Died on December 14

872 Pope Adrian II Pope from 14 December 867 to his death in 872. He was a member of a noble Roman family who became pope at an advanced age
1014 Arduin of Ivrea Margrave of Ivrea and King of Italy.
1077 Agnes of Poitou Holy Roman Empress and regent of the Holy Roman Empire from 1056 to 1062.
1123 Henry IV Duke of Carinthia the duke of Carinthia and margrave of Verona from 1122 until his death. He was the first ruler of those territories from the House of Sponheim
1136 Harald Gille king of Norway from 1130 until his death in 1136. His byname Gille is probably from Gilla Críst, i.e. servant of Christ
1293 Al-Ashraf Khalil the eighth Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 1290 until his assassination in December, 1293. He is most famous for conquering the last of the Crusader states in Palestine with the capture of Acre in 1291
1311 Margaret of Brabant the daughter of John I, Duke of Brabant and Margaret of Flanders. She was the wife of Count Henry of Luxemburg and after his coronation in 1308, she became Holy Roman Queen
1332 Rinchinbal Khan Emperor Ningzong of Yuan a son of Kuśala who was briefly installed to the throne of the Yuan Dynasty, but died soon after he seized the throne of Great Khan of the Mongols and Emperor of China. He was the shortest-reigning Mongol emperor in history
1334 Otto IV Duke of Lower Bavaria a Duke of Lower Bavaria.
1460 Guarino da Verona an early figure in the Italian Renaissance.
1503 Sten Sture the Elder a Swedish statesman and regent of Sweden from.
1510 Frederick of Saxony (Teutonic Knight) the 36th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1498-1510. He was the third son of Albert, Duke of Saxony, and Sidonie of Poděbrady, daughter of George of Podebrady
1542 James V of Scotland King of Scots from 9 September 1513 until his death, which followed the Scottish defeat at the Battle of Solway Moss. His only surviving legitimate child, Mary, succeeded him to the throne when she was just six days old
1553 Hanibal Lucić a Croatian Renaissance poet and playwright.
1591 John of the Cross Saint John of the Cross, O.C.D. was a major figure of the Counter-Reformation, a Spanish mystic, a Roman Catholic saint, a Carmelite friar and a priest who was born at Fontiveros, Old Castile
1618 Anna of Tyrol the wife of Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor. By this marriage she was Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Queen of Bohemia and Queen of Hungary. Her parents were Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria and Anne Juliana Gonzaga
1624 Charles Howard 1st Earl of Nottingham an English statesman and Lord High Admiral under Elizabeth I and James He was commander of the English forces during the battles against the Spanish Armada and was chiefly responsible for the victory that saved England from invasion by the Spanish Empire.
1651 Pierre Dupuy (scholar) a French scholar, the son of the humanist and bibliophile Claude Dupuy.
1661 Murad Bakhsh a Mughal prince as the youngest son of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and his Empress consort Mumtaz Mahal. He was the Subedar of Balkh until he was replaced by his brother Aurangzeb in the year 1647
1683 Dominik Potocki a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman of the Potocki family and politician, Treasurer of the Crown Court. He was married to Konstancją Truskolaską, daughter of Mikołaj Truskolaski, chamberlain of Halicz. His son was Jakub Potocki
1693 Giuseppe Felice Tosi an Italian composer and organist, and the father of Pier Francesco Tosi, also a successful composer.
1713 Tsarevna Feodosia Alekseyevna of Russia the seventh daughter of Tsar Alexis of Russia and Maria Miloslavskaya, sister of Tsar Feodor III of Russia and Tsar Ivan V of Russia and half-sister of Tsar Peter the Great.
1715 Thomas Tenison an English church leader, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1694 until his death. During his primacy, he crowned two British monarchs
1732 Johann Philipp Förtsch a German baroque composer, statesman and doctor.
1734 Noël-Nicolas Coypel a popular French artist.
1735 Thomas Tanner (bishop) an English antiquary and prelate.
1741 Charles Rollin a French historian and educator. He was born in Paris
1741 Johann Amman a Swiss-Russian botanist, a member of the Royal Society and professor of botany at the Russian Academy of Sciences at St Petersburg. He is best known for his "Stirpium Rariorum in Imperio Rutheno Sponte Provenientium Icones et Descriptiones" published in 1739 with descriptions of some 285 plants from Eastern Europe and Ruthenia. The plates are unsigned, though an engraving on the dedicatory leaf of the work is signed "Philipp Georg Mattarnovy", a Swiss-Italian engraver, Filippo Giorgio Mattarnovi , who worked at the Petersburg Academy
1760 Andrija Kačić Miošić a Croatian poet and Franciscan monk.
1776 Johann Jakob Breitinger a Swiss philologist and author.
1780 Ignatius Sancho a composer, actor, and writer. He is the first known Black Briton to vote in a British election. He gained fame in his time as "the extraordinary Negro", and to 18th-century British abolitionists he became a symbol of the humanity of Africans and immorality of the slave trade. The Letters of the Late Ignatius Sancho, an African, edited and published two years after his death, is one of the earliest accounts of African slavery written in English by a former slave of Spanish and English families
1788 Charles III of Spain the King of Spain and the Spanish Indies from 1759 to 1788. He was the fifth son of Philip V of Spain, but eldest by his second wife, Elisabeth Farnese. In 1731, the 15-year-old Charles became the Duke of Parma and Piacenza, as Charles I, on the death of his childless granduncle Antonio Farnese
1788 Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach a German Classical period musician and composer, the fifth child and second son of Johann Sebastian Bach and Maria Barbara Bach. His second name was given in honor of his godfather Georg Philipp Telemann, a friend of Johann Sebastian Bach
1789 Étienne Jeaurat a French painter, above all remembered for his lively street scenes.
1797 John Robert Cozens a British draftsman and painter of romantic watercolour landscapes.
1799 George Washington the first President of the United States , the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He presided over the convention that drafted the United States Constitution, which replaced the Articles of Confederation and remains the supreme law of the land
1802 Louis-Philippe de Vaudreuil second in command of the French Navy during the American Revolutionary War.
1806 John Breckinridge (U.S. Attorney General) a lawyer and politician from the U.S. state of Virginia. He served in the state legislatures of Virginia and Kentucky before being elected to the U.S. Senate and appointed United States Attorney General during the second term of President Thomas Jefferson. He is the progenitor of Kentucky's Breckinridge political family and the namesake of Breckinridge County, Kentucky
1810 Cyrus Griffin a lawyer and judge who served as the last President of the Continental Congress, holding office from January 22, 1788, to November 2, 1788. He resigned after the ratification of the United States Constitution rendered the old Congress obsolete, and was later a United States federal judge
1819 Hugh Montgomerie 12th Earl of Eglinton a Scottish peer, politician, and composer.
1823 Vincenzo Cuoco an Italian writer. He is mainly remembered for his Saggio Storico sulla Rivoluzione Napoletana del 1799
1828 Marc-Guillaume Alexis Vadier a French politician of the French Revolution.
1829 Luigi Marchesi an Italian castrato singer, one of the most prominent and charismatic to appear in Europe during the second half of the eighteenth century.
1831 Martin Baum an American businessman and politician.
1837 Jean-Olivier Chénier a physician in Lower Canada. Born in Lachine. During the Lower Canada Rebellion, he commanded the Patriote forces in the Battle of Saint-Eustache. Trapped with his men in a church by the British troops who set flames to the building, he was killed while attempting to escape through a window. He died to shouts of "Remember Weir!", a reference to George Weir, a British spy executed by the Patriotes. After pillaging of the village, the British mutilated Chénier's corpse to scare and humiliate his Patriote supporters:
1843 John Claudius Loudon a Scottish botanist, garden designer and cemetery designer, author and garden magazine editor.
1844 Melchor Múzquiz a Mexican soldier and politician. From August to December 1832 he was president of Mexico
1847 Manuel José Arce a decorated General and president of the Federal Republic of Central America from 1825 to 1829.
1848 Jean Antoine Letronne a French archaeologist.
1849 Conradin Kreutzer a German composer and conductor. His works include the opera for which he is remembered, Das Nachtlager in Granada, and Der Verschwender , both produced in 1834 in Vienna