Died on December 19

211 Publius Septimius Geta a Roman emperor who ruled with his father Septimius Severus and his older brother Caracalla from 209 until his death, when he was murdered on Caracalla's orders.
401 Pope Anastasius I Pope from 27 November 399 to his death in 401.
966 Sancho I of León a king of León.
975 Al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah the fourth Fatimid Caliph and 14th Ismaili imam, and reigned from 953 to 975. It was during his caliphate that the center of power of the Fatimid dynasty was moved from Ifriqiya to the newly conquered Egypt. Fatimids founded the city of al-Qāhiratu "the Victorious" in 969 as the new capital of the Fāṭimid caliphate in Egypt
1091 Adelaide of Susa For other people referred to as Adelais, see Adelais.
1111 Al-Ghazali a Muslim theologian, jurist, philosopher, and mystic of Persian descent.
1123 Saint Berardo an Italian saint, patron saint of the city and diocese of Teramo.
1327 Agnes of France Duchess of Burgundy the youngest daughter of Louis IX of France and Margaret of Provence. She served as regent of Burgundy during the minority of her son. She was the youngest of eleven children, eight of whom lived to adulthood
1370 Pope Urban V Pope from 28 September 1362 to his death in 1370. He was the sixth Avignon Pope. He was saintly and learned, and widely admired. He was beatified in 1870
1442 Elizabeth of Luxembourg queen consort of Germany, Hungary and Bohemia.
1475 Louis de Luxembourg Count of Saint-Pol Constable of France.
1591 Hōjō Ujinao a Japanese daimyo of the late Sengoku period, and the final head of the Late Hōjō clan. An important figure in the history of Azuchi-Momoyama politics, he lost his entire domain following the siege in 1590. Despite this, he survived, and his family carried on as small daimyo in the Edo period
1637 Christina of Lorraine a member of the House of Lorraine and was the Grand Duchess of Tuscany by marriage. She served as Regent of Tuscany jointly with her daughter-in-law during the minority of her grandson from 1621
1660 Ove Gjedde a Danish admiral and member of the interim government that followed the death of Christian IV and imposed harsh restrictions on Frederick III due to his close ties to Germany.
1711 Đorđe Branković Count of Podgorica a Transylvanian Serb diplomat, writer, and self-proclaimed descendant of the medieval Serbian Branković dynasty. He served as the agent representing the ruler of Transylvania at the Ottoman Porte. In 1680, he moved to Wallachia, whose ruler sent him as an emissary to the Habsburg Emperor Leopold I in 1688. That year, the emperor conferred the title of Imperial Count on Branković. After Habsburg troops captured parts of Serbia from the Ottoman Empire during the Great Turkish War, Branković attempted to restore the medieval Serbian state with him as its hereditary ruler. His venture failed in its inception, and Habsburg authorities arrested him in 1689. He lived on as a captive in Vienna and Cheb, though he was not held in a prison. He wrote Slavo-Serbian Chronicles, which was influential in the development of early modern Serbian historiography
1711 Philip William Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt a Prussian Prince, was the first owner of the Prussian secundogeniture of Brandenburg-Schwedt and governor of Magdeburg from 1692 to 1711.
1737 James Louis Sobieski the son of King John III of Poland and Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien.
1745 Jean-Baptiste van Loo a French subject and portrait painter.
1749 Francesco Antonio Bonporti an Italian priest and amateur composer.
1751 Louise of Great Britain Queen of Denmark and Norway from 1746 until her death, as the first wife of King Frederick She was the youngest surviving daughter of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach.
1788 Juan Bautista de Anza a Basque New-Spanish explorer and Governor of New Mexico for the Spanish Empire.
1796 Pyotr Rumyantsev one of the foremost Russian generals of the 18th century. He governed Little Russia in the name of Empress Catherine the Great from the abolition of the Cossack Hetmanate in 1764 until Catherine's death 32 years later. Monuments to his victories include Kagul Obelisk in Tsarskoe Selo , Rumyantsev Obelisk on Basil Island , and a galaxy of Derzhavin's odes
1801 Francesco Saverio de Zelada a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, born of a Spanish family, who served in the Papal Curia and in the diplomatic service of the Holy See.
1807 Friedrich Melchior Baron von Grimm a German-born French-language journalist, art critic, diplomat and contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers. In 1765 Grimm wrote Poème lyrique, an influential article for the Encyclopédie on lyric and opera librettos. Like Christoph Willibald Gluck Grimm became interested in opera reform. According to Martin Fontius, a German literary theorist, "sooner or later a book entitled The Aestatic ideas of Grimm will have to be written
1811 Marjorie Fleming a Scottish child writer and poet.
1813 David Hartley (the Younger) a statesman, a scientific inventor, and the son of the philosopher David Hartley. He was Member of Parliament for Kingston upon Hull, and also held the position of His Britannic Majesty's Minister Plenipotentiary, appointed by King George III to treat with the United States of America as to American independence and other issues after the American Revolution. He was a signatory to the Treaty of Paris. Hartley was the first MP to put the case for abolition of the slave trade before the House of Commons, moving a resolution in 1776 that "the slave trade is contrary to the laws of God and the rights of men"
1813 James McGill Lt.-Colonel The Hon. James McGill was a Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist best known for being the founder of McGill University, Montreal. He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada for Montreal West in 1792 and was appointed to the Executive Council of Lower Canada in 1793. He was the first honorary Lieutenant-Colonel of the The Canadian Grenadier Guards. He was also a prominent member of the Château Clique and one of the original founding members of the Beaver Club. His summer home stood within the Golden Square Mile
1813 Johann Christoph Röhling a German botanist and clergyman who was a native of Gundernhausen, a town near Darmstadt.
1815 Benjamin Smith Barton an American botanist, naturalist, and physician.
1819 Thomas Fremantle (Royal Navy officer) a British naval officer in the Royal Navy whose list of accolades includes action in three separate fleet actions, a close personal friendship with Lord Nelson and a barony in Austria.
1833 Miguel de Azcuénaga an Argentine brigadier. Educated in Spain, at the University of Seville, Azucuenaga began his military career in the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata and became a member of the Primera Junta, the first autonomous government of modern Argentina. He was shortly exiled because of his support to the minister Mariano Moreno, and returned to Buenos Aires when the First Triumvirate replaced the Junta. He held several offices since then, most notably being the first Governor intendant of Buenos Aires after the May Revolution. He died at his country house in 1833
1836 Emily Donelson the niece of U.S. President Andrew Jackson. She served as White House hostess and First Lady of the United States
1845 Friedrich Wilhelm Riemer a German scholar and literary historian. He worked in the households of Wilhelm von Humboldt and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
1848 Emily Brontë an English novelist and poet, best remembered for her only novel, Wuthering Heights, now considered a classic of English literature. Emily was the third eldest of the four surviving Brontë siblings, between the youngest Anne and her brother Branwell. She wrote under the pen name Ellis Bell
1851 J. M. W. Turner an English Romantic landscape painter, water-colourist, and printmaker. Turner was considered a controversial figure in his day, but is now regarded as the artist who elevated landscape painting to an eminence rivalling history painting. Although renowned for his oil paintings, Turner is also one of the greatest masters of British watercolour landscape painting. He is commonly known as "the painter of light" and his work is regarded as a Romantic preface to Impressionism. Some of his works are cited as examples of abstract art prior to its recognition in the early twentieth century
1859 Mirabeau B. Lamar a Texas politician, poet, diplomat and soldier who was a leading Texas political figure during the Texas Republic era. He was the second President of the Republic of Texas after David Burnet and Sam Houston
1860 Konstantin Aksakov a Russian critic and writer, one of the earliest and most notable Slavophiles. He wrote plays, social criticism, and histories of the ancient Russian social order. His father Sergey Aksakov was a writer, and his younger brother Ivan Aksakov was a journalist
1860 James Broun-Ramsay 1st Marquess of Dalhousie a Scottish statesman, and a colonial administrator in British India. He served as Governor-General of India from 1848 to 1856. To his supporters he stands out as the far-sighted Governor-General who consolidated East India Company rule in India, laid the foundations of its later administration, and by his sound policy enabled his successors to stem the tide of rebellion. To his critics, he stands out as the destroyer of both the East India Company's financial and military position through reckless policies. His critics also hold that he laid the foundations of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and led the final transformation of profitable commercial operations in India into a money-losing colonial administration. His period of rule in India directly preceded the transformation into the Victorian Raj period of Indian administration. He was denounced by many in England and India on the eve of his death as having failed to notice the signs of the brewing Indian Rebellion of 1857, having aggravated the crisis by his overbearing self-confidence, centralizing activity, and expansive annexations
1862 Abraham Solomon an English painter.
1863 Joseph Fielding an early leader of the Latter Day Saint movement. He served as the second president of the British Mission , coordinating the activities of missionaries in sections of the United Kingdom and parts of Europe. He was the brother of Mary Fielding, the second wife of Hyrum Smith, and an uncle of Joseph Smith, the sixth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
1877 Heinrich Daniel Ruhmkorff a German instrument maker who commercialised the induction coil.
1878 Bayard Taylor an American poet, literary critic, translator, and travel author.
1887 Balfour Stewart a Scottish physicist. His studies in the field of radiant heat led to him receiving the Rumford Medal of the Royal Society in 1868. In 1859 he was appointed director of Kew Observatory. He was elected professor of physics at Owens College, Manchester, and retained that chair until his death, which happened near Drogheda, in Ireland, on 19 December 1887. He was the author of several successful science textbooks, and also of the article on "Terrestrial Magnetism" in the ninth edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica
1887 François Bonvin a French realist painter.
1890 Eugène Lami a French painter and lithographer. He worked at the studio of Horace Vernet then studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris with Camille Roqueplan and Paul Delaroche under Antoine-Jean Gros. While there, he learned watercolor technique from Richard Parkes Bonington and later became a founding member of the Society of French Watercolorists. Lami's 1881 watercolor titled A Couple Embracing is at the Getty Museum in Los Angeles, California
1892 Grigor Artsruni an Armenian journalist, critic, writer and public activist, Doctor of Political Economy and Philosophy. Since 1872 he had been publishing the Mshak magazine being its editor and manager until his death
1893 Aloys Sprenger an Austrian orientalist.
1897 Stanislas de Guaita a French poet based in Paris, an expert on esotericism and European mysticism, and an active member of the Rosicrucian Order. He was very celebrated and successful in his time. He had many disputes with other people who were involved with occultism and magic. Occultism and magic were part of his novels
1899 Henry Ware Lawton a highly respected U.S. Army officer who served with distinction in the Civil War, the Apache Wars, the Spanish–American War and was the only U.S. general officer to be killed during the Philippine–American War. The city of Lawton, Oklahoma, takes its name from General Lawton, and also a borough in the city of Havana, Cuba
1904 Friedrich Moritz Brauer an Austrian entomologist who was Director of the Naturhistorisches Hofmuseum, Vienna, at the time of his death. He wrote many papers on Diptera and Neuroptera