain is able to safely land the plane
1997 The Kyoto Protocol opens for signature
1998 Thai Airways Flight 261 crashes near Surat Thani Airport, killing 101. The pilot flying the Thai Airways Airbus A310-300 is thought to have suffered spatial disorientation
2001 The People's Republic of China joins the World Trade Organization
2005 The Buncefield Oil Depot catches fire in Hemel Hempstead, England, United Kingdom
2005 Cronulla riots: Thousands of White Australians demonstrate against ethnic violence resulting in a riot against anyone thought to be Lebanese (and many who are not) in Cronulla, New South Wales, Australia. These are followed up by retaliatory ethnic attacks on Cronulla
2006 The International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust is opened in Tehran, Iran, by then-president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad; nations such as Israel and the United States express concern
2006 Felipe Calderón, the President of Mexico, launches a military-led offensive to put down the drug cartel violence in the state of Michoacán. This effort is often regarded as the first event in the Mexican Drug War
2007 Insurgency in the Maghreb: Two car bombs explode in Algiers, Algeria, one near the Supreme Constitutional Court and the other near the offices of the United Nations
2008 Bernard Madoff is arrested and charged with securities fraud in a $50 billion Ponzi scheme
2012 At least 125 people are killed and up to 200 injured in bombings in the Alawite village of Aqrab, Syria