December 13 in history

December 13 events chronologically

1294 Saint Celestine V resigns the papacy after only five months; Celestine hoped to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit
1545 The Council of Trent begins
1577 Sir Francis Drake sets sail from Plymouth, England, on his round-the-world voyage
1636 The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the National Guard of the United States
1642 Abel Tasman reaches New Zealand
1643 English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire
1758 The English transport ship Duke William sinks in the North Atlantic, killing over 360 people

Top 7 most famous people born on December 13

1553 Henry IV of France King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was the first French monarch of the House of Bourbon
1797 Heinrich Heine a German poet, journalist, essayist, and literary critic. He is best known outside Germany for his early lyric poetry, which was set to music in the form of Lieder by composers such as Robert Schumann and Franz Schubert. Heine's later verse and prose are distinguished by their satirical wit and irony. His radical political views led to many of his works being banned by German authorities. Heine spent the last 25 years of his life as an expatriate in Paris
1902 Talcott Parsons an American sociologist who served on the faculty of Harvard University from 1927 to 1973.
1929 Christopher Plummer a Canadian theatre, film and television actor. After making his film debut in 1958's Stage Struck, Plummer went on to successful film career that has spanned over five decades. Some of his most notable film performances include roles in films such as The Return of the Pink Panther , Murder by Decree , Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country , A Beautiful Mind , Nicholas Nickleby , The New World , Inside Man , Up , The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus , and The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo. He has notably portrayed several historical figures including Rudyard Kipling in The Man Who Would Be King , Mike Wallace in The Insider , and Leo Tolstoy in The Last Station
1936 Aga Khan IV born on December 13, 1936, in Geneva, Switzerland. He is a British business magnate, racehorse owner and breeder, as well as being the 49th and current Imam of Nizari Ismailism, a denomination of Ismailism within Shia Islam consisting of an estimated 5-15 million adherents. He has held this position of Imam, under the title of Aga Khan IV, since July 11, 1957, when, at the age of 20, he succeeded his grandfather, Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah Aga Khan III. The Aga Khan claims to be a direct descendant of the Islamic prophet Muhammad through Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law, Ali, considered the first Imam in Shia Islam, and Ali's wife Fatima az-Zahra, Muhammad’s daughter from his first marriage. In 1986 the Aga Khan ordained the current version of the Ismailia Constitution – an ecclesiastical decree affirming to Nizari Ismailis his "sole right to interpret the Qur'an and provide authoritative guidance on matters of faith" and formalising his sole discretion, power and authority for the governance of Nizari Ismaili jamats and institutions
1967 Jamie Foxx an American actor, singer, songwriter, and stand-up comedian. As an actor, his work in the film 2004 Ray earned him the Academy Award and BAFTA Award for Best Actor as well as the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a musical or comedy. The same year, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in the action film Collateral
1989 Taylor Swift an American singer-songwriter. Raised in Wyomissing, Pennsylvania, Swift moved to Nashville, Tennessee at the age of 14 to pursue a career in country music. She signed with the independent label Big Machine Records and became the youngest songwriter ever hired by the Sony/ATV Music publishing house. The release of Swift's self-titled debut album in 2006 established her as a country music star. Her third single, "Our Song," made her the youngest person to single-handedly write and perform a number one song on the Hot Country Songs chart. She received a Best New Artist nomination at the 2008 Grammy Awards

Top 7 most famous people died on December 13

1048 Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī a Persian Muslim scholar and polymath from the Khwarezm region.
1250 Frederick II Holy Roman Emperor one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages and head of the House of Hohenstaufen. His political and cultural ambitions, based in Sicily and stretching through Italy to Germany, and even to Jerusalem, were enormous; however, his enemies, especially the popes, prevailed, and his dynasty collapsed soon after his death. Historians have searched for superlatives to describe him, as in the case of Professor Donald Detwiler, who wrote:
1466 Donatello None
1784 Samuel Johnson an English writer who made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer, editor and lexicographer. Johnson was a devout Anglican and committed Tory, and has been described as "arguably the most distinguished man of letters in English history". He is also the subject of "the most famous single work of biographical art in the whole of literature": James Boswell's Life of Samuel Johnson
1944 Wassily Kandinsky an influential Russian painter and art theorist. He is credited with painting the first purely abstract works. Born in Moscow, Kandinsky spent his childhood in Odessa. He enrolled at the University of Moscow, studying law and economics. Successful in his profession — he was offered a professorship at the University of Dorpat — he began painting studies at the age of 30
2009 Paul Samuelson an American economist, and the first American to win the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. The Swedish Royal Academies stated, when awarding the prize, that he "has done more than any other contemporary economist to raise the level of scientific analysis in economic theory". Economic historian Randall Parker calls him the "Father of Modern Economics", and The New York Times considered him to be the "foremost academic economist of the 20th century"
2010 Richard Holbrooke an American diplomat, magazine editor, author, professor, Peace Corps official, and investment banker.