December 17 events in history

546 Siege of Rome: The Ostrogoths under king Totila plunder the city, by bribing the Byzantine garrison
920 Romanos I Lekapenos is crowned co-emperor of the underage Constantine VII
942 Assassination of William I of Normandy
1398 Sultan Nasir-u Din Mehmud's armies in Delhi are defeated by Timur
1538 Pope Paul III excommunicates Henry VIII of England
1583 Cologne War: Forces under Ernest of Bavaria defeat troops under Gebhard Truchsess von Waldburg at the Siege of Godesberg
1586 Go-Yōzei becomes Emperor of Japan
1600 Marriage of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici
1718 War of the Quadruple Alliance: Great Britain declares war on Spain
1777 American Revolution: France formally recognizes the United States
1790 Discovery of the Aztec calendar stone
1807 Napoleonic Wars: France issues the Milan Decree, which confirms the Continental System
1812 War of 1812: U.S. forces attack a friendly Lenape village in the Battle of the Mississinewa
1819 Simón Bolívar declares the independence of Gran Colombia in Angostura (now Ciudad Bolívar in Venezuela)
1835 Great Fire of New York: Fire levels lower Manhattan
1837 A fire in the Winter Palace of Saint Petersburg kills 30 guards
1862 American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant issues General Order No. 11, expelling Jews from parts of Tennessee, Mississippi, and Kentucky
1865 First performance of the Unfinished Symphony by Franz Schubert
1892 First issue of Vogue is published
1896 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's Schenley Park Casino, which was the first multi-purpose arena with the technology to create an artificial ice surface in North America, is destroyed in a fire
1903 The Wright brothers make the first controlled powered, heavier-than-air flight in the Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
1907 Ugyen Wangchuck is crowned first King of Bhutan
1918 Darwin Rebellion: Up to 1,000 demonstrators march on Government House in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia
1919 Uruguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
1926 Antanas Smetona assumes power in Lithuania as the 1926 coup d'état is successful
1927 Indian revolutionary Rajendra Lahiri is hanged in Gonda jail, Uttar Pradesh, India, two days before the scheduled date
1928 Indian revolutionaries Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru assassinate British police officer James Saunders in Lahore, Punjab, to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai at the hands of the police. The three were executed in 1931
1935 First flight of the Douglas DC-3
1938 Otto Hahn discovers the nuclear fission of the heavy element uranium, the scientific and technological basis of nuclear energy
1939 World War II: Battle of the River Plate – The Admiral Graf Spee is scuttled by Captain Hans Langsdorff outside Montevideo
1941 World War II: Japanese forces land in Northern Borneo
1943 All Chinese are again permitted to become citizens of the United States with the repealing of the Act of 1882 and the introduction of the Magnuson Act
1944 World War II: Battle of the Bulge – Malmedy massacre – American 285th Field Artillery Observation Battalion POWs are shot by Waffen-SS Kampfgruppe Peiper
1947 First flight of the Boeing B-47 Stratojet strategic bomber
1950 The F-86 Sabre's first mission over Korea
1951 The American Civil Rights Congress delivers "We Charge Genocide" to the United Nations
1957 The United States successfully launches the first Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile at Cape Canaveral, Florida
1960 Troops loyal to Emperor Haile Selassie I in Ethiopia crush the coup that began December 13, returning power to their leader upon his return from Brazil. Haile Selassie absolves his son of any guilt
1960 1960 Munich Convair 340 crash: 20 passengers and crew on board as well as 32 people on the ground are killed
1961 Niterói circus fire: Fire breaks out during a performance by the Gran Circus Norte-Americano in the city of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, killing more than 500
1967 Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt disappears while swimming near Portsea, Victoria, and is presumed drowned
1969 The SALT I talks begin
1969 Project Blue Book: The United States Air Force closes its study of UFOs
1970 Polish 1970 protests: In Gdynia, soldiers fire at workers emerging from trains, killing dozens
1973 Thirty passengers are killed in an attack by Palestinian terrorists on Rome's Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport
1981 American Brigadier General James L. Dozier is abducted by the Red Brigades in Verona, Italy
1983 Provisional IRA members detonate a car bomb at Harrods Department Store in London, England, United Kingdom. Three police officers and three civilians are killed
1987 Final Fantasy is released in Japan on the Famicon, marking the start of the Final Fantasy series and saving Square from bankruptcy
1989 The first episode of television series The Simpsons, "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire", airs in the United States
1989 Romanian Revolution: Protests continue in Timișoara, Romania, with rioters breaking into the Romanian Communist Party's District Committee building and attempting to set it on fire